This section presents news and
current information related to HCFCs,
drawn from diverse sources woldwide. It is part of the HCFC
Help Centre, which provides technical, policy and other information
to support the transition to non-HCFC alternatives.
Let us know if you have any additional news articles, press releases
and other media reports about HCFCs - including the source and the
url - that we can add to the list.
This compilation would serve as an archive for future reference.
Please send any suggestions to firstname.lastname@example.org
United States Environmental Protection Agency Recognizes Velders,
Andersen, Daniel, Fahey & McFarland For Research Excellence
Learn more about The EPA's
Science and Technological Achievement Awards (STAA), at : http://es.epa.gov/ncer/staa/about_staa.html
Trade in Banned Gases Could Flourish, Warns Agency
A BLACK market in banned ozone-depleting
gases could thrive following their Europe-wide phase-out, the
Environmental Investigation Agency (EIA) has warned.
A recent summit in Brussels, Belgium, convened by EIA has brought
together representatives from the chemicals industry, World
Customs Organisation, the European Commission, United Nations
Environment Programme, and customs and ozone officers from all
over Europe to discuss and take action against the increased
threat of illegal trade in ozone depleting substances.
Experts from the chemicals industry warned that many European
companies are unprepared for the ban on the use of virgin hydrochlorofluorocarbons
(HCFCs). Under revised EC regulations only reclaimed and recovered
HCFCs will be permitted when servicing equipment after 1st Jan
"The sense of urgency among end users is low due to two
factors- confusing deadlines coupled with the false hope that
reclaimed HCFCs will be plentiful and easy to obtain. Users
should immediately plan to retrofit /refit their installations
to use alternatives or accelerate their transition plans to
new systems." Said Pascal Faidy Head of European Sales
and Marketing for DuPont
EIA is concerned that the stage is set for a repetition of the
illegal smuggling of CFCs which occurred in Europe during the
late nineties. Despite strict regulations in Europe demand for
CFCs remained high. EIA investigations at the time revealed
that large quantities of contraband CFCs were being smuggled
into Europe from China, where CFCs were freely and cheaply available.
A 2005 survey commissioned by the Carbon Trust found that 70%
of UK businesses have at least one refrigeration or air-conditioning
system running on HCFCs, indicating that demand is high. Once
virgin HCFCs are banned in 2010, there may be a temptation to
mislabel them as recovered HCFC.
"Europe needs to learn from past errors by tightening up
enforcement of ODS imports and carrying out an accurate assessment
of current HCFC stockpiles" said Julian Newman, EIA Campaigns
Large seizures of illegally smuggled HCFCs have already begun
to occur in the United States. In October, Customs and Border
Protection officers in South Carolina intercepted 11,400 cylinders
of HCFC-22 with a domestic value of close to $1,000,000.
The summit also highlighted the need for good communication
between enforcement officers and chemical companies in the fight
against illegal trade. Recommendations from the meeting included
the establishment of industry focal points, which enforcement
officers can contact for information exchange.
Environmental Investigation Agency (EIA),
Analysis: Consumption and Production of Ozone Depleting Substances
in Developing Countries presents
updated information for CFCs, Halons, and Methyl Bromide.
For the first time, it also includes an analysis of the HCFC
consumption and production trends in developing countries.
UNEP DTIE OzonAction, January 2009
to Prepare for HCFC Phase-out Underway
WINDHOEK - The National Ozone Unit is conducting a survey of
all sectors that use hydrochlorofluoro-carbons (HCFC).
NewEra.com, 19 January 2009 - by Wezi Tjaronda
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Products to Pay Nearly $180 Million to Settle Clean Air Violations
at Texas City Refinery
A copy of the consent decree is
available on the Justice Department Web site at http://www.usdoj.gov/enrd/Consent_Decrees.html
PR News Wire, Quoting : U.S. Department of Justice
article currently available, Please
HCFC Consumption and Challenges in China
current consumption of HCFCs is approximately 63% of the
total consumption and about 88% of the total production
of Article 5 countries. In the past few years, the HCFCs
consumption in China has been increasing at average annual
rate of more than 20% and it is expected to continue grow
under the unconstrained scenario. This will impose huge
challenges to China to meet with its compliance commitments
with the Montreal Protocol. Added to this, it is the challenges
to slow down the growth rate and then reverse the growth
trend, which will be the first priority for the Government
address such challenges within next 3 years, the Government
of China is planning to adopt three parallel but well-connected
To initiate policy intervention to control establishment
of HCFC based production facilities and control the expansion
of production capacity of the existing facilities;
develop and implement demonstration/investment projects
in various sectors within the guidelines of the Executive
Committee, which serve as leading examples for other peers
to follow; and
To outreach the HCFC phase-out challenge and promote awareness
on HCFC phase-out among the local authorities at various
levels, end-users of the HCFC based equipment, and the
the past decade and more, China has been using very effectively
public campaigns on the emerging challenge of ozone layer
depletion and facilitating the ozone depletion substance
(ODS) phase-out through various approaches, especially
taking the opportunity of celebrating the World Environment
Day and the International Ozone Day. However, due to the
fact that HCFCs have been used as alternatives for the
phase-out of CFCs, HCFCs based equipment used to be considered
as Green products.
with the intended promotion of HCFCs products, some local
manufacturers misleading advisement/ introduction
has increased more confusion of HCFCs and other ODSs.
There are some new sectors using HCFCs which were never
involved in the ODS phase-out before, for example, Expanded
Polystyrene (XPS, foam used as insulation)) and room air
conditioner. The end-users of such products havent
been informed of HCFCs issues and the availability of
HCFC-free products/equipment's. Raising awareness of broad
end-users has been approved as an effective measure to
push the manufacturer to adopt non-HCFC technology; therefore,
it would slow down the growth of the HCFCs consumption.
must find alternatives to harmful gases
Service, 11 May 2009.
Bahrain Drive to Curb Toxic Emissions
SOURCE:TradeArabia News Service Manama, 8 April 2009
Revision of the EU ODS Regulation
Approved by the Parliament
The EU Parliament has agreed on the compromise reached with
the Council on the Revision of the EU ODS Regulation. The new
legislation bans the use of virgin HCFCs from 2010 while allowing
the use of recycled HCFCs under certain conditions until the
end of 2014.
The production of HCFCs for export - mainly to developing countries
where the phase out is lagging by about ten years - would be
limited to 35 % of their 1997 level in 2010, to 14 % in 2014,
to 7 % in 2017 and fully stopped from 1 January 2020. Only laboratory
and scientific purposes will have exemptions.
Emissions of ODS contained in refrigeration equipment and in
building insulation foams should be avoided by tightening leakage
control and provisions on end-of life recovery and destruction.
The revision aims to improve implementation of the Regulation
by clarifying some of its provisions, such as those on exemptions
and derogations o the use of ODS, and the conditions under which
they can be imported and exported.
It also strengthens the measures on the illegal trade and introduces
measures to prevent the dumping of ODS - or obsolete equipment
relying on them - in developing countries.
By reducing ODS emissions, as these are also greenhouse gases,
as well as benefiting the ozone layer, the Revised Regulation
will avoid emissions equivalent to more than 100 million tonnes
Read More >>> http://www.europarl.europa.eu/pdfs/news/expert/infopress/20090324IPR52499/20090324IPR52499_en.pdf
that Deplete the Ozone Layer (EU)
MEPs approved a compromise between representatives of the EP
and Council on a regulation updating the EU law on substances
depleting the ozone layer. The new law brings EU legislation
in line with developments of the Montreal protocol aiming at
protecting the ozone layer, but goes beyond it, so that the
EU will continue to lead by example. The deal does not only
cover the marketing ban of certain substances but also substances
contained in refrigerators and insulation material in buildings.
The Montreal Protocol, set in 1987, obliged the signatory countries
to phase out ozone depleting substances according to a set timetable.
The revision of the regulation, the EU's main instrument for
implementing the Montreal Protocol, aims at simplifying the
current legislation. Despite the good results achieved in recent
years in the recovery of the ozone layer continued vigilance
is required, also taking into account the impact of climate
change since most of the substances have high global warming
potential and are contributory factor towards increasing the
temperature of the planet. Many ozone depleting substances (ODS)
are greenhouse gases.
The agreement reached between representatives of Parliament
and Council strengthens the Commissions proposal and ensures
that the EU can go beyond the Montreal protocol and lead by
The compromise achieved will not only help against the destructive
effects of UV radiation, but also against climate change.
The revised regulation (the achieved compromise) will clarify
some of its provisions, such as those on exemptions and derogations
to the use of ozone-depleting substances, and the conditions
under which they can be imported and exported. It aligns the
EU law with latest international agreements, but goes in some
parts beyond it.
Already under the existing EU legislation the production and
placing on the market of the most damaging ozone-depleting substances
is banned, while the EU is going further than the Montreal protocol
by banning or setting limits on certain uses of these substances.
Exceptions exist for the use of several ODS, which will be further
limited according to the achieved compromise.
Deadlines for the phasing out of hydro chlorofluorocarbons
The phasing out of the production of hydro chlorofluorocarbons
(HCFCs) will be brought forward for 5 years and shall be achieved
by the end of 2019. MEPs achieved that the production of HCFC's
has to be further decreased during the period 2017-2019: it
should fall to 7% in relation to 1997 levels.
Deadline for phasing our Methyl bromide
Further environmental and health benefits will be gained through
a reduction and the ultimately phase out by 18 March 2010 of
the use of methyl bromide (used as a pesticide), which until
then can be used only for preventing the introduction and spread
of pests through international trade (quarantine and pre-shipment
Substances contained in refrigerators and buildings
Although most of the harmful substances are no longer produced
and used in new equipment, thousands of tonnes are contained
in existing refrigeration equipments and insulation
material in buildings. The compromise therefore lists responsibilities
for undertakings to prevent the substances from being released
into the atmosphere to prevent further damage to the ozone layer.
also tightens up the provisions on recovery and destruction
of these substances Furthermore, the Commission shall make available
at the latest by the 1st of January 2010 a list of products
and equipment which might contain or rely on controlled substances
in order to reduce them and ultimately to phase them out.
The ozone layer is a layer of gas in the upper atmosphere which
shields life on earth from harmful ultraviolet rays from the
sun. In the 1970s scientists discovered that some chemicals
could deplete the ozone layer and
in the 1980s the so-called ozone hole was discovered above the
Increased UV radiation can damage ecosystems and have an adverse
impact on human health, leading to skin cancer and cataract
problems. The EU regulation on the ozone layer is the European
main instrument for the implementation of the provisions of
the Montreal Protocol. It bans the production and placing on
the market of the most damaging ozone-depleting substances and
sets limits on certain uses
of these substances. 191 countries have signed the Montreal
The legislative report was adopted with 667 votes in favour,
13 against and 10 abstentions.
CONTACT : Constanze BECKERHOFF email@example.com
Richard FREEDMAN press-EN@europarl.europa.eu
To read the Adopted Texts >>> http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?language=EN&type=TA&reference=20090325&secondRef=TOC
SOURCE: European Parliament, http://www.europarl.europa.eu/pdfs/news/expert/infopress/20090324IPR52499/20090324IPR52499_en.pdf
Global Fluorocarbon Producers
Forum (GFPF1) Funds Halocarbon Measurements in the Atmosphere
Brussels, December 2008 The Global Fluorocarbon Producers' Forum
(GFPF) is pleased to announce that it is among those governments
and industry associations who will sponsor the initiative to
establish a central calibration laboratory for halocarbons as
part of the multi-national Advanced Global Atmospheric Gases
By doing so GFPF is promoting the gathering of solid scientific
and independent data on which to base sound policies. The collection
of such data will encourage steps to reduce emissions of fluorinated
(F)-gases and, in particular, to help make the implementation
of the EU Regulation of F-gases a success.
"We are strongly committed, in particular, to put in place
all the measures necessary to reach the high level of maintenance,
containment and leakage control required to make the F-gas Regulation
a success. One convincing way to prove that its aim to reduce
emissions can be achieved is through the monitoring of the F-gases
emissions; declared the chairman of the Environmental Managers
group of GFPF, Mr. Tim Vink.
The AGAGE operates a network of globally distributed stations
conducting real-time measurements of chlorofluorocarbons CFCs,
hydrochlorofluorocarbons HCFCs and hydrofluorocarbons HFCs,
including all major natural and anthropogenic halocarbons.
The frequent measurements (12-18 per day) provide the basis
for calculating regional emissions, such as those from Europe
or East Asia, and this new calibration laboratory will help
upgrade their accuracy.
Note: the location of measuring
stations, funding organizations, and summaries of published
data are available at: http://agage.eas.gatech.edu/
1 Arkema, Solvay Fluor, Japan Fluorocarbon
Manufacturers Association, Dupont Fluoroproducts, Honeywell,
: the GFPF secretariat, Mrs. Véronique Garny firstname.lastname@example.org
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