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OzoNews

2009

 



15 DECEMBER 2009

 

Special Announcement / Dead line for the Journalist Competition Extended UNEP OzonAction is pleased to announce the extension of the dead line for the entries for the journalist competition till 31st December 2009 . The competition is now open to the journalists of all ages. As the stories on Ozone layer protection and climate change unfold, UNEP would like to assess and reward Journalists talents to convey these stories effectively. Please rush your entries.Learn more at >> http://www.unep.fr/ozonaction/ozone2climate/journalists_competition.pdf
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In this issue:
1- WMO Antarctic Ozone Bulletins: 2009
2- Unlayering of the Ozone: An Earth Sans Sunscreen
3- EPA Signs Two Rules to Further Protect Ozone Layer
4- Public Record: Scrap Dealers Ordered to Clean up by EPA
5- Government Bans Refrigerant Materials
(Philippines)

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GLOBAL

1- WMO Antarctic Ozone Bulletins: 2009
The meteorological conditions in the Antarctic stratosphere found during the austral winter (June-August) set the stage for the annually recurring ozone hole. Low temperatures lead to the formation of clouds in the stratosphere, so-called polar stratospheric clouds (PSCs).
The amount of water vapour in the stratosphere is very low, only 5 out of one million air molecules are water molecules. This means that under normal conditions there are no clouds in the stratosphere. However, when the temperature drops below -78°C, clouds that consist of a mixture of water and nitric acid start to form. These clouds are called PSCs of type I. On the surface of particles in the cloud, chemical reactions occur that transform passive and innocuous halogen compounds (e.g. HCl and HBr) into so-called active chlorine and bromine species (e.g. ClO and BrO). These active forms of chlorine and bromine cause rapid ozone loss in sun-lit conditions through catalytic cycles where one molecule of ClO can destroy thousands of ozone molecules before it is passivated through the reaction with nitrogen dioxide (NO2).
When temperatures drop below -85°C, clouds that consist of pure water ice will form. These ice clouds are called PSCs of type II. Particles in both cloud types can grow so large that they no longer float in the air but fall out of the stratosphere. In doing so they bring nitric acid with them. Nitric acid is a reservoir that liberates NO2 under sunlit conditions. If NO2 is physically removed from the stratosphere (a process called denitrification), active chlorine and bromine can destroy many more ozone molecules before they are passivated. The formation of ice clouds will lead to more severe ozone loss than that caused by PSC type I alone since halogen species are more effectively activated on the surfaces of the larger ice particles.
The Antarctic polar vortex is a large low-pressure system where high velocity winds (polar jet) in the stratosphere circle the Antarctic continent. Figure 1 depicts the vortex on 1, 8 and 17 August 2009. The vortex is less concentric than at the same time last year (see figure caption on next page). The region poleward of the polar jet includes the lowest temperatures and the largest ozone losses that occur anywhere in the world. During early August, information on meteorological parameters and measurements from ground
stations, balloon sondes and satellites of ozone and other constituents can provide some insight into the development of the polar vortex and hence the ozone hole later in the season.
The situation with annually recurring Antarctic ozone holes is expected to continue as long as the stratosphere contains an excess of ozone depleting substances. As stated in the Executive Summary of the 2006 edition of the WMO/UNEP Scientific Assessment of Ozone Depletion, severe Antarctic ozone holes are expected to form during the next couple of decades.
For more information on the Antarctic ozone hole and ozone loss in general the reader is referred to the WMO ozone web page: http://www.wmo.int/pages/prog/arep/gaw/ozone/index.html
SOURCE: WMO, November 2009,
http://www.wmo.int/pages/prog/arep/WMOAntarcticOzoneBulletins2009.html

2- Unlayering of the Ozone: An Earth Sans Sunscreen
" Chlorofluorocarbons and allied substances are, however, very stable, so their atmospheric concentration drops very slowly and will not reduce to pre-ozone hole values until at least 2070. It is likely to be several more years before we can be confident that the ozone hole is shrinking and many decades before spring-time ozone levels return to those of the early 1970s."
The formation of the Antarctic ozone hole is a graphic demonstration of how rapidly we can change the atmosphere of our planet. There are many other environmental issues facing us today and we must link them together to understand and debate the underlying causes, rather than treat each issue in isolation. Antarctica is a wonderful continent. Glaciers carve their way to the sea where the waters teem with penguins and whales. Although 70 per cent of the world's fresh water resides in the polar ice cap, the continent is a veritable desert, with liquid water in short supply. The frozen ice takes on many shades, from the brilliant white of freshly fallen snow to the deep indigo at the bottom of a gaping crevasse. This land of contrasts is where the Antarctic ozone hole was discovered.
Ozone is a form of oxygen, similar to the gas that we breathe, but with three atoms instead of two. This makes it highly reactive, and in high concentration it is a toxic gas. When formed by air pollution near the surface it can trigger asthma attacks, but high in the atmosphere it forms a protective sun-shield. This is the ozone layer, a region from about 10 to 35 kilometres in altitude, where the natural concentration of ozone is highest. Ozone forms at this level in the stratosphere through the action of ultraviolet sunlight on oxygen gas, and in the process the most harmful ultraviolet radiation is totally absorbed. Some ultraviolet light does reach the surface, and the intensity is controlled by the amount of ozone-the more ozone the less ultraviolet, and vice-versa. With a thinning ozone layer more ultraviolet light reaches the surface, exposing us to a greater risk of sunburn, skin cancers or cataracts of the eye.
Ozone observation in the Antarctic began over fifty years ago with the International Geophysical Year of 1957-58. As part of this scientific endeavour, a network of observatories was set up across Antarctica, several of which measured ozone. One of the first to report was the British research station Halley, and the results from the first year of operation showed a surprising difference to those from the equivalent latitude in the Arctic. This was soon recognized as being due to a different stratospheric circulation in the atmosphere above the two poles: in the north the circulation is relatively complex, whilst in the south it is relatively simple with a strong, long lasting winter polar vortex or a large-scale persistent cyclone.
Ozone observations at Halley continued using the same type of instrument, the Dobson ozone spectrophotometer, designed in the 1920s by an Oxford professor of physics, Gordon Dobson; it remains the standard for ozone observations today. The instrument uses ultraviolet light from the sun coming through the ozone layer to measure the amount of ozone. It is very much a manual instrument, and the calculations required to extract the ozone amount from the observations are quite complex, to the extent that in the 1970s a stack of unreduced observations began to build up.
When I joined the British Antarctic Survey, one of my first jobs was to write computer programmes that would process the observations once they were entered into electronic form. Making sure that the entered data was correct was the first part of the process, followed by verifying the software. At about the same time, concern was growing that spray cans and the Concorde supersonic airplane could destroy the ozone layer. When the British Antarctic Survey held its Open Day, it seemed a good opportunity to reassure the public that the ozone layer above Antarctica had not changed. Surprisingly, the data seemed to show that the spring-time ozone values of that year were much lower than they had been a decade earlier, but in the meantime I had yet to process the intervening data. Once this was done, it was obvious that there was a systematic effect, giving rise to the paper that Joe Farman, Brian Gardiner and I wrote, announcing an unexpected effect over Antarctica.
Elsewhere in Antarctica, other observatories had continued to make ozone measurements on a sporadic basis, but they lacked the long-term continuity of the same instrumental technique that was available at Halley. This was a key factor in our discovery, and set a valuable lesson for monitoring the environment. In addition, the centre of the ozone hole is often offset towards the Atlantic, allowing Halley to start making observations several weeks before the sun rose high enough at the South Pole. Once the paper was published in Nature, satellite data was reprocessed to reveal an "ozone hole" over the Southern continent. Whilst satellites give an excellent overview of the changes within the ozone layer, ground-based observations are still needed to provide them with an accurate calibration.
Today we know that this Antarctic ozone hole is caused by chlorine and bromine from ozone-depleting chemicals such as chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs) and halons. The reason for the particularly severe ozone depletion over Antarctica lies with its stable polar vortex, which makes the Antarctic ozone layer roughly ten degrees colder than that in the Arctic. This means that unusual clouds form widely in the Antarctic ozone layer during the winter, and chemistry on the surfaces within these clouds conditions the ozone-depleting chemicals. When sunlight returns, very efficient photocatalytic reactions take place which destroy ozone.
The Montreal Protocol has been a very effective response to the shocking and rapid change in the ozone layer over Antarctica. Now ratified by all but one of the UN Member States, it is having a clear effect in reducing the amount of ozone-destroying substances in the atmosphere. CFCs and allied substances are, however, very stable, so their atmospheric concentration drops very slowly and will not reduce to pre-ozone hole values until at least 2070. It is likely to be several more years before we can be confident that the ozone hole is shrinking and many decades before spring-time ozone levels return to those of the early 1970s. One unintended consequence of the reduction in ozone-destroying substances has been its significant effect on reducing global warming, as the substances are often also powerful greenhouse gases.
Treating the ozone hole was relatively straightforward, with both general acceptance of the need to change and the possibility of alternative products. Another environmental symptom-that of climate change-is currently generating much debate, but the amount of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere is rising at the worst-case rate predicted by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC). In addition, there are many other global symptoms of environmental stress ranging from water and food shortages and fishery collapses to deforestation habitat destruction, amongst others.
When a doctor treats a patient with an illness, it is essential that all the symptoms are taken into account in making a diagnosis. It must be exactly the same when we are looking after the health of our own planet. My diagnosis is that we must urgently debate and act on reducing our effect on the planet, otherwise evermore symptoms will appear. Such reduction could be achieved through decreasing the consumption of our planet's resources, particularly reducing consumption amongst the developed nations; but we are also likely to need to reduce our own numbers if we are to sustain a healthy planet in the long term. How to do so is the big debate that we must urgently conduct if we are to avoid a fate such as the inhabitants of Easter Island, who used up all their resources. Unfortunately, these warnings, like those of Cassandra, are unlikely to be heeded and it may require a major disaster before action is taken. The United Nations is one forum where the debate should begin.
SOURCE: UN Chronicle, By Jonathan Shanklin, http://www.un.org:80/wcm/content/site/chronicle/lang/en/home/archive/Issues2009/pid/5087


NORTH AMERICA

3- EPA Signs Two Rules to Further Protect Ozone Layer

WASHINGTON - The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency has announced two final rules that will further cut ozone-depleting pollutants, protecting the Earth's ozone layer and reducing harmful greenhouse gases.
The rules reduce the availability and use of hydrochlorofluorocarbons (HCFCs), which are primarily used as refrigerants and harm the ozone layer. A diminished ozone layer allows more radiation to reach the Earth's surface, leading to serious health effects, such as skin cancer, cataracts, and weakened immune systems.
The first rule prohibits the use of specific HCFCs to manufacture new air-conditioning and refrigeration equipment beginning in 2010, while allowing limited HCFC use to service existing equipment. The second rule prohibits the sale, distribution, and import of air-conditioning and refrigeration appliances and their components containing certain HCFCs that are manufactured or imported after January 1, 2010. The rulemakings protect the ozone layer by decreasing the availability of these compounds as well as the demand for newly-produced equipment containing HCFCs.
These rules advance U.S. compliance under the Clean Air Act and the Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer.
Contact: Deb Berlin, berlin.deb@epa.gov
SOURCE: US EPA, Release date:11 December 2009, http://www.epa.gov/ozone/title6/phaseout/rulesoverview.html

4- Public record: Scrap Dealers Ordered to Clean up by EPA
SOURCE: StarTribune.com, By Bozo the Clown, 18 November 2009, http://www.startribune.com/blogs/70400667.html?elr=KArksLckD8E
QDUoaEyqyP4O:DW3ckUiD3aPc:_Yyc:aUgOy9cP3DieyckcUsI


SOUTH ASIA

5- Government Bans Refrigerant Materials
(Philippines)

SOURCE: Manila Standard Today, 14 December 2009, Othel V. Campos, http://www.manilastandardtoday.com/insideNews.htm?f=2009/december/14/news7.isx&d=/2009/december/14

___________
FEATURED

LATEST FROM OzonAction
>> Climate Benefit from Ozone Layer Protection: "Low Hanging Fruits" a new booklet which will be of interest to anyone involved in cross-cutting issues between the ozone protection and climate protection communities, launched by the Outreach Division of the United Nations Department of Public Information (UN DPI) -New York
Read Download the Booklet ...
http://www.unep.fr/ozonaction/information/mmcfiles/6318-e-DPINGObklt09.pdf

EVENTs - MEETINGs - CONFERENCEs
>> Report of the 59th Meeting of the Executive Committee of the Multilateral Fund for the Implementation of the Montreal Protocol, held at the International Convention Centre in Port Ghalib, Marsa Alam, Egypt, from 10 to 14 November 2009 http://www.multilateralfund.org/files/59/5959.pdf

>>Indicative list of TEAP/Technical Options Committee meetings for 2010
http://www.unep.ch/ozone/Events/Indicative_List_TEAP_TOCs_Meetings-2010.shtml

READING
>> INECE special report on climate compliance

United Nations Climate Change Conference in Copenhagen - COP 15
INECE's Special Report on Climate Compliance explains the role of compliance and enforcement in ensuring effective implementation of domestic and international policies to mitigate climate change. The Special Report features an overview of the argument for compliance in a climate policy context, analysis of the role of compliance in assuring environmental and financial integrity of carbon markets, a review of compliance mechanisms under the Kyoto Protocol, lessons from the Montreal Protocol, practical strategies for improving national implementation of climate requirements, and country case studies.
Read/Download the Special Report on Climate Compliancehttp://www.inece.org/climate/

>>California Takes another Step to Reducing GHG Emissions.
California rule clamps down on leaks of potent greenhouse gases from large refrigeration systems. Air Resources Board unanimously votes to adopt nation-leading measure. SOURCE: Air Ressources Board, 9 December 2009, http://www.arb.ca.gov/lispub/rss/displaypost.php?pno=3502

VIDEO
>> Greenfreeze and SolarChill,
a video on the Greenfreeze domestic refrigerators and SolarChill vaccine cooler, both which replace CFCs or HFCs by natural refrigerants. Both have links to the climate dimension of the Montreal Protocol. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=wFl2cyW49uw


30 NOVEMBER 2009

 

Special Announcement /

Just released ! Climate Benefit from Ozone Layer Protection: "Low Hanging Fruits"
a new booklet which will be of interest to anyone involved in cross-cutting issues between the ozone protection and climate protection communities, just released by the Outreach Division of the United Nations Department of Public Information (UN DPI) -New York. The booklet is based on a briefing for associated Non-Governmental Organisations on the theme of The Ozone Layer and Climate Change, held at the UN Headquarters in New York, USA on 18 June 2009, was organized by DPI's NGO Section in cooperation with the UNEP - OzonAction Branch. It highlighted the important achievements made to protect the ozone layer and prevent climate change. It also identified the obstacles, which remain to be addressed by the global community, including those to be discussed at the United Nations Climate Change Conference being held in Copenhagen, Denmark in December 2009. Read Download the Booklet ...
http://www.unep.fr/ozonaction/information/mmcfiles/6318-e-DPINGObklt09.pdf
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Dead line for the Journalist Competition Extended UNEP OzonAction is pleased to announce the extension of the dead line for the entries for the journalist competition till 31st December 2009 . The competition is now open to the journalists of all ages. As the stories on Ozone layer protection and climate change unfold, UNEP would like to assess and reward Journalists talents to convey these stories effectively. Please rush your entries.Learn more at >> http://www.unep.fr/ozonaction/ozone2climate/journalists_competition.pdf
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In this issue:
1- Up Grading Ozone Layer Treaty to Assist in Combating Climate Change Key Issue at International Meeting in Egypt
2- Significant Ozone Hole Remains Over Antarctica
3- Science finds greenhouse gases even stronger than CO2, methane
4- Miami Import Firm, President Plead Guilty to Smuggling 1.4 Million Kilos of HCFC-22

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GLOBAL
1- Up Grading Ozone Layer Treaty to Assist in Combating Climate Change Key Issue at International Meeting in Egypt
21st Meeting of the Parties to the Montreal Protocol on Substances That Deplete the Ozone Layer Nairobi/ Port Ghalib, 2 November 2009 -- Accelerating the contribution of a treaty to protect the ozone layer towards meeting the climate change challenge will take place at the 21st Meeting of the Parties to the Montreal Protocol in the Red Sea resort of Port Ghalib, Egypt, from 4-8 November.
Representatives from over 190 countries attending the international conference will assess whether a group of synthetic gases known as hydroflurocarbons (HFCs) might be better controlled under the Montreal Protocol rather than the Kyoto Protocol, the climate change treaty.
The Montreal Protocol is the treaty established to phase-out chemicals that damage the stratospheric ozone layer, the protective shield that filters out harmful levels of the sun's ultra violet rays.
Scientists estimate that if HFCs become the replacement chemicals of choice for another group of ozone-depleting substances, hydrochlorofluorocarbons (HCFCs), in refrigeration, mobile air conditioning units and foams over the coming decades, their contribution to global warming could rise sharply. Indeed, under one scenario, HFCs could by 2050 be contributing the equivalent of 45 percent of C02 emissions.
Achim Steiner, UN Under-Secretary General and Executive Director of the UN Environment Programme (UNEP) said: "The Montreal Protocol is without doubt one of the most successful multilateral environmental agreements. That success is underlined by the fact that for the first time in history, all countries in the world will be represented in Egypt as a result of the Montreal Protocol achieving universal ratification in 2009."
"This universal support reflects not only the Montreal Protocol's success in phasing out over 97 percent of the controlled substances that damage the ozone layer, but an understanding that this phase-out has also contributed in sparing the planet a significant level of global warming," he added.
The meeting will have before them two amendments to bring these replacement chemicals under the ozone agreements. The first proposal is from Mauritius and the Federated States of Micronesia, and the second one from Canada, Mexico and the United States.
Marco González, Executive Secretary of the Ozone Secretariat said: "The 21st Meeting of the Parties will address important issues for the protection of the ozone layer and related efforts to further contribute to mitigate climate change. The sound environmental management of existing banks of ozone depleting substances as well as the proposed amendments to address HFCs under the Montreal Protocol are clear signals of the Parties' new initiatives to address both issues."
Mr. Steiner noted that the increased use of HFCs as replacement chemicals now represent a new challenge in terms of climate change. He added: "I look forward to a full and frank discussion on what countries consider the next steps and the best way forward to address these high global-warming potential gases. Port Ghalib must send a clear signal that nations are determined to rapidly find not only ozone-friendly but also climate friendly alternatives and to assist developing economies in accessing these."
These discussions on the proposals come some four weeks before nations gather in the Danish capital city of Copenhagen for the crucial UN Climate Change Convention (UNFCCC) talks.
Other Issues in Port Ghalib
Inhalers and CFCs
Under the Montreal Protocol, a global phase-out of chloroflurocarbons (CFCs) is scheduled to be completed by 31 December 2009. Some countries with older manufacturing facilities have sought exemptions for the continued use of pharmaceutical-grade CFCs in metered dose inhalers used by people with asthma until their factories have been upgraded to non-CFC manufacturing.
However, there is concern among some developing countries that sources of pharmaceutical-grade CFCs may disappear in 2010.
The meeting will consider various proposals to keep some supplies in place until all manufacturing facilities have been upgraded to making non-CFC inhalers.
Delegates will also examine the use of the pesticide methyl bromide in fumigating shipments around the world. While methyl bromide is controlled under the Montreal Protocol for use in locations such as farms, its use in quarantine and pre-shipment of, for example, wooden pallets falls outside the treaty.
Some governments and experts have become concerned that its uncontrolled uses may be contributing to harming the ozone layer.
Uncontrolled Use of Fumigants
The meeting in Port Ghalib will discuss new findings from the Montreal Protocol's Technology and Economic Assessment Panel (TEAP). These indicate that consumption of methyl bromide for quarantine and pre-shipment purposes has averaged around 11,000 metric tonnes a year since 1995.
The workshop, being conducted in collaboration with the International Plant Protection Convention, will assess alternatives for treating shipments of grains, vegetables, logs and other materials.
Heat treatment and treatment using other non-ozone damaging fumigants may be available as alternatives to using methyl bromide.
SOURCE: UNEP Ozone Secretariat, Press Release - Nairobi/Port Ghalib, 2 November 2009, (A) (C) (E) (F)

2- Significant Ozone Hole Remains Over Antarctica
The Antarctic ozone hole, which fluctuates throughout the late winter and spring in the southern hemisphere, reached
its 2009 peak circumference in late September, according to measurements by NOAA researchers. Slightly smaller than the North American continent, the ozone hole covered 9.2 million square miles, according to NOAA satellite observations. This ranks as the 10th largest since satellite measurements began in 1979.
Ozone over South Pole Station, Antarctica, also reached its thinnest point of the year on Sept. 26. Measured in Dobson Units (DU) that indicate the amount of ozone in a vertical column of air, the 2009 low level - 98 DU - is the seventh smallest since 1986. The record low of 89 DU was recorded on Oct. 6, 1993.
The atmospheric ozone layer protects the Earth from harmful ultraviolet radiation. However, it has been damaged by human-produced compounds known as chlorofluorocarbons, or CFCs, which release ozone-destroying bromine and chlorine into the atmosphere. International agreements have strictly limited the use of CFCs since the early 1990s.
"The Montreal Protocol has been effective in reducing emissions of long-lived CFC gases, but high enough concentrations remain in the atmosphere to lead to significant ozone destruction in polar regions," said Bryan Johnson, project leader for the NOAA Earth System Research Laboratory Ozonesonde Group in Boulder, Colo. "Monitoring ozone over Antarctica provides the essential yardstick to see whether we are on the predicted track for recovery based on the current rate of declining CFCs." Although CFCs are slowly decreasing in the atmosphere, scientists project that the ozone hole will not fully recover before 2060.
Extreme cold, ice cloud formation in the stratosphere, and a pattern of rapidly circulating air, called the polar vortex, make the ozone layer over Antarctica much more vulnerable to CFC-destruction than anywhere else.
The Antarctic ozone hole reaches its maximum in early spring in the Southern Hemisphere as the South Pole emerges from months of continuous wintertime darkness. At polar dawn, sunlight drives the chemical reactions in which the accumulated chlorine and bromine atoms break down ozone. Scientists expect the ozone hole to gradually disappear as CFC levels fall over the next several decades.
Since 1986, the NOAA Ozonesonde Group has been measuring the extent of the ozone hole vertically over Antarctica with balloons that carry ozone-measuring instruments into the stratosphere. NOAA polar-orbiting satellites probe the area the ozone hole covers as it expands and contracts seasonally.
Work on the ground from NOAA's South Pole Station can be difficult in temperatures approaching -100 degrees F. NOAA engineer Patrick Cullis and NOAA Corps officer Marc Weekley have nearly completed a year-long assignment at South Pole Station where they collect atmospheric data and keep instruments operating. They launch balloons to measure ozone vertically once each week all year and more frequently, three or more times per week, in the spring.
"It's actually been hardest to launch during the long dawn before sunrise," Cullis said. "The landscape starts to brighten, but there are no shadows to warn you of the large clumps of snow left in your path by the movement of bulldozers. Plus, this year, the polar dawn brought an intense 35-knot storm lasting over a week. Even during lulls in the storm, launching large plastic balloons was like running a 50-meter dash in soft snow. My lungs would burn from the combination of 10 pounds of gear, soft snow, and thin air."
Antarctic ozone hole data from these balloon launches and other NOAA measurements is archived online. The measurements and observations are part of NOAA's suite of climate services.
NOAA understands and predicts changes in the Earth's environment-from the depths of the ocean to the surface of the sun-and conserves and manages our coastal and marine resources.
SOURCE: NOAA, 17 November 2009, http://www.noaanews.noaa.gov/stories2009/20091117_ozone.html

3- Science finds greenhouse gases even stronger than CO2, methane

SOURCE: The Greenbang, 17 November 2009, http://www.greenbang.com/science-
finds-greenhouse-gases-even-stronger-than-co2-methane_12617.html

NORTH AMERICA
4- Miami Import Firm, President Plead Guilty to Smuggling 1.4 Million Kilos of HCFC-22
TAMPA, Fla.-A Miami import company and its president pleaded guilty to smuggling more than 1.4 million kilograms of the restricted refrigerant hydrochlorofluorocarbon-22 into the United States, federal prosecutors announced Nov. 23 (United States v. Kroy Corp., S.D. Fla., No. 1:09-CR-20913-PAS, plea agreements 11/20/09).
In separate plea agreements filed Nov. 20 in the U.S. District Court for the Southern District of Florida, defendant James Garrido, president of Miami-based Kroy Corp., and the company each pleaded guilty to three counts of importing HCFC-22 in violation of the Clean Air Act, Acting U.S. Attorney Jeffrey H. Sloman said in a written statement. According to the statement and court records, cylinders of HCFC-22 were delivered in containers by ship from the Dominican Republic and declared as either legal R-134A refrigerant or as "United States Goods Returned."
Except for a small quantity of legal refrigerant "strategically placed in front of the contraband," the shipping containers held cylinders of HCFC-22 and were accompanied by false documentation, the statement said.
"At no time did Kroy or Garrido hold unexpended consumption allowances that would have allowed them to legally import the HCFC-22," the statement said.
In all, 11 shipments of HCFC-22 totaled more than 1.41 million kilograms with a total fair market value of more than $3.9 million, the statement said.
According to court records, agents from the Environmental Protection Agency and Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE) launched an investigation of Kroy in January as a "suspicious Importer" of refrigerants and began surveillance in which they observed the
cylinders being delivered to a Miami warehouse and public storage facility.
At a scheduled Feb. 11, 2010, sentencing, Garrido faces a maximum 20-year prison term on each of the three counts as well as a fine of $250,000 per count. Kroy Corp. could be fined up to $500,000 per count, the statement said.
An attorney representing Garrido and Kroy declined to comment. Special Assistant U.S. Attorney Jodi A. Mazer, Miami, represented the government. Juan Guillermo Diaz, Miami, represented Garrido and Kroy.

SOURCE: United States Attorney's Office, Southern District of Florida, Press Release, 23 November 2009,
http://www.justice.gov/usao/fls/PressReleases/091123-02.html

___________
FEATURED

LATEST FROM OzonAction
>> Exposing Environmental Crimes
Environmental crime is a serious and growing international problem. Perceived as 'victimless', such crimes often fail to prompt the required response from governments, the enforcement community and the public.
Read more... 17 November 2009 | UNEP CAP ROAP
http://www.unep.fr/ozonaction/information/mmcfiles/6317-e-ARPEC_PR09.pdf

>> Daily video updates from MOP 21
UNEP OzonAction conducted short interviews of key members of the Montreal Protocol community who participated in the 21st Meeting of the Parties to the Montreal Protocol, to get their impressions and views on challenges and successes from their perspective. The interviews and other short reports of MOP 21 are updated daily on the UNEP OzonAction YouTube Channel. See OzonAction YouTube Channel ...
http://www.youtube.com/ozonaction

EVENTs - MEETINGs - CONFERENCEs
>>
Indicative list of TEAP/Technical Options Committee meetings for 2010
http://www.unep.ch/ozone/Events/Indicative_List_TEAP_TOCs_Meetings-2010.shtml

>> Reports and Documents related to the Twenty-First Meeting of the Parties to the Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer,
available from the UNEP Ozone Secretariat Website
@
http://www.unep.ch/ozone/highlights.shtml

READING
>> Sainsbury's to slash their emissions as 15-year campaign bears fruit
... until we realised that, as well as keeping milk cold, they had the unfortunate side effect of punching a massive hole in the Earth's Ozone layer. ... Source: Greenpeace UK, 16 November 2009,
http://www.greenpeace.org.uk/blog/climate/sainsburys-slash-their-
emissions-phasing-out-f-gases-15-year-campaign-bears-fruit-20091116

>> Copenhagen summit: Change we can't yet believe in
After all, the same thing happened to the Montreal protocol on CFCs, ... The meeting that created the Kyoto protocol has convened in 10 other countries and ... Source: The Guardian, 16 November 2009, http://www.guardian.co.uk/commentisfree/2009/nov/16/obama-copenhagen-climate-change

>> SCIENCE MATTERS: Countdown to Copenhagen
It's amazing what world leaders can do when they come together for a common cause, as they did in Montreal in 1987 to ban CFCs to protect the ozone layer. ... Source: Special to LondonTopic.ca, David Suzuki with Faisal Moola,12 October 2009
,
http://www.londontopic.ca/article.php?artid=16450#

VIDEO
>> Nitrous Oxide and the Ozone | Video
Rob Martin
11/13/2009 http://www.kfyrtv.com/News_Stories.asp?news=35563

>> Greenpeace video tells the truth about F-gases and calls for action
2009.11.20 - A new Greenpeace video explains how HFCs used to cool our drinks, cars and buildings pose a growing threat to the climate. A petition joined to the video calls for a phase out of HFCs by 2020.

http://www.greenpeace.org/international/campaigns/climate-change/take_
action/hfc-naked-truth-about-f-gases17110


15 OCTOBER 2009

In this issue:
1- The Millennium Development Goals Report 2009
2- Reducing abrupt climate change risk using the Montreal Protocol and other regulatory actions to
complement cuts in CO2 emissions
3- How Montreal Could Save Us From the Mire of Kyoto
A Tale of Two Protocols
4- Punta Arenas on "UV ALERT" as Ozone Hole Advances
5- European Union Declares Support for Fast Action to Avert HFC Climate Threat

GLOBAL
1- The Millennium Development Goals Report 2009
More than halfway to the 2015 deadline to achieve the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs), major advances in the fight against poverty and hunger have begun to slow or even reverse as a result of the global economic and food crises, a progress report by the United Nations has found. The assessment, launched by UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon in Geneva, warns that, despite many successes, overall progress has been too slow for most of the targets to be met by 2015.
"… At the global level, the world came together to achieve a 97 per cent reduction in the consumption of substances that deplete the Earth's protective ozone layer, setting a new precedent for international cooperation…"
SHA ZUKANG, Under-Secretary-General for Economic and Social Affairs
(MDGs Report, page 5)
Strong partnerships and sound national policies lead to extraordinary progress in protecting the ozone layer Consumption of all ozone-depleting substances (ODS), 1986-2007 (Thousands of metric tons of ozone-depleting potential) and replenishment of the Montreal Protocol Multilateral Fund (Millions of US dollars)
Graphic page 41
From 1986 to 2007, the 195 countries that are currently party to the Montreal Protocol have achieved a 97 per cent reduction in the consumption of substances that deplete the Earth's ozone layer. This extraordinary accomplishment is a prime example of both the integration of sustainable development principles into national policy frameworks (MDG 7) and a global partnership for development (MDG 8).
To date, 177 parties to the Montreal Protocol have put in place national regulations or legislation to promote effective protection of the ozone layer and sustainable compliance with the Protocol. In addition to funding these critical activities, the Montreal Protocol Multilateral Fund has, for the past 19 years, supported national capacity-building and networking of policy makers, customs officials and others. The Fund has also helped transfer essential technologies that have enabled developing countries to 'leapfrog' to new, energy-efficient technologies and export their wares to the global market.
Still, challenges remain. Foremost among them is the phasing out of hydrochlorofluorocarbons while avoiding the use of alternatives with a high potential for global warming. Other serious issues include the management of existing stocks of ozone-depleting substances (including their destruction) and ensuring that illegal trade does not emerge after key substances are phased out. Finally, technologically and economically viable alternatives must still be found for the few critical and essential uses that are currently receiving exemptions by States parties to the Protocol.
(MDGs Report page 41)
SOURCE: the United Nations Millennium Development Report 2009 http://www.un.org/millenniumgoals/pdf/MDG_Report_2009_ENG.pdf

2- Reducing abrupt climate change risk using the Montreal Protocol and other regulatory actions to complement cuts in CO2 emissions
Mario Molina,a, Durwood Zaelke,b, K. Madhava Sarma,c, Stephen O. Andersen,d, Veerabhadran Ramanathan,e, and Donald Kaniaru,f. aDepartment of Chemistry and Biochemistry, University of California, San Diego, 9500 Gilman Drive, MC 0356, La Jolla, CA 92093; bInstitute for Governance and Sustainable Development, and International Network for Environmental Compliance and Enforcement, 2300 Wisconsin Ave., NW, Washington, DC 20007; cMontreal Protocol Technology and Economics Assessment Panel, AB 50, Anna Nagar, Chennai, India 600040; dMontreal Protocol Technology and Economic Assessment Panel, 2317 North Road, Barnard, VT 05031-0257; eScripps Institution of Oceanography, University of California, San Diego, 9500 Gilman Drive, La Jolla CA 92093-0221; and fNational Environment Tribunal of Kenya, Woodvale Grove, Sarit Centre, Nairobi, Kenya Edited by Hans Joachim Schellnhuber, Environmental Change Institute, Oxford, United Kingdom, and approved August 31, 2009 (received for review March 9, 2009)
Current emissions of anthropogenic greenhouse gases (GHGs) have already committed the planet to an increase in average surface temperature by the end of the century that may be above the critical threshold for tipping elements of the climate system into abrupt change with potentially irreversible and unmanageable consequences. This would mean that the climate system is close to entering if not already within the zone of ''dangerous anthropogenic interference'' (DAI). Scientific and policy literature refers to the need for ''early,'' ''urgent,'' ''rapid,'' and ''fast-action'' mitigation to help avoid DAI and abrupt climate changes. We define ''fast-action'' to include regulatory measures that can begin within 2-3 years, be substantially implemented in 5-10 years, and produce a climate response within decades. We discuss strategies for short-lived non-CO2 GHGs and particles, where existing agreements can be used to accomplish mitigation objectives. Policy makers can amend the Montreal Protocol to phase down the production and consumption of hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs) with high global warming potential. Other fast-action strategies can reduce emissions of black carbon particles and precursor gases that lead to ozone formation in the lower atmosphere, and increase biosequestration, including through biochar. These and other fast action strategies may reduce the risk of abrupt climate change in the next few decades by complementing cuts in CO2 emissions…
Read/Download full text: http://www.pnas.org/content/early/2009/10/09/0902568106.full.pdf+html
SOURCE: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (PNAS) October 2009.

SOUTH ASIA
3- How Montreal Could Save Us From the Mire of Kyoto
A Tale of Two Protocols

SOURCE: The counterpunch, 15 October 2009, By: Nirmal Ghosh, http://www.counterpunch.com/ghosh10152009.html

LATIN AMERICA AND CARIBBEAN
4- Punta Arenas on "UV ALERT" as Ozone Hole Advances
SOURCE:
MERCOPRESS, 9 October 2009, By Steve Anderson, http://www.santiagotimes.cl/santiagotimes/index.php/2009100817332
/news/environmental-news/punta-arenas-on-uv-alert-as-ozone-hole-advances.html

EUROPE
5- European Union Declares Support for Fast Action to Avert HFC Climate Threat
SOURCE:
REUTERS quoting Environmental Investigation Agency, 8 October 2009, http://www.reuters.com/article/pressRelease/idUS144965+08-Oct-2009+PRN20091008
___________
FEATURED

LATEST FROM OzonAction
Launching the Programme of Work of the International Cooperation Agreement between UNEP & ASHRAE
The American Society of Heating, Refrigerating and Air-conditioning Engineers (ASHRAE) and the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) launched a joint Programme of Work in margins of the Annual ASHRAE Conference of its Region-at-Large, which was held in Kuwait 3-5 October 2009, to activate the International Cooperation Agreement previously signed between the two organizations
Read more ...
5 October 2009 | UNEP CAP ROWA

EVENTs - MEETINGs - CONFERENCEs
>>Montreal Protocol Meetings
in November 2009 have been posted on the Ozone Secretariat website - kindly follow the links below to access the main documentation page >> http://www.unep.ch/ozone/Meeting_
Documents/mop/21mop/index.shtml
or http://ozone.unep.org/Meeting_Documents/mop/21mop/index.shtml

>> Atmosphere 2009, an international conference on natural refrigerants, will bring together 150+ participants from all over the world, 19-20 October, See: http://www.atmosphere2009.com/.
As a national expert, industry representative or individual from a developing country that cannot attend, please send your questions to speakers and delegates as early as possible. Developing countries asked for input about Natural Refrigerants- The organisers have launched a survey targeted at developing countries, to offer an opportunity of bringing up questions even if not a participant. You thus may wish to share the survey with interested stakeholders in your region - obviously there is only few days left for participating in the survey:
http://www.hydrocarbons21.com/content/articles/2009-10-08-developing-countries-asked-for-inpu
t-about-natural-refrigerants.php

READING
>> GLOBAL COOLING? Shocker! Ice melt lowest in 30 years

NASA downplays Antarctic snow record, blames ozone depletion, ocean dynamics
[… In March 2008, NASA reported the Wilkins Ice Shelf on the Antarctic Peninsula disintegrated, something it said was "an indication of warming temperatures in the region." But now that Tadesco and Monaghan confirm a 30-year minimum Antarctic snowmelt record, NASA has published research from scientists who claim increasing sea ice could be due to ozone depletion, changing ocean dynamics or the flooding of sea ice. "Since the ozone hole began developing, researchers believe the Antarctic stratosphere has cooled between 2°C and 6°C (3.6°F and 10.8°F)," NASA reports. "Such cooling changes the dynamics between the stratosphere and lower layers of the atmosphere and strengthens Antarctica's already fierce winds."
The fierce winds are said to produce sustained periods of freezing temperatures unlike any other place in the world….]
Source: WorldNetDaily.com, 8 October 2009, By Chelsea Schilling, http://www.wnd.com/index.php?fa=PAGE.view&pageId=112227#

>> Refrigerants Go Au Naturel
Demand chills for synthetic refrigerants on the eve of a 2010 phase-out; Nestle leads the way to a cool, all-natural future.
Most food & beverage plant operations managers charged with overseeing refrigeration and freezing systems have already turned a cold shoulder in the past decade to synthetic refrigerants. They know hydrochlorofluorocarbons (HCFCs) including R-22 will begin a phase-out starting next New Year's Day.
As with the 1990s phase out of chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs such as R-12, or DuPont's Freon), HCFCs have been long-targeted for obsolescence under the 1987 Montreal Protocol and 1997 Kyoto Protocol due to their depletion of the stratospheric ozone layer and contribution to global warming.
Source: FoodProcessing.com, By Bob Sperber, Plant Operations Editor | 10/06/2009 http://www.foodprocessing.com/articles/2009/074.html#

>> SCIENCE MATTERS: Countdown to Copenhagen
It's amazing what world leaders can do when they come together for a common cause, as they did in Montreal in 1987 to ban CFCs to protect the ozone layer. ...
Source: Special to LondonTopic.ca, David Suzuki with Faisal Moola, 12 October 2009, http://www.londontopic.ca/article.php?artid=16450#

WEBSITEs
>> Submit your nomination now for the
UNEP 2010 Champions of the Earth Award!
Only few days remain in the search to find individuals and organizations who are distinguished and committed to making a real difference in protecting our planet.
The UNEP Champions of the Earth Award honors those who, through their visionary thinking, unwavering dedication and committed action, promote the sustainable use of the planet's resources towards global green growth.
UNEP will select a laureate for each of the following categories:
Policy Leadership, Science & Innovation, Entrepreneurial Vision, and Inspiration & Action.
Each laureate will receive a $40,000 prize and a specially designed trophy at an Award Ceremony and Gala Dinner to be held on 22 April, 2010 in Seoul, Republic of Korea.
Nominations will be accepted until 31 October. For more information, please visit www.unep.org/champions or
e-mail Lucita Jasmin.

>> "The Montreal Protocol Who's Who'' Learn more /Nominate an Ozone Layer Protection Champion >> http://www.unep.fr/ozonaction/montrealprotocolwhoswho/index.htm


30 SEPTEMBER 2009

 

In this issue:
1- Satellites Show Ozone Depletion Leveling Off
2- Customs and the Montreal Protocol: a Successful Partnership with Impressive Results
3- Ghana to Ban Importation of Ozone Depleting Items
4- California Grape and Tree Fruit League Presses for Fumigant Approval

GLOBAL

1- Satellites Show Ozone Depletion Leveling Off
SOURCE:
CBC news, 21 September 2009, http://www.cbc.ca/technology/story/2009/09/21/tech-
environment-ozone-depletion.html

2- Customs and the Montreal Protocol: a Successful Partnership with Impressive Results
Celebrating the 22nd anniversary of the Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer, the World Customs Organization (WCO) takes this opportunity to re-affirm its commitment to ensuring the successful implementation of this international instrument by Customs administrations around the world.
The Protocol has established a comprehensive mechanism to ensure global compliance by effectively controlling the trade in ozone depleting substances (ODS). Successful implementation of the Protocol since its adoption in 1987 is to a large degree due to the substantial efforts by Customs administrations worldwide but in the lead-up to 2010 and beyond, the phase-out of CFCs in developing countries will not mean the end of Customs' work! Criminal syndicates will still attempt to trade, but Customs and its partners will be ready to deal an effective blow to theiractivities through increased mutual cooperation and coordinated action.
WCO Secretary General, Kunio Mikuriya, said, " Protecting the environment is a priority for the WCO. All Customs authorities have a very important role to play in ensuring a greener and safer world as they are on the frontline and primarily responsible for dealing with goods at borders". He added, " While Customs is fully aware of the challenges it faces in combating the illegal trade in ODS and other environment-fragile goods, fauna and flora, the WCO in partnership with its Member Customs administrations and other interested parties will not flinch in its efforts to protect the environment through effective border enforcement".
With respect to ODS in particular, the international community is aware that very often nonproducer countries and free-trade zones are abused as transit points for further distribution of these substances thereby bypassing the Montreal Protocol Licensing System. False declarations and mislabelling make it even more difficult for Customs to detect these goods. The task of curbing smuggling in developing countries, particularly those falling within Article 5 of the Protocol, is considerable because the bulk of production and consumption now occurs in these countries due to the fact that their scheduled phase out of ODS is still to be completed.
2009 has thus far witnessed a number of significant interceptions of ODS by Customs, including more than 85 used refrigerators and almost 19,000 kg of refrigerator compressors containing CFCs. While these seizures are just the 'tip of the iceberg', they nevertheless reveal the extent of this illegal activity. Further illustration of Customs successes include the seizure of 1,140 cylinders of R-12 (gas used as a refrigerant or aerosol spray propellant) in May 2009 by Royal ThaiCustoms as well as their foiling of an attempt to smuggle 1,115 cylinders (15 metric tonnes) of R-12, the May 2009 interception of 565 cartons of 99.9% pure R-12 by Indonesian Customs, and the first seizure at China's western border by Customs officers of more then 100 kg of HCFC-22 (gas used in refrigeration and air-conditioning equipment) heading for Central Asia.
The WCO will continue to invest heavily in building the capacity of Customs administrations to stop all forms of environment crime. In addition the Organization will step up its efforts to enhance cooperation with other international organizations such as UNEP which together with the WCO form part of the Green Customs Initiative, as these efforts are an investment in the future; an investment for the benefit of future generations.
WCO Members join the WCO Secretariat in expressing best wishes to the Ozone Secretariat on this special occasion.
Resources:
WCO Environment Protection Programme http://www.wcoomd.org/print/?id=1455&url=http%3A/
/www.wcoomd.org/press/%3

Ozone Secretariat http://ozone.unep.org/
UN Environment Programme http://www.unep.org/
Green Customs Initiative http://www.greencustoms.org/
http://www.wcoomd.org/print/?id=1455&url=http%3A//www.wcoomd.org/press/%3...
SOURCE: the World Customs Organization (WCO) Press releases, Brussels, 17 September 2009

AFRICA

3- Ghana to Ban Importation of Ozone Depleting Items
SOURCE: Ghana Broadcasting Corporation, 22, September, 2009, http://gbcghana.com/news/28395detail.html

NORTH AMERICA

4- California Grape and Tree Fruit League Presses for Fumigant Approval
SOURCE:
The Packer, 16 September 2009, By Andy Nelson
http://thepacker.com/California-Grape-and-Tree-Fruit-League-presses-for-fumigant-approval/Article.aspx?articleid=836233&authorid=680&feedid=217&src=search

___________
FEATURED

O3Blog
Momentum Grows to Limit Climate-Warming Chemicals
HFCs currently contribute less than 1 percent to climate change. The ozone layer limits harmful solar radiation from entering the lower atmosphere serving ...SOURCE: WorldChanging (blog), http://www.worldchanging.com/archives/010547.html

EVENTs - MEETINGs - CONFERENCEs
>>Montreal Protocol Meetings in November 2009 have been posted on the Ozone Secretariat website - kindly follow the links below to access the main documentation page >> http://www.unep.ch/ozone/Meeting_
Documents/mop/21mop/index.shtml
or http://ozone.unep.org/Meeting_
Documents/mop/21mop/index.shtml

>> Less than 30 days and only 30 seats left for the Conference on Natural Refrigerants in Europe's capital Brussels. Register today to be one of the last ones to get access granted to Atmosphere 2009 - the meeting point for industry and policy. The event is limited to a maximum of 150 participants, so the earlier you decide to register, the higher your chances to listen to more than 30 high-profile speakers, network with industry experts, and raise your voice about the prospects of Natural Refrigerants >>http://www.atmosphere2009.com

READING
>> Looking for a Change on Climate Policy in Copenhagen
By Richard Bradley , October 10th, 2009; Vol.176 #8 (p. 32)
In December, climate scientists, policy makers and other representatives of 192 nations will convene at the United Nations Climate Change Conference in Copenhagen. In advance of that meeting, Science News earth sciences writer Sid Perkins spoke with Richard A. Bradley, head of the Energy Efficiency and Environment Division of the International Energy Agency in Paris. An intergovernmental organization that counts 28 industrialized nations as members, the IEA analyzes and facilitates global energy policy.
What is the purpose of December's United Nations meeting?
The Kyoto Protocol, which prescribes greenhouse gas emission targets for nations that have signed and implemented the agreement, has a commitment period from 2008 to 2012. Copenhagen is to be the concluding negotiation for what will happen after the current agreement expires. While some parties want to simply extend the Kyoto Protocol with new emission commitments, others, like the United States, look for a somewhat different framework.
How can negotiators come up with an agreement that's equitable as well as effective for the developing and developed world, and for future generations?
We don't know the answer to that question because climate change is an unprecedented problem and we have limited experience dealing with a problem of such global scope. The Montreal Protocol of 1987, which dealt with regulating emissions of ozone-depleting substances, affected only a relatively small portion of national economies, whereas greenhouse gases emerge from all sectors.
FULL TEXT >> http://www.sciencenews.org/view/generic/id/47715/title/Looking_
for_a_change_on_climate_policy_in_Copenhagen%26ct=ga%26cd=rdSNpX-
UlMM%26usg=AFQjCNGMgJnm_XdzP95cVNVmP3D3LaFvkQ

AUDIO & VIDEO
>>Video News Release (VNR) a short news video on interlinkages between ozone layer protection and climate change in the context of the HCFC phase out and growing interest in HFCs. produced by UNEP DTIE OzonAction Programme in cooperation with UNEP's Division of Communication and Public Information >> Read more on VNR and download

>>Earth Report: Perfectly Cool, a 22 minute documentary on the challenges faced in trying to phase out HCFCs, coolant gas used in air conditioners across the developing world, which is the main ozone depleting substance that also contributes to climate change >> Read more/Download

>>The Ozone Layer and the Montreal Protocol, U Channel Africa interviewed Rajendra Shende, Head OzonAction Branch on ozone layer depletion and the success and challenges of the Montreal Protocol >>
http://62.160.8.20/DMC/medias/details.aspx?id=5055

>>Talks about the environment and the law of unintended consequences - Interview Dr. Durwood Zaelke of the Institute for Governance & Sustainable Development >> http://www.tvo.org/TVO/WebObjects/TVO.woa?video?TAWSPBlog_Full_20090915p_0_DZuelke

>>Hole in Ozone layer closing up, ABC Online - ELEANOR HALL: It was the big environmental issue of the 1980s, but today there is positive news about the hole in the earth's ozone layer. Listen to the interview >> http://www.abc.net.au/worldtoday/content/2009/s2694149.htm

 


International Day for the Preservation of the Ozone Layer
(16 September)

U.N. General Assembly proclaimed 16 September the International Day for the Preservation of the Ozone Layer ...On 19 December 1994, the United Nations General Assembly proclaimed 16 September the International Day for the Preservation of the Ozone Layer, commemorating the date, in 1987, on which the Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer was signed (resolution 49/114). States were invited to devote the Day to promote, at the national level, activities in accordance with the objectives of the Montreal Protocol and its amendments. The ozone layer filters sunlight and prevents the adverse effects of ultraviolet radiation reaching the Earth's surface, thereby preserving life on the planet.
>>>

 

The United Nations Secretary-General --
Message on the International Day for the Preservation of the Ozone Layer

16 September 2009

Sustainable development depends, in large part, on the implementation of agreed environmental goals, targets and objectives. Among the considerable number of multilateral environmental agreements agreed between states over the past 40 years, the Vienna Convention for the Protection of the Ozone Layer and, in particular, its Montreal Protocol stands out. The manner in which this instrument for repairing and recovering the Earth's protective shield has been financed and implemented serves as an inspiring example of what is possible.

This year's observance marks yet another milestone, with the deposit of the instruments of accession to the Convention and the Protocol by the youngest democracy in the world, Timor-Leste. Until today, it was the only remaining State outside the ozone protection regime. Now, the Convention and Protocol have achieved universal participation - unique status among the hundreds of treaties deposited with the Secretary-General. Timor-Leste's action sends a strong signal of global solidarity, not only for addressing ozone depletion but for tackling other pressing multilateral challenges, of which climate change is pre-eminent.

Accumulating evidence indicates that the phase-out of substances known as chlorofluorocarbons or CFCs has, since 1990, alleviated the progression of climate change by as much as 12 years. International cooperation on CFCs is a timely affirmation that, through unity of purpose and concerted action, we can minimize risks to our planet and build a safer world for future generations. It is a lesson we must take to heart as we prepare for the United Nations Climate Change Conference in Copenhagen in December.

Some weeks ago, experts from the Montreal Protocol and the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change and its Kyoto Protocol met in Geneva, Switzerland to chart a strategy on a group of chemicals that cause climate change. Hydrofluorocarbons, or HFCs, which are broadly used as replacements for ozone-depleting substances in foams, refrigeration and air conditioning systems, could contribute significantly to climate change by 2050, thereby undermining efforts to reduce the better-known greenhouse gases, principally carbon dioxide and methane from fossil fuel burning and deforestation.

By working together, the ozone and climate treaties can multiply their impact for sustainable development. Other benefits are likely to include improved energy efficiency in industrial and household processes and appliances, and spin-offs for the wider chemicals agenda, including in the areas of waste management and human health.

The International Day for the Preservation of the Ozone Layer comes some 80 days before the Copenhagen climate conference. Governments must use that occasion to seal the deal on an ambitious, comprehensive and equitable new climate agreement. Without action on climate change, the world faces profound social, economic and environmental disruption. The example of the Montreal Protocol sends a powerful message that action on major global challenges is not only possible, but that the financial and human benefits invariably outweigh the costs.
SOURCE: UN DPI
Arabic | Chinese | English | French | Russian| Spanish

---

Ozone Treaty Anniversary Gifts Big Birthday Present to Human Health and Combating of Climate Change

Timor-Leste Makes Montreal Protocol First Global Environmental Agreement to Achieve Universal Ratification

Nairobi, 16 September 2009--A treaty to protect the ozone layer, which shields all life on Earth from deadly levels of ultra violet rays, has scored a first in the history of international environmental agreements.

Today Mr. Xanana Gusmão, the Prime Minister of the young Pacific nation of Timor-Leste, announced that it had ratified the Montreal Protocol making this the first environmental agreement to achieve universal participation by 196 parties.

"Timor-Leste is very pleased to be joining the rest of the world in the fight against the depletion of the ozone layer and the effort towards its recovery. We are proud to be part of this important process to protect the ozone layer and undertake to implement and comply with the Montreal Protocol like all other States that preceded us in this important journey," Mr. Gusmão said.

The historic announcement, made on the UN's International Day for the Preservation of the Ozone Layer, is the latest in a rapidly evolving list of achievements for the ozone treaties.

The Montreal Protocol, established to phase-out the pollutants that were damaging the planet's protective shield, will in just three months' time have completely retired close to 100 chemicals linked with ozone damage.

Today, as the sun rises in Australasia swiftly onto Timor-Leste before setting on Hawaii, United States-one of the first nations to ratify-countries will be marking not only the recovery of the ozone layer. They will also be celebrating the unique contribution that the Montreal Protocol has, and is continuing to contribute, to combating other key challenges including climate change.

Achim Steiner, UN Under-Secretary General and Executive Director of the UN Environment Programme (UNEP), said:" The ratification by Timor-Leste makes this special day even more special and a signal that when the world fully and wholly unites around an environmental challenge there can be multiple and transformative effects".
"Without the Montreal Protocol and its Vienna Convention, atmospheric levels of ozone-depleting substances would have increased tenfold by 2050 which in turn could have led to up to 20 million more cases of skin cancer and 130 million more cases of eye cataracts, not to speak of damage to human immune systems, wildlife and agriculture," he added.

"Today we in addition know that some of the same gases contribute to climate change. By some estimates, the phase-out of ozone-depleting substances has since 1990 contributed a delay in global warming of some seven to 12 years underlining that a dollar spent on ozone has paid handsomely across other environmental challenges," said Mr Steiner.
Marco González, Executive Secretary of the Ozone Secretariat which is hosted by UNEP, said the focus was now switching from the original gases such as chloroflurocarbons (CFCs) to their replacement gases known as HCFCs and HFCs for uses in refrigerators, foams and flame retardants.

In 2007 governments agreed to accelerate the freeze and phase-out hydrochloflurocarbons or HCFCs-explicitly for their climate change impacts.
The maximum benefits here are only likely to occur if this goes hand in hand with the introduction of more energy efficient equipment that can work with substances that have low or zero global warming potential.

The focus is now also rapidly shifting to hydroflurocarbons (HFCs). This year scientists, reporting in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, suggested that if these became the replacement substances of choice, the climate impacts could be serious.

The scientists argue that HFC use could climb sharply in the coming years in products such as insulation foams air conditioning units and refrigeration as replacements.

Conversely, rapid action to freeze and to cut emissions annually alongside fostering readily available alternatives could see HFC emissions fall to under one Gigatonne by 2050.

"Importantly, governments last year requested the Executive Secretaries of the Montreal Protocol and the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change to cooperate more closely on these issues and this was taken forward in 2009 in the spirit of One UN," said Mr González.

In November in Port Ghalib, Egypt, governments will meet under the Montreal Protocol to chart the future directions for the treaty including its role in combating climate change.

Mr González emphasized that "this historic meeting, hosted by the Government of Egypt, will be the first to bring together the highest number ever of participating States for decision-making under an international treaty."

These discussions will come just days before the key climate meeting in Copenhagen where nations are being urged to Seal the Deal on significant emissions reductions backed by support for adaptation for vulnerable countries and communities.

The story of the ozone layer also underlines that sustainably managing the environment is less costly and time-consuming than repairing damage once it has been done. Even with the swift and decisive action taken by governments under the Montreal Protocol, the Earth's protective shield is likely to take another 40 years to 50 years to fully recover.
SOURCE: UNEP, Ozone Secretariat,
Read/Download the Press release

---

Twenty Two Years After the Signing of the Montreal Protocol, the Ozone Layer has
Stabilized But a Large Antarctic Ozone Hole Continues to Occur on a Yearly Basis

The United Nations declared the 16th of September as the International Day for the Protection of the Ozone Layer to commemorate the 16th of September 1987, the date when the Montreal Protocol was signed. The Protocol controls the production and use of ozone depleting substances. It is an outstanding example of a successful cooperation between scientists, governments and industry as well as between developed and developing countries. It also provides an excellent paradigm to the international community for cooperation on complex environmental issues of global importance.
The theme of the International Day for the Preservation of the Ozone Layer on 16 September 2009 is: “Universal participation: Ozone protection unifies the world”1.
The Montreal protocol has been highly successful in reducing the emissions and atmospheric abundances of most ozone depleting substances. Ground-based and space-based measurements show that the stratospheric amounts of chlorine and bromine, the species most harmful to the ozone layer, are now in decline.
Global ozone abundances have stabilized and even show some signs of an increase, particularly over Northern mid-latitudes. Nevertheless, the latest measurements show annual average values of ozone abundances to be respectively 3% and 6% below pre-1980 levels in the Northern and Southern Hemisphere mid-latitudes regions.
In addition, a large Antarctic ozone hole is still a regular seasonal feature in the Southern Hemisphere. In 2007 and 2008, the average area of the ozone hole was 22 and 25 million km2 respectively (the Antarctic continent itself has a surface area of 14 million km2). The latest estimate of ozone hole area in mid-September 2009 is over 22 million km2. Antarctic ozone is estimated to remain low through the next decade and first unambiguous signs of recovery are not expected to be detected before 2020.
(1) Please visit the web site of the Ozone Secretariat for the Vienna Convention at the following specific address where you will find suggestions for worldwide activities on the 2009 International Ozone Day. http://ozone.unep.org/Events/ozone_day_2009/index.shtml
Arctic ozone depletion is strongly dependant on meteorological conditions, which is highly variable in the Northern Hemisphere. The loss of ozone in total column ranges between 0 and 30%. Large ozone losses were found in 2005 and 2008. In 2009 the ozone loss was smaller due to an early break-down of the winter circulation in the polar stratosphere. Large ozone losses in the Arctic will likely continue to occur in cold Arctic winters during the next two decades.
In the polar and sub-polar regions of the Southern Hemisphere, episodes of high solar UV-B radiation levels lasting for a few days have been observed, directly related to the Antarctic ozone hole. In mid-latitude regions, long-term measurements at some unpolluted stations indicate the stabilization or a decrease of solar UV-B radiation levels in accordance with the ozone behaviour at these locations. However, UV-B irradiances are still increasing at some
Northern Hemisphere stations, partly due to long-term changes in the atmospheric aerosol content and cloud cover, which also affect surface UV radiation.
Recovery of the ozone layer is expected to occur around the middle of the 21st century as a result of the decrease of ozone depleting substances regulated by the Montreal Protocol.
However, there is a strong interplay between increases in the concentration of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere and stratospheric ozone recovery. While climate change will affect the timing of the ozone layer recovery, future ozone changes will also affect climate, particularly in the Southern Hemisphere.
The Scientific Community is currently working on the next Assessment of the state of the ozone layer, which will be published in 2011. This assessment will in particular update results on the long term evolution of ozone, on the timing of its recovery and on the interactions between ozone and climate change.
The International Ozone Commission (IO3C) of IAMAS-IUGG urges all national and international Agencies, which support scientific research and monitoring of ozone and related parameters to continue supporting these activities.
This text has been reviewed by the IO3C members last on September 15th For more information: Dr. Sophie Godin-Beekmann, Secretary of the International Ozone Commission, University Pierre et Marie Curie, Service d’Aéronomie, Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique 75252, Paris, Cedex 05, France, Tel.: +33 1 44 27 47 67, Fax: +33 1 44 27 49 67, mobile: +33 6 77 18
38 64,
e-mail: sophie.godin-beekmann@latmos.ipsl.fr
IO3C: http://ioc.atmos.uiuc.edu,
WMO Northern Hemisphere Ozone Mapping Center: http://lap.physics.auth.gr/ozonemaps
WMO Antarctic Ozone Bulletin: http://www.wmo.int/pages/prog/arep/gaw/ozone/index.html
European Ozone Coordinating Unit: http://www.ozone-sec.ch.cam.ac.uk/
World Ozone and Ultraviolet Data Center: http://www.woudc.org
Ozone Hole Watch:
http://ozonewatch.gsfc.nasa.gov/

Latest from OzonAction

Best Wishes on Ozone Day 2009!
The Sun will rise today to see that all the nations on our Earth have unified to protect the Ozone Layer. The Sun has not seen such concerted action any time in the history. This year's celebrations are particularly significant because of the upcoming milestone of 1 January 2010, by which time all Article 5 countries must achieve the 100% phase out target for CFCs, halons and CTC.

To commemorate this year's celebration
UNEP DTIE OzonAction would like to present you with a digital gift -

Right on Target: Developing Countries' Phase-out Schedule
Right on Target: Developing Countries' Phase-out Schedule
A special screen saver for your computer
Feel free to pass on this gift to your networks!

Click Here
or copy the following link to your browser http://www.unep.fr/ozonaction/events/ozoneday/ozoneday%202009/target.zip
To install the screen saver on your PC / Notebook:
1. Save the attached zip file into any folder on your local disk.
2. Un-zip the saved file. A file with the name: target.scr will appear in the folder.
3. Right-click on the file icon and select the "install" option to install the screen saver.
If you would like to view the screen saver before installing, simply double-click the target.scr file icon.
Please note that we have tested the screen saver only on Microsoft Windows systems, hence we cannot guarantee how it will also run on other operating systems.

2009 Universal Ratification-Universal Celebration The special International Ozone Day web-page highlights the acitvities taking place around the world. Learn more/Get inspired >>>
http://www.unep.fr/ozonaction/events/ozoneday/2009.htm
http://www.unep.fr/ozonaction/events/ozoneday/2009_events.htm
Please Click here to send additional information about acitivites taking place in your countries.

Discover the OzonAction Channel on Youtube.com, the world's most popular video sharing and dissemination website (http://www.youtube.com/ozonaction)

OzonAction Page on Facebook.com, the most accessed social networking website with over 300 million users. To become an OzonAction fan Click here, or copy the following link to your browser >> (http://www.facebook.com/pages/UNEP-OzonAction/110461542823)

Both features above, were created to further reach the Ozone layer protection message to the public at large, and provide access to awareness materials developed by UNEP DTIE OzonAction. Moreover, to create communities of interest in the area of ozone layer protection.

 


AUGUST 2009

In this issue:
1- Nitrous Oxide Most Powerful Threat to Ozone Layer: scientists
2- Ozone Treaty May Hold Key to Halting Climate Change
3- Strict Curbs to be Placed on Imports of HCFC-Containing Refrigerants
4- Mexico, Canada and USA Pledge to Phase-Down HFCs under the Montreal Protocol
5- Air Conditioners Cut Out Ozone-Depleting Gas under New Rules

Special Announcement:
"Ozone2Climate Times" Media Corner

Launched by UNEP OzonAction
>> http://www.unep.fr/ozonaction/ozone2climate/index.htm

The following is a transcript of UNEP OzonAction's letter for the launch of "Ozone2Climate Times" Media Corner:

Dear Journalists,

This is what you have been waiting for! There is now a small corner of cyberspace where you can find out more about ozone layer protection and its linkages with climate change.
A new era has begun - the world community has now realised that while implementing the Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone layer, significant climate benefits have been achieved. All of us in the ozone community have been working over the last two decades to protect the Ozone layer and in this process we have not only succeeded in setting the ozone layer on the path to recovery, but have also delayed the predicted adverse impacts of Climate Change by nearly a decade.
We are now at a defining moment in the implementation of the Montreal Protocol and have a unique and historic opportunity to make an even more significant contribution to mitigate climate change.
The Media Corner aims to provide some fascinating storylines, emerging news and explanation of the historic opportunities presented by a single focused global treaty that can deliver a multitude of benefits. There is much more to this Media Corner than just a compilation of information; it is a toolbox for you to inspire actions, it is a platform through which you can share your expertise, and it is intended to inspire your journalistic talents through thoughtful articles and blogs, opinions, and probing questions.
You have an opportunity to de-mystify this intriguing subject - particularly in the context of Climate Change - and reach out to millions of your readers, listeners and viewers.
We invite you to join UNEP OzonAction in this challenging adventure to support research, education, communication and action.
[http://www.unep.fr/ozonaction/ozone2climate/index.htm]

GLOBAL

1- Nitrous Oxide Most Powerful Threat to Ozone Layer: scientists
Nitrous oxide is in the same league as ozone depleting gases, that are currently regulated through international agreements, said A.R. Ravishankara, a NOAA scientist

SOURCE: livemint.com and the Wallstreet Journal, 27 August 2009, By: Jacob P. Koshy, http://www.livemint.com/2009/08/27220224/Nitrous-oxide-most-powerful-th.html?h=B
Also available from the Daily telegraph, UK,
http://www.telegraph.co.uk/earth/earthnews/6099492/Laughing-gas-is-biggest-threat-to-ozone.html

2- Ozone Treaty May Hold Key to Halting Climate Change
SOURCE: IPS News, 25 August 2009, By: Stephen Leahy
http://www.ipsnews.net/news.asp?idnews=48211

AFRICA

3- Strict Curbs to be Placed on Imports of HCFC-Containing Refrigerants
SOURCE: Creamer Media Engineering News Online, 14 August 2009, By: Darren Parker,
http://www.engineeringnews.co.za/article/preplanning-is-essential-2009-08-14

NORTH AMERICA

4- Mexico, Canada and USA Pledge to Phase-Down HFCs under the Montreal Protocol
SOURCE: The White House,
http://www.whitehouse.gov/the_press_office/North-American-Leaders-
Declaration-on-Climate-Change-and-Clean-Energy/


5- Air Conditioners Cut Out Ozone-Depleting Gas under New Rules
SOURCE: USA TODAY, 5 August 2009, By Danny Chaitin, USA TODAY
http://www.usatoday.com/tech/science/environment/2009-08-05-air-conditioner_N.htm

___________
FEATURED

LATEST FROM OzonAction

Spread the Word … Competition for Young Journalists

The United Nations Environment Programme, Division of Technology Industry and Economics (UNEP DTIE), OzonAction Programme in cooperation with UNEP Division of Communication and Public Information (DCPI)and UNEP Regional Offices are pleased to announce a competition for young environmental journalists working in print media.
The competition is open for entry in the form of published news stories and articles in newspapers, journals and periodicals authored by young journalists (based and born in developing countries) during the period from 1st September 2008 to 30th September 2009.
Learn more http://www.unep.fr/ozonaction/ozone2climate/journalists_competition.pdf

Sealing the Hole and Sealing the Deal: Resolve of African Countries 135 days Before 2010 Deadline for Total Phase out of CFCs - Confirming the success story as 100% African countries are set to meet the deadline. Representatives of 39 African Countries, gathered in " rock. city of Abuja in Nigeria to make final maneuvers and set sails towards finishing line of 1st January 2010, when consumption of CFCs and Halons will be assigned to history books. The 13th ODS Officers Network (ODSONET) joint meeting held in Abuja, Nigeria, was organized by UNEP Compliance assistance Programme in Africa, in collaboration with the government of Nigeria. Read more ...

Nigeria builds first Ozone village in Africa. The Nigerian Government is building an Ozone village to serve as a technology development. The announcement was made by the Nigerian Federal Minster of Environment, John Ode at the opening of the 4 days ODS Officers Network (ODSONET) Joint meeting,held in Abuja, Nigeria. The village is located in Ogun State. As part of this project, some locally fabricated prototype Ozone friendly machines have been developed. The machines include a box of foaming machines, CFC recovery and recycling machine and hydrocarbon refrigerant production machine…
Read more ...

German Firm Wants Nigeria to Police its Borders
SOURCE: Triumph, 26 August 2009, http://www.triumphnewspapers.com/ger2682009.html


EVENTs - MEETINGs - CONFERENCEs
>>21MOP: Information Note for Participants
>>21MOP: Financial report on the trust funds for the Vienna Convention for the Protection of the Ozone Layer and the Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer for the first year of the biennium 2008-2009 and expenditures for 2008 as compared to the approved budgets - UNEP/OzL.Pro.21/4/Add.1 (E) - Advance Copy
>>21MOP: Proposed revised approved 2009 and proposed 2010 and 2011 budgets of the Trust Fund for the Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer - UNEP /OzL.Pro.21/4 (E) - Advance Copy
>>Report of the workshop for a dialogue on high-global-warming-potential alternatives to ozone-depleting substances - UNEP/OzL.Pro/Workshop 4/4 (E) Advance Copy

>> Atmosphere 2009
will bring together, on 19-20 October, policy makers, technology experts, and the finance community to discuss where the natural refrigerants CO2, ammonia, and hydrocarbons are already used around the world, but also where they still face legislative or technical barriers.
Learn more/Register:
http://www.atmosphere2009.com/register.details.php

READING
>> The 58th Executive Committee Meeting (6 to 10 July 2009, Montreal, Canada) took place less than six months ahead of the Montreal Protocol deadline for Article 5 countries to completely phase-out production and consumption of CFCs, halons and CTC. The remaining tranches of terminal phase-out management plans to be considered at the meeting would be essential for those countries to achieve compliance.
Read/download the Summary of the 58th Executive Committee Meeting

>> First issue of the 2009 Antarctic Ozone Bulletin, Just Issued by the WMO >>>
http://www.wmo.int/pages/prog/arep/gaw/ozone/index.html
It is in landscape format so it should fit most computer screens. In order to see the document in full screen mode, press CTRL-L if you are in the Adobe reader or F11 if you are in the MS Internet Explorer browser.
[The next bulletin is planned for 5 September. To read/download the bulletin]

AUDIO - VIDEO
>>The Ozone Layer and the Montreal Protocol
U Channel Africa interviewed Rajendra Shende, Head OzonAction Branch on ozone layer depletion and the success and challenges of the Montreal Protocol >>> http://62.160.8.20/DMC/medias/details.aspx?id=5055

WEBSITEs
>> Ozone Depletion http://www.ozonedepletion.co.uk/ozone-secretariat.html

>> "The Montreal Protocol Who's Who'' Learn more /Nominate an Ozone Layer Protection Champion >> http://www.unep.fr/ozonaction/montrealprotocolwhoswho/index.htm


30 June 2009

 


Send your ammonia case study to UNEP &
help replace HCFCs
...

The United Nations Environment Programme is using ammonia21.com to ask the global ammonia community for case studies in emerging and developed countries that could provide an alternative to HCFC-based technology.

Don't miss the deadline: 15 July.
Learn More >>>

 

In this issue:
1- Action on HFC Gases 'Low Hanging Fruit' Opportunity to Combat Climate Change Says UN Environment Chief
2- The Large Contribution of Projected HFC Emissions to Future Climate Forcing
3- Ozone Hole has Unforeseen Effect on Ocean Carbon Sink
4- Ministry Begins Ozone Depletion Awareness Programme (Nigeria)
5- Japan's Cool Earth Partnership
6- China-ECA Dialog on Cooperation in Border Enforcement
7- Workshop to Prepare a National Plan on Ozone Layer Depletion
8- Yemen Launches Program to Protect the Ozone

GLOBAL

1- Action on HFC Gases 'Low Hanging Fruit' Opportunity to Combat Climate Change Says UN Environment Chief
Nairobi, 22 June 2009 - A scientific paper, highlighting the need to accelerate action over a group of gases known as Hydroflurocarbons (HFCs) as part of the climate change agenda, was today welcomed by the head of the UN Environment Programme (UNEP).
The findings, by an international team of researchers are published in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. The scientists argue that HFC use could climb sharply in the coming years in products such as insulation foams air conditioning units and refrigeration as replacements for ones being phased-out to protect the ozone layer.
Under a scenario where carbon dioxide emissions are pegged to 450 parts per million HFCs could equal nine Gigatonnes - equivalent to around 45 per cent of total C02 emissions - by 2050 if their growth is unchecked.
Conversely, rapid action to freeze and to cut emissions annually alongside fostering readily available alternatives could see HFC emissions fall to under one Gigatonne by 2050. Achim Steiner, UN Under-Secretary General and UNEP Executive Director, said: "Dramatically cutting carbon dioxide emissions from society's inefficient energy use is the key to catalyzing a transition to a low, carbon resource efficient Green Economy. It is also central to delivering a stabilization of the atmosphere as outlined by the assessments of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change".
"But there are other low hanging fruit in the climate change challenge and this new scientific paper spotlights one of them - HFCs. By some estimates, action to freeze and then reduce this group of gases could buy the
world the equivalent of a decades-worth of C02 emissions," he added.
The projected growth in production and consumption of HFCs is in part linked with the success of the UNEP administered Montreal Protocol on substances that deplete the ozone layer. Since the late 1980s, this treaty has successfully phased-out 97 per cent of 100 chemicals that damage the protective shield that filters out harmful ultra violet rays to the Earth.
Over recent years, research has outlined that global efforts to protect the ozone layer has also delivered climate benefits as many of the chemicals that damage the ozone layer - such as chloroflurocarbons or CFCs - also cause global warming.
In 2007 a scientific paper calculated the climate mitigation benefits of the ozone treaty as totaling an equivalent of 135 billion tonnes of C02 since 1990 or a delay in global warming of seven to 12 years.
In that same year countries meeting in Canada, under the Montreal Protocol, agreed to an accelerated freeze and phase-out of Hydrochloroflurocarbons (HCFCs)-chemicals designed to replace the old, more ozone damaging CFCs - in the main for the climate benefits.
The new paper indicates that unless there is action on HFCs, then countries and companies are likely to pick this group of gases to replace HCFCs in products such as air conditioning units, refrigeration and insulating foams.
Guus Velders of the Netherlands Environmental Assessment Agency, the lead author, said in a statement: "Our team of scientists calculates that HFCs present a significant threat to the world's efforts to stabilize climate emissions".
"Because of the projected growth of these climate-warming chemicals, they could represent up to 45 per cent of the total global C02 emissions by 2050 under a scenario that stabilizes C02 emissions at 450 parts per million Preventing strong growth in HFC use is an important climate mitigation option the world has now". Under a business as usual scenario, where C02 emissions are higher, HFCs could equate to between nine and 19 per cent of C02 emissions in 2050 causing a greenhouse effect equal to 6-13 years of global C02 pollution.
In 2008, governments requested the executive secretaries of the Montreal Protocol and the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change - Marco Gonzalez and Yvo de Boer - to cooperate more closely including on the issue of HFCs and that cooperation is on-going.
Contact: Nick Nuttall, UNEP Spokesperson/Head of Media, nick.nuttall@unep.org
SOURCE: UNEP, 22 June 2009, http://www.unep.fr/ozonaction/information/mmcfiles/6283-e-hfcunepPRjune09.pdf

2- The Large Contribution of Projected HFC Emissions to Future Climate Forcing
Guus J. M. Velders, David W. Fahey, John S. Daniel, Mack McFarland and Stephen O. Andersen
The consumption and emissions of hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs) are projected to increase substantially in the coming decades in response to regulation of ozone depleting gases under the Montreal Protocol. The projected increases result primarily from sustained growth in demand for refrigeration, air-conditioning (AC) and insulating foam products in developing countries assuming no new regulation of HFC consumption or emissions. New HFC scenarios are presented based on current hydrochlorofluorocarbon (HCFC) consumption in leading applications, patterns of replacements of HCFCs by HFCs in developed countries, and gross domestic product (GDP) growth. Global HFC emissions significantly exceed previous estimates after 2025 with developing country emissions as much as 800% greater than in developed countries in 2050. Global HFC emissions in 2050 are equivalent to 9-19% (CO2-eq. basis) of projected global CO2 emissions in business-as-usual scenarios and contribute a radiative forcing equivalent to that from 6-13 years of CO2 emissions near 2050. This percentage increases to 28-45% compared with projected CO2 emissions in a 450-ppm CO2 stabilization scenario. In a hypothetical scenario based on a global cap followed by 4% annual reductions in consumption, HFC radiative forcing is shown to peak and begin to decline before 2050.
Read more >> Factsheet | Report
SOURCE: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (PNAS) , 22 June 2009, http://www.pnas.org/content/early/2009/06/19/0902817106.abstract?sid=bbcf981b-c088-
4909-81f0-374a25fd2492

3- Ozone Hole has Unforeseen Effect on Ocean Carbon Sink
Journal reference: Geophysical Research Letters (DOI: 10.1029/2009GL038227)
SOURCE: NewScientist.com, 26 June 2009 by Kate Ravilious,
http://www.newscientist.com/article/dn17385-ozone-hole-has-unforeseen-effect-on-ocean-carbon-sink.html


AFRICA

4- Ministry Begins Ozone Depletion Awareness Programme (Nigeria)
SOURCE:
AllAfrica.com, Quoting Daily Trust, 19 June, 2009, http://allafrica.com/stories/200906190381.html


SOUTH ASIA

5- Japan's Cool Earth Partnership

The Government of Japan established this financial mechanism to assist developing countries to address climate change. Starting in 2008 and lasting for 5 years, Japan will provide funds amounting to approximately US$ 10 billion (JPYen 1,250 billion) for assistance to developing countries that are making efforts to reduce GHGs emissions and achieve economic growth in a compatible way, on the basis of policy consultations between Japan and those countries. Japan will provide assistance in two major categories: (1) adaptation to climate change and improved access to clean energy (up to US$ 2 billion, or JPYen 250 billion) and (2) assistance for mitigation of climate change (up to US$ 8 billion, or JPYen 1 trillion). As an example in the "Mitigation of climate change", the Fund would consider measures to mitigate effects of global warming by reducing GHGs emissions. It is possible that projects involving reduction of GHG emissions by addressing HCFCs or HFCs could be eligible.
SOURCE: Japan Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Japan's Cool Earth Partnership , http://www.mofa.go.jp/policy/economy/wef/2008/mechanism.html


6- China-ECA Dialog on Cooperation in Border Enforcement
Strengthening national institutions through regional co-operation. Forty Chinese Customs Officers from Urumqi Anti-Smuggling Bureau, Policy & Regulation Division, Field Service as well as Customs Offices in Kashi, Allah Mountain, Huoerguosi and Urumqi airport participated in a training related to the Montreal Protocol to Protect the Ozone Layer in Urumqi, China, 25 June 2009. Forty (40) Chinese Customs Officers from Urumqi Anti-Smuggling Bureau, Policy & Regulation Division, Field Service as well as Customs Offices in Kashi, Allah Mountain, Huoerguosi and Urumqi airport participated in a training related to the Montreal Protocol to Protect the Ozone Layer in Urumqi, China, 25 June 2009.
It was the first time that such training was conducted in the Western part of China addressing the issues related to illegal trade of ozone-depleting substances (ODS). The participation of Customs and Ozone Officers from Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Mongolia, Tajikistan Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan provided the opportunity to establish initial contacts and to exchange information between China and its neighboring countries.
The training raised awareness of Customs Officers on their important role in protecting the ozone layer and preventing illegal trade with ozone-depleting substances (ODS) and informed on commonly used smuggling schemes. During the training, the use of identifiers was demonstrated and the contents of actual refrigerant containers verified.
The training was preceded by a 2-day Dialog on border enforcement between China and the participating Central Asian countries to establish modalities of communication and cooperation between Customs and Enforcement Authorities and Ozone Focal Points in the participating countries and to implement measures to improve border control in general.
The main problem appears to be the availability of CFC refrigerants, halon fire extinguishers and CFC-based refrigeration equipment originating from China on the local markets in Kyrgyzstan and other Central Asian countries despite the fact that China did not issue export licenses in recent years.
Usually, ODS cylinders are legally purchased on local markets in China e.g. Urumqi and smuggled in private cars and passenger trains across the border. However, larger scale smuggling of ODS in
containers and trucks can be suspected.
The meeting agreed some 25 recommendations related to the implementation of policy measure including bans of placing on the market of virgin CFCs, labelling requirements for refrigerant cylinders, registration and certification schemes for technicians and companies dealing with ODS, log-book keeping for importers, exporters and dealers of ODS and mandatory proof of origin for ODS imports. Other more short-term recommendation concern the designation of focal points for better cross-border communication, awareness campaigns to discourage potential smugglers and to inform on the potential fines and sentences in case of law breaking.
The meeting also agreed to continue this dialog in the framework of the recently approved Enforcement Network of the Regional Ozone Network for Europe & Central Asia (ECA network) and to invite the Chinese delegation to attend the first meeting of the ECA enforcement network in Budapest, Hungary, 12-14 October 2009.
The meeting was opened by the Director General of MEP's Foreign Economic Cooperation Office Mr. Wen Wurui, the Head of Urumqi Customs Mr. Wang Zhixiong and the Deputy Division Chief of the Anti-Smuggling Bureau in Beijing Ms. Liuying Yang. The meeting was additional staff of MEP FECO, UNEP's offices in Bangkok and Paris offices, a Polish policy expert and a Chinese trainer. The Chinese Ministry of Environmental Protection (MEP) and the China Customs Administration in cooperation with the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) organized this Dialog as a continuation and follow-up to the earlier Dialog initiated during the Trilateral Meeting with China, Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan on control of trade in ODS held in Issyk-Kul Lake, Kyrgyzstan, 25-27 August 2005.
The meeting documents and presentations will shortly be made available through the ECA network's website: http://fr1.estis.net/sites/ecanetwork/default.asp?site=ecanetwork&page_id=307B1890-
AC52-476A-990E-07220A21C262

Contact:
MEP FECO National Management Office of ODS Import and Export, Hong Yun, hong.yun@mepfeco.org.cn
UNEP DTIE OzonAction Branch, Halvart Koeppen, Regional Officer (Europe & Central Asia), halvart.koppen@unep.org
SOURCE: UNEP DTIE, 29 June 2009,
http://www.unep.fr/ozonaction/information/mmcfiles/6284-e-urumqi_PR.pdf

WEST ASIA

7- Workshop to Prepare a National Plan on Ozone Layer Depletion
SOURCE
: SANA, 29 June 2009, http://www.un.org.sy/forms/news/viewNews.php?idField=350

8- Yemen Launches Program to Protect the Ozone
SOURCE:
yementimes.com, 27 June 2009, Ismail Al-Ghabri,
http://yementimes.com/article.shtml?i=1272&p=local&a=4

___________
FEATURED

LATEST FROM OzonAction
>> UNEP Milan Conference Discusses Refrigerants and Policy

Policy makers and representatives from industry and academia presented their views on the latest developments in the HVAC&R sector at the 13th edition of the biennial "European Conference Technological Innovations in Air Conditioning and Refrigeration Industry" held last week in Milan. An overview of key presentations is provided here. About 200 participants gathered in Milan to attend the "XIII European Conference Technological Innovations in Air Conditioning and Refrigeration Industry" at the end of last week. Held under the auspices of several Italian ministries and organized by the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP), the International Institute of Refrigeration (IIR), the Centro Studi Galileo and the Associazione dei Tecnici italiani del Freddo, the conference consisted of 5 sessions over 2 days, where more than 60 speakers discussed the latest developments in the HVAC&R sector. A selection of some of the presentations hereinafter:
- Green and Cool Deal: Antidote for Crises, Rajendra Shende, Head OzonAction Branch, UNEP DTIE
- UNEP Assistance in Phasing out HCFC: What you can do to help developing countries to go beyond only 'compliance', Ezra Clark, OzonAction UNEP DTIE
- Mitigating the climate impact of refrigerants: The EU and international policy, Thomas Verheye & Marios Avraamides, European Commission, Environment Directorate General
- Sustainable Refrigeration, Paul Homsy, Nestlé
- Reversible Residential Air-Conditioners and Heat Pumps Using Carbon Dioxide (CO2, R744) as Working Fluid, A. Hafner, P. Neksa, J. Stene, SINTEF Energy Research, Norway
- What to do with R-22 existing systems? Isceon®, the cost effective non-ozone depleting alternative, Jose P. Garcia Espinosa, DuPont Fluorochemicals
- Low GWP Refrigerant Development, Nacer Achaichia & Giancarlo Matteo, Honeywel
Read more: http://www.r744.com/articles/2009-06-16-unep-milan-conference-discusses
-refrigerants-and-policy.php

SOURCE: R744.com, 16 June 2009, http://www.r744.com/

>> 2009 OzoNews Readers Survey - Report - OzonAction would like to thank you for taking the time to respond to our recent OzoNews Readers Survey. We greatly appreciated receiving your thoughts and opinions!
We are keen to share with you the results of the survey; therefore, we compiled the feedback in a short report, enclosed in this edition. The assessment shows that 96% of readers are satisfied or very satisfied by OzoNews and three-quarters share OzoNews with friends or colleagues, thus increasing the number of OzoNews readers to several tens of thousands around the world. Your invaluable support and feedback will help us serve you better. We always welcome your feedback to continue spreading news about the importance of ozone layer protection and the implementation of the Montreal Protocol.
Read/Download the Report


LISTENING
>> Dermatologist Offers Tips for Skin, Sun Safety
According to the National Cancer Institute, the number of people who have developed melanoma has more than doubled over the past 30 years. Dermatologist Darrell Rigel joins "Fresh Air" to explain the sun's effects on the skin, what "SPF" means and why skin cancer rates are going up.
A clinical professor at New York University Medical Center, is the lead editor of Cancer of the Skin, the major textbook in his field. http://www.npr.org/templates/story/story.php?storyId=105867717


READING
>> Twenty Years of Ozone Decline
This book includes articles presented by leading scientists in the ozone field at the Symposium for the 20th Anniversary of the Montreal Protocol, jointly organized by the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP), the International Ozone Commission (IO3C), the Academy of Athens and the Mariolopoulos-Kanaginis Foundation, held in Athens in September 2007. His Excellency Ban Ki-moon, the Secretary-General of the United Nations, recently stated: "The success of the Montreal Protocol shows us that there are global instruments that can help curb the impact of human activities on the global environment. We should draw lessons from this experience, and strive to replicate it." This book responds by including the history, science and lessons learned by the application of the Montreal Protocol over the past twenty years. Expressed views come from three Nobel laureates, sixty scientists and representatives of international organizations and industry. Many interesting aspects of ongoing ozone research are also presented, including comparisons of what has been achieved versus what would have been the state of ozone, climate and UV in the environment if the Protocol had never been in use.
More @ SpringerLink, 29 May 2009, http://www.springerlink.com/

Technology and Economic Assessment Panel report on the environmentally sound management of banks of ozone-depleting substances: executive summary - UNEP/OzL.Pro/Workshop.3/3 (A) (C) (E) (F) (R) (S)


EVENT
>> Documents for the 58th Meeting of the Executive Committee
The Multilateral Fund Executive Committee will meet in Montreal, Canada from 6-10 July 2009. Pre-session documents for the meeting are available from the 58th Executive Committee Meeting page http://www.multilateralfund.org/show/page/58th_executive_committee_meeti.htm

>> Documents for the Montreal Protocol July 2009 meetings in Geneva, Switzerland are available from the UNEP Ozone Secretariat at http://ozone.unep.org/highlights.shtml

> Side Events during 29th OEWG Revision of Regulation (EC) No.2037/2000 on Substances that Deplete The Ozone Layer. The European Community through its Commission is considering organizing a side event during the OEWG meeting of the Parties to the Montreal Protocol in Geneva, 15-18 July 2009 , to enable interested Parties discuss and ask questions on the Revision of Regulation (EC) No. 2037/2000 on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer. Highlights of the proposed revisions to be discussed during the side event are contained in the communication received by the Secretariat and posted here > http://ozone.unep.org/Meeting_Documents/oewg/29oewg/European%20Commission-side%20event.pdf

VIDEO
>> Fixing the Hole
http://unep.org/NewsCentre/videos/player_new.asp?w=320&h=240&f=/
newscentre/videos/shortfilms/2007-1-09_Fixing_The_Hole

WEBSITE
>> The 2009 Ozone Hole is Up for Auction
- To the winner of the auction a banner advertisement or a comparable advertisement vehicle created by your company or organization will be placed on the top and bottom of every page of their websites replacing all of the existing banner advertising for one year. --- A greener thought for banner advertising. The 2009 Ozone Hole is up for auction. The Ozone Hole Inc. a nonprofit organization dedicated to protecting the ozone layer, the climate and Earth's environment by educating and motivating the public through its internationally respected website. Last year, 2.3 million people visited the sites - people from all 50 states and 197 countries. Thousands of websites around the world have links to The Ozone Hole website… Learn more >>> http://www.theozonehole.com/aboutus.htm

>> "The Montreal Protocol Who's Who'' Learn more /Nominate an Ozone Layer Protection Champion >> http://www.unep.fr/ozonaction/montrealprotocolwhoswho/index.htm


23 June 2009

Breaking News

An important study:

"The Large Contribution of Projected HFC Emissions to Future Climate Forcing"
The findings, co-authored by an international team of researchers:
Guus J. M. Velders, David W. Fahey, John S. Daniel, Mack McFarland, and Stephen O. Andersen
is published in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 22 June 2009

The consumption and emissions of hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs) are projected to increase substantially in the coming decades in response to regulation of ozone depleting gases under the Montreal Protocol. The projected increases result primarily from sustained growth in demand for refrigeration, air-conditioning (AC) and insulating foam products in developing countries assuming no new regulation of HFC consumption or emissions. New HFC scenarios are presented based on current hydrochlorofluorocarbon (HCFC) consumption in leading applications, patterns of replacements of HCFCs by HFCs in developed countries, and gross domestic product (GDP) growth. Global HFC emissions significantly exceed previous estimates after 2025 with developing country emissions as much as 800% greater than in developed countries in 2050. Global HFC emissions in 2050 are equivalent to 9-19% (CO2-eq. basis) of projected global CO2 emissions in business-as-usual scenarios and contribute a radiative forcing equivalent to that from 6-13 years of CO2 emissions near 2050. This percentage increases to 28-45% compared with projected CO2 emissions in a 450-ppm CO2 stabilization scenario. In a hypothetical scenario based on a global cap followed by 4% annual reductions in consumption, HFC radiative forcing is shown to peak and begin to decline before 2050.
Read/Download Factsheet | Report

"Action on HFC Gases 'Low Hanging Fruit' Opportunity to Combat Climate Change"
Achim Steiner, UN Under-Secretary General and UN Environment Programme Executive Director welcomed today the scientific paper, and issued a press release supporting the findings.

… "Dramatically cutting carbon dioxide emissions from society's inefficient energy use is the key to catalyzing a transition to a low, carbon, resource efficient Green Economy. It is also central to delivering a stabilization of the atmosphere as outlined by the assessments of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change". He said.
"But there are other low hanging fruit in the climate change challenge and this new scientific paper spotlights one of them - HFCs. By some estimates, action to freeze and then reduce this group of gases could buy the world the equivalent of a decades-worth of C02 emissions," he added.
Read/Download Press release



15 June 2009

 

2009 OzoNews Readers Survey - Report
OzonAction would like to thank you for taking the time to respond to our recent
OzoNews Readers Survey.We greatly appreciated receiving your thoughts and opinions!
We are keen to share with you the survey results; therefore, we compiled the feedback in a short report, enclosed in this edition.The assessment shows that 96% of readers are satisfied or very satisfied by OzoNews and three-quarters share OzoNews with colleagues or friends, thus increasing the number of OzoNews readers to several tens of thousands around the world. Your invaluable support and feedback will help us serve you better. We always welcome your feedback to continue spreading news about the importance of ozone layer protection and the implementation of the Montreal Protocol.
Read/Download the Report >>

In this issue:
1- Ozone Hole Worsens Climate Predictions
2- HFCs: Ozone-Saving Gas Targeted for Climate Effect
3- Fugitive Emissions Tracking
4- Ozone Depleting Substances - Pakistan for 100% Phase-Out by January 2010
5- EU Commission Sets out Import/Export Rules and Quotas for R&D Use of Ozone Depleters

GLOBAL
1- Ozone Hole Worsens Climate Predictions
SOURCE:
Discovery News, 12 June 2009, By: Michael Reilly,
http://dsc.discovery.com/news/2009/06/12/ozone-oceans-climate.html

2- HFCs: Ozone-Saving Gas Targeted for Climate Effect
SOURCE:
ClimateChangeCorp.com | Technology, 12 Jun 2009, Author: Emma Clarke,
http://www.climatechangecorp.com/content.asp?contentid=6183


NORTH AMERICA
3- Fugitive Emissions Tracking - Understanding and tracking fugitive emissions
SOURCE:
Examiner.com, 10 June 2009, http://www.examiner.com/x-12518-Sustainability-
Examiner~y2009m6d10-Fugitive-Emissions-Tracking

SOUTH ASIA
4- Ozone Depleting Substances - Pakistan for 100% Phase-Out by January 2010

SOURCE:
The News International, 9 June 2009, By: Muhammad Qasim, http://www.thenews.com.pk/daily_detail.asp?id=182102

EUROPE
5- EU Commission Sets out Import/Export Rules and Quotas for R&D Use of Ozone Depleters
Read/download the Commission Notice
http://eur-lex.europa.eu/LexUriServ/LexUriServ.do?uri=OJ:C:2009:132:0019:0021:EN:PDF
SOURCE: Chemical Watch, 11 June 2009, http://chemicalwatch.com/2336

__________
FEATURED

LATEST FROM OzonAction
>> Launch of "My Ozone Wish" PSAs with Thailand's International Recording Artist, Tata Young

What do pop star Tata Young, Art of Living Guru Sri Sri Ravi Shankar, Doraemon, and the Beijing Olympics mascots have in common? One word: Ozone. These celebrities took a major step toward helping the environment by being a presenter in "My Ozone Wish" video Public Service Announcement (PSAs) to raise awareness on ozone layer protection developed by UNEP DTIE OzonAction Compliance Assistance Programme, Regional Office for Asia and the Pacific.
The Foreign Correspondents' Club of Thailand (FCCT) hosted the launch of "My Ozone Wish" PSAs followed by a panel discussion featuring one of the famous presenters of the PSAs, Tata Young who expressed her resolve to help make a difference and to outreach ozone story to her audiences.
Mr. Birathon Kasemsri Na Aydhaya, Managing Director of Sony Music Thailand who is also supporting the PSAs campaign spoke on how music can be an effective messenger in outreaching environmental issues, and how Sony Music Thailand is planning to be involved in the ozone layer protection campaign. This effort of CAP team fits in very well with UNEP's proposed "Music and Environment" initiative.
Finally, Mr. Atul Bagai, Regional Coordinator for South Asia Network, Compliance Assistance Programme, UNEP DTIE OzonAction made a presentation about the role of UNEP OzonAction Programme, the international response to ozone issues, the successes of the Montreal Protocol, the linkages between ozone and climate change and how media could play a key role in communicating the ozone story to the public.
The event was joined by various international correspondents who are based in Thailand and neighbouring countries, international organizations like UNDP and related partners like Sweden.
Many interesting questions were raised during the Q & A session. Tata Young explained about what she was planning to do to help protect the environment, especially the ozone layer on her day-to-day life. MD of Sony Music talked about his initiative of using recycled paper for the CD cover and his future plan to include environmental messages insert in the CD packages. Mr. Bagai responded to the questions about ODS alternatives and ensured that UNEP, other implementing agencies, governments and various stakeholders were working together to find the best solutions for ozone layer protection and climate change issues.
More @
http://gndays.com/gn/2009/05/20/launch-of-my-ozone-wish-public-service-announcements-with-tata-young/

Watch the PSAs on OzonAction website http://www.unep.fr/ozonaction/information/video/index.htm
Other related link: http://blogs.straitstimes.com/2009/6/4/more-than-just-hot-air

READING
>> The Report of the 57th Meeting of the Executive Committe of the Multilateral Fund is available from the Multilateral Fund website http://www.multilateralfund.org/files/57/5769.pdf

The documents listed below are available from the UNEP Ozone Secretariat @:
http://ozone.unep.org/highlights.shtml

>> Report by the Secretariat on funding opportunities for the management and destruction of banks of ozone-depleting substances - UNEP/OzL.Pro/Workshop.3/2/Add.1 (E) - English Only
http://ozone.unep.org/Meeting_Documents/workshop_on_ODS_banks/WORKSHOP-3-2-Add1E.pdf
>> Report of the Ozone Secretariat on current control measures, limits and information reporting requirements for high global-warming-potential alternatives to ozone-depleting substances - UNEP/OzL.Pro/Workshop 4/2 (E)- Advance Copy
>>Report by the Secretariat on the environmentally sound management of banks of ozone-depleting substances - Executive Summary - UNEP/OzL.Pro/Workshop 3/2 - (E) - Advance Copy
>> 29OEWG: Annotated provisional agenda - UNEP/OzL.Pro.WG.1/29/1/Add.1 (A) (C) (E) (F) (R) (S)
>> Provisional Agenda for the Workshop on Management and Destruction of Ozone-Depleting Substance Banks and Implications for Climate Change - UNEP/OzL.Pro/Workshop 3/1 (E) - Advance Copy
>> Provisional Agenda for the Workshop for a Dialogue on High-Global Warming Potential Alternatives for Ozone-Depleting Substances - UNEP/OzL.Pro/Workshop 4/1 (E) - Advance Copy

>>The Bulletins of the Ministry of Agriculture, Guyana, http://www.agriculture.gov.gy/Bulletins/June%202009/Guyana%20joins%20world%20in%
20protecting%20ozone%20layer.html

EVENT
>>"The Ozone Layer and Climate Change", DPI NGO BRIEFING, Thursday, 18 June 2009, 10:15 a.m. - 1:00 p.m.,
United Nations Headquarter, Conference Room 4,
The briefing highlighted important achievements made to protect the ozone layer and prevent climate change, as well as what obstacles remain to be addressed by the global community, particularly at the United Nations Climate Change and the Meeting held in Copenhagen, Denmark later this year. The Panel discussion will be followed by a Question and Answer period.
Read more

VIDEO
>> Sci-Tech: Protecting the Ozone Layer (NECN) - In Sci-Tech Today, protecting the ozone layer that protects us here on earth. What's been the impact of banning products containing CFC's. David Sittenfeld from the Museum of Science Boston explains the impact of the major effort to protect the ozone that was launched in 1980's. He explains what would have happened had we not done this, and what other threats to the ozone layer remain.
http://www.necn.com/Boston/SciTech/2009/04/15/SciTech-Protecting-the-ozone/1239833275.html

>> Depletion of Ozone Layer and Global Warming Japan's Technology to Reduce Fluorlnated Gases. Japan METI DVD is now on YouTube http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=sKWS900qgFI&feature=channel

WEBSITE
>> ENVIRONET to connect Customs and its enforcement partners worldwide in the fight against environmental crime.
The World Customs Organization (WCO) Secretariat has recently set up the closed user group (CUG) ENVIRONET on CENCOMM,
an internet-based, secure and cost-effective global communication tool. ENVIRONET, implemented on 1 June 2009, brings together Customs officers involved in environmental enforcement, experts from other competent national authorities, international organizations, and other enforcement authorities to exchange real-time information and cooperate in their daily operations. All information which is relevant to Customs environmental border protection falls into the scope of information exchange via ENVIRONET, in particular implementation and enforcement of several trade related MEAs. Learn more http://www.wcoomd.org/press/?v=1&lid=1&cid=6

>> "The Montreal Protocol Who's Who'' a web portal intended to honor the visionaries, innovators and implementers who are making the Montreal Protocol a global environmental success story. Learn More / Nominate @ http://www.unep.fr/ozonaction/montrealprotocolwhoswho/index.htm



30 May 2009


In this issue:
1- Rocket Launches May Need Regulation To Prevent Ozone Depletion, Says Study
2- US EPA Strengthens Safety Measures for Soil Fumigant Pesticides
3- Prominent B.C. Philanthropist Faces Ozone-Depletion Charge
4- Ozone-Depleting Substance to be Banned
5- Lichens Could Provide New Sunscreens
6- UNDP Helps Georgian Refrigeration and Air Conditioning Service Professionals

GLOBAL
1- Rocket Launches May Need Regulation To Prevent Ozone Depletion, Says Study

SOURCE: Science Daily,1 April 2009, http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2009/03/090331153014.htm


NORTH AMERICA
2- US EPA Strengthens Safety Measures for Soil Fumigant Pesticides

(Washington, D.C. - May 27, 2009) The Environmental Protection Agency is strengthening safety measures for soil fumigant pesticides. The safety measures will reduce fumigant exposures to bystanders-people who live, work, attend school, or spend time near agricultural fields that are fumigated-and increase overall safety of fumigant use by requiring greater planning and compliance.
"With new restrictions, we're allowing the continued use of fumigant pesticides without risking human health and the environment," said EPA Administrator Lisa P. Jackson. "Full transparency and the best science shaped a plan to protect the economic interests of agricultural communities and the public health of farm workers and consumers."
Soil fumigants are pesticides that, when injected or incorporated into soil, form a gas that permeates the soil and kills a wide array of soil-borne pests. The gas can migrate from the soil into the air. Off-site workers or bystanders exposed to these pesticides may experience eye, nose, throat, or respiratory irritation, or more severe poisonings, depending on the fumigant and level of exposure. Some of the new safety measures include creating buffer zones, enforcing posting requirements, adding measures to protect agricultural workers and strengthening training programs, among other practices.
EPA took extensive public comments on the safety measures, announced initially in July 2008, to refine the measures as needed and develop an implementation strategy. This included many public meetings and visits with state agencies and agricultural, farm worker, and public health constituents. Adjustments to the 2008 proposal have been made based upon new scientific data and improved information on certain technological capabilities. EPA will continue to work with state agencies, growers, farm workers, and public health officials to achieve the new protections while minimizing costs and burdens on growers. The measures will be implemented starting in the 2010 and 2011 growing seasons. Fumigants are used on a wide range of crops, primarily potatoes, tomatoes, strawberries, carrots, and peppers. The soil fumigants methyl bromide, chloropicrin, dazomet, metam sodium, metam potassium, and iodomethane are all subject to the new requirements. More information on fumigants: http://www.epa.gov/oppsrrd1/reregistration/soil_fumigants/
Contact: (News media only) Dale Kemery, kemery.dale@epa.gov (Other inquiries) John Leahy, leahy.john@epa.gov; Prensa en español: Lina Younes, younes.lina@epa.gov
SOURCE: USEPA, Press Release, 27 May 2009, http://yosemite.epa.gov/opa/admpress.nsf/0/f424ca6a26bb36c0852575c30056956b?OpenDocument

3- Prominent B.C. Philanthropist Faces Ozone-Depletion Charge
SOURCE: Times Colonist, 21 May 2009, By Larry Pynn
http://www.timescolonist.com/Prominent+philanthropist+faces+ozone+depletion+charge/813194
/story.html


SOUTH ASIA
4- Ozone-Depleting Substance to be Banned

SOURCE: Environment.News.Gov.Hong Kong, 27 May 2009, http://news.gov.hk/en/category/environment/090527/html/090527en04004.htm

EUROPE
5- Lichens Could Provide New Sunscreens

SOURCE: Construction News, 14 May 2009, By Richard Gray, Science Correspondent, http://home.nestor.minsk.by/build/news/2009/05/1402.html

6- UNDP Helps Georgian Refrigeration and Air Conditioning Service Professionals
SOURCE: The Messenger Online, 29 May 2009, http://www.messenger.com.ge/issues/1864_may_29_2009/1864_undp.html

___________
FEATURED

LATEST on OzonAction Website
>> Strengthening National Institutions Through Regional Co-operation. Annual Meeting of the Regional Ozone Network for Europe and Central Asia, Yerevan, Armenia, 18-22 May 2009
For the first time, 15 Heads of national refrigeration & air-conditioning (RAC) associations participated in the annual meeting of the Regional Ozone Network for Europe & Central Asia (ECA network) in Yerevan. The purpose was to initiate cooperation among these associations and to define their role in phasing out ozone-depleting hydrochlorofluorocarbons (HCFCs) which also contribute to global warming.
Read more...

>> Control of CTC import by Pakistan through UNEP initiated dialogue between Pakistan and South Korea under South - South Cooperation: Pakistan's Experience
In the wake of ban imposed by the country on CTC import together with the UNEP initiated cooperation between NOU-Pakistan and NOU-South Korea has brought the CTC import to zero in 2008, one year ahead of the CTC phase out target fixed under the Montreal Protocol. The importing and exporting countries may follow this precedent of the UNEP initiated South- South Cooperation to meet the challenge of illegal trade of various ODS.
Read more...

>> Commercial Consumers and Importers of HCFCs and Relevant Agencies. Data collection and strategy development is very important for achieving HCFC phase-out in a systematic manner in line with Afghanistan's commitments under the Protocol. Read more...

Vacancy Announcement
Senior Environmental Affairs Officer- This officer a member of UNEP's Compliance Assistance Programme should have work experience dealing with environmental issues on the national and/or international level with substantive experience in preparing and/or implementing national governmental policies to phase-out ODS; experience in cooperation with Ozone Officers from developing countries, experience in Project Management and ODS and Montreal Protocol related issues from international organizations. Closing date for applications: 6 July 2009. Go to vacancy announcement... http://www.unep.fr/ozonaction/about/vacancies.htm

EVENTS/MEETINGS
>> XIII EUROPEAN CONFERENCE - The latest technologies in air-conditioning and refrigeration.
The necessary changes to face the global crisis: Energy issues and climate change. New refrigerants, new European regulations: New plants - The cold chain. 12th- 13th June 2009, Politecnico of Milano, Piazza Leonardo Da Vinci, 32 - Milano (Italy). Learn more/Register:
http://www.centrogalileo.it/milano/CONGRESSODIMILANO2009english.html

>> Information related to the following upcoming meetings, is available from the UNEP Ozone Secretariat website at: http://ozone.unep.org/highlights.shtml
  • 29OEWG: Annotated provisional agenda - UNEP/OzL.Pro.WG.1/29/1/Add.1 (E) - Advance Copy
  • 29OEWG: Communication submitted by the Government of the United States of America with regard to a proposed amendment to the Montreal Protocol - UNEP/OzL.Pro.WG.1/29/INF/2 (E)
  • Report of the Secretariat of the Multilateral Fund on the status of agreements to convert metered dose inhaler manufacturing facilities in Parties operating under paragraph 1 of Article 5 (decision XX/4) - UNEP/OzL.Pro.WG.1/29/3 (A) (C) (E) (F) (R) (S)
  • Report of the Executive Committee of the Multilateral Fund for the Implementation of the Montreal Protocol on the progress made in reducing emissions of controlled substances from process-agent uses for the period 2007–2008 - UNEP/OzL.Pro.WG.1/29/4 (A) (C) (E) (F) (R) (S)
  • May 2009 Report of the TEAP - Task Force Decision XX/8 Report - Advance Copy
  • 29OEWG: Issues for discussion by and information for the attention of the Open-ended Working Group of the Parties to the Montreal Protocol at its twenty-ninth meeting - UNEP/OzL.Pro.WG.1/29/2 (A) (C) (E) (F) (R) (S)
  • May 2009 Report of the TEAP - Progress Report
  • 29OEWG: Proposed Amendment to the Montreal Protocol (Submitted jointly by the Federated States of Micronesia and Mauritius) - UNEP/OzL.Pro.WG.1/29/8 (A) (C) (E) (F) (R) (S)
    Comments Received from Parties on the Proposed Amendment
    Letter from the United States of America

READING
>> Pesticide Action Network Updates Service
(PANUPS), A Weekly News Update on Pesticides, Health and Alternatives, See PANUPS archive for complete information. Read the 28 May 2009 issue: http://www.panna.org/resources/panups/panup_20090528

>> Limiting Black Soot and Ozone - Buying Time against Climate Change
, EcoWordly, 30 May 2009, by Michael Ricciardi,
http://ecoworldly.com/2009/05/30/limiting-black-soot-and-ozone-%e2%80%93-buying-
time-against-climate-change/


>> Quote from the Speech by Achim Steiner, UN Environment Programme (UNEP) Executive Director at the Helsinki Chemicals Forum 2009, 28 May 2009
[…This was the philosophy and the imperative that drove forward perhaps the most successful multilateral environmental agreement of them all-the Montreal Protocol of Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer. A treaty that I know also resonates with this region and the health of the people living here under a thinning ozone layer and polar ozone holes-but a challenge that is being met via Montreal…] Read the speech http://www.unep.org/Documents.Multilingual/Default.asp?DocumentID=588&ArticleID=6191&l=en


WEBSITES
>> World Environment Day
, commemorated each year on 5 June, is one of the principal vehicles through which the United Nations stimulates worldwide awareness of the environment and enhances political attention and action. Learn more at http://www.unep.org/Web/wed/2009/english/content/about.asp

>> "The Montreal Protocol Who's Who'' a new web portal intended to honor the visionaries, innovators and implementers who are making the Montreal Protocol a global environmental success story. http://www.unep.fr/ozonaction/montrealprotocolwhoswho/index.htm


15 May 2009

In this issue:
1- United States Signals Interest in Potential Ways to Address Hydrofluorocarbons
2- Refrigerant Leak Detection is Regulated by the US Environmental Protection Agency
3- South Asia and West Asia Networks of Ozone Officers Meet in Bahrain
4- Qatar MICE Development Institute Won 'Green Event' Awards 2009
5- Federated States of Micronesia and Mauritius Propose Climate-Related Amendment to Montreal Protocol

GLOBAL
1- United States Signals Interest in Potential Ways to Address Hydrofluorocarbons
On May 4, 2009, the State Department wrote to the Secretariat of the Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer, expressing interest in a proposal that calls for amending the Montreal Protocol to phase down consumption and production of hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs). HFCs pose no threat to the stratospheric ozone layer but pose a significant threat to the climate system because they are potent greenhouse gases. As countries phase out consumption and production of hydrochlorofluorocarbons (HCFCs) under an agreement reached in 2007, they are likely to increase their use of HFCs unless suitable alternatives are found.
The U.S. letter welcomes discussions of this issue that will take place at a workshop hosted by the Montreal Protocol Secretariat in Geneva in July 2009. It further notes the significant climate benefits that could be achieved by limiting consumption and production of HFCs -- on the order of 66,000 to 85,000 million metric tons of carbon dioxide equivalent (MMTCO2e) by 2050. Still, the U.S. letter acknowledges that further analysis is needed and further exploration of the implications of such an approach for the negotiations currently underway to develop a post-2012 climate regime.
The text of the U.S. letter is available at: http://www.state.gov/g/oes/rls/other/2009/122599.htm
SOURCE: Bureau of Public Affairs, Office of the Spokesman, Washington, DC, 4 May 2009

NORTH AMERICA
2- Refrigerant Leak Detection is Regulated by the US Environmental Protection Agency
SOURCE: The Environmental Expert, 30 April 2009, By Daniel Stouffer; Courtesy of Verisae
http://www.environmental-expert.com/resultEachArticle.aspx?cid=32055&codi=49879&lr=1

WEST ASIA
3- South Asia and West Asia Networks of Ozone Officers Meet in Bahrain
Over 100 participants from 26 countries gathering in Manama to participate in the Joint Meeting of the South Asia and West Asia Networks of Ozone Officers from 10-14 May 2009.
Key discussions will include the outcomes of the last Meeting of the Parties and other related Committees and their impact on countries, addressing several emerging issues such as trade of ODS, residential air-conditioning industry as well as the role of Media experts.
Read more | Arabic | English |
SOURCE: UNEP-ROWA, 11 May 2009, http://www.unep.org.bh/

4- Qatar MICE Development Institute Won 'Green Event' Awards 2009

SOURCE : Zawya, 28April 2009 http://www.zawya.com/story.cfm/sidZAWYA20090429120705

PACIFIC ISLAND COUNTRIES
5- Federated States of Micronesia and Mauritius Propose Climate-Related Amendment to Montreal Protocol
A joint proposal has been submitted by the Federated States of Micronesia and Mauritius to amend the Montreal Protocol. The amendment proposes to regulate and phase-down hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs) with a high global warming potential and promote the destruction of banks of ozone-depleting substances (ODS).
According to the submission, these proposals will strengthen the Montreal Protocol to provide fast-action climate change mitigation several times greater than the emission reductions sought during the first commitment period of the Kyoto Protocol. [The proposal] http://ozone.unep.org/Meeting_Documents/oewg/29oewg/OEWG-29-8E.pdf
SOURCE: Climate-L.org, IISD, 3 May 2009
http://climate-l.org/2009/05/06/federated-states-of-micronesia-and-mauritius-propose-climate-related-amendment-to-montreal-protocol/
___________
FEATURED

Vacancy Announcement
Senior Environmental Affairs Officer
- This officer a member of UNEP's Compliance Assistance Programme should have work experience dealing with environmental issues on the national and/or international level with substantive experience in preparing and/or implementing national governmental policies to phase-out ODS; experience in cooperation with Ozone Officers from developing countries, experience in Project Management and ODS and Montreal Protocol related issues from international organizations. Closing date for applications: 6 July 2009. Go to vacancy announcement... http://www.unep.fr/ozonaction/about/vacancies.htm

EVENTS
>> 29OEWG: Proposed Amendment to the Montreal Protocol (Submitted jointly by the Federated States of Micronesia and Mauritius) - UNEP/OzL.Pro.WG.1/29/8 (E) Comments Received from Parties on the Proposed Amendment
- Letter from the United States of America
>> 29OEWG: Indicative financial report on the Trust Fund for the Montreal Protocol pursuant to decision XX/20 - UNEP/OzL.Pro.WG.1/29/INF/1 (E)
>> 29OEWG: Information note for the Participants
>> 29OEWG: List of recommended hotels in Geneva

READING
Dirt from Dry-Cleaning, Stories by SHARMILLA GANESAN, 12 May 2009
http://thestar.com.my/lifestyle/story.asp?file=/2009/5/12/lifefocus/3777529&sec=lifefocus

WEBSITES
>> "The Montreal Protocol Who's Who'' a new web portal intended to honor the visionaries, innovators and implementers who are making the Montreal Protocol a global environmental success story. http://www.unep.fr/ozonaction/montrealprotocolwhoswho/index.htm


30 April 2009

In this issue:
1- US Wants to Move on Climate Change
2- The US EPA Honors Climate and Ozone Layer Protection Award Winners
3- NEA Campaigns against Using Ozone Depleting Substances (Gambia)
4- GE Requests EPA Approve Isobutane for Monogram® Refrigerators with Double Benefits
5- China Refrigeration - The Asian Market for Hydrocarbons
6- AHT UK Launches Propane Cabinets

GLOBAL
1- US Wants to Move on Climate Change
SOURCE:
MercuryNews, quoting Associated Press , 29 April 2009, By JOHN HEILPRIN Associated Press Writer http://www.mercurynews.com/breakingnews/ci_12255023?nclick_check=1
Read also related article from the Guardian UK, 4 May 2009, http://www.guardian.co.uk/commentisfree/cifamerica/2009/may/04/obama-hfc-carbon-climate

2- The US EPA Honors Climate and Ozone Layer Protection Award Winners
(Washington, D.C. - April 21, 2009) EPA is recognizing the achievements of more than 40 individuals, organizations and companies actively contributing to the restoration and protection of the Earth's ozone layer and climate system.
"To confront urgent environmental issues, we're counting on the types of ideas and innovations that this year's winners developed," said EPA Administrator Lisa P. Jackson. "Recognizing and encouraging their accomplishments is important to the work we have ahead of us."
The 2009 Ozone Layer Protection Award winners have enforced regulations on ozone-depleting substances, increased public awareness of skin cancer prevention, and developed advanced supermarket refrigerant technologies. The winners are also responsible for eliminating ozone-depleting substances in medical, pest control and agricultural applications, where alternatives are difficult to implement.
The 2009 Climate Protection Award winners have made exceptional contributions to climate protection. Collectively, their actions are expected to avoid the equivalent of more than 6 billion metric tons of carbon dioxide emissions by 2020. The Climate Protection Award winners are achieving these savings by slashing energy consumption, unveiling innovative renewable energy technologies, initiating state policies to address climate change, and promoting international action to reduce emissions of greenhouse gases.
The Ozone Layer Protection Awards were established in 1990 to recognize outstanding contributions to ozone layer protection, and the Climate Protection Awards were established in 1998 to recognize companies, organizations and individuals for reducing greenhouse gas emissions. Since the annual awards began, EPA has honored recipients from more than 50 different countries.
More information about the Ozone Layer Protection Awards: http://www.epa.gov/ozone/awards
More information about the Climate Protection Awards: http://www.epa.gov/cppd/climateawards/
Contact: Suzanne Ackerman, ackerman.suzanne@epa.gov
SOURCE: US EPA Press Release, 21 April 2009, http://yosemite.epa.gov/opa/admpress.nsf/0/3d32b59a145a2ad58525759f006841db?OpenDocument

###

OzonAction is particularly proud of UNEP winners Rajendra Shende, Head UNEP DTIE OzonAction Branch, who earned his award for helping 145 developing countries through networking activities to comply with the Montreal Protocol. USEPA praised Mr. Shende's longstanding efforts through UNEP's programme to advocate the deployment of policies that simultaneously protect the ozone layer and reduce climate change and the technologies that use low- or no-GWP refrigerants and improve energy efficiency in refrigeration and air conditioning in buildings and in home appliances.
OzonAction's Samira de Gobert earned her award by demonstrating exceptional skills in conceiving and implementing Ozone Layer Protection Communication Strategies among large and small developing countries on Ozone Layer Protection through innovative use of electronic media.

Read full text IGSD Press release, 21 April 2009 http://www.igsd.org/documents/PR_UNEPawards_21April09.pdf

AFRICA
3- NEA Campaigns against Using Ozone Depleting Substances (Gambia)
SOURCE:
FOROYAA Online, 15 April 2009, By Pateh Baldeh, http://www.foroyaa.gm/modules/news/article.php?storyid=2248

NORTH AMERICA
4- GE Requests EPA Approve Isobutane for Monogram® Refrigerators with Double Benefits
SOURCE:
Design News, Posted by Matthew Traum , 12 April 2009, http://www.designnews.com/blog/I_Have_The_Power_/12292-GE_Requests_EPA_Approve_Isobutane_for_Monogram_Refrigerators_with_Double_Benefits.php

SOUTH ASIA
5- China Refrigeration - The Asian Market for Hydrocarbons
SOURCE:
hydrocarbons21.com, 27 April 2009 , http://www.hydrocarbons21.com/content/articles/2009-04-07-china-refrigeration---the-asian-market-for-hydrocarbons.php
Visit the China Refrigeration Expo website http://www.cr-expo.com/en2009/Generalinfo.asp

EUROPE
6- AHT UK Launches Propane Cabinets
SOURCE:
hydrocarbons21.com, 27 April 2009, http://www.hydrocarbons21.com/content/articles/2009-04-27-aht-uk-launches-propane-cabinets.php


___________
FEATURED

LATEST FROM OzonAction
>> Caribbean Ozone Officers Meet in St George's, Grenada, 24-27 March 2009
National Ozone Officers, implementing agencies, the Ozone Secretariat and Government officials from the Caribbean region gathered in St George's, Grenada to attend the Caribbean Network Meeting of Ozone Officers from 24-27 March 2009. The meeting was organized by UNEP Regional Office for Latin America and the Caribbean (UNEP/ROLAC) through the Montreal Protocol Compliance Assistance Programme (CAP) team in collaboration with the Government of Grenada and the Ministry of Finance, Planning, Economy, Energy, Foreign Trade and Co-operatives.
Paul Horwitz, Deputy Executive Secretary of the UNEP Ozone Secretariat commended the Network on its success in compliance management to the Protocol including timely data submission and the number of countries that have reached complete phase out of CFC ahead of the Montreal Protocol mandate.
Some key outputs of the meeting were:
- Ozone Officers received sensitization on national requirements to begin addressing phase-out and national surveys of HCFC.
- To sustain the present achievement and implementation of new and emerging requirements, the network concluded that the institutional strengthening projects have to be continued and funding needs to be increased to adequately address phase out requirements.
- There is a need for a regional policy for the standardization of skills and training for air-conditioning and refrigeration technicians to allow for cross-movement across the region.
National Ozone Officers would have further discussions with their respective ministries on building negotiation capacities and strategies to allow for improved representation within the Group of Latin America and the Caribbean (GRULAC).
Contact: Artie Dubrie, Policy & Enforcement Officer, UNEP/ROLAC (Panama)

EVENT
>> 29OEWG: Indicative financial report on the Trust Fund
for the Montreal Protocol pursuant to decision XX/20 - UNEP/OzL.Pro.WG.1/29/INF/1 (E)
>> 29OEWG: Information note for the Participants

>> XIII EUROPEAN CONFERENCE , The Latest Technologies in Air Conditioning and Refrigeration. The Necessary Changes to Face the Global Crisis: Energy Issues and Climate Change. New Refrigerants, New European Regulations: New Plants - The Cold Chain. 12-13 June 2009, Politecnico of Milano, Piazza Leonardo Da Vinci, 32 - Milano (Italy)
Learn more/Register http://www.centrogalileo.it/milano/CONGRESSODIMILANO2009english.html

VIDEO
>> Sci-Tech: Protecting the Ozone Layer (NECN)
- In Sci-Tech Today, protecting the ozone layer that protects us here on earth. What's been the impact of banning products containing CFC's. David Sittenfeld joins us from the Museum of Science Boston to explain the impact of the major effort to protect the ozone that was launched in 1980's. He explains what would have happened had we not done this, and what other threats to the ozone layer remain.
http://www.necn.com/Boston/SciTech/2009/04/15/SciTech-Protecting-the-ozone/1239833275.html

WEBSITE
>> "The Montreal Protocol Who's Who''
a new web portal intended to honor the visionaries, innovators and implementers who are making the Montreal Protocol a global environmental success story. http://www.unep.fr/ozonaction/montrealprotocolwhoswho/index.htm


15 April 2009

 

In this issue:
1- Climate Change and Atmospheric Circulation Will Make for Uneven Ozone Recovery
2- Mozambique: Assembly Ratifies Environmental Protocols
3- NAVSEA Eliminates CFC Refrigerants on Aircraft Carriers
4- Bahrain Drive to Curb Toxic Emissions

GLOBAL
1- Climate Change and Atmospheric Circulation Will Make for Uneven Ozone Recovery
SOURCE: Science Daily, http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2009/04/090410143811.htm

AFRICA
2- Mozambique: Assembly Ratifies Environmental Protocols
SOURCE: Agencia de Informacao de Mozambique,. 9 April 2009, Distributed by AllAfrica Global Media (allAfrica.com). http://allafrica.com/stories/200904090863.html

NORTH AMERICA
3- NAVSEA Eliminates CFC Refrigerants on Aircraft Carriers
For more news from Naval Sea Systems Command, visit www.navy.mil/local/navsea/.
Written by Naval Sea Systems Command, 3 April 2009, http://navycompass.com/content/view/1279/322/

WEST ASIA
4- Bahrain Drive to Curb Toxic Emissions
SOURCE:TradeArabia News Service Manama, 8 April 2009 http://www.tradearabia.com/news/newsdetails.asp?Sn=ENV&artid=159330
___________
FEATURED

WEBSITES
>> "The Montreal Protocol Who's Who''
a new web portal intended to honor the visionaries, innovators and implementers who are making the Montreal Protocol a global environmental success story. http://www.unep.fr/ozonaction/montrealprotocolwhoswho/index.htm

EVENTS
>> Registration for 29th OEWG, 42nd Implementation Committee, ODS banks workshop and open-ended dialogue on high-GWP alternatives for ODS
>> 29OEWG: Provisional Agenda
(A) (C) (E) (F) (R) (S)
SOURCE:
UNEP Ozone Secretariat http://ozone.unep.org/highlights.shtml


30 March 2009


====
Thank you for your time and feedback to the 2009 OzoNews Readers Survey.
We will circulate the survey report shortly.
====

 

In this issue:
1- NASA: Ozone Layer Disaster Averted
2- Phasing Out of Ozone Depleting Substances by 2010' F.P. Report (Pakistan)
3- Improved Training, Better Service Leads to Less Emissions (US)
4- Recordkeeping and Reporting Requirements for the Import of Halon-1301 Aircraft Fire Extinguishing Vessels
5- Status of R744 in North American Supermarkets
6- Gov't Urged to Impose Heavy Tax on CFC Imports (Jamaica)
7- Programme Launched to Reduce Energy Cost for Regional Hotels (Barbados)
8- Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer (EU)


GLOBAL

1- NASA: Ozone Layer Disaster Averted
1980s Push To Cut CFCs Prevented Rapid Global Warming, Dangerous UV Levels
SOURCE: CBS Interactive News, 19 March 2009, http://www.cbsnews.com/stories/2009/03/19/tech/main4878171.shtml
Link to the feature from NASA http://www.nasa.gov/topics/earth/features/world_avoided.html

SOUTH ASIA

2- 'Phasing Out of Ozone Depleting Substances by 2010' F.P. Report (Pakistan)
SOURCE: The Frontier Post, 15 March 2009, http://www.thefrontierpost.com/News.aspx?ncat=hn&nid=4161


NORTH AMERICA

3- Improved Training, Better Service Leads to Less Emissions (US)
(Washington, D.C. - March 11, 2009) The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency has strengthened technician training and certification requirements for auto air conditioning service. Improper auto A/C servicing can lead to high emissions of potent greenhouse gases, but thanks to industry innovation, the environmental performance of this sector has improved. EPA has formally adopted these better service practices into a stronger, more informative auto A/C service technician training and certification program.
"Everyone can play an active role in reducing greenhouse gas emissions,"
said Drusilla Hufford, director of EPA's Stratospheric Protection Program. "Consumers can choose to have their auto A/C systems serviced by professionals who use the latest service equipment and have been certified to our latest technician training and certification program."
All professional auto A/C technicians must be certified by an EPA-approved Section 609 technician training and certification program.
The revised program showcases best service practices, the proper use and handling of refrigerants, and includes service considerations for new low global warming potential auto A/C systems.
The cooperative relationship EPA shares with organizations that demonstrate continued leadership, such as the Mobile Air Conditioning Society Worldwide, result in improved service practices that reduce emissions of potent greenhouse gas refrigerants. Section 609 of the Clean Air Act gives EPA the authority to establish requirements to prevent the release of refrigerants during the servicing of auto A/C systems and to require recycling of refrigerants. Widespread refrigerant recycling reduces the demand for virgin refrigerants.
More information about EPA Section 609 Technician Training and Certification along with a complete list of EPA-approved Section 609 Technician Certification and Training Programs:
www.epa.gov/ozone/title6/609/technicians/609certs.html
CONTACT: Karen Thundiyil; thundiyil.karen@epa.gov

4- Recordkeeping and Reporting Requirements for the Import of Halon-1301 Aircraft Fire Extinguishing Vessels (US)
SUMMARY: The Environmental Protection Agency is taking final action to grant a specific exemption from requirements to petition the Agency in order to import used ozone-depleting substances. The exemption would apply to entities that import spherical pressure vessels containing halon 1301 for aircraft fire extinguishing ("aircraft halon bottles") for purposes of hydrostatic testing. This final rule reduces the administrative burden on entities that are importing aircraft halon bottles for the purpose of maintaining these bottles to meet commercial safety specifications and standards set forth in airworthiness directives of the Federal Aviation Administration. This action does not exempt entities that import bulk quantities of halon-1301 in containers that are being imported for other purposes.
EFFECTIVE DATE: This final rule is effective on April 9, 2009.
ADDRESSES: EPA has established a docket for this action under Docket ID No. EPA-HQ-OAR-2005-0131. All documents in the docket are listed in the http://www.regulations.gov Web site. Although listed in the index, some information is not publicly available, e.g., confidential business information (CBI) or other information whose disclosure is restricted by statute. Certain other material, such as copyrighted material, is not placed on the Internet and will be publicly available only in hard copy form. Publicly available docket materials are available either electronically in http://www.regulations.gov or in hard copy at the Air Docket, EPA/DC, EPA West, Room 3334, 1301 Constitution Ave., NW., Washington, DC. The Public Reading Room is open from 8:30 a.m. to 4:30 p.m., Monday through Friday, excluding legal holidays. The telephone number for the Public Reading Room is (202) 566-1744, and the telephone number for the Air Docket is (202) 566-1742.
CONTACT: Bella Maranion, maranion.bella@epa.gov
SOURCE: HooversCom, Quoting: Federal Information & News Dispatch, Inc. 10 March 2009, http://hoovers.com/free/news/detail.xhtml?ArticleID=200903100001FIND____
DOCS_____727f0086bfa97038_FI

5- Status of R744 in North American Supermarkets
SOURCE: R744.com - 24 March 2009,
http://www.r744.com/articles/2009-03-24-status-of-r744-in-north-american-supermarkets.php


LATIN AMERICA AND CARIBBEAN

6- Gov't Urged to Impose Heavy Tax on CFC Imports (Jamaica)
SOURCE: Jamaica Information Service, March 25, 2009
http://www.jis.gov.jm/health/html/20090325t200000-0500_18961_jis_gov_t_urged_to_impose_heavy_tax_on_cfc_imports.asp

7- Programme Launched to Reduce Energy Cost for Regional Hotels (Barbados)
SOURCE: The Barbados Advocate, 25 March 2009
http://www.barbadosadvocate.com/newsitem.asp?more=business&NewsID=2668


EUROPE

8- Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer (EU)
MEPs approved a compromise between representatives of the EP and Council on a regulation updating the EU law on substances depleting the ozone layer. The new law brings EU legislation in line with developments of the Montreal protocol aiming at protecting the ozone layer, but goes beyond it, so that the EU will continue to lead by example. The deal does not only cover the marketing ban of certain substances but also substances contained in refrigerators and insulation material in buildings.
The Montreal Protocol, set in 1987, obliged the signatory countries to phase out ozone depleting substances according to a set timetable. The revision of the regulation, the EU's main instrument for implementing the Montreal Protocol, aims at simplifying the current legislation. Despite the good results achieved in recent years in the recovery of the ozone layer continued vigilance is required, also taking into account the impact of climate change since most of the substances have high global warming potential and are contributory factor towards increasing the temperature of the planet. Many ozone depleting substances (ODS) are greenhouse gases.
The agreement reached between representatives of Parliament and Council strengthens the Commissions proposal and ensures that the EU can go beyond the Montreal protocol and lead by example.
The compromise achieved will not only help against the destructive effects of UV radiation, but also against climate change.
The revised regulation (the achieved compromise) will clarify some of its provisions, such as those on exemptions and derogations to the use of ozone-depleting substances, and the conditions under which they can be imported and exported. It aligns the EU law with latest international agreements, but goes in some parts beyond it.
Already under the existing EU legislation the production and placing on the market of the most damaging ozone-depleting substances is banned, while the EU is going further than the Montreal protocol by banning or setting limits on certain uses of these substances. Exceptions exist for the use of several ODS, which will be further limited according to the achieved compromise.
Deadlines for the phasing out of hydro chlorofluorocarbons
The phasing out of the production of hydro chlorofluorocarbons (HCFCs) will be brought forward for 5 years and shall be achieved by the end of 2019. MEPs achieved that the production of HCFC's has to be further decreased during the period 2017-2019: it should fall to 7% in relation to 1997 levels.
Deadline for phasing our Methyl bromide
Further environmental and health benefits will be gained through a reduction and the ultimately phase out by 18 March 2010 of the use of methyl bromide (used as a pesticide), which until then can be used only for preventing the introduction and spread of pests through international trade (quarantine and pre-shipment applications)
Substances contained in refrigerators and buildings
Although most of the harmful substances are no longer produced and used in new equipment, thousands of tonnes are contained in existing refrigeration equipments and insulation
material in buildings. The compromise therefore lists responsibilities for undertakings to prevent the substances from being released into the atmosphere to prevent further damage to the ozone layer. It
also tightens up the provisions on recovery and destruction of these substances Furthermore, the Commission shall make available at the latest by the 1st of January 2010 a list of products and equipment which might contain or rely on controlled substances in order to reduce them and ultimately to phase them out.
Background
The ozone layer is a layer of gas in the upper atmosphere which shields life on earth from harmful ultraviolet rays from the sun. In the 1970s scientists discovered that some chemicals could deplete the ozone layer and
in the 1980s the so-called ozone hole was discovered above the Antarctic.
Increased UV radiation can damage ecosystems and have an adverse impact on human health, leading to skin cancer and cataract problems. The EU regulation on the ozone layer is the European main instrument for the implementation of the provisions of the Montreal Protocol. It bans the production and placing on the market of the most damaging ozone-depleting substances and sets limits on certain uses
of these substances. 191 countries have signed the Montreal Protocol.
The legislative report was adopted with 667 votes in favour, 13 against and 10 abstentions.
CONTACT : Constanze BECKERHOFF envi-press@europarl.europa.eu
Richard FREEDMAN press-EN@europarl.europa.eu
To read the Adopted Texts >>> http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?language=EN&type=TA&reference
=20090325&secondRef=TOC

SOURCE: European Parliament, http://www.europarl.europa.eu/pdfs/news/expert/infopress/20090324IPR52499/20
090324IPR52499_en.pdf


___________
FEATURED

WEBSITES
>> NASA Launches 'Eyes on the Earth 3-D'

http://www.nasa.gov/topics/earth/features/eyes-20090312.html

>> "The Montreal Protocol Who's Who'' a new web portal intended to honor the visionaries, innovators and implementers who are making the Montreal Protocol a global environmental success story. http://www.unep.fr/ozonaction/montrealprotocolwhoswho/index.htm

EVENTS
>> International BioSecurity Conference in Rotorua Radio New Zealand
- Wellington,New Zealand
The conference will also consider issues such as managing vegetation without herbicides and finding alternatives to the fumigant methyl bromide, ...

>> Indicative list of UNEP Ozone Secretariat meetings for 2009 http://ozone.unep.org/Events/meetings2009.shtml

READING
>> UNEP 2008 Annual Report
http://www.unep.org/PDF/AnnualReport/2008/Annual
Report2008_en_web.pdf

>> 29OEWG: Provisional Agenda http://ozone.unep.org/highlights.shtml

>> Report of the 41st Meeting of the Implementation Committee - UNEP/OzL.Pro/ImpCom/41/8 http://ozone.unep.org/highlights.shtml

>> Alternatives to HCFCs for New Equipment and Applications a list of commercially-available replacements for HCFCs for specific applications, based on references in the assessment reports of the UNEP Technology and Economic Assessment Panel. http://www.unep.fr/ozonaction/topics/hcfc_alternatives.htm

>> Legislation, Regulations and Policies to Control HCFCs a list of legislation, regulations and policies used by different countries to control HCFCs. It is a reference designed for National Ozone Units in Article 5 countries that are considering new HCFC control measures in response to Decision XIX/6. http://www.unep.fr/ozonaction/topics/hcfc_legislation.htm

>> HCFC-related decisions text of the HCFC-related decisions of the Parties to the Montreal Protocol and the Multilateral Fund Executive Committee. http://www.unep.fr/ozonaction/topics/hcfc_mop.htm
http://www.unep.fr/ozonaction/topics/hcfc_excom.htm

 


15 March 2009

Your Opinion Matters!
Please take 2 minutes to tell us how OzoNews is meeting your needs
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EXTENDED DEADLINE FOR RESPONSES BY MONDAY 23 MARCH 2009

====

In this issue:
1- European Satellites Provide New Insight into Ozone-depleting Species
2- Protection of Ozone Layer Campaign Launched (Mauritius)
3- National ODS Phase Out Management Plan Launched (Antigua and Barbuda)
4- County Recycling Freon Appliances at No Charge (US)
5- Developing World's Impact Rises in Ozone
6- Sweden's Ozone Layer Thickest in Decades


GLOBAL
1- European Satellites Provide New Insight into Ozone-depleting Species
SOURCE: ScienceDaily, 10 March 2009,
http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2009/02/090225132343.htm

AFRICA
2- Protection of Ozone Layer Campaign Launched (Mauritius)
Government Information Service, Prime Minister's Office, Level 6, New Government Centre, Port Louis, Mauritius. Email: infserv@intnet.mu
SOURCE: Government of Mauritius, 10 March 2009,
http://www.gov.mu/portal/site/Mainhomepage/menuitem.a42b24128104d
9845dabddd154508a0c/?content_id=9e26cffdcbaef110VgnVCM1000000a04a8c0RCRD

Related article in French from Le Mauricien at: http://lemauricien.com/mauricien/090310/so.htm#6

LATIN AMERICA AND CARIBBEAN
3- National ODS Phase Out Management Plan Launched (Antigua and Barbuda)
SOURCE: Antigua Sun, 2 March 2009, By Brian Ho,
http://www.antiguasun.com/paper/?as=view&sun=202
042048803022009&an=255219037003022009&ac=Local

NORTH AMERICA
4- County Recycling Freon Appliances at No Charge (US)
SOURCE: South Pittsburgh Reporter, 13 March 2009, Link to the article

5- Developing World's Impact Rises in Ozone
SOURCE: The Denver Post, By Mark Jaffe,mjaffe@denverpost.com, 19 February 2009, http://www.denverpost.com/headlines/ci_11738042

EUROPE
6- Sweden's Ozone Layer Thickest in Decades

SOURCE: Agence France Presse (AFP), 3 March 2009, http://www.google.com/hostednews/afp/article/ALeqM5iyZSmo1s3r_15UVMY-54hH7f1p0g

###
FEATURED

EVENT(s)

>>
Schedule of Events on the OzonAction website an easy access to our upcoming meetings/workshops.

>> Indicative list of TEAP/Technical Options Committee Meetings for 2009

WEBSITE(s)

>>
Links to Alternative Technology Platforms three web sites which provide information about commercially-available technologies that replace HCFCs in different refrigeration and air conditioning applications: ammonia21.com, hydrocarbons21.com and R744.com

>>The Montreal Protocol Who's Who "The Montreal Protocol Who's Who'' a new web portal intended to honor the visionaries, innovators and implementers who are making the Montreal Protocol a global environmental success story. Learn more / Nominate: http://www.unep.fr/ozonaction/montrealprotocolwhoswho/index.htm

VIDEO
>>
Zaelke Urges Int'l Community to Take Fast Action on Emissions by Regulating Black Carbon
Zaelke Urges Int'l Community to Take Fast Action on Emissions by Regulating Black CarbonAs Congress begins to draft and discuss climate legislation, could the United States get a jump-start on scaling back the effects of climate change by regulating black carbon? During today's OnPoint, Durwood Zaelke, president and founder of the Institute for Governance and Sustainable Development, explains how the regulation of black carbon could play a significant role in slowing the nation's pace toward certain irreversible climate tipping points. Zaelke explains why he believes the Montreal Protocol can help mitigate climate change. He also weighs in on the domestic and international climate debates. > Watch the video > Read the transcript


A Decade of Continued News Service, Brought to you by UNEP DTIE OzonAction
Since January 2000, OzoNews keeps the readers abreast on news about ozone depletion
and the implementation of the Montreal Protocol. OzoNews saves the readers' time by
bringing the latest news, drawn from diverse sources worldwide, directly to their inbox.
Your opinion matters!
Please take a moment to tell us how OzoNews is meeting your needs
Click here to Access the E-form

DEADLINE FOR RESPONSES MONDAY 16 MARCH 2009


28 February 2009

In this issue:
1- Climate Tipping Point Near Warn UN, World Bank
2- The US EPA Recognizes Velders, Andersen, Daniel, Fahey & McFarland for Research Excellence
3- Nema to Enforce Ban on Ozone Depleting Substances (Kenya)
4- BP Products to Pay Nearly $180 Million to Settle Clean Air Violations at Texas City Refinery
5- Sri Lanka to Protect Ceylon Tea Intellectual Property
6- Beijing Olympics Met or Exceeded Green Goals


GLOBAL
1- Climate Tipping Point Near Warn UN, World Bank
Click here to view the UN Environment Programme's 2009 Year Book.
SOURCE: Environment News Service (ENS), February 23, 2009,
http://www.ens-newswire.com/ens/feb2009/2009-02-23-02.asp

2- The United States Environmental Protection Agency Recognizes Velders, Andersen, Daniel, Fahey & McFarland For Research Excellence
To learn more about The EPA's Science and Technological Achievement Awards (STAA), Please visit : http://es.epa.gov/ncer/staa/about_staa.html

AFRICA
3- Nema to Enforce Ban on Ozone Depleting Substances (Kenya)
SOURCE: Business Daily, Nairobi, 27 February 2009, By Solomon Mburu
http://www.bdafrica.com/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=12951&Itemid=5813

NORTH AMERICA
4- BP Products to Pay Nearly $180 Million to Settle Clean Air Violations at Texas City Refinery
A copy of the consent decree is available on the Justice Department Web site at http://www.usdoj.gov/enrd/Consent_Decrees.html
SOURCE: PR News Wire, Quoting : U.S. Department of Justice, http://news.prnewswire.com/DisplayReleaseContent.aspx?ACCT=104&STORY=/www/story/02-19-2009/0004975537&EDATE=

SOUTH ASIA
5- Sri Lanka to Protect Ceylon Tea Intellectual Property.
SOURCE: Sri Lanka Business Online, 19 February 209, http://www.lankabusinessonline.com/fullstory.php?nid=1352251490

6- Beijing Olympics Met or Exceeded Green Goals
SOURCE: Scientific American , 18 February 2009, By Nathanial Gronewold
http://www.sciam.com/article.cfm?id=beijing-olympics-met-or-e


###

FEATURED

Latest from OzonAction

>>
First Ever Consultation of Ozone and Climate Focal Points for Preparation of National HPMPs
Ozone and climate focal points from 10 African countries met in Nairobi on 18 February 2009 to launch joint preparation of Hydrochlorofluorocarbon Phase-out Management Plans.
Read more...

>>
Vaccine Cooler Powered by Nature - UNEP ED Hands Over Keys to Kenyan Minister
Achim Steiner, Under Secretary General of United Nations & Executive Director of UNEP, presented a SolarChill vaccine cooler to the Minister of Medical Services of Government of Kenya, Hon. Prof. Peter Anyang Nyong'o on the closing day of the 25th Governing Council of UNEP in Nairobi, Kenya - 20 February 2009. The handing over ceremony consisted of cutting the ribbon and handing over the SolarChill key to the Minister; both the key holder and the platter were made of the recycled material by a women's group in Nairobi.
Read more...

>>
A Way Forward with Ozzy Ozone Campaign
The UNEP DTIE OzonAction Branch - Paris, organised a two-day Consultative Workshop (19 & 20 February) on questions related to the development of a guide on Interlinkages between ozone depletion and climate change and an Implementation manual for the Ozzy Ozone Campaign.
Read more...

WEBSITE(s)
>>Plant Quarantine Services, The first step toward protecting the precious nature http://www.npqs.go.kr/homepage/english/

>>"The Montreal Protocol Who's Who'' a new web portal intended to honor the visionaries, innovators and implementers who are making the Montreal Protocol a global environmental success story. Learn more / Nominate: http://www.unep.fr/ozonaction/montrealprotocolwhoswho/index.htm

EVENT(s)
>>
Schedule of Events on the OzonAction website http://www.unep.fr/ozonaction/events/index.htm
an easy access to our upcoming meetings/workshops.
>> Indicative list of TEAP/Technical Options Committee Meetings for 2009


READING
>>
Environmentally Sound Management of Banks of ODS: Strategies Reported by Parties
(Decision XX/7(5))
>>Report of the 41st Meeting of the Implementation Committee -
UNEP/OzL.Pro/ImpCom/41/8
>>Report of the eighth meeting of the Conference of the Parties to the Vienna Convention and the Twentieth Meeting of the Parties to the Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer - UNEP/OzL.Conv.8/7-UNEP/OzL.Pro.20/9
Available in Arabic, Chinese, English, French, Russian and Spanish from the UNEP Ozone Secretariat, March 2009 Highlights, http://ozone.unep.org/highlights.shtml


15 February 2009

In this issue:

In this issue:
1- Climate Change Is Friend and Foe to Ozone Layer
2- Illegal Trade in Banned Gases Could Flourish, Warns Agency
3- Myanmar Promises a Change: First Ever High Level Meeting on Montreal Protocol
4- Climate-Friendly Refrigerator Magnets
5- Prepare Now. Phase Out of R-22 (HCFC) Refrigerant Gas
6- Global Fluorocarbon Producers Forum (GFPF1) Funds Halocarbon Measurements in the Atmosphere
7- Fears over 'Scandal' of Demolition Pollution



GLOBAL

1- Climate Change Is Friend and Foe to Ozone Layer
SOURCE: ScienceNOW Daily News, 6 February 2009, By Jackie Grom,
http://sciencenow.sciencemag.org/cgi/content/full/2009/206/1

2- Illegal Trade in Banned Gases Could Flourish, Warns Agency
A BLACK market in banned ozone-depleting gases could thrive following their Europe-wide phase-out, the Environmental Investigation Agency (EIA) has warned.
A recent summit in Brussels, Belgium, convened by EIA has brought together representatives from the chemicals industry, World Customs Organisation, the European Commission, United Nations Environment Programme, and customs and ozone officers from all over Europe to discuss and take action against the increased threat of illegal trade in ozone depleting substances.
Experts from the chemicals industry warned that many European companies are unprepared for the ban on the use of virgin hydrochlorofluorocarbons (HCFCs). Under revised EC regulations only reclaimed and recovered HCFCs will be permitted when servicing equipment after 1st Jan 2010.
"The sense of urgency among end users is low due to two factors- confusing deadlines coupled with the false hope that reclaimed HCFCs will be plentiful and easy to obtain. Users should immediately plan to retrofit /refit their installations to use alternatives or accelerate their transition plans to new systems." Said Pascal Faidy Head of European Sales and Marketing for DuPont
EIA is concerned that the stage is set for a repetition of the illegal smuggling of CFCs which occurred in Europe during the late nineties. Despite strict regulations in Europe demand for CFCs remained high. EIA investigations at the time revealed that large quantities of contraband CFCs were being smuggled into Europe from China, where CFCs were freely and cheaply available.
A 2005 survey commissioned by the Carbon Trust found that 70% of UK businesses have at least one refrigeration or air-conditioning system running on HCFCs, indicating that demand is high. Once virgin HCFCs are banned in 2010, there may be a temptation to mislabel them as recovered HCFC.
"Europe needs to learn from past errors by tightening up enforcement of ODS imports and carrying out an accurate assessment of current HCFC stockpiles" said Julian Newman, EIA Campaigns Director.
Large seizures of illegally smuggled HCFCs have already begun to occur in the United States. In October, Customs and Border Protection officers in South Carolina intercepted 11,400 cylinders of HCFC-22 with a domestic value of close to $1,000,000.
The summit also highlighted the need for good communication between enforcement officers and chemical companies in the fight against illegal trade. Recommendations from the meeting included the establishment of industry focal points, which enforcement officers can contact for information exchange.
SOURCE: Environmental Investigation Agency (EIA),
http://www.eia-international.org/cgi/news/news.cgi?t=template&a=501&source=


SOUTH EAST ASIA AND PACIFIC

Myanmar Promises a Change: First Ever High Level Meeting on Montreal Protocol3- Myanmar Promises a Change: First Ever High Level Meeting on Montreal Protocol
February 2009, Nay Pyi Taw - Dr Husamuddin Ahmadzai, Senior Adviser, Swedish Environmental Protection Agency and Chairman of Executive Committee of the Multilateral Fund of the Montreal Protocol, along with UNEP and UNIDO representatives, visited Myanmar to encourage continued commitment towards compliance and to alert on risk of non-compliance in future, and to advise the Minister of Forestry to accelerate the implementation of the Montreal Protocol. This first ever high level meeting to the Union of Myanmar had a positive impact on expediting the implementation of key priority policies.
SOURCE: UNEP DTIE OzonAction, 10 February 2009, http://www.unep.fr/ozonaction/archive_features.htm


NORTH AMERICA

4- Climate-Friendly Refrigerator Magnets
SOURCE: The New York Times Company, 30 January 2009, By Nick Chambers, http://greeninc.blogs.nytimes.com/2009/01/30/climate-friendly-refrigerator-magnets/


5- Prepare Now. Phase Out of R-22 (HCFC) Refrigerant Gas

SOURCE: Refrigerant Tracker by Verisae
http://www.refrigerant-tracker.com/Phase-Out-R-22-HCFC-Refrigerant-Gas.a.html


EUROPE

6- Global Fluorocarbon Producers Forum (GFPF1) Funds Halocarbon Measurements in the Atmosphere
Brussels, December 2008 The Global Fluorocarbon Producers' Forum (GFPF) is pleased to announce that it is among those governments and industry associations who will sponsor the initiative to establish a central calibration laboratory for halocarbons as part of the multi-national Advanced Global Atmospheric Gases Experiment (AGAGE).
By doing so GFPF is promoting the gathering of solid scientific and independent data on which to base sound policies. The collection of such data will encourage steps to reduce emissions of fluorinated (F)-gases and, in particular, to help make the implementation of the EU Regulation of F-gases a success.
"We are strongly committed, in particular, to put in place all the measures necessary to reach the high level of maintenance, containment and leakage control required to make the F-gas Regulation a success. One convincing way to prove that its aim to reduce emissions can be achieved is through the monitoring of the F-gases emissions; declared the chairman of the Environmental Managers group of GFPF, Mr. Tim Vink.
The AGAGE operates a network of globally distributed stations conducting real-time measurements of chlorofluorocarbons CFCs, hydrochlorofluorocarbons HCFCs and hydrofluorocarbons HFCs, including all major natural and anthropogenic halocarbons.
The frequent measurements (12-18 per day) provide the basis for calculating regional emissions, such as those from Europe or East Asia, and this new calibration laboratory will help upgrade their accuracy.
Note: the location of measuring stations, funding organizations, and summaries of published data are available at: http://agage.eas.gatech.edu/
1 Arkema, Solvay Fluor, Japan Fluorocarbon Manufacturers Association, Dupont Fluoroproducts, Honeywell, Ineos Fluor.
Contact : the GFPF secretariat, Mrs. Véronique Garny vga@cefic.be
SOURCE: CEFIC, http://www.cefic.org/

7- Fears over 'Scandal' of Demolition Pollution
SOURCE:
The Sunday Herald, 8 February 2009, By Rob Edwards, Environment Editor, http://www.sundayherald.com/news/heraldnews/display.var.2487770.0.
fears_over_scandal_of_demolition_pollution.php


###

FEATURED

WEBSITE
>> ICF International - Stratospheric Ozone Protection

http://www.icfi.com/Markets/climate-change/ozone-protection.asp#

>> Trends Analysis: Consumption and Production of Ozone Depleting Substances in Developing Countries presents updated information for CFCs, Halons, and Methyl Bromide. For the first time, it also includes an analysis of the HCFC consumption and production trends in developing countries.
http://www.unep.fr/ozonaction/information/trends/index.htm

>>Stay Tuned! Get an ongoing update about the ozone layer protection and implementation of the Montreal Protocol, so that you can be informed about every latest action!
http://www.unep.fr/ozonaction/archive_features.htm

The Montreal Protocol Who's Who
>>
We invite you to submit nomination to "The Montreal Protocol Who's Who'' a new web portal intended to honor the visionaries, innovators and implementers who are making the Montreal Protocol a global environmental success story. http://www.unep.fr/ozonaction/montrealprotocolwhoswho/index.htm


EVENTS

>>1st IIR Workshop on Refrigerant Charge Reduction in Refrigerating Systems, April 6-7, 2009 - Antony, France
Commission s: B1, B2 with D1, D2, E1, E2. More details:
https://www.iifiir.org/en/conferences.php?rub=1&id=1042


>> 2009 1st IIR Cold Chain Conference, April 27-29, 2009 - Singapore, Singapore, Commission s: C2, D1, D2.
More details: https://www.iifiir.org/en/conferences.php?rub=1&id=1037

>> Indicative list of UNEP Ozone Secretariat meetings for 2009
http://ozone.unep.org/Events/meetings2009.shtml

READING
>> ASHRAE Publishes Load Calculations Manual
- Guidance to help designers improve the performance and efficiency of design as it relates to load calculations is contained in a new book from ASHRAE. http://www.ashrae.org/publications/page/1279


30 January 2009

In this issue:
1- Andorra Became the 194th Party
2- Antarctica is Warming Up
3- Environmental Issues: the Focus of International Customs Day Celebrations
4- Kenya Custom Officers Training on Use of CFC Analyzers
5- Survey to Prepare for HCFC Phase-out Underway
6- Efforts to Rescue Suffocating Planet
7- California Consumers Win as Air Board Votes to Keep R134a Automotive Refrigerant on Shelves
8- New Range on Display [Industrial Cleaning]



GLOBAL

1- Andorra Became the 194th Party

On 26 January 2009 Andorra eventually ratified the Vienna Convention (VC), Montreal Protocol (MP) and the London Amendment to the Montreal Protocol to become the 194th party to the VC and MP
SOURCE: UNEP Ozone Secretariat http://ozone.unep.org/Ratification_status/

2- Antarctica is Warming Up
SOURCE:
News Gather.com, 22 January 2009, by Sam Carana http://www.gather.com/viewArticle.jsp?articleId=281474977571131&grpId=3659174697244816&nav=Groupspace

3- Environmental Issues: the Focus of International Customs Day Celebrations
"Customs and the Environment: Protecting our Natural Heritage" was the theme for 26th January 2009 International Customs Day. The day was marked by celebrations organised at the World Customs Organization (WCO) HQ in Brussels, Belgium, as well as those organised by customs administrations around the world. The highlights of the Brussels event included speeches by the WCO Secretary General Mr Kunio Mikuryia, and other distinguished guests, an exhibition by Belgium Customs of seizures of endangered species, a demonstration by German Customs of the use of sniffer dogs in identifying smuggling of such items.
The event highlighted the growing problem of environmental crime and illegal trade in environmentally sensitive items and recognised the important role that customs officers play in the worldwide effort to combat this issue. Mr Mikuryia outlined the measures developed by the WCO to ensure that cross-border movement of environmentally sensitive goods complies with the relevant international agreements, and facilitation of communication between customs authorities and other competent authorities to enforce trade controls. Some specific examples of cooperation were described, including a number of joint WCO- United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) activities.
UNEP DTIE OzonAction used the occasion to launch the second edition of the Training Manual for Customs Officers: Saving the Ozone Layer - Phasing out Ozone Depleting Substances in Developing Countries - which it prepared to assist customs authorities in developing countries to ensure compliance with the Montreal Protocol. Please see information note. A copy of this manual and the recently completed Green Customs Guide to Multilateral Environmental Agreements was presented to Mr Mikuryia by Rajendra Shende of UNEP DTIE.
Read more...
Opening address
by Kunio Mikuriya, WCO Secretary General
SOURCE: UNEP DTIE OzonAction, 26 January 2009, http://www.unep.fr/ozonaction/

AFRICA

4- Kenya Custom Officers Training on Use of CFC Analyzers
The Government of Kenya has put in place mechanisms to control imports and exports of ODS. In particular, stringent import control of CFC into Kenya began in the year 2008 when the country was required to import not more than 10 tons of CFC.
The Custom Service Department of the Kenya Revenue Authority (KRA) plays a crucial role in assisting the country to implement and enforce the Environmental Management and Coordination (Controlled Substances) Regulations, 2007, under the Legal Notice No. 73 dated 31st May 2007. These regulations came into force in November 2007.
The government of Kenya, with technical and financial assistance from GTZ Proklima, is continuing to emphasize the importance of building capacity amongst the customs officers in controlling imports of CFC as well as curbing CFC illegal trade in the country particularly on January 1, 2009 and thereafter when CFC consumption for Kenya will legally be at zero. To this end, 26 CFC analyzers were donated by GTZ Proklima to the Government of Kenya to be used by the custom officers at the border posts countrywide to intercept CFC illegally imported into the country. The analyzers will be used to detect CFC that may be imported under the guise of mislabeled cylinders or under false packages.
A UNEP CAP officer in Kenya, was invited by Kenya NOU to attend, as a trainer, the Kenya custom officers training course that was held at the Utalii Hotel, Nairobi, 30 -31 October 2008. Train the trainer approach, which was adopted during the above-mentioned course, enabled the CAP officer to train a custom officer to be familiar with know-how skills in using CFC analyzers. The trained custom officer has now been tasked to train other custom officers on use of CFC identifier in detecting CFC that is illegally imported into Kenya. The officer has further been assigned to distribute the 26 CFC analyzers to 25 custom border posts countrywide for use in controlling imports and export of CFC.
During the distribution of the analyzers to the border posts, the officer will further offer training courses to the custom officers on the use of the analyzers. He has already distributed the analyzers and trained the custom officers at border posts located at Mombasa, Lungalunga, Taveta, Malindi, Simon, Moi International Airport, Old Port, Kisumu, Namanga, Loitoktok, Malaba, Busia, Eldoret, and Isebania bordering with Tanzania. Plans are at advanced stages for similar training and distribution in the Northern region station (e.g. Wajir, Mandela, Moyale, Liboi, and several others)
CONTACT: Dr. David M. Okioga, Coordinator, Kenya Ozone Office, dmokioga@wananchi.com

5- Survey to Prepare for HCFC Phase-out Underway
WINDHOEK - The National Ozone Unit is conducting a survey of all sectors that use hydrochlorofluoro-carbons (HCFC).

SOURCE: NewEra.com, 19 January 2009 - by Wezi Tjaronda, http://www.newera.com.na/article.php?articleid=1825

6- Efforts to Rescue Suffocating Planet
SOURCE:
The Daily Times (Malawi), 28 January 2009, http://www.dailytimes.bppmw.com/

NORTH AMERICA
7- California Consumers Win as Air Board Votes to Keep R134a Automotive Refrigerant on Shelves
SOURCE:
Business Wire, 22 January 2009, Quoting: Automotive Refrigerant Products Institute,
http://www.hoovers.com/free/news/detail.xhtml?ArticleID=200901221515
BIZWIRE_USPR_____264d00eb9dc9633b_BW

WEST ASIA
8- New Range on Display
Bahrain Industrial Group showcased its new industrial cleaning service to be launched later this month on the regional market at the event.

SOURCE: Gulf Daily News, Vol XXXI NO. 301, 15 January 2009,
http://www.gulf-daily-news.com/Story.asp?Article=240178&Sn=BUSI&IssueID=31301

###

FEATURED

WEBSITE
>>
Trends Analysis: Consumption and Production of Ozone Depleting Substances in Developing Countries presents updated information for CFCs, Halons, and Methyl Bromide. For the first time, it also includes an analysis of the HCFC consumption and production trends in developing countries. http://www.unep.fr/ozonaction/information/trends/index.htm

>> What's New' updated on a weekly basis, will keep you informed on updates, current news releases, events and services available on the OzonAction website. http://www.unep.fr/ozonaction/events/whats _new.htm

The Montreal Protocol Who's Who >> We invite you to submit nomination to
"The Montreal Protocol Who's Who'' a new web portal intended to honor the visionaries, innovators and implementers who are making the Montreal Protocol a global environmental success story.
http://www.unep.fr/ozonaction/montrealprotocolwhoswho/index.htm


EVENTS
>>
Schedule of Events on the OzonAction website will provide you an easy access to our upcoming meetings and workshops. http://www.unep.fr/ozonaction/events/index.htm

>> Indicative list of UNEP Ozone Secretariat meetings for 2009 http://ozone.unep.org/Events/meetings2009.shtml

READING
>>
Report of the joint meeting of the Bureau of the Seventh Meeting of the Conference of the Parties to the Vienna Convention for the Protection of the Ozone Layer and Bureau of the Nineteenth Meeting of the Parties to the Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer UNEP/OzL.Conv.7/Bur.1/3 - UNEP/OzL.Pro.19/Bur.1/3 (A) ( C) ( E) (F) ( R) ( S )

>> Transition Strategy to Non-CFC Metered Dose Asthma Inhalers (MDIs) -
Submission by the United States of America


>>
Environmental Crime - A Threat to Our Future
Organised environmental crime poses a growing threat, yet remains a low priority for the enforcement community. This report shows the scale and impacts of environmental crime and calls for strong political will to tackle it as a matter of urgency. … pg. 14 - SMUGGLING OF OZONE-DEPLETING SUBSTANCES - A CRIME AGAINST NATURE … Read/Download a PDF http://www.eia-international.org/files/reports171-1.pdf


15 January 2009

In this issue:
1- Malawi Promising in ODS Phase-Out
2- Daikin Receives the 11th Grand Prize for Ozone Layer Protection and Global Warming
Prevention [Japan]
3- Customs and Border Protection Works with EPA, Seizes Monitored Refrigerant
4- Carrier Brings Sustainable Solutions to District Cooling in the Middle East
5- Retail Industry Must 'Act Now or Risk Meltdown' Over Banned Refrigerant


AFRICA
1- Malawi Promising in ODS Phase-Out
SOURCE:
allafrica.com, December 2008, http://allafrica.com/environment/


SOUTH ASIA
2- Daikin Receives the 11th Grand Prize for Ozone Layer Protection and Global Warming
Prevention (Japan)

SOURCE:
Refrige, 8 January 2009,
http://www.refrige.com/company-news/daikin-receives-11th-grand-prize-for-
protection-of-ozone-layer-and-prevention-of-global-warming/menu-id-2558.html



NORTH AMERICA
3- Customs and Border Protection Works with EPA, Seizes Monitored Refrigerant
SOURCE
: Imperial Valley News, 18 December 2008, By Green Liver, http://www.imperialvalleynews.com/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=3640&Itemid=1



WEST ASIA
4- Carrier Brings Sustainable Solutions to District Cooling in the Middle East
SOURCE:
Al Bawaba, 23 December 2008, http://www.albawaba.com/en/countries/UAE/238840


EUROPE
5- Retail Industry Must 'Act Now or Risk Meltdown' Over Banned Refrigerant
SOURCE:
The Retail Bulletin, 5 January 2009, http://www.theretailbulletin.com/news/retail_
industry_must_act_
now_or_risk_meltdown_over_banned_refrigerant_05-01-09/

###

FEATURED

Website
>>
We invite you to submit nomination to "The Montreal Protocol Who's Who'' a new web portal intended to honor the visionaries, innovators and implementers who are making the Montreal Protocol a global environmental success story. Read more >>>

The Montreal Protocol Who's Who


Watch the MP Who's Who introductory video >>>
Acess the MP Who's Who, learn more about the "ozone champions"
and nominate ozone protection champions from your country or region.>>>

Events
>>
Indicative list of UNEP Ozone Secretariat meetings for 2009
http://ozone.unep.org/Events/meetings2009.shtml


Reading
>>
Report of the Implementation Committee under the Non-compliance Procedure for the Montreal Protocol on the work of its forty-first meeting - UNEP/OzL.Pro/ImpCom/41/8 (Advance Copy) (E)
http://ozone.unep.org/Meeting_Documents/impcom/IMPCOM-41-8E.pdf


 
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