About UNEP
UNEP
UNEP DTIE OzonAction BranchOzonAction Programme
  UNEP > DTIE > OzonAction Branch Search

archive of previous issues

OzoNews

2010



15 December 2010

In this issue:

1- Antarctic Ozone Hole Smallest in Five Years
2- Building the Green Climate Fund
3- U.S., Mexico, Canada Collaborate To Reduce Greenhouse Gases
4- PG&E Purchases Carbon Offsets From ODS Destruction
5- Retailers Need to Prepare for New Refrigerant Rules
6- Customs Seize Over 108 Tonnes of Refrigerant
7- IAF Adopts Strategy to Combat Ozone Depletion
8- Dubai Municipality Seminar on Policy and Management on Use of Refrigerants

---------------------------------------------------------

Bangkok to Cancun and Beyond,  on the Road from Ozone to Climate Protection: a Virtual TourBangkok to Cancun and Beyond on the Road from Ozone to Climate Protection: a Virtual Tour All across the globe climate change is hitting people hard. Recent catastrophic floods in Pakistan and wildfires in Russia provided stunning example of the disruptions that will become more frequent as the planet heats up globally, and the catastrophic economic and human costs this will bring. Everyone knows that climate change is real and happening now. What many people do not know is that we have solutions in our hands. Protecting the Ozone is one of them. Be part of the movement to build a better future for our planet. Join the virtual tour @ www.unep.org/ozonaction/virtualtour

GLOBAL

1- Antarctic Ozone Hole Smallest in Five Years
SOURCE: nzherald.co.nz , 3 December 2010, http://bit.ly/giv3Vr

2- Building the Green Climate Fund
SOURCE: Climate Progress, 13 December 2010, http://bit.ly/i1OhXl

3- U.S. Center at COP-16: U.S., Mexico, Canada Collaborate To Reduce Greenhouse Gases
SOURCE: DipNote, US Department of State Official Blog, Posted by Sarah Goldfarb / December 09, 2010
http://bit.ly/gqJr3L

North America

4- PG&E Purchases Carbon Offsets From ODS Destruction
SOURCE: Environmental Leader, 2 December 2010, http://bit.ly/eHMrEH

5- Retailers Need to Prepare for New Refrigerant Rules
SOURCE: Supermarket News, By Michael Garry, Technology Editor, 6 December 2010, http://bit.ly/h5ZLXC


South East Asia and Pacific

6- Customs Seize Over 108 Tonnes of Refrigerant
SOURCE: ACR News, 2 December 2010, http://bit.ly/efEPOP


SOUTH ASIA

7- IAF Adopts Strategy to Combat Ozone Depletion
SOURCE: India Blooms News, 25 November 2010, http://bit.ly/etg2hR


WEST ASIIA

8- Dubai Municipality Seminar on Policy and Management on Use of Refrigerants
SOURCE: AME info, 12 December 2010, http://www.ameinfo.com/251298.html


PACIFIC ISLAND COUNTRIES

9- Building Owners Warned Ozone Laws are Coming
SOURCE: Blacktownsun, 7 December 2010, BY Nick Soon, http://bit.ly/fxuZ07

___________
FEATURED

Latest from OzonAction
- Ask the HCFC Expert -
Sabine Saba
Ms. Sabine Saba is a project leader at the Center for Energy and Processes (CEP) of MINES ParisTech since 2005. The CEP is in charge of establishing refrigerant inventories used by the CITEPA (Centre Interprofessionnel Technique d’Études de la Pol... More about Sabine Saba
Topic: Mobile Air Conditioning: European Experience in Iimproving Servicing Practices
Current Session: 12/08/2010 00:00 (GMT) - 12/15/2010 23:59 (GMT), in English, French and Arabic.

Click here to post your question

Next Session Expert: Mikheil Tushishvili
12/16/2010 00:00 (GMT) - 12/23/2010 23:59 (GMT), in English, and Russian
Topic: From Bangkok to Cancun: what are the impacts on the HCFC phase-out
in developing countries?


Discover the Newly Launched OzonAction Website, Go to >>> http://www.unep.org/ozonaction/

Ozone Secretariat - Highlights
- Report of the Twenty-Second Meeting of the Parties to the Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer - UNEP/OzL.Pro.22/9 (E) - Advance Copy
-
Decisions of the 22nd Meeting of the Parties to Montreal Protocol - Advance Copy
- Report of the Implementation Committee under the Non Compliance Procedure for the Montreal Protocol on the work of its forty fifth meeting - UNEP/OzL.Pro/ImpCom/45/4 (E) Advance Copy
- Environmental Effects of Ozone Depletion: 2010 Assessment - Interactions of Ozone Depletion and Climate Change - Executive Summary
SOURCE: UNEP Ozone Secretariat, http://ozone.unep.org/highlights.shtml

EVENTs
- The Latest Technologies in Renewable Energy, Applications in Heating and Cooling and Funding Opportunities to Lower CO2 Emissions, on 21st January 2011, Venue: Heriot-Watt University- Edinburgh, UNITED KINGDOM. Learn More >> http://bit.ly/gkR0C3

- International Conference - IIR Commission B2 with B1 and D1 - Ammonia Refrigeration Technology, April 14-16, 2011, Ohrid, Republic of Macedonia. Organized by: Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Skopje, and University "Ss. Cyril & Methodius". Learn more @ www.mf.edu.mk

PUBLICATIONs - READING
- Is the Clean Development Mechanism Adding to the Production of Pollutants?
Read/Download @ http://bit.ly/gNzxle

- La Revue Pratique du Froid, "La Newsletter", 9 Decembre 2010,Read/Download @ http://bit.ly/fsVZQ1

- Out of the Maze Montreal Protocol, Climate Benefits and the Green Economy - OzonAction Special Issue, 2010- available in Arabic, Chinese, English, French, Russian and Spanish, from UNEP DTIE - OzonAction @ http://www.unep.fr/ozonaction/information/mmc/lib_detail.asp?r=5376

- "Vital Ozone Graphics 2.0 - Climate Link a Resource Kit for Journalists"
Click here to read/download (E-Book and PDF) in: Arabic, Chinese, Croatian, English, French, Portuguese, Russian and Spanish http://bit.ly/fUQtTX
Feel free to feature "Vital Ozone Graphics 2.0 - Climate Link" on your website and distribute widely through your networks. For further information, Please contact Samira de Gobert (samira.degobert@unep.org)

BLOGs
- Hoping for Evolution in the Global Approach to Warming at Cancun- 7 December 2010, By Bryan Walsh, http://bit.ly/eIwHQQ

- While Cancun Intended, Montreal Acted- 14 December 2010, By Rajendra Shende, Head OzonAction Branch, UNEP DTIE, http://bit.ly/h0Bhqt

Video
- "La Capa de Ozono", produced by the National Ozone Unit, Mexico, December 2010, http://bit.ly/e0DVRy


30 November 2010

In this issue:

1- To Fight Climate Change, Clear the Air
2- Protecting the Ozone Layer: Lessons for Climate Change
3- Low-lying and other Vulnerable Countries Calling for Fast Action on Non-CO2 Global Warming Pollutants
4- Environment Ministry Freezes HCFC Imports to the Maldives
5- Ozone-Friendly Tea in Market Soon
6- Teachers' Cool Lessons from Antarctica

--------------------

Bangkok to Cancun and Beyond
A Virtual Tour on the Road from Ozone to Climate Protection

Bangkok to Cancun and Beyond,  on the Road from Ozone to Climate Protection: a Virtual TourAll across the globe climate change is hitting people hard. Recent catastrophic floods in Pakistan and wildfires in Russia provided stunning example of the disruptions that will become more frequent as the planet heats up globally, and the catastrophic economic and human costs this will bring.

Everyone knows that climate change is real and happening now. What many people do not know is that we have solutions in our hands. Protecting the Ozone is one of them.

The Montreal Protocol has set the ozone layer on the road to recovery. It has also delayed global warming
by over a decade, reducing greenhouse gas emissions by about 11 billion tonnes CO2-equivalent per year!

Bangkok to Cancun and Beyond: ozone protection is a potent solution to address our climate challenge. This Virtual Tour is an international campaign launched to unite people and trigger action. It will take you from Bangkok where the MOP took place all the way to Cancun where our leaders will meet at the next International Conference on Climate, making stops in Yerevan, Beirut and Kinshasa where specific events will take place.

As you will " tour " with us through the pages of the blog you will become part of the movement, pick up background information on ozone and climate change and inspiring actions all over the world that help protect the ozone layer while reducing climate change. When your 'virtual tour' is completed you will have a better understanding of how the ozone protection is making a difference.

Be part of the movement to build a better future for our planet
Join the virtual tour @
www.unep.org/ozonaction/virtualtour

GLOBAL

1- To Fight Climate Change, Clear the Air
SOURCE:
NY TIMES, 27 November 2010, By Veerahadran Ramanathan and David G. Victor http://www.nytimes.com/2010/11/28/opinion/28victor.html?src=twrhp

2- Protecting the Ozone Layer: Lessons for Climate Change
SOURCE:
CSR-Asia, Vol.6 Week 47, 24 November 2010, by Leena Wokeck, http://csr-asia.com/weekly_detail.php?id=12204

3- Low-lying and other Vulnerable Countries Calling for Fast Action on Non-CO2 Global Warming Pollutants
SOURCE:
Green Car Congress, 29 November 2010, http://bit.ly/fYcnTX

SOUTH ASIA

4- Environment Ministry Freezes HCFC Imports to the Maldives
The Ministry of Housing and Environment has set the maximum import quota limit of 67 Metric tons for HCFCs for the year 2011. The decision was revealed in a public announcement made by the Ministry on the new control measures for the import of HCFCs to the Maldives. Under the new arrangements the import of HCFCs will be allowed to only those Parties who get selected through a competitive bidding process. A special permit on the import of HCFCs will be issued to selected Parties by the Ministry of Economic Development.
The decision by the Government to freeze and control the importation of HCFCs to the Maldives is in accordance with the decisions of the Parties to the Montreal Protocol (in particular Decision XIX/6), and the declaration by the Government to phase-out HCFC by 2020.
A complete set of Bidding Documents may be obtained by interested bidders through a written application to the Ministry of Housing and Environment. Interested Parties shall submit their Bids before 23 December 2011.
SOURCE: Ministry of Housing and Environment. 25 November 2010, http://bit.ly/hF6EXB


5- Ozone-Friendly Tea in Market Soon
SOURCE:
The Sunday Observer, 28 November 2010, by Dhaneshi YATAWARA, http://www.sundayobserver.lk/2010/11/28/new42.asp


EUROPE

6- Teachers' Cool Lessons from Antarctica
The teachers' blogs can be followed on www.fuchsfoundation.org
SOURCE: Haverhill Weekly News, 9 November 2010, http://bit.ly/fqDayf

___________
FEATURED

Latest from OzonAction


-Ask the HCFC Expert -

Current Session 11/29/2010 00:00 (GMT) - 12/07/2010 23:59 (GMT) (Session in English)

Expert:
Shaofeng Hu
Topic:
Policies for HCFC phase out: challenges in large and low volume consuming countries

Click here to post your question

- Discover the Newly Launched OzonAction Website, Go to > http://www.unep.org/ozonaction/

Ozone Secretariat - Highlights - November 2010

- Decisions of the 22nd Meeting of the Parties to Montreal Protocol - Advance Copy, UNEP Ozone Secretariat, http://ozone.unep.org/highlights.shtml

EVENTs

The 62nd Meeting of the Executive Committee, 29 November to 3 December 2010 in Montreal, Canada. Read/download the meeting documents @ http://www.multilateralfund.org/62nd_meeting_of_the_excutive_c.htm

During the Climate COP, Cancun, a Side Event on Climate-friendly alternative technologies to HFCs - will be hosted by "Refrigerants, Naturally!" on Wednesday, December 1, 2010, 20:15-21:45, in Room: Cacao.
HFCs are a growing threat to our climate: If nothing is done in order to replace HFCs by climate-friendly substances, their consumption will rise drastically and they will be responsible for a large part of greenhouse gas emissions in 2050. The side event will address issues such as how to avoid HFC emission increase and will highlight successful best practice models of alternative, climate-friendly technologies. Speakers include Greenpeace International and GTZ Proklima.
Contact: Rebecca Kirch - Refrigerants, Naturally! rebecca.kirch@refrigerantsnaturally.org

International Conference - IIR Commission B2 with B1 and D1 - Ammonia Refrigeration Technology, April 14-16, 2011, Ohrid, Republic of Macedonia. Organized by: Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Skopje, and University "Ss. Cyril & Methodius". Learn more @ www.mf.edu.mk

PUBLICATIONs - READING

-
Out of the Maze Montreal Protocol, Climate Benefits and the Green Economy - OzonAction Special Issue, 2010- available in Arabic, Chinese, English, French, Russian and Spanish, from UNEP DTIE - OzonAction @ http://www.unep.fr/ozonaction/information/mmc/lib_detail.asp?r=5376

"Vital Ozone Graphics 2.0 - Climate Link a Resource Kit for Journalists" provides the essential visuals, facts, links and contacts to develop ozone story ideas. Graphics and figures can be downloaded and included in articles. This electronic publication is intended not only to inform and inspire journalists but also to serve as an interesting reference for those who wish to learn more about the Montreal Protocol and ozone layer depletion and interlinkages with climate change.
This second edition of "Vital Ozone Graphics" includes details on the latest decisions taken by the Parties to the Montreal Protocol to accelerate the phase out of HCFCs and outlines the implications this has on the use of replacement chemicals. The Resource Kit also focuses on the linkages and interconnections between ozone depletion and climate change - and the remaining challenges posed by the considerable amounts of ozone depleting substances remaining in equipment around the world.
Vital Ozone Graphics 2.0 - Climate Link is produced jointly by the UNEP DTIE OzonAction Branch, UNEP/GRID-Arendal and Zoï Environment Network, with support provided by the Multilateral Fund for the Implementation of the Montreal Protocol.
Click here to read/download (E-Book and PDF) in:
Arabic, Chinese, Croatian, English, French, Portuguese, Russian and Spanish http://www.grida.no/publications/vg/ozone2/default.aspx?id=3919
Feel free to feature "Vital Ozone Graphics 2.0 - Climate Link" on your website and distribute widely through your networks. For further information, Please contact Samira de Gobert
(samira.degobert@unep.org)

Stakes High, Expectations Low as Climate Talks Open in Cancun - The annual United Nations climate change conference begins today in Cancun with delegates from 191 governments negotiating long-term climate change cooperation. The stakes are high and time is short, according to the UN body tasked with managing the world's response to global warming - a treaty known as the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change, UNFCCC. Read the full article http://www.ens-newswire.com/ens/nov2010/2010-11-29-01.html

Cancun Needs Realism, Not Blind Hope - Progress towards an agreement to limit climate change is possible at talks in Mexico this week. But it will be slow…
Article by Chris Huhne MP Secretary of State for Energy and Climate Change. Read the full article from "The Independent", 28 November 2010, http://ind.pn/evEj6I

Retailers and manufacturers to halt deforestation practices and phase out climate damaging refrigerants
PARIS, November 29, 2010 - On the first day of the Cancun Climate Summit, the Consumer Goods Forum announced two major initiatives on climate change: to work toward ending deforestation, and to phase out the use of refrigerant gases with high global warming potential. Read/Download the full release: http://bit.ly/dFQ5V2
For a full text of The Consumer Goods Forum statement and initiatives, visit http://bit.ly/fYcnTX

Methyl Bromide in the Forest Industry - Use and alternatives, by Marta Pizano and Jonathan Banks, QPS Taskforce, Technology and Economic Assessment Panel, 2009. Read/Download PDF http://www.unep.fr/ozonaction/information/mmcfiles/7464-e-Mbr_Pizano.pdf

Listening & Viewing
SCIENCE FRIDAY, Ira Flatow interview S. Rowland. http://www.npr.org/2010/11/26/131608861/a-trip-back-to-the-future-of-the-internet

EcoLogic Spray Foam a polyurethane foam insulation system made out of recycled plastic bottles and soy bean oil and does not negatively affect the ozone layer… View related video @ http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=B-9FEuCbMC0


15 November 2010

In this issue:

1- Summary for the Twenty-Second Meeting of the Parties to the Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer - 8-12 November 2010
2- US EPA Finalizes Significant New Use Rule for Motor Vehicle Refrigerant
3- Angkor Wat Provides Historic Backdrop for Launch of Cambodia’s HPMP
4- More than 1100 Cylinders of Ozone Depleting Gas Seized

---------------------------------------------------------

GLOBAL

1- Summary for the Twenty-Second Meeting of the Parties to the Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer - 8-12 November 2010

The twenty-second Meeting of the Parties (MOP-22) to the Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer took place in Bangkok, Thailand, from 8-12 November 2010. The meeting was attended by over 400 participants representing governments, UN agencies, intergovernmental and non-governmental organizations, academia, industry and the agricultural sector.

MOP-22 opened with a preparatory segment from Monday to Wednesday, 8-10 November, which addressed the MOP’s substantive agenda items and related draft decisions. This was followed by a high-level segment on Thursday and Friday, 11-12 November, which adopted the decisions forwarded to it by the preparatory segment. As the preparatory segment did not conclude its work on a number of contentious issues by Wednesday, it reconvened several times during the high-level segment to address outstanding issues.

MOP-22 adopted 16 substantive and several procedural decisions, including on: the terms of reference (ToR) for the Technical and Economic Assessment Panel study on the replenishment of the Multilateral Fund; the ToR for the evaluation of the financial mechanism; assessment of technologies for ozone-depleting substances (ODS) destruction; budget; and data and compliance issues. MOP-22 was not able to make progress on low-global warming potential alternatives, or ODS destruction, which many delegates said were issues key to the long-term future of the Protocol. Although the draft decisions to amend the Montreal Protocol to include hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs) were not successful, their proponents remained committed to addressing HFCs through the Montreal Protocol in the future.

Read/Download the Full Report from IISD > http://www.iisd.ca/vol19/enb1979e.html
Read/Download the Report Compilation > http://www.iisd.ca/ozone/mop22/compilatione.pdf

See Also:
- Highlights from UNEP Ozone Secretariat
@ http://www.unep.ch/ozone/highlights.shtml

- UNEP DTIE OzonAction Highlights from MOP 22 @ http://www.unep.org/ozonaction/

> African Countries Unite to Recognise Rajendra Shende, Head of UNEP DTIE OzonAction Branch, for Ozone Protection Leadership
Bangkok, 11 November 2010: Mr. Rajendra Shende, Head of the OzonAction Branch in the United Nations Environment Programme Division of Technology, Industry and Economics (UNEP DTIE), was awarded with a certificate of appreciation today during the opening ceremony of 22nd Meeting of the Parties to the Montreal Protocol on the Protection of the Ozone Layer in Bangkok...Read more

> Inauguration of Exchange of letters between Government of Maldives, GTZ and UNEP on providing non-ODS, low-GWP air-conditioning systems to the Maldives.
Bangkok 12 November 2010, The Government of Maldives, GTZ and UNEP signed an Exchange of Letters to support the pledge of the Government of Maldives to become carbon neutral by 2020. The assistance will be provided via implementation of a pilot Air Conditioning programme in Maldives... Read more

> UNEP DTIE OzonAction launched latest publications and campaign at the opening session of the high-level segment of the 22nd Meeting of the Parties to the Montreal Protocol.... Read more

> What is the Status of the Antarctic Ozone Hole?...Read more

> Joint WCO/UNEP operation nets large haul of ozone depleting substances ...Read more

> Holing Out the Climate Enemies Action under the Montreal Protocol...Read more

> Smugglers Watch Out: Illegal Trade in ODS...Read more

> Taking the Montreal Protocol to the next level Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) and the Montreal Protocol 2.0...Read more

> The informal Prior Informed Consent on Trade of Ozone Depleting Substances (iPIC)...Read more

 

NORTH AMERICA

2- US EPA Finalizes Significant New Use Rule for Motor Vehicle Refrigerant
To view the full text of the final rule, visit ASA's legislative website at www.TakingTheHill.com
SOURCE: Motor Age- Nov 15, 2010? http://bit.ly/c8Dbtt

SOUTH ASIA

3- Angkor Wat Provides Historic Backdrop for Launch of Cambodia’s HPMP

Siam Reap, 14th November 2010 - The imposing structure of world’s single largest religious monument and UNESCO World heritage site –Angkor Wat -- provided an inspiring backdrop for the signing ceremony between the Kingdom of Cambodia and United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) for financial and technical assistance to eliminate the last major category of Ozone Depleting Substances under the Montreal Protocol.
This unique and ancient man-made marvel was the fitting site for the national launch of the last phase of the uniquely successful Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer, another manmade solution to prevent the natural disaster of ozone layer depletion.
“The tourism sector has shown the growth of triple digits in recent years. The use of air conditioning in the hotels and resorts has therefore shown a steep rise. The use of air conditioning in urban areas has also been rising. Hence, eliminating HCFCs and using substitutes poses a challenge. But Cambodia is known to face challenges and we would meet the targets’ stated HE Dr.Mok Mareth, Senior Minister of Environment of Cambodia during the signing ceremony.
The agreement that was signed provides initial funding to the Kingdom of Cambodia to start the activities to phase out hydrochlroflurocarbons (HCFCs), which are mainly used in Cambodia in air conditioning equipment. US$ 1.6 million has been approved under the Multilateral Fund of the Montreal Protocol to eliminate use of HCFCs in Cambodia. This signing ceremony represented the launch of the activities to first meet the target of the freeze in the consumption of HCFCs, which is due by 1 January 2013.
“Angkor City, once the world’s largest city in the pre-industrial era, might have lost the battle against invaders, but let us not lose the lesson”, said Rajendra Shende , Head of the UNEP’s Paris-based OzonAction Programme. “Angkor Wat exemplifies ‘living with the nature’ and not ‘living on nature’. The use of natural and local materials, the deployment of the elephants and people’s power to raise the structure and draw on the force of the currents in the river to transport the material, are the core lowcarbon practices used centuries back. Today we need the similar practices.” stated Mr. Shende.
UNEP’s OzonAction Compliance Assistance Programme, in cooperation with the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), will provide the technology and policy support needed to strengthen the capacity of the government and the industry in Cambodia to enhance the energy efficiency of the air conditioners during the HCFC elimination process. Cambodia intends to deploy a dual strategy to deriving maximum benefits, i.e. protecting the ozone layer and strengthening energy security. Today, electricity demand in Cambodia outstrips the national supply and to meet the demand, Cambodia has to import electricity from neighboring countries. Considering that planned hydroelectric power plants will take time to come on-line, the use of energy efficient room air conditioners using HCFC-alternatives provides a unique mid-term opportunity for Cambodia.
Reviewing last 10 years of progress, Mr. Marco Gonzales, Executive Secretary of the Ozone Secretariat of the Montreal Protocol, congratulated the Government of Cambodia: “Though Cambodia’s ratification came only 9 years back, it has made rapid progress and complied with all the control measures of the Montreal Protocol” said Mr. Gonzales during the function.
All the participants, which also included the HE Dr. Sou Phirin Governor of Governing Board of Siam Reap province; Dr. Jonathan Banks of the UNEP Technology and Economic Assessment Panel; Annie Gabriel , Member of the Executive Committee of the Multilateral Fund and representative of Australia; HE Khieu Muth, Secretary of State, Dr. Lon Heal, Director General , and Mr. Pak Sokharavuth, Senior officer of National Ozone Unit, both from the Ministry of Environment of Cambodia; Atul Bagai, Megumi Seki and Thanavat Junchaya of UNEP; Balaji Natarajan of UNDP; along with number of the tourists visiting Angkor Wat later walked hand-in-hand in procession through the temple, with a banner in their hands as a symbol of their determination to restore the ozone layer, alongside the restoration of the
temple.
On the next day of the workshop, about 70 participants detailed the schedule of the activities for immediate implementation, for example inclusion of the HCFC phase out activities in the tourism and hotel management schools, incentives for energy efficient replacement of HCFCs and setting up the policies to monitor and control imports of HCFCs and HCFC-based equipment.
For more information, please contact:
Mr. Thanavat Junchaya, thanavat.junchaya@unep.org
Regional Network Coordinator (South East Asia and the Pacific),
United Nations Environment Programme Regional Office for Asia and the Pacific (UNEP-ROAP)
Click here to view related photos gallery >>>

4- More than 1100 Cylinders of Ozone Depleting Gas Seized
SOURCE: Deccan Herald, 10 November 2010, http://www.deccanherald.com/content/111646/more-1100-cylinders-ozone-depleting.html

___________
FEATURED

Latest from OzonAction

-
To Discover the Newly Launched OzonAction Website, Go to >>>
http://www.unep.org/ozonaction/

- Belize implements second scholarship programme to study Refrigeration and Air Conditioning at local institutions... Read more

EVENTs

-
INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE - IIR Commission B2 with B1 and D1
Ammonia Refrigeration Technology
, April 14-16, 2011, Ohrid, Republic of Macedonia. Organized by:
Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Skopje, and University "Ss. Cyril & Methodius".
Learn more @ www.mf.edu.mk

PUBLICATIONs - READING

-
Out of the Maze Montreal Protocol, Climate Benefits and the Green Economy - OzonAction Special Issue, 2010- available in Arabic, Chinese, English, French, Russian and Spanish, from UNEP DTIE - OzonAction @ http://www.unep.fr/ozonaction/information/mmc/lib_detail.asp?r=5376

- Call for Climate Protection Under Ozone Treaty - At the conclusion of the Montreal Protocol meeting in Bangkok on Friday, 91 countries had signed onto a declaration expressing support for taking action on HFCs under the Montreal Protocol - more than twice the number of Parties showing support last year (41), with additional countries expected to sign on in the coming days. Click here to read/download related IGSD press release

- Other articles from the New York Times and Nature:
"
Support Grows for Expansion of Ozone Treaty": http://green.blogs.nytimes.com/2010/11/12/support-grows-for-expansion-of-ozone-treaty/
"
Ozone talks delay action on climate": http://blogs.nature.com/news/thegreatbeyond/2010/11/ozone_talks_delay_action_on_cl_1.html

WEBSITE - BLOG - AUDIO

- The Curious Case of HFC-23, David Doniger's Blog, Posted November 10, 2010
http://switchboard.nrdc.org/blogs/ddoniger/the_curious_case_of_hfc-23.html

- Reworking the Ozone Treaty to Work for Climate Change
Air Date: Week of November 12, 2010
Delegates from 196 nations met in Bangkok to discuss further advancement of the Montreal Protocol. In 1987 the international community came together in Montreal to agree on limits to ozone-depleting chemicals. More than two decades later, organizers like Durwood Zaelke, president of the Institute for Governance and Sustainable Development, are looking to see how lessons learned from that success might be applied to climate change. He talked with host Bruce Gellerman. Click here to listen to the interview

 


30 October 2010

In this issue:

1- Ozone Agreement Shows that Progress is Possible
2- Goodbye, CFCs. Hello, HCFCs
3- Refrigerant Choice: New Report Reveals Eco Efficiency of Supermarket Refrigeration Systems
4- A Roadmap to Bring Natural Refrigerants Faster to Market
5- A New Option for More Environmentally Sustainable Commercial Refrigeration
6- Methyl Bromide Decision Equals Toxic Business as Usual

---------------------------------------------------------

Special Announcement /
Change of Meeting Venue: Twenty-Second Meeting of the Parties to the Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer and its Associated Meetings - Bangkok, Thailand, 4-12 November 2010 - (E F S)

---------------------------------------------------------

GLOBAL

1- Ozone Agreement Shows that Progress is Possible
SOURCE: Tillsonburg news, Columnists, Science Matters, 1 November 2010, By David Suzuki with Faisal Moola, http://www.tillsonburgnews.com/ArticleDisplay.aspx?e=2825921

2- Goodbye, CFCs. Hello, HCFCs
SOURCE: The Telegraph, 15 October 2010, By Geoffrey Lean, http://bit.ly/a6W2Fy


EUROPE

3- Refrigerant Choice: New Report Reveals Eco Efficiency of Supermarket Refrigeration Systems
Read/download the full report: http://bit.ly/c0ANab
SOURCE: The European Partnership for Energy and the Environment (EPEE), www.epeeglobal.org

4- A Roadmap to Bring Natural Refrigerants Faster to Market
Read/Download the ATMOsphere Report 2010 http://www.atmosphere2010.com/media.center.php
CONTACT: Marc Chasserot Chairman ATMOsphere 2010 - Managing Director, shecco
marc.chasserot@shecco.com, www.shecco.com

5- A New Option for More Environmentally Sustainable Commercial Refrigeration
CONTACT: Horst Ulrich Reimer, Horst-Ulrich.Reimer@dupont.com
SOURCE: DuPont Chemicals & Fluoroproducts, October 2010, http://www2.dupont.com/Refrigerants/en_US/assets/downloads/article20101014.pdf


PACIFIC ISLAND COUNTRIES

6- Methyl Bromide Decision Equals Toxic Business as Usual
SOURCE: Press Release: SOIL and HEALTH Assn of NZ, 2 November 2010. http://www.scoop.co.nz/stories/PO1011/S00025/methyl-bromide-decision-toxic-business-as-usual.htm

___________
FEATURED


Latest from OzonAction

Ask the HCFC Expert - Session - From 01/11/2010 00:00 (GMT)to 0611/2010 (GMT) - Session in English

This Week's Expert: Evelyn Swain
Evelyn Swain has a Master's degree in Environmental Policy from Johns Hopkins University. She has worked at the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) since 2005 where she first developed and now manages the Responsible Appliance Disposal.
Topic: Foam and HCFCs: example of recuperation schemes in the USA
Click here to post your question

Gold and Silver for Customs Saving the Planet
Ashgabat, Turkmenistan, 15 October 2010 - as part of UNEP's Enforcement Network for Europe and Central Asia (ECA), gold and silver medals were awarded to participants from Armenia, China, Croatia, European Union, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Russian Federation and Serbia for their efforts to prevent illegal trade in ozone-depleting substances (ODS) and second hand refrigeration equipment. In addition, representatives of Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan received certificates of appreciation for their enforcement efforts and capacity building initiatives... Read more ...

Discover the New OzonAction website on UNEP.org Launched on 16 September 2010,
Go to OzonAction website
: http://www.unep.org/ozonaction/

Latest from the UNEP Ozone Secretariat

Draft report of the seminar on the environmentally sound management of banks of ozone-depleting substances (decision XXI/2) - UNEP/OzL.Pro/Seminar.1/1/2 (A C E F R S)
22MOP/45IMPCOM: Status of ratification, accession, acceptance or approval of the agreements on the protection of the stratospheric ozone layer - UNEP/OzL.Pro.22/INF/1- UNEP/OzL.Pro/ImpCom/45/INF/1 (E)
22MOP: Resolution A37/9, on halon replacement, of the Assembly of the International Civil Aviation Organization at its thirty-seventh session - UNEP/OzL.Pro.22/INF/6 (E)
22MOP: Information on ozone-depleting substances provided by the Marine Environment Protection Committee following discussions at its sixty-first session - UNEP/OzL.Pro.22/INF/5 (E)
22MOP/45IMPCOM: Status of licensing systems and focal points - UNEP/OzL.Pro.22/INF/2- UNEP/OzL.Pro/ImpCom/45/4 (A E F R S)
22MOP: Information provided by parties in accordance with Article 7 of the Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer - UNEP/OzL.Pro.22/7/Add.1- UNEP/OzL.Pro/ImpCom/45/2/Add.1 (A C E F R S)
22MOP: Issues for discussion by and information for the attention of the Twenty Second Meeting of the Parties - Addendum - UNEP/OzL.Pro.22/2/Add.1 (E) - Advance Copy
Addendum to the TEAP Progress Report: Review of Revised Essential Use Nomination from Bangladesh
22MOP: Information provided by parties in accordance with Article 7 of the Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer - UNEP/OzL.Pro.22/7- UNEP/OzL.Pro/ImpCom/45/2 (A C E F R S)
22MOP: Annotations to the provisional agenda of the Twenty-Second Meeting of the Parties to the Montreal Protocol - UNEP/OzL.Pro.22/1/Add.1 (A C E F R S)
22MOP: Communication submitted by the Government of the Philippines with regard to a proposed amendment to the Montreal Protocol - UNEP/OzL.Pro.22/INF/3 (E)
Addendum to the TEAP 2010 Progress Report: Responses to Questions from Australia on QPS Uses of Methyl Bromide
TEAP Final Report: Evaluation of 2010 Critical Use Nominations for Methyl Bromide and Related Matters - October 2010
22MOP: Information Note for the Participants - re-issued for technical reasons on 8 October 2010
22MOP: Information on illegal trade in ozone-depleting substances reported by Uzbekistan pursuant to paragraph 7 of decision XIV/7 - UNEP/OzL.Pro.22/INF/4 (E)

SOURCE: UNEP Ozone Secretariat, http://ozone.unep.org/highlights.shtml

EVENTs

INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE - IIR Commission B2 with B1 and D1
Ammonia Refrigeration Technology
, April 14-16, 2011, Ohrid, Republic of Macedonia. Organized by:
Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Skopje, and University "Ss. Cyril & Methodius".
Learn more @ www.mf.edu.mk

PUBLICATIONs

Out of the Maze Montreal Protocol, Climate Benefits and the Green Economy - OzonAction Special Issue, 2010- Click here to read as E-book

"Vital Ozone Graphics 2.0 - Climate Link a Resource Kit for journalists" is now available as Electronic Book in 7 languages: Arabic, Chinese, English, French, Portuguese, Russian and Spanish.
Vital Ozone Graphics 2.0 provides the essential visuals, facts, links and contacts to develop ozone story ideas. Graphics and figures can be downloaded and included in articles. This electronic publication is intended not only to inform and inspire journalists but also to serve as an interesting reference for those who wish to learn more about the Montreal Protocol and ozone layer depletion and interlinkages with climate change.
This second edition of "Vital Ozone Graphics" includes details on the latest decisions taken by the Parties to the Montreal Protocol to accelerate the phase out of HCFCs and outlines the implications this has on the use of replacement chemicals. The Resource Kit also focuses on the linkages and interconnections between ozone depletion and climate change - and the remaining challenges posed by the considerable amounts of ozone depleting substances remaining in equipment around the world.
Vital Ozone Graphics 2.0 - Climate Link is produced jointly by the UNEP DTIE OzonAction Branch, UNEP/GRID-Arendal and Zoï Environment Network, with support provided by the Multilateral Fund for the Implementation of the Montreal Protocol.
To read/download (E-Book and PDF) http://www.grida.no/publications/vg/ozone2/default.aspx?id=3919
Feel free to feature on your website and distribute widely through your networks.
For further information, Please contact Samira de Gobert (samira.degobert@unep.org)

Manual for Refrigeration Servicing Technicians http://www.unep.fr/ozonaction/ebooks/refrigeration-manual/

OzonAction Communication Strategy for Global Compliance with the Montreal Protocol presents a path by which the Clearinghouse will evolve according to the ongoing political, environmental and communications trends, and develop and deploy new and efficient strategic approaches for Information, Communication and Education (ICE) delivery to Article 5countries. http://www.unep.fr/ozonaction/information/mmcfiles/7440-e-Communication_Strategy.pdf

Implementation Manual for the Ozzy Ozone Campaign
http://www.unep.fr/ozonaction/information/mmc/lib_detail.asp?r=5362

The RACA (Refrigeration and Air conditioning Africa) Journal, November 2010, http://bit.ly/bt5PTG

WEBSITE

The Ozone Hole Inc. a nonprofit organization dedicated to protecting the ozone layer, the climate and Earth's environment by educating and motivating the public… learn more at: http://www.theozonehole.com and http://www.solcomhouse.com


15 October 2010

In this issue:

1- Antarctic Sea Ice Increase Not Linked to Ozone Hole, New Research Shows
2- Green Concrete Sealers Protect without Ozone-Depleting Additives
3- ASHRAE Publishes 2010 Editions of Refrigerant Safety Standards
4- Bill on ozone protection filed (Philippines)
5- Vietnam needs $20 mln to eliminate ozone-depleting substances
6- EU Says It Won't Apply `Retroactivity' When Restricting Carbon Offsets

---------------------------------------------------------

Special Announcement /
Change of Meeting Venue: Twenty-Second Meeting of the Parties to the Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer and its Associated Meetings - Bangkok, Thailand, 4-12 November 2010 - (E F S)

---------------------------------------------------------

A Tribute to
K. Madhava Sarma former Executive Secretary, UNEP Ozone Secretariat
> Read more...
> Click here ... for live tribute by R.Shende,
Head OzonAction Branch

> Click here... to visit UNEP Ozone Secretariat Tribute


 

---------------------------------------------------------

GLOBAL

1- Antarctic Sea Ice Increase Not Linked to Ozone Hole, New Research Shows
SOURCE: Science Daily, 6 October 2010, http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2010/10/101005141516.htm


NORTH AMERICA

2- Green Concrete Sealers Protect without Ozone-Depleting Additives
SOURCE: Daimer, 11 October 2010, http://bit.ly/cvlXB7

3- ASHRAE Publishes 2010 Editions of Refrigerant Safety Standards
SOURCE: ASHRAE www.ashrae.org/bookstore


SOUTH ASIA

4- Bill on ozone protection filed (Philippines)
SOURCE: Business World, Philippines, 15 October 2010, http://www.bworldonline.com/main/content.php?id=17946


SOUTH EAST ASIA AND PACIFIC

5- Vietnam needs $20 mln to eliminate ozone-depleting substances
SOURCE: Thanh Nien, 17 September 2010, http://www.thanhniennews.com/2010/Pages/20100917114924.aspx


EUROPE

6- EU Says It Won't Apply `Retroactivity' When Restricting Carbon Offsets
SOURCE: BLOOMBERG. 13 October 2010, By Ewa Krukowska - http://bit.ly/9WiTw4

___________
FEATURED


Latest from OzonAction

Ask the HCFC Expert - Session From 10/18/2010 00:00 (GMT) to 10/23/2010 23:59 (GMT)

R.S. Agarwal This Week's Expert: R.S. Agarwal
Dr. Radhey S. Agarwal is a Professor, Mechanical Engineering Department at Indian Institute of Technology Delhi (IIT Delhi) and Senior Advisor and Coordinator of Sector Phase-out Plan Unit (SPPU), Ozone Cell, India. He has held several academic an...
Topic: Mobile Air Conditioning in Developing Countries: Experience from India.
Click here to post your question

“Road to Climate Friendly Chillers: Moving Beyond CFCs and HCFCs” Proceedings are now available. ASHRAE & UNEP jointly organized this international conference with special emphasis on identifying means to encourage and assist chiller owners, building managers and other end-users in developing countries to undertake activities in the chiller sub-sector (including alternative refrigerants management and chiller replacement strategies) that result in environmental and economic benefits. The conference co-organized by ASHRAE Cairo Chapter took place 30th September – 1st October 2010, Cairo, Egypt. Click Here to Read/Download the Proceedings >>

Latest from the UNEP Ozone Secretariat

Addendum to the TEAP 2010 Progress Report: Responses to Questions from Australia on QPS Uses of Methyl Bromide
TEAP Final Report: Evaluation of 2010 Critical Use Nominations for Methyl Bromide and Related Matters - October 2010
22MOP/45IMPCOM: Status of licensing systems and focal points UNEP/OzL.Pro.22/INF/2UNEP/ OzL. Pro/ ImpCom/45/4 (E) - Advance copy
22MOP: Information Note for the Participants - re-issued for technical reasons on 8 October 2010
22MOP: Information on illegal trade in ozone-depleting substances reported by Uzbekistan pursuant to paragraph 7 of decision XIV/7 - UNEP/OzL.Pro.22/INF/4 (E)
SOURCE
: UNEP Ozone Secretariat, http://ozone.unep.org/highlights.shtml

EVENTs

INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE - IIR Commission B2 with B1 and D1
Ammonia Refrigeration Technology
, April 14-16, 2011, Ohrid, Republic of Macedonia. Organized by:
Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Skopje, and University "Ss. Cyril & Methodius".
Learn more @
www.mf.edu.mk

PUBLICATIONs - READING

Out of the Maze Montreal Protocol, Climate Benefits and the Green Economy
OzonAction Special Issue, 2010 - Click here to read as E-book
Ozone Africa a newsletter for African Network of Environment Journalists http://www.unep.org/roa/docs/Ozone/OZONE_MAG_SEPT_2010.pdf
ATMOsphere 2010 Report has just been published by SHECCO. Available for free download >> http://www.atmosphere2010.com/media.center.php
"
Guidelines for the safe use of hydrocarbon refrigerants" and "Good practices in refrigeration" A 315 page book have been prepared and recently issued by GTZ Proklima (www.gtz.de/en/themen/13841.htm).
You can view these documents by directly visiting the host site at: http://heat-international.de/projects.htm

VIDEO

Methyl iodide may soon be sprayed in local strawberry fields. US (CA) : Toxic pesticide may be sprayed on local fields. A chemical considered so toxic that many chemists refuse to even handle it may soon be sprayed on strawberry fields around the Central Coast.The California Department of Pesticide Regulation is looking to replace methyl bromide -- a pesticide that, when sprayed, drifts into the atmosphere and damages the..... http://www.ksbw.com/news/23786871/detail.html


30 September 2010

In this issue:

1- Warming Worry Shades Ozone Success
2- UN Scientists Say Ozone Layer Depletion has Stopped
3- US EPA Honors Awardees for Preserving the Ozone Layer
4- ATMOsphere 2010 - Strong Political Support for Natural Refrigerants
---------------------------------------------------------

 

 


A Tribute to Yuichi Fujimoto, Stratospheric Ozone Champion and former Senior
Expert Member of the TEAP

(Assembled by Stephen O. Andersen, Penelope Canan, Tsutomu Odagiri, and Masaaki Yamabe)

Read more

http://www.unep.fr/ozonaction/information/mmcfiles/7450-e-Tribute_YFujimoto_280910.pdf


---------------------------------------------------------

 

GLOBAL
1- Warming Worry Shades Ozone Success

SOURCE: Royal Society of Chemistry, Andy Extance , 22 September 2010, http://www.rsc.org/chemistryworld/News/2010/September/22091001.asp

2- UN Scientists Say Ozone Layer Depletion has Stopped
Read more
: http://www.timescolonist.com/technology/scientists+ozone+layer+depletion
+stopped/3534556/story.html#ixzz10v9aqoBN


NORTH AMERICA
3- US EPA Honors Awardees for Preserving the Ozone Layer
WASHINGTON - Scientists, federal investigators, international government officials, and a pop music
artist are among the recipients of the 2010 U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) Montreal
Protocol Awards. Honorees are being announced today to commemorate the International Day for the
Preservation of the Ozone Layer.
"Recognizing these accomplishments is important to foster innovation and inspire others to make a
difference in protecting the environment," said Gina McCarthy, assistant administrator for EPA's
Office of Air and Radiation. "Today's awards prove again that the Montreal Protocol has been instrumental in accelerating international commitments that will leave our planet a healthier, safer place for our children and grandchildren."
This year's winners have made outstanding contributions in protecting the ozone layer, reducing greenhouse gas emissions and improving public awareness about environmental issues. In addition, they have established successful cancer prevention programs and helped countries develop effective strategies to comply with the Montreal Protocol.
Several awardees are being honored for lifetime achievements, including the team of scientists who documented the discovery of the Antarctic ozone hole 25 years ago: Joe Farman, Brian Gardiner and Jonathan Shanklin.
The Montreal Protocol, signed by 196 countries, was designed to reduce and eventually eliminate ozone-depleting substances. The phase-out of ozone-depleting substances, including hydrochlorofluorocarbons (HCFCs) in air conditioning and refrigeration equipment, necessitates a long-term commitment from all developed and developing countries alike. HCFCs and some of the alternatives, such as hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs), are global warming gases, and their continued production contributes to climate change.
Earlier this year, the U.S., Canada, and Mexico jointly submitted a proposal to amend the Montreal Protocol to phase down HFCs globally, with the potential of reducing 88,000 million metric tons of carbon dioxide equivalent by 2050, the equivalent of removing 420 million passenger cars each year through 2050. This proposal will be considered at the November Meeting of the Parties in Uganda.

Contact
: Stacy Kika, Kika.stacy@epa.gov
SOURCE:
US EPA, Release date: 09/16/2010, http://www.epa.gov/ozone/awards/index.html


UNEP DTIE OzonAction Branch would like to take this opportunity to congratulate the awardees for the well deserved prestigious award they earned in recognition of their respective work for the protection of the ozone layer!


EUROPE
4- ATMOsphere 2010 - Strong Political Support for Natural Refrigerants
Contact:
Marc Chasserot, Managing Director shecco & Chairman ATMOsphere 2010 info@atmosphere2010.com
http://www.atmosphere2010.com/media.center.php
Download all presentations from the different sessions: http://www.atmosphere2010.com/speakers.presentations.php
SOURCE: ATMOsphere 2010 - http://www.atmosphere2010.com

___________
FEATURED

Ask the HCFC Expert
Current Session From 09/27/2010 00:00 (GMT) to 10/03/2010 23:59 (GMT)
(Session in English)

>>> This Week's Expert: Dr. Guus Velders
- In 1987 received an MSc in applied physics and in 1992 a PhD in quantum chemistry at the University of Twente, The Netherlands. From 1992 to 1993 I worked at the Royal Netherlands
Meteorological Institute (The Netherlands) studying the effects o...
Topic: Environmental effects of HCFCs and alternatives and the relations with policies.
Click here to post your question

6th Ministerial Conference on Environment & Development in Asia & the Pacific, Astana, Kazakhstan,
27 Sept - 2 Oct 2010

Republic of Kazakhstan is the host country for the Sixth Ministerial Conference on Environment & Development in Asia and the Pacific which is the regional forum for dialogue and decision making organized every five years by the Economic and Social Commission for Asia & Pacific (ESCAP) to review challenges and pertinent issues related to environment and development in the Region. With its strategic location at the confluence of Asia and Europe, Kazakhstan is well placed to provide opportunities to harmonize policies and approaches and serve as a bridge between the European and Asian Regions...
Click here for Summary of the Side Event (English and Russian), and the Conference proceedings.

Learn what activities were undertaken globally to celebrate the International Day for the Preservation of the Ozone Layer through the dedicated web-portal on OzonAction website. Learn more @ http://www.unep.fr/ozonaction/events/ozoneday/2010.htm


Latest from the UNEP Ozone Secretariat

- 22MOP: Application Form for Side-Events and Exhibitions
- 22MOP: Information provided by parties in accordance with Article 7 of the Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer - UNEP/OzL.Pro.22/7- UNEP/OzL.Pro/ImpCom/45/2
( E) - Advance Copy
- 22MOP: Annotations to the provisional agenda of the Twenty-Second Meeting of the Parties to the Montreal Protocol - UNEP/OzL.Pro.22/1/Add.1 (E) - Advance Copy
- Executive Summary of the Scientific Assessment of Ozone Depletion: 2010
- Press Release, Geneva/Nairobi, 16 September 2010: New Report Highlights Two-way Link between Ozone Layer and Climate Change
- 22MOP: Report of the Executive Committee of the Multilateral Fund for the Implementation of the Montreal Protocol to the Twenty-second Meeting of the Parties - UNEP/OzL.Pro.22/8 (A C E F R S)
- 44IMPCOM: Report of the Implementation Committee under the Non Compliance Procedure for the Montreal Protocol on the work of its forty fourth meeting - UNEP/OzL.Pro/ImpCom/44/5 (A C E F R S)
- 22MOP: List of Hotels in Kampala - Revised 07/09/2010
- 22MOP: Pre-Registration Form
SOURCE: UNEP Ozone Secretariat, http://ozone.unep.org/highlights.shtml


EVENTs

INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE - IIR Commission B2 with B1 and D1
Ammonia Refrigeration Technology, April 14-16, 2011, Ohrid, Republic of Macedonia. Organized by:
Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Skopje, and University "Ss. Cyril & Methodius".
Learn more @ http://www.mf.edu.mk

FRIGAIR 2010 EXPO - Africa's only dedicated HVAC&R exhibition got underway at the MTN NASREC centre from 8-11 September 2010 with great success. Dr. Raymond Patel the CEO of merSETA opened the exhibition and had very encouraging words for the industry. Read more about the successful FRIGAIR 2010 EXPO http://www.interactmedia.co.za/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=914&catid=81&Itemid=154


PUBLICATIONs - READING

Out of the Maze
Montreal Protocol, Climate Benefits and the Green Economy

OzonAction Special Issue, 2010, Click here to read as E-book


Manual for Refrigeration Servicing Technicians
http://www.unep.fr/ozonaction/ebooks/refrigeration-manual/


Implementation Manual for the Ozzy Ozone Campaign
http://www.unep.fr/ozonaction/information/mmc/lib_detail.asp?r=5362


Vital Ozone Graphics 2.0 - Climate Link. A Resource Kit for Journalists
Arabic| Chinese| English| French| Portuguese| Russian| Spanish|


Hundreds of articles in the press worldwide celebrate the International Day for the Preservation of the Ozone Layer. Click here to read through a selection of articles
SOURCE: UNEP DTIE OzonAction Branch, http://www.unep.fr/ozonaction/index.asp

 


16 September 2010

 

International Day for the Preservation
of the Ozone Layer

(16 September)

On 19 December 1994, the United Nations General Assembly proclaimed 16 September the International Day for the Preservation of the Ozone Layer, commemorating the date, in 1987, on which the Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer was signed (resolution 49/114). States were invited to devote the Day to promote, at the national level, activities in accordance with the objectives of the Montreal Protocol and its amendments. The ozone layer filters sunlight and prevents the adverse effects of ultraviolet radiation reaching the Earth's surface, thereby preserving life on the planet. >>>

 

The United Nations Secretary-General -- Ban Ki-moon’s Message on the International Day for the Preservation of the Ozone Layer 16 September 2010

‘Profound Achievements’ of Montreal Protocol in Preserving Ozone Layer Demonstrates

Good Governance Central to Reaching Environmental Goals, Says Secretary-General

This year, the International Day for the Preservation of the Ozone Layer highlights the central role of good governance in pursuit of environmental goals. In general, successful environmental agreements require a broad framework, clear targets and a gradual approach to implementation. Then, as Governments gain confidence, they build on initial steps and set more ambitious goals. The Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer — which last year achieved universal ratification — is an excellent example of this process.

When the Montreal Protocol was signed in 1987, Governments did not originally envision the phase-out of any ozone-depleting substance. Yet, as a result of very strong national and global compliance, parties to the Montreal Protocol have cut the production and consumption of more than 98 per cent of these harmful chemicals. In the process, the Protocol has also reduced emissions of greenhouse gases by more than 135 billion tons of CO2 equivalent, making it instrumental in the fight against climate change.

The Montreal Protocol could not have delivered such profound achievements without robust governance and compliance structures put in place by its parties, both collectively and individually. The foundation of the Protocol is fairness. Through the principle of “common but differentiated responsibility”, the treaty provides a grace period to developing country parties, a funding mechanism governed by an equitable representation of developing and developed countries, compensation for the cost of phasing out ozone-depleting chemicals, capacity building for national ozone offices in 147 developing countries, and dissemination of the most up-to-date ozone-friendly technologies.

I encourage parties to the Montreal Protocol to continue to build on this model and to explore synergies that could help to address other environmental challenges, especially climate change. Let us use the governance tools contained in the existing ozone and climate treaties to reduce environmental threats to sustainable development and human well-being.

SOURCE: The United Nations, Department of Public Information • News and Media Division • New York
I
Arabic | Chinese | English | French | Russian| Spanish

---

New Report Highlights Two-Way Link Between Ozone Layer and Climate Change

Geneva/Nairobi, 16 September 2010 - International efforts to protect the ozone layer-the shield that protects life on Earth from harmful levels of ultraviolet rays-are a success and have stopped additional ozone losses and contributed to mitigating the greenhouse effect, according to a new report.

The executive summary of the Scientific Assessment of Ozone Depletion 2010 provides new information about the effects of climate change on the ozone layer, as well as the impact of ozone changes on the Earth's climate.

The report was written and reviewed by some 300 scientists and launched on the UN International Day for the Preservation of the Ozone Layer. It is the first comprehensive update in four years.

The report reaffirms that the Montreal Protocol is working. "It has protected the stratospheric ozone layer from much higher levels of depletion by phasing out production and consumption of ozone depleting substances."

Given that many substances that deplete the ozone layer are also potent greenhouse gases, the report says that the Montreal Protocol has "provided substantial co-benefits by reducing climate change." In 2010, the reduction of ozone depleting substances as a result of the Montreal Protocol, expressed in CO2-equivalent emissions (about 10 Gigatonnes per year), were five times larger than those targeted by the first commitment period (2008-2012) of the Kyoto Protocol, the greenhouse emissions reduction treaty.

The report published by the World Meteorological Organization (WMO) and the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) says that an important remaining scientific challenge is to project future ozone abundance based on an understanding of the complex linkages between ozone and climate change.

Changes in climate are expected to have an increasing influence on stratospheric ozone in the coming decades, it says. "These changes derive principally from the emissions of long-lived greenhouse gases, mainly carbon dioxide, associated with human activities."

Key findings on the ozone layer:

- Over the past decade, global ozone and ozone in the Arctic and Antarctic regions is no longer decreasing but is not yet increasing.
- As a result of the phase-out of ozone depleting substances under the Montreal Protocol, the ozone layer outside the Polar regions is projected to recover to its pre-1980 levels some time before the middle of this century. The recovery might be speeded up by greenhouse gas-induced cooling of the upper stratosphere.
- In contrast, the springtime ozone hole over the Antarctic is expected to recover much later.
- The impact of the Antarctic ozone hole on surface climate is becoming evident, leading to important changes in surface temperature and wind patterns.
- It is reaffirmed that at mid-latitudes, surface UV radiation has been about constant over the last decade.
- In Antarctica large UV levels continue to be seen when the springtime ozone hole is large.

Key findings on ozone depleting substances and substitutes:

Many ozone depleting chemicals, such as CFCs (chlorofluorocarbons), once present in products such as refrigerators and spray cans, have been phased out. Demand for replacement substances called HCFCs (hydrochlorofluorocarbons) and HFCs (hydrofluorocarbons) has increased. Many of these are powerful greenhouse gases.

- Total emissions of HCFCs are projected to begin to decline in the coming decade due to measures agreed under the Montreal Protocol in 2007. But they are currently increasing faster than four years ago. The most abundant one, HCFC-22, increased more than 50% faster in 2007-2008 than in 2003-2004.
- Abundances and emissions of HFCs are increasing at about 8% per year. HFC-23 is a byproduct of HCFC-22 production. Although it has no impact on the ozone layer it is more than 14,000 times more powerful as a greenhouse gas than CO2.

Achim Steiner, UN Under-Secretary General and UNEP Executive Director said: "This represents a further potential area for action within the overall climate change challenge. An international group of modellers working with UNEP recently concluded that current commitments and pledges linked with the Copenhagen Accord are unlikely to keep a global temperature rise to under 2°C by 2050. The gap between scientific reality and ambition is estimated to average around 4.7 Gigatonnes of CO2 equivalent per year--a gap that needs to be urgently bridged over the next decade or so if the 2°C target is to be met."

Commenting on the International Day for the Preservation of the Ozone Layer, he added: "Today's report underlines that action to protect the ozone layer has not only been a success, but continues to deliver multiple benefits to economies including on efforts to meet the Millennium Development Goals. The contribution to combating climate change is one, but so are the direct benefits to public health. For without the Montreal Protocol and its associated Vienna Convention atmospheric levels of ozone-depleting substances could have increased tenfold by 2050. This in turn could have led to up to 20 million more cases of skin cancer and 130 million more cases of eye cataracts, not to speak of damage to human immune systems, wildlife and agriculture."

"The ozone-hole issue demonstrates the importance of long-term atmospheric monitoring and research, without which ozone destruction would have continued unabated and might not have been detected until more serious damage was evident," said WMO Secretary-General Michel Jarraud. "The Montreal Protocol is an outstanding example of collaboration among scientists and decision-makers that has resulted in the successful mitigation of a serious environmental and societal threat.''

"Human activities will continue to change the composition of the atmosphere. WMO's Global Atmosphere Watch programme will therefore continue its crucial monitoring, research and assessment activities to provide scientific data needed to understand and ultimately predict environmental changes on both regional and global scales," said Mr Jarraud.

The Scientific Assessment Panel will present the Executive Summary of the new report at the next annual Meeting of the Parties to the Montreal Protocol, to be held in Kampala, Uganda, from 8 to 12 November 2010.

The full body of the report will be available in early 2011.

The International Day for the Preservation of the Ozone Layer 16 September marks the signature date, in 1987, of the Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer.

For more information, please contact:
At WMO:
Carine Richard-Van Maele, Chief, Communications and Public Affairs, Tel: +(41 22) 730 8315; +(41 79) 406 47 30 (cell); e mail: cpa@wmo.int
Clare Nullis, Press Officer, Communications and Public Affairs, Tel: +(41 22) 730 8478; e mail: cnullis@wmo.int
WMO website: www.wmo.int
At UNEP:
Nick Nuttall, UNEP Spokesperson/Head of Media, Tel: +254 207 62 30 84, +254 (0) 733 632755 (cell); e mail nick.nuttall@unep.org
Relevant links include http://www.wmo.int/pages/prog/arep/gaw/ozone/index.html and www.unep.org/ozone/

I Arabic | Chinese | English | French | Spanish

---

Rising to the Challenge of HCFC Phase-Out

This year’s observance of International Ozone Day marks yet another milestone for the Montreal Protocol and
its Multilateral Fund. Since 1991 the Multilateral Fund’s goal has been to support governments in Article 5
countries to enable them to implement the Montreal Protocol. This year, 2010, has particular significance in
terms of the Protocol’s control measures. It marks the total phase out of three major ozone depleting substances
(ODS): CFCs, halons and CTC. By the end of December 2009, Article 5 countries had phased out 250,000
ODP tonnes of consumption and 196,000 ODP tonnes of production. This accomplishment has not only helped
protect the ozone layer but as we now know has also provided significant climate benefits since ODS such as
CFCs are also very potent green house gases. By 2015, two of the three remaining ODS, namely methyl
chloroform and methyl bromide, will have been phased out.
Despite all these achievements we still have to confront the significant challenge of HCFC accelerated phase-out
as set out in decision XIX/6 of the Meeting of the Parties to the Montreal Protocol in September 2007. Article 5
countries must comply with the freeze in HCFC consumption and production in 2013 and the 10% and 35%
reduction targets in 2015 and 2020. Over the last three years, the Montreal Protocol and its Multilateral Fund
have been working towards supporting the goal of accelerated phase out of HCFCs. At its 60th Meeting in April
this year, the Executive Committee agreed the majority of policies to enable developing countries to initiate their
HCFC phase-out activities and to reflect in full the spirit of decision XIX/6. In this context the Executive
Committee also included consideration of additional funding, where needed, for the introduction of low global
warming potential (GWP) alternatives to HCFCs. This marks a small but significant change from the
Multilateral Fund’s approach to select the lowest cost technology to achieve the required reduction in ODS. The
Executive Committee is developing an approach to prioritize the technologies that will replace HCFCs so that
the most cost effective and environmentally friendly technologies could be chosen.
The spirit of cooperation within the Multilateral Fund community stems from the principle of common but
differentiated responsibilities and clearly illustrates that humankind can find ways to fulfil its profound
responsibility to protect the earth, its environment and the communities that live in it. The Executive Committee
of the Fund is now fully engaged in helping Article 5 countries to phase-out HCFCs and this spirit will continue
to guide the way ahead as we move towards the goal of full compliance with the control measures of the
Montreal Protocol, including those for HCFC.
For further information, please contact:
Secretariat of the Multilateral Fund for the Implementation of the Montreal Protocol
Suite 4100
1000, De La Gauchetière Street West
Montreal, Quebec
H3B 4W5, Canada
Phone: +1 514 282-1122
Fax: +1514 282-0068
E-mail: secretariat@unmfs.org

---

Montreal Protocol Celebrated for Ozone Success - Can Do Same For Climate
Washington, DC, September 16, 2010 - Today marks the 23rd anniversary of the Montreal Protocol, the international treaty that was created in 1987 to protect and restore the ozone layer. The treaty has not only achieved each of its goals over the last several decades, including this year's major milestone which marks the complete phase-out of CFCs, it has also become the world's best climate treaty, to date.
Aggressively phasing out CFCs translated not only to major ozone protection, but also to significant climate protection: 222 billion tonnes of carbon dioxide-equivalent (CO2-eq.) in mitigation which has delayed climate change by 7 to 12 years.
The Montreal Protocol Parties began actively protecting the climate system in 2007 with an agreement to accelerate HCFCs, the chemicals that replaced CFCs. This agreement will avoid up to 15 billion tonnes of CO2-eq. by 2040, another potential big win for climate, albeit with a caveat:
"The Montreal Protocol Parties took unprecedented action in 2007 to protect the climate system, in addition to the ozone layer, but their well-meaning actions will be quickly undone if we don't pay attention to the alternatives that will replace HCFCs," warned Durwood Zaelke. "The HFC substitutes for HCFCs are big, bad greenhouse gases that need to be taken out of circulation now."
HFCs - many with hundreds to thousands the global warming potential of CO2 - are currently the main coolants used in refrigeration and air conditioning systems, as well as blowing agents for insulating foams. However, now that new ozone- and climate-friendly alternatives are available and more are emerging, HFCs are an unnecessary climate burden. Should the HFC problem go ignored, there is a price. The growth of HFCs is skyrocketing and if they are not controlled, their climate impact could equal that of CFCs at their peak, according to the new Executive Summary of the 2010 Ozone Assessment by the Montreal Protocol's Scientific Assessment Panel, which was released today. Over 300 scientists were involved in the preparation of the assessment.
"Air conditioning and refrigeration are huge industries, and HFC emissions are expected to grow dramatically over the next few decades without serious regulation - this would essentially wipeout progress achieved so far under the Kyoto Protocol," added Zaelke.
The solution? Getting rid of HFCs - gases that are very similar to CFCs and other ozone-depleting substances - by phasing them down under the Montreal Protocol. Taking this action has a big reward: up to 100 billion tonnes of CO2-eq. in climate mitigation by 2050.
The Federated States of Micronesia, with backing from other island Parties, is determined to make this happen at this November's Meeting of the Parties to the Montreal Protocol in Kampala, Uganda. The small island nation, increasingly vulnerable to sea level rise and other climate impacts, submitted a proposal on HFCs in April, for the second year in a row, in the hopes of making a major dent in greenhouse gas emission that will help delay near-term consequences from climate change. Mexico, the US, and Canada, followed suit, with their own joint proposal, but more leadership is needed.
"There's a general feeling of 'yes, this is a good idea', but it's not being backed up with the kind of high-level political support that we need," said Zaelke. "The Montreal Protocol strategy is fast, cost-effective, can achieve major mitigation, and has the backing of 196 Parties, a strong financial mechanism and 23 years of experience and expertise. In comparison with other available options right now, this is a damn good deal."
In his remarks for International Ozone Day, United Nations Secretary-General, Ban Ki-moon recognized the Montreal Protocol's key role to play in achieving climate success, encouraging the treaty to continue its important efforts:
. . .Because ozone-depleting chemicals are also greenhouse gases, the Protocol is instrumental in the fight against climate change. . .and will continue to play an important role. . .I encourage Parties to the Montreal Protocol to continue to build on this model and to explore synergies that could help address other environmental challenges, especially climate change.

Contact: Institute for Governance & Sustainable Development (IGSD)
Alex Viets, IGSD: +1.213.321.0911, aviets@igsd.org
---

Twenty Three Years After the Signing of the Montreal Protocol, the Ozone Layer has Stabilized But a Large Antarctic Ozone Hole Continues to Occur on a Yearly Basis

The United Nations declared the 16th of September as the International Day for the Protection of the Ozone Layer to commemorate the 16th of September 1987, the date when the Montreal Protocol was signed. The Protocol controls the production and use of ozone-depleting substances. It is an outstanding example of a successful cooperation between scientists, governments, non-government organizations and industry as well as between developed and developing countries. It also provides an excellent paradigm to the international community for cooperation on complex environmental issues of global importance.

The theme of the International Day for the Preservation of the Ozone Layer on 16 September 2010 is: "Ozone layer protection: governance and compliance at their best" 1.

The Montreal protocol has been highly successful in reducing the emissions and atmospheric abundances of most ozone depleting substances. Recent ground-based and space-based measurements show that the stratospheric amounts of chlorine and bromine, the species most harmful to the ozone layer, continue to decline.

Global ozone abundances have stabilized and even shown signs of an increase at some Northern mid-latitude locations. Nevertheless, the latest evaluations of total ozone columns provide average values about 3.5% below the pre-1980 levels in the 60°S-60°N latitude range. In the Southern and Northern mid-latitudes, total ozone columns are respectively 6% and 3% below pre-1980 values. Those values have remained fairly constant over the last decade.

A large Antarctic ozone hole is still a regular seasonal feature in the Southern Hemisphere. In 2008 and 2009, the area of the ozone hole reached 25 and 24 million km2 respectively (the Antarctic continent itself has a surface area of 14 million km2). The latest estimates of the ozone hole area in mid-September 2010 are between 12 and 17 million km2, less than at the same date in 2008 and 2009. The year to year variation in the size of the ozone hole is mainly related to the weather conditions in the polar stratosphere. A cold winter is associated with a large ozone hole and a mild winter is associated with a smaller ozone hole. The warmer conditions that prevailed over Antarctica in the winter 2010 result in a smaller ozone hole as compared to previous years. Antarctic ozone is estimated to remain low through the next decade and the first unambiguous signs of recovery are not expected to be detected before 2020.

Arctic ozone depletion is strongly dependent on meteorological conditions, which are highly variable in the Northern Hemisphere. The loss of ozone in total column ranges each year between 0 and 30%. Since 2005, Arctic winter and spring ozone loss has been variable but has remained in a range comparable to the values that have prevailed in the last decade. Largest ozone losses were found in the spring of 2005 and 2008.

In the polar and sub-polar regions of the Southern Hemisphere, springtime solar UV-B radiation remains elevated compared to that during the pre-ozone hole period on average by up to 40%, directly related to the Antarctic ozone hole. Episodes of high solar UV-B radiation levels lasting for a few days have also been observed. Clear-sky observations from sites in midlatitude regions show that since the late 1990s, UV irradiance levels have been approximately constant, which is consistent with ozone total column observations over this period.

Return of the global ozone layer to its levels before 1980 is expected to occur around the middle of the 21st century, as a result of the decrease of ozone depleting substances regulated by the Montreal Protocol. In Antarctica the return is predicted to occur about two decades later. However, there is a strong interplay between increases in the concentration of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere and stratospheric ozone recovery. Observations and model simulations show that the persistence of the ozone hole has affected tropospheric weather patterns at high southern latitudes. Continued increases in greenhouse gases are projected to accelerate the return of midlatitude total ozone columns to 1980 values, particularly in the Northern Hemisphere.

The Scientific Community has been working on the next Assessment of the state of the ozone layer, which will be published in 2011. The International Ozone Commission (IO3C) of IAMAS-IUGG urges all national and international Agencies, which support scientific research and monitoring of ozone and related parameters to continue supporting these activities.
_________
(1) Please visit the web site of the Ozone Secretariat for the Vienna Convention at the following specific address where you will find suggestions for worldwide activities on the 2010 International Ozone Day.http://ozone.unep.org/Events/ozone_day_2010/index.shtml

This text has been reviewed by the IO3C members last on September 15th.
For more information:
Dr. Sophie Godin-Beekmann, Secretary of the International Ozone Commission, University Pierre et Marie Curie, Service d’Aéronomie, Centre National dela Recherche Scientifique 75252, Paris, Cedex 05, France, Tel.: +33 1 44 27 47 67, Fax: +33 1 44 27 49 67, mobile: +33 6 77 1838 64, e-mail: sophie.godin-beekmann@latmos.ipsl.fr
IO3C: http://ioc.atmos.uiuc.edu
WMO Northern Hemisphere Ozone Mapping Center: http://lap.physics.auth.gr/ozonemaps
WMO Antarctic Ozone Bulletin: http://www.wmo.int/pages/prog/arep/gaw/ozone/index.html
European Ozone Coordinating Unit: http://www.ozone-sec.ch.cam.ac.uk/
World Ozone and Ultraviolet Data Center: http://www.woudc.org
Ozone Hole Watch:
http://ozonewatch.gsfc.nasa.gov/

__________________

Latest from OzonAction

Best Wishes on Ozone Day 2010 from OzonAction Team!

 


Dear Ozone family members,

Let me wish you very happy Ozone Day. This year is special because it is the 25 th anniversary of the discovery of the Ozone Hole and it is aslo the year in which the world has put CFCs and other ozone depleting chemicals in history books. Nothing more than the extract from June 2010 report on the Millennium Development Goals and the message from the UN Secretary-General are needed to celebrate our collective labour today.

Yes, let us also resolve that the final chapter of Montreal Protocol to phase out HCFCs would also be a prominent chapter of the climate change that would be written with another set of success stories.

My best wishes,

Rajendra Shende
Head, UNEP DTIE OzonAction Programme


Extract from June 2010 report of the Millenium Development Goals
The Secretary-General's Ozone Day message

UNEP OzonAction is providing new services and products for Article 5 developing countries to celebrate this important day. Through this site, the countries can also discover what other countries have done in the past.
Access mini webpage


"Out of the Maze" OzonAction Special Issue 2010"Out of the Maze" Montreal Protocol, Climate Benefits and the Green Economy
OzonAction Special Issue, 2010
The more I reflect on the 23 impressive years of the Montreal Protocol, the more I realize what far-reaching lessons it holds for the global environment agreements of today. The crises facing us at the end of the first decade of the 21st century require action on an even greater scale than the world's commendable response to the ozone-depletion emergency. The Montreal Protocol transformed a potential catastrophe into a golden economic opportunity. Having listened to the sound and fury of the international climate talks, the ozone messages are worth noting. Read more…
(Excerpt from the OzonAction Special Issue 2010, Introduction by Rajendra Shende, Head OzonAction Branch)

Vital Ozone Graphics 2.0 - Climate Link, Resource Kit for Journalists provides the essential visuals, facts, links and contacts to develop ozone story ideas. Graphics and figures can be downloaded and included in articles. This electronic publication is intended not only to inform and inspire journalists but also to serve as an interesting reference for those who wish to learn more about the Montreal Protocol and ozone layer depletion.

This second edition of "Vital Ozone Graphics" includes details on the latest decisions taken by the Parties to the Montreal Protocol to accelerate the phase out of HCFCs and outlines the implications this has on the use of replacement chemicals. The Resource Kit also focuses on the linkages and interconnections between ozone depletion and climate change – and the remaining challenges posed by the considerable amounts of ozone depleting substances remaining in equipment around the world.
Vital ozone Graphics 2.0 is available in Arabic, Chinese, English, French, Portuguese, Russian, Spanish
Click here to view and download documents

OzonAction Communication StrategyOzonAction Communication Strategy for Global Compliance with the Montreal Protocol presents a path by which the Clearinghouse will evolve according to the ongoing political, environmental and communications trends, and develop and deploy new and efficient strategic approaches for Information, Communication and Education (ICE) delivery to Article 5countries.

 

 

Implementation Manual This implementation manual represents one more step in a long-term commitment by the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) to help the world become more informed about the importance of protecting our ozone layer, and to better understand how we can contribute in our daily lives to ensure the complete phase out of the ODS by the established deadlines to save our Earth’s natural protecting shield and help to diminish the impacts of climate change.
Read/Download the publication



Manual for Refrigeration Servicing Technicians Manual for Refrigeration Servicing Technicians This manual is aimed at those who are involved in training and organisation of service and maintenance of refrigeration and air-conditioning (RAC) systems. The material within this manual may be used for developing training resources or as training course as well as general guidance and information for technicians on issues that are closely related to the use and application of alternative refrigerants.
Read/Download the publication

________________________________________
OzonAction and Social Media
OzonAction has embarked to use social media and web 2.0 tools
to empower and engage the global ozone community to enable
developing countries to meet and sustain the compliance objectives of the Montreal Protocol.

www.youtube.com/ozonaction | www.facebook.com/ozonaction | www.twitter.com/ozonaction | www.slideshare.com/ozonaction
________________________________________

International Ozone Day Week - Ask the Expert @ http://www.unep.org/experts/
UNEP DTIE OzonAction in cooperation with DCPI, have dedicated this week's 'Ask the Expert' at UNEP.org
to Ozone Layer protection.

Each day a new expert will be available to answer your questions


We invite you to visit the "Montreal Protocol Who's Who", to learn more /
nominate an ozone layer protection champion from your country/region >>
http://www.unep.fr/ozonaction/information/MontrealProtocolWhosWho.htm
Feel free to include a link on your website


30 August 2010

 

In this issue:

1- "Ozone layer protection: governance and compliance at their best" Theme for 2010 Ozone Day
2- US EPA RAD Report Released
3- Cool Ride: Carmakers Search for Greener Air Conditioning Refrigerant
4- 3.97 Tons of 'Ozone Layer Killer' Seized in Xiamen
5- Carrier Cools $30M China Contract
6- Trane India Joins IDBI Bank for $13 Million Chiller-Replacement Project
7- Turkey Signs UN Convention on 'Eco-friendly' Recycling of Ships

GLOBAL

The International Day for the Preservation of the Ozone Layer - 16 September 2010 is fast approaching. This year's theme "Ozone layer protection: governance and compliance at their best" is an invitation to reflect on the global success so far achieved and the challenges ahead.

>> UNEP Ozone Secretariat invitation letter to governments to commemorate the 2010 International Day for the Preservation of the Ozone Layer, http://ozone.unep.org/Events/ozone_day_2010/index.shtml

>
> UNEP OzonAction Letter to National Ozone Officers on materials that they can use for Ozone Day celebrations in their respective countries, in different areas: HCFCs, Media and Journalists, Communication and Guidance, Social Media and Websites, and other Awareness resources: http://www.unep.fr/ozonaction/events/ozoneday/2010.htm

NORTH AMERICA
2- US EPA RAD Report Released
The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) recently released the 2009 Responsible Appliance Disposal (RAD) Program Annual Report, available here: http://www.epa.gov/ozone/partnerships/rad/annualreport.html
EPA's RAD Program is a voluntary partnership program that began in October 2006 to help protect the ozone layer and reduce emissions of greenhouse gases. The RAD Program recognizes partners that ensure the disposal of refrigerant-containing appliances using the best environmental practices available. The RAD Program invites utilities, retailers, manufacturers, state and local governments, universities, and other qualifying organizations to become partners.
For more information, please visit http://www.epa.gov/ozone/partnerships/rad/
3- Cool Ride: Carmakers Search for Greener Air Conditioning Refrigerant
Beginning in certain 2013 models, GM promises to use a new AC refrigerant that breaks down faster in the atmosphere than currently used chemicals
By Larry Greenemeier
Your car's air conditioner might be your best friend on a hot summer day, but it is certainly no friend of the environment thanks to the ozone-depleting refrigerant used to keep the cockpit cool. This could change in a few years as carmakers in some parts of the world are being forced to charge their AC units with chemicals that have lower global warming potential.
General Motors Co. has put its considerable weight behind a new, and supposedly greener, AC refrigerant called HFO-1234yf, which is being developed by Honeywell and DuPont. The carmaker on July 23 announced it will use HFO-1234yf beginning in 2013 Chevrolet, Buick, GMC and Cadillac models in the U.S.
HFO-1234yf is designed to break down faster in the atmosphere than the R-134a refrigerant currently used. On average, R-134a has an atmospheric life of more than 13 years compared with 11 days for HFO-1234yf, according to GM. Put another way, R-134a has a global warming potential (GWP) of over 1,400 compared to HFO-1234yf's GWP of four. GWP is a value used to compare different greenhouse gases that trap heat in the atmosphere-carbon dioxide (CO2) serves as the base measurement with a GWP of one.
Automotive AC systems are prone to leakage due to the use of an open drive compressor and the need for flexible tubing to accommodate engine vibration. "There have been reports that indicate that older automotive AC systems leak up to 50 [percent] of their charge over two years," Eckhard Groll, a Purdue University mechanical engineering professor and director of the Office of Professional Practice, wrote in an e-mail to Scientific American. "Even if modern automotive AC systems are tighter most of them still leak at some rate." The U.S. alone has about 200 million cars with AC, and the typical amount of refrigerant used in each of those vehicles is about one kilogram.
HFO-1234yf is expected to help GM vehicles meet the overall requirements of the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency's new motor vehicle greenhouse gas regulations, which require a 40 percent improvement in the average overall vehicle fuel economy of the U.S. fleet by 2016, the company says. The European Union's mobile air-conditioning (MAC) directive requires that, starting in 2011, all new vehicle models use a refrigerant with a GWP below 150; by 2017, all new automobiles sold in Europe will be required to use a low-GWP refrigerant.
Automakers have another option-air-conditioning systems that use CO2. Members of the German Association of the Automotive Industry (VDA), spurred by a European Union mandate, jointly decided in the summer of 2007 to employ air-conditioning systems using CO2, rather than a fluorocarbon, as the refrigerant. If CO2 technology is adopted throughout Europe, manufacturers of fluorocarbon refrigerants will see the large MAC market significantly diminished, ICIS Chemical Business reported on its Web site in February 2008.
CO2 systems would require carmakers to modify their existing fluorocarbon-based AC systems. For one, a CO2-based system would require up to 10 times as much pressure as a fluorocarbon-based system to function properly. "Car makers would have to make major modifications to accommodate CO2 as a refrigerant, whereas HFO-1234yf can be used as a drop-in replacement refrigerant in existing AC systems," according to Groll. "I have seen presentations that show that the price of CO2 automotive AC systems will be 30 [percent] higher than that of R-134a systems."
Another challenge will be ensuring that any alternatives to R-134a do not make the situation worse. "My personal opinion is that with any synthetically manufactured substance there is some uncertainty about the long-term environmental impact," Groll says. "When the CFC refrigerants were developed in the 1930s they were celebrated as the best possible substances on Earth for this application. [Fifty] years later we found out that they deplete the ozone layer and lead to global warming."
SOURCE: Scientific American, 11 August 2010, http://bit.ly/aMs4IY

SOUTH ASIA
4- 3.97 Tons of 'Ozone Layer Killer' Seized in Xiamen
Click to read Chinese version http://www.whatsonxiamen.com/news_msg_cn.php?titleid=14162
Translated by WOXnews.com
SOURCE: Whatsonxiamen.com, 24 August 2010, http://www.whatsonxiamen.com/news14162.html

5- Carrier Cools $30M China Contract
SOURCE:
Hartford Business Com, 20 August 2010, http://www.hartfordbusiness.com/news14500.html

6- Trane India Joins IDBI Bank for $13 Million Chiller-Replacement Project
SOURCE:
Bloomberg, 27August 2010, By Vandana Gombar, http://bit.ly/bC3ott


EUROPE AND CENTRAL ASIA
7- Turkey Signs UN Convention on 'Eco-Friendly' Recycling of Ships

SOURCE: The Sofia Echo Media Ltd., 28 August 2010, By: Clive Leviev-Sawyer, http://bit.ly/bAgE05
___________
FEATURED

Latest from OzonAction
Useful Resources for International Ozone Day Celebrations http://www.unep.fr/ozonaction/events/ozoneday/2010.htm

ECHO your "CFC?Free messages" through video, and SHARE them through UNEP OzonAction's special interactive CFC?Free World platform at: http://www.unep.fr/ozonaction/events/2010?reality/ for the whole world to view. Should you have any question, please contact saiful.ridwan@unep.org

JumpStart HCFC Phase-Out for Ozone and Climate Benefit, July 2010 | Vol.1, No 3, http://www.unep.fr/ozonaction/topics/issue3.pdf

2010 Schedule of Network and Thematic Meetings, http://www.unep.fr/ozonaction/events/index.htm

Latest from the UNEP Ozone Secretariat
Twenty-Second Meeting of the Parties to the Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer - Kampala, Uganda, 8-12 November 2010 - Meeting Documents are available in the six UN Languages at: http://www.unep.ch/ozone/Meeting_Documents/mop/22mop/conf-presession-en.shtml

EVENTs
"Road to Climate Friendly Chillers: Moving Beyond CFCs and HCFCs" a conference sponsored by UNEP and ASHRAE to take place September 30-October 1, 2010 in Cairo, Egypt. The main objective of the conference is to enhance the practical knowledge on state-of-the-art alternative refrigerants and communicate achieved results, successes and lessons learned. Read more...

ATMOsphere 2010 - International Workshop on Natural Refrigerants | 27-28 September 2010, Brussels, Belgium, http://www.atmosphere2010.com/article.view.php?Id=36 Call for papers: market innovations for natural refrigerants http://www.atmosphere2010.com/article.view.php?Id=37

PUBLICATIONs - READING
The WMO Antarctic Ozone Bulletin 2010 first issue is now available for download from the World Meteorological Organization website @ http://www.wmo.int/pages/prog/arep/WMOAntarcticOzoneBulletins2010.html
Here follows the executive summary of the Bulletin no. 1: 2010
Until mid July the minimum temperatures at 50?hPa were below the long term average. Since then the minimum temperature has been oscillating around the long-term average.
The average temperature over the 60-90°S region at 10,30 and 50?hPa were close to or below the long-term mean until the middle of July. A sudden stratospheric warming that started around mid July and lasted until early??August pushed the cold air away from the pole. The cold air mass was also less cold than at the same time in 2009. This warming event was particularly prominent at the 10?hPa level, featuring a temperature increase of more than 20K, culminating on 31 July. During August the 60-90°S mean temperature has decreased and is now close to the long term average at all these three levels. Lower down in the atmosphere, from 70?hPa and down to 150?hPa, the 60-90°S mean temperature was much less affected by the late July perturbation.
Since the onset of NAT temperatures on 8 May the NAT area was above or oscillating around the 1979-2009 average until mid July. The NAT area reached a peak of 26 million km2 on 14 July. Then the sudden stratospheric warming event caused the NAT area to drop to around 18 million km2 over the course of the next two weeks and reaching the long term (1979-2009) low on some days. During August the NAT area has remained well below the long term average, although it has increased somewhat.
The geographical extent of the south polar vortex at the isentropic levels 460?K, 500?K and 550?K has been higher than the 1979-2009 average on almost every day since early April. It should be pointed out,
however, that vortex size gives no direct indication of the degree of ozone loss that might occur later in the season.
The longitudinally averaged heat flux between 45°S and 75°S is an indication of how much the stratosphere is disturbed. From April to mid July the 45-day mean of the heat flux was lower than or close to the 1979-2009 average. In mid-July, the heat flux increased considerably in conjunction with the sudden stratospheric warming event and has, since then, been larger than the 1979-2009 average. This is a sign of a perturbed vortex.
At the altitude of ?~18?km the vortex is now almost entirely depleted of hydrochloric acid (HCl), one of the reservoir gases that can be transformed to active chlorine. The area affected by HCl removal is relatively small in comparison to recent years. In the sunlit collar along the vortex edge there is now up to 1.5??ppbv of active chlorine (chlorine monoxide, ClO), and ozone depletion has just started. The mixing ratio of ClO is lower than at the same date in recent years (back to 2004).
Satellite observations show that the area where total ozone is less than 220DU ("ozone hole area") is low compared to recent years.
However, the onset of ozone depletion varies considerably from one year to the next, depending on the position of the polar vortex and availability of daylight after the polar night.
Measurements with ground based instruments and with balloon sondes show first signs of ozone depletion at some sites located close to the vortex edge.
As the sun returns to Antarctica after the polar night, it is expected that ozone destruction will speed up. It is still too early to give a definitive statement about the development of this year's ozone hole and the degree of ozone loss that will occur. This will, to a large extent, depend on the meteorological conditions. However, the drop in the occurrence of polar stratospheric clouds since the middle of July and the comparatively small mixing ratios of chlorine monoxide point towards a relatively small ozone hole in 2010.
WMO and the scientific community will use ozone observations from the ground, from balloons and from satellites together with meteorological data to keep a close eye on the development during the coming weeks and months.
CONTACT: Dr. Geir O. Braathen, (GBraathen@wmo.int) Senior Scientific Officer Atmospheric Environment Research Division (AER), Research Department (RES), World Meteorological Organization

The British Antarctic Survey - This page gives information about ozone at Halley, Rothera and Vernadsky/Faraday stations.
Situation at 2010 August 20

Ozone values over parts of the Antarctic Peninsula fell rapidly rapidly to around 240 DU in the first half of July, but then recovered. By early August the ozone hole had begun to form. Ozone values at Rothera fell below the ozone hole threshold for the first time on August 17. Lowest ozone values are currently seen over the base of the Antarctic Peninsula. Elsewhere over Antarctica ozone values are generally above 250 DU. Around Antarctica ozone values are building, with some areas above 400 DU. On a few occasions the polar vortex has moved sufficiently towards the Atlantic sector to allow these high ozone areas to move over the continental fringes of the Pacific sector. The polar vortex is near its largest and slightly above the average area of the last decade. The temperature of the ozone layer within it is nearing the late winter minimum, but the area capable of forming polar stratospheric clouds (PSCs) is smaller than the average of the last decade. Polar stratospheric clouds are however widespread.
See the final situation report for last year for information on the 2009 - 2010 season.
An opinion piece by Jonathan Shanklin to mark the 25th anniversary of the ozone hole appeared in Nature on May 6. The main BAS web page carries additional links. A meeting to mark the 25th anniversary of the discovery of the ozone hole was held at Cambridge University on Friday, May 7. It was web-cast by Varsity, the Cambridge student newspaper.
Notes: The Antarctic ozone hole is usually largest in early September and deepest in late September to early October. September 16 is world ozone day, and in 2009 the final UN Member State to ratify the Montreal Protocol signed up. 2007 was the International Year of the Ozone Layer. Prior to the formation of ozone holes, Antarctic ozone values were normally at their lowest in the autumn (ie March).
SOURCE: The British Antarctic Survey, 20 August 2010, http://www.antarctica.ac.uk/met/jds/ozone/

 


15 August 2010

 

In this issue:

1- ODS Projects Enter the Carbon Market: A Near-Term Solution to Climate Change
2- Global Chloroform Consumption to Reach 647 Thousand Metric Tons by 2015, According to New Report by Global Industry Analysts, Inc.
3- Report on Cataract Incidence in the United States: Protecting the Ozone Layer Protects Eyesight
4- Bhutan Raising Gross National Happiness; Deriving Climate Benefits from Ozone Layer Protection
5- Centre for Natural Refrigerants Operating



The International Day for the Preservation of the Ozone Layer - 16 September 2010 is fast approaching. This year's theme "Ozone layer protection: governance and compliance at their best" is an invitation to reflect on the global success so far achieved and the challenges ahead.

>> UNEP Ozone Secretariat invitation letter to governments to commemorate the 2010 International Day for the Preservation of the Ozone Layer, http://ozone.unep.org/Events/ozone_day_2010/index.shtml

>
> UNEP OzonAction Letter to National Ozone Officers on materials that they can use for Ozone Day celebrations in their respective countries, in different areas: HCFCs, Media and Journalists, Communication and Guidance, Social Media and Websites, and other Awareness resources: http://www.unep.fr/ozonaction/events/ozoneday/2010.htm


GLOBAL

1- ODS Projects Enter the Carbon Market: A Near-Term Solution to Climate Change
SOURCE: Triplepundit.com, 2 August 2010, By Jill Abelson & Joe Madden, http://bit.ly/b6P15C


2- Global Chloroform Consumption to Reach 647 Thousand Metric Tons by 2015, According to New Report by Global Industry Analysts, Inc.
For more details about this comprehensive market research report, please visit - http://www.strategyr.com/Chloroform_Market_Report.asp
SOURCE: Streetinsider.com, 9 August 2010, http://bit.ly/b1qgcZ


NORTH AMERICA

3- Report on Cataract Incidence in the United States: Protecting the Ozone Layer Protects Eyesight
EPA Model Gains Ability to Estimate Cataract Cases Avoided

More Information
- Access the full report: Protecting the Ozone Layer Protects Eyesight - A Report on Cataract Incidence in the United States Using the Atmospheric and Health Effects Framework Model
- Learn how to prevent cataracts from EPA's SunWise Program
- More information on Cataract Awareness Month and cataract symptoms from Prevent Blindness America.
SOURCE: US EPA @ http://www.epa.gov/ozone/science/effects/cataracts.html

SOUTH ASIA

4- Bhutan Raising Gross National Happiness; Deriving Climate Benefits from Ozone Layer Protection
Thimpu, 10 August 2010- Today, a small country in the lap of Himalaya has taken a giant step. Bhutan, one of the few countries in the world where sustainable development is embedded in its constitution, has made a historic decision to further advance the phase out of the Hydrochlorofluorocarbons (HCFCs) - a powerful Green House Gas and Ozone Depleting substance by 10 years.
HCFCs are widely used in air conditioning applications as well as in refrigeration and in manufacturing of insulation foams. HCFCs not only destroy the stratospheric ozone layer which is essential to life on Earth but they are also potent greenhouse gases having Global Warming Potential 2000 times more than carbon dioxide In 2007, international community took an important step for accelerated phase-out of HCFCs. i.e. by 2030 in the developing countries in order to advance ozone layer recovery by nearly 4 years and reduce the cumulative emissions of the green house gases by nearly 25 giga tons of the equivalent of CO2.
Bhutan's enviable reputation in environment conservation thus far is testimony of its commitment of pursuing sustainable development based on the philosophy of Gross National Happiness, which underscores that development cannot be pursued on the premise of economic growth alone but has to take place in combination with the emotional and spiritual well-being of the people.
As eloquently summarized by His Majesty the King Jigme Singye Wangchuck, "Gross National Happiness is more important than Gross National Product". This has been the guiding force of Bhutan's sustainable development strategy.
His Majesty the King has also stated that "Throughout the centuries, the Bhutanese have treasured their natural environment and have looked upon it as the source of all life. This traditional reverence for nature has delivered us into the twentieth century with our environment still richly intact. We wish to continue living in harmony with nature and to pass on this rich heritage to our future generations".
The United Nations Environment Programme, Division of Technology, Industry and Economics (UNEP DTIE) OzonAction Programme has been working closely with the National Environment Commission Secretariat, Bhutan in the development of HPMP while assessing various risks associated with the implementation of such a plan over a long time framework of 20 years.
In this process, relevant Ministries in the country, including the Ministry of Economic Affairs, Bhutan Chamber of Commerce and Industry (BCCI), Ministry of Health, Department of Customs as well as other national stakeholders have agreed to commit and collaborate in the implementation of the plan.
"Such a strong commitment of Bhutan to HCFC Phase out will help them reach their ambitious target. OzonAction Programme will work shoulder to shoulder with Bhutan to stop the consumption of this group of chemicals earlier than the Montreal Protocol phase out deadline, as was done when CFCs were phased out by Bhutan" said Mr. Rajendra Shende, Head of UNEP DTIE OzonAction Programme. "Scaling the Himalayan peaks require excellent supply chain management . OzonAction would do exactly that by providing capacity building and technology support" added Mr. Shende.
Bhutan has committed to phase out the consumption of HCFCs, mainly used in the air conditioning and refrigeration servicing sector in its large industrial establishments, hotels and resorts, corporate offices, governmental sectors, as well as domestic servicing sector. The plan also involves policy and legislations, training and capacity building activities, as well as information outreach for HCFC phase-out.
"Our decision to phase out HCFCs will demonstrate to the world our determination to protect our planet by benefiting from the low hanging climate benefit fruits from the Montreal Protocol and cutting carbon footprints and promoting energy efficiency and green economy." said Ms. Peldon Tshering, Chief
National Environment Commission Secretariat, Bhutan.
This is an encouraging action that demonstrates to the global community that small countries like Bhutan can also be at the frontline in the battle against climate change and the protection of the ozone layer
SOURCE: UNEP DTIE OzonAction-CAP ROAP, http://www.unep.fr/ozonaction/information/mmcfiles/7437-e-Bhutan_PR2010.pdf


EUROPE

5- Centre for Natural Refrigerants Operating
SOURCE: E-Bulletin MOPIA August, 2010 # 85, www.mopia.ca

___________
FEATURED

Latest from OzonAction

ECHO your "CFC?
Free messages" through video, and SHARE them through UNEP OzonAction's special interactive CFC?Free World platform at: http://www.unep.fr/ozonaction/events/2010?reality/ for the whole world to view.
Should you have any question, please contact saiful.ridwan@unep.org

JumpStart HCFC Phase-Out for Ozone and Climate Benefit, July 2010 | Vol.1, No 3, http://www.unep.fr/ozonaction/topics/issue3.pdf

2010 Schedule of Network and Thematic Meetings, http://www.unep.fr/ozonaction/events/index.htm

EVENTs
"Road to Climate Friendly Chillers: Moving Beyond CFCs and HCFCs" a conference sponsored by UNEP and ASHRAE to take place September 30-October 1, 2010 in Cairo, Egypt. The main objective of the conference is to enhance the practical knowledge on state-of-the-art alternative refrigerants and communicate achieved results, successes and lessons learned. Read more...

ATMOsphere 2010 - International Workshop on Natural Refrigerants
http://www.atmosphere2010.com/article.view.php?Id=36
Call for papers: market innovations for natural refrigerants
http://www.atmosphere2010.com/article.view.php?Id=37


PUBLICATIONs - READING
NOAA Report Analyzes Global Data
Shook Hardy & Bacon LLP, David Erickson and James Neet
The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) has issued a report that gathered data from weather stations in 48 countries and analyzed more than 30 "climate indicators." Titled "State of the Climate in 2009," the report, issued July 28, 2010, studied climate indicators such as air temperature, temperature over land and over water, humidity, snow cover, glacier mass, and sea ice area.
Among the report's findings are the following:
(i) "Global average surface and lower-troposphere temperatures during the last three decades have been progressively warmer than all earlier decades"; (ii) the 2000-2009 decade was the warmest decade on record; (iii) Atmospheric greenhouse gas concentrations continue to rise"; (iv) "the 2009 Antarctic ozone hole was comparable in size to recent previous ozone holes, while still much larger than those observed before 1990"; (v) Global integrals of upper-ocean heat content for the last several years have reached values consistently higher than for all prior times in the record"; (vi) the 2009 "summer minimum ice extent in the Arctic was the third lowest recorded since 1979"; and (vii) "the Antarctic Peninsula continues to warm at a rate five times larger than the global mean warming."
The 222-page report contains seven major chapters, thousands of data points and analyses by 300 authors from 160 different research groups. The stated purpose of the report was to document climate and weather events in 2009 from around the world and put them in historical perspective. It does not theorize on potential causes or sources of climate change.
SOURCE: http://www.lexology.com/library/detail.aspx?g=14fe3a01-0b14-4ad4-aa4a-18b5708ef24a

Refrigeration and Air Conditioning Africa (RACA), August 2010 | Vol.26, No4, http://bit.ly/94lUn


30 July 2010

 

In this issue:

1- JumpStart Partnership: Achieving Climate Benefit from HCFC Phase-out
2- U.N. Body Probes Cases of Paying Greenhouse Gas Emitters, Which Then Produce More
3- Air-Conditioning Keeping Cool and Green
4- General Motors to Use New Car Refrigerant from 2013
5- European Commission Publishes Two Decisions on Ozone-Depleting Substances
6- CO2 (R744) Replaces HFC 134a


Special Announcement // "Road to Climate Friendly Chillers: Moving Beyond CFCs and HCFCs" a conference sponsored by UNEP and ASHRAE to take place September 30-October 1, 2010 in Cairo, Egypt. The main objective of the conference is to enhance the practical knowledge on state-of-the-art alternative refrigerants and communicate achieved results, successes and lessons learned. Read more...


GLOBAL

1- JumpStart Partnership: Achieving Climate Benefit from HCFC Phase-out
29 JULY 2010, BRUSSELS - Up to 25 GtCO2-eq. emissions between now and 2050 could be eliminated through the phase-out of Hydrochlorofluorocarbons (HCFCs). Such phase-out will also bring a net benefit of advancing the recovery of the ozone layer by up to 3.3 years. Today a tool-box developed by the OzonAction Branch of UNEP DTIE, with the support of the European Commission (ENRTP), the Swedish Environmental Protection Agency and the Multilateral Fund for the Implementation of the Montreal Protocol, was launched to help developing countries to contribute to this goal. HCFCs are widely used around the globe in applications such as refrigeration, air conditioning and manufacturing of insulating foams.

In 2007 an historic agreement was negotiated under the Montreal Protocol - the global treaty established in 1987 to protect the Earth's ozone layer - which accelerates the phase out of HCFCs in both developed and developing countries (also known as Article 2 and Article 5 countries, respectively).

This adjustment to the treaty caps production and consumption levels in developing countries by 2013 and advances the final phase-out date for these chemicals by 10 years - 2020 for developed countries and 2030 for developing countries. Although HCFCs have considerably lower ozone depleting potentials than CFCs, many HCFCs have high global warming potentials - up to 2,000 times that of carbon dioxide, the reference gas for climate change.

The policy and technical publications as part of the tool-box launched today are designed to help governments and industries in developing countries make informed and timely decisions about the technologies and policies needed to replace or avoid the use of HCFCs - in such a way that achieves benefits not only for the Earth's protective ozone layer, but also for the global climate system. The publications are:
- HCFC Policy and Legislative Options: A Guide for Developing Countries
- Phase-out of HCFCs in the Flexible and Rigid Foam Sector - Guidance on Choosing Technology Options that Protect both Ozone and Climate
- Alternatives to HCFCs in the Refrigeration and Air Conditioning sector - Practical Guidelines and Case Studies for Equipment Retrofit and Replacement

Mr Rajendra Shende, Head of UNEP's OzonAction Branch, said: "Developing countries need such a tool box that would enable them to develop and implement HCFC phase-out strategies". He continued: "Since a well designed phase-out can achieve both ozone and climate benefits and at the same time promote a'green economy', this can present a triple-win strategy for the global community."

Mr Philip Owen, Head of Transport and Ozone Unit at the European Commission, stated: "We welcome these publications as a concrete step towards moving away from HCFCs in favour of environmentally friendly solutions. The effort that has gone into their preparation shows that this accumulated knowledge can now be shared widely."

Dr Husamuddin Ahmadzai, Senior Adviser of SEPA, stated: "With the renewed efforts to phase-out HCFCs by Parties to the Montreal Protocol, the joint reports and case studies' package are a much appreciated and timely information exchange to assist governments and industry in the developing countries to replace or avoid the use of ozone depleting substances by ozone and climate friendly alternatives and practices."

The three documents are available free of charge from UNEP's HCFC Help Centre website.
Read/Download the Three E-Books:
- HCFC policy & legislative options
- Guidance on the Process for Selecting Alternatives to HCFCs in Foams
- Alternatives to HCFCs in the Refrigeration and Air conditioning Sector

PLEASE TAKE A MOMENT TO FILL OUT OUR ONLINE SURVEY!
A SURVEY form is now available on the internet and all those involved with refrigeration, air conditioning and heat pumps - particularly from Article 5 countries - are invited to take part.
The objective of the study is to identify the various barriers to the introduction and commercial use of low-GWP refrigerants, which may relate to different stages in the development, marketing or servicing of systems and equipment, or which may apply to different stakeholders within the industry.
The findings are intended to accelerate the HCFC phase-out in Article 5 countries with a particular focus on the use of alternatives within new equipment. For further information, please contact: barriers@re-phridge.co.uk

SOURCE: UNEP DTIE OzonAction, 29 July 2010, http://www.unep.fr/ozonaction

2- U.N. Body Probes Cases of Paying Greenhouse Gas Emitters, Which Then Produce More.
SOURCE: The New York Times, 26 July 2010, By Nathanial Gronewold of ClimateWire, http://nyti.ms/aAd1nm

3- Air-Conditioning Keeping Cool and Green
SOURCE: The Economist, 15 July 2010, http://bit.ly/dakadP

NORTH AMERICA

4- General Motors to Use New Car Refrigerant from 2013
SOURCE: Refrigeration and Air Conditioning Magazine, 27 July 2010, By Andrew Gaved,
http://bit.ly/a9Ls92

EUROPE

5- European Commission Publishes Two Decisions on Ozone-Depleting Substances
The European Commission has published in the Official Journal two decisions regarding the use of controlled ozone-depleting substances.

(http://eur-lex.europa.eu/LexUriServ/LexUriServ.do?uri=OJ:L:2010:169:0017:0018:EN:PDF)
Process agents(http://eur-lex.europa.eu/LexUriServ/LexUriServ.do?uri=OJ:L:2010:169:0017:0018:EN:PDF)
Essential laboratory uses(http://eur-lex.europa.eu/LexUriServ/LexUriServ.do?uri=OJ:L:2010:170:0035:0038:EN:PDF)
SOURCE: http://chemicalwatch.com/4042, 6 July 2010.

6- CO2 (R744) Replaces HFC 134a
SOURCE: www.r744.com

___________
FEATURED

Vacancy Announcement// The GEF Secretariat is seeking to recruit an experienced senior environmental specialist to coordinate and lead its chemicals program, including new and growing challenges under the Stockholm Convention, new and on-going challenges under the Montreal Protocol, and an expanding mandate relative to mercury and sound chemicals management." Closing date for applications is 16 August 2010. Application is through the external website of the WB: http://bit.ly/agqHLK

>> Latest from OzonAction
> 2010 Schedule of Network and Thematic Meetings, Read/Download a PDF
Please visit OzonAction website for more information about our activities http://www.unep.fr/ozonaction/

>> Ozone Secretariat - Highlights http://ozone.unep.org/
> International Day for the Preservation of the Ozone Layer 2010 - Ozone layer protection: governance and compliance at their best
> 44IMPCOM: Report of the Implementation Committee under the Non Compliance Procedure for the Montreal Protocol on the work of its forty fourth meeting - UNEP/OzL.Pro/ImpCom/44/5 (E) Advance Copy
> Decision XX/6, paragraph 10: Actions by Parties to reduce methyl bromide use for quarantine and pre-shipment purposes and related emissions - Information provided by parties
> 30OEWG: Report of the thirtieth meeting of the Open-ended Working Group of the Parties to the Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer -UNEP/OzL.Pro.WG.1/30/7 (E)- Advance Copy

>> Latest from the Multilateral Fund for the Implementation of the Montreal Protocol
The Report of the Sixty-first Meeting of the Executive Committee which took place in Montreal from 5 - 9 July 2010 is now available.Read/Download the Report: http://www.multilateralfund.org/files/61/6158.pdf

>> EVENTs
> ATMOsphere 2010 - International Workshop on Natural Refrigerants
http://www.atmosphere2010.com/article.view.php?Id=36

>>PUBLICATIONs - READING
> ARTI Report No. 09001-01 - REVIEW OF REGULATIONS AND STANDARDS FOR THE USE OF REFRIGERANTS WITH GWP VALUES LESS THAN 20 IN HVAC&R APPLICATIONS
Final Report - Date Published - April 2010 with Errata
From the Executive Summary:
"
This report presents the results of a comprehensive review of the regulatory issues in the United States (US), European Union (EU), and Japan that are relevant to the application of emerging low-GWP refrigerants. Specifically, this report focuses on regulatory barriers and issues that may impact the use of CO2, ammonia, hydrocarbons, and lower-flammability fluids such as HFO-1234yf. Within each region, the categories of stationary refrigeration, stationary air conditioning, and vehicle air conditioning applications are addressed."
SOURCE: http://www.ahrinet.org/Content/downloads/research/Research-Final/ARTI-Rpt-09001-01.pdf

>"A Proposal to Change the Political Strategy of Developing Countries in Climate Negotiations" a guest article by Romina Picolotti, in IISD's MEA Bulletin # 96, Thursday, 15 July 2010. The article contrasts the current state of the UNFCCC negotiations with the Montreal Protocol process, and explains the potential that exists for developing countries to achieve climate success in both forums, in particular, through the proposals to phase down HFCs under Montreal. A shortened version appears in the attached document.
Read/Download the full article > http://www.iisd.ca/mea-l/guestarticle96.html

> Refrigeration & Airconditioning Journal, August 2010, Now available, http://bit.ly/94lUnK

> Key Compound of Ozone Destruction Detected; Scientists Disprove Doubts in Ozone Hole Chemistry. For the first time, Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT) scientists have successfully measured in the ozone layer the chlorine compound ClOOCl, which plays an important role in stratospheric ozone depletion. The doubts in the established models of polar ozone chemistry expressed by American researchers based on laboratory measurements are disproved by these new atmospheric observations. The established role played by chlorine compounds in atmospheric ozone chemistry is in fact confirmed by KIT's atmospheric measurements.
Article in ScienceDaily, 22 July 2010, http://bit.ly/agEPOe

> Mitti Cool Refrigerator: Fridge that does not require electricity!
Getting cool water and preserving your vegetables in a refrigerator that does not need electricity might sound like a dream...
SOURCE: http://www.kseboa.org/news/mitti-cool-refrigerator-fridge-that-does-not-require-electricity.html


15 July 2010

 

In this issue:

1. Massive Climate Opportunity Hangs in the Balance Sheet
2. Does the Ocean Influence the Atmosphere's Response to Ozone Depletion?
3. Removing Stubborn Fluorines Detoxifies CFCs.
4. Brazilian Première for CO2 Supermarket Refrigeration to Save 20% Energy
5. Polyurethane Industry to Completely Phase-out Use of HCFC Blowing Agents by 2030 (India)
6. Pakistan Committed to Laying off Ozone Depleting Substances
7. Keeping Cool Making Hong Kong Hotter
8. Ministry Employee Sold Fake Chemical Permits (Israel)


Special Announcement // "Road to Climate Friendly Chillers: Moving Beyond CFCs and HCFCs" a conference sponsored by UNEP and ASHRAE to take place September 30-October 1, 2010 in Cairo, Egypt. The main objective of the conference is to enhance the practical knowledge on state-of-the-art alternative refrigerants and communicate achieved results, successes and lessons learned. Read more...


GLOBAL

1- Massive Climate Opportunity Hangs in the Balance Sheet
Budget Shortfall Jeopardizes Phase-out of Harmful Refrigerant Gases
SOURCE: Environmental Investigation Agency (EIA ), http://www.eia-global.org/

2- Does the Ocean Influence the Atmosphere's Response to Ozone Depletion?
SOURCE: Geophysical Research Letters (GRL) paper 10.1029/2010GL043773, 2010
http://dx.doi.org/10.1029/2010GL043773

3- Removing Stubborn Fluorines Detoxifies CFCs.
SOURCE: Environmental Health Sciences, 17 June 2010, http://www.environmentalhealthnews.org/ehs/newscience/new-way-to-remove-
fluorines-detoxifies-chlorofluorocarbons


LATIN AMERICA AND CARIBBEAN

4- Brazilian Première for CO2 Supermarket Refrigeration to Save 20% Energy
SOURCE: R744.com, 2 July 2010, http://www.r744.com/articles/2010-07-02-first-south-american-r744-store-to-save-20-energy.php


SOUTH ASIA

5- Polyurethane Industry to Completely Phase-out Use of HCFC Blowing Agents by 2030 (India)
SOURCE: Smartech Global Solutions Ltd., 14 June 2010, http://www.plastemart.com/Plastic-Technicle-Article.asp?LiteratureID=1434

6- Pakistan Committed to Laying off Ozone Depleting Substances
SOURCE: Daily Times, 3 July 2010, http://www.dailytimes.com.pk/default.asp?page=2010%5C07
%5C03%5Cstory_3-7-2010_pg11_11

7- Keeping Cool Making Hong Kong Hotter
SOURCE: Macau Daily Times, 26 June 2010, By: Joyce Woo, http://www.macaudailytimes.com.mo/features/13665-Keeping-cool-making-Hong-Kong-hotter.html


EUROPE

8- Ministry Employee Sold Fake Chemical Permits (Israel)
SOURCE: The Jerusalem Post, 09 July 2010, By Ron Friedman, http://www.jpost.com/HealthAndSci-Tech/Health/Article.aspx?id=180911

_________
FEATURED
>> Latest from OzonAction
> 2010 Schedule of Network and Thematic Meetings, Read/Download a PDF

>> Ozone Secretariat - Highlights
> Decision XX/6, paragraph 10: Actions by Parties to reduce methyl bromide use for quarantine and pre-shipment purposes and related emissions - Information provided by parties
SOURCE: UNEP Ozone Secretariat http://ozone.unep.org/highlights.shtml

>> EVENTs
> ATMOsphere 2010 - International Workshop on Natural Refrigerants
http://www.atmosphere2010.com/article.view.php?Id=36

>>PUBLICATIONs - READING
> The Downside to the Recovery of the Ozone Hole, 1 July 2010, By Amanda DeMatto, Our Amazing Planet Conbtributor, http://www.ouramazingplanet.com/the-downside-of-the-recovery-of-the-ozone-hole-0317/

> Register Now for August Free U.S. EPA Informational Webinar on EPA Section 609 Field Enforcement
July 8, 2010 (Lansdale, PA)-The Climate Protection Partnership Division of the U.S. EPA has partnered with the Mobile Air Conditioning Society (MACS) Worldwide for monthly informational webinars throughout 2010. These webinars are focused on informing the mobile A/C community on environmental best practices for servicing mobile A/C systems and demystifying current and proposed regulations. Webinars that have already taken place are archived on the MACS website at this link:
http://www.macsw.org/AM/Template.cfm?Section=MACS_EPA_Webinar_Series&Template
=/CM/HTMLDisplay.cfm&ContentID=6391

> Alexandria Ozone Workshop - Report on the Special training on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer, which was held at the National Institute of customs training on 7/4/2010 organized by Egyptian Ministry of Environment and the National Ozone Unit, in coordination with the human resources sector and capacity building. Read/Download PDF (Arabic Only)


30 June 2010

 

In this issue:

1- Millennium Development Goals Report 2010 - The unparalleled success of the Montreal Protocol shows that action on climate change is within our grasp
2- Major Climate Decisions May Come from Ozone Treaty
3- Strawberry Pesticide Dispute has Implications Beyond California
4- Global Air Conditioning Systems Market to Reach 78.8 Million Units by 2015, According to New Report by Global Industry Analysts, Inc.
5- Ozone Depletion at 'Alarming' Levels (Indonesia)
6- Fluorinated Fire-fighting Foams Protect - Not the Environment Though (Germany)


GLOBAL

1- Millennium Development Goals Report 2010
"It is clear that improvements in the lives of the poor have been unacceptably slow, and some hard-won gains are being eroded by the climate, food and economic crises," UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon says in the foreword to the Millennium Development Goals Report 2010, issued on 23 June. But the report also cites big gains in cutting the rate of extreme poverty, getting children into primary schools, addressing AIDS, malaria and child health, and a good chance to reach the target for access to clean drinking water.

See below an excerpt from Page 54, related to the Montreal Protocol:

The unparalleled success of the Montreal Protocol shows that action on climate change is within our grasp


By 16 September 2009, 196 parties had signed the Montreal Protocol, making it the first treaty of any kind to achieve universal ratification. All the world's governments are now legally obligated to phase out ozone depleting substances (ODSs) under the schedules defined by the Protocol. This year-2010-marks the beginning of a world virtually free of the most widely used ODSs, including chlorofluorocarbons and halons.

Throughout the process, developing countries have demonstrated that, with the right kind of assistance, they are willing, ready and able to become full partners in global efforts to protect the environment. In fact, many developing countries have exceeded the reduction targets for phasing out ODSs, with the support of the Montreal Protocol Multilateral Fund.

Between 1986 and 2008, global consumption of ODSs was reduced by 98 per cent. Furthermore, from 1990 to 2010, the Montreal Protocol's control measures on production and consumption of such substances will have reduced greenhouse gas emissions by the equivalent of 135 gigatons of CO2.This is equivalent to 11 gigatons a year, four to five times the reductions targeted in the first commitment period of the Kyoto Protocol, the agreement linked to the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change. Parties to the Montreal Protocol are now examining ways to use the treaty's vigorous implementation regime to promote even greater climate change benefits.

Without the action prompted by the Montreal Protocol and its Vienna Convention, atmospheric levels of ozone-depleting substances would grow 10-fold by 2050. The resulting exposure to the sun's ultraviolet radiation would likely have led to up to 20 million additional cases of skin cancer and 130 million more cases of eye cataracts; it would also have caused damage to human immune systems, wildlife and agriculture. For much of the world, the time it takes to get sunburned would have been dramatically reduced, due to a 500-per cent increase in DNA-damaging ultraviolet radiation.

Read/Download the Millennium Development Goals Report 2010


2- Major Climate Decisions May Come from Ozone Treaty
SOURCE: The Associated Press, 18 June 2010, http://www.google.com/hostednews/ap/article/ALeqM5j8E8zMTH3oh-rTbOy7kIAKJU_pqAD9GDTPD81
Another related article from Fox News: http://www.foxnews.com/world/2010/06/18/major-climate-decisions-brewing-obscure-ozone-treaty-talks/


NORTH AMERICA

3- Strawberry Pesticide Dispute has Implications Beyond California
SOURCE: The New York Times, 19 June 2010, By Malia Wollan, http://seattletimes.nwsource.com/html/nationworld/2012161638_pesticide20.html

4- Global Air Conditioning Systems Market to Reach 78.8 Million Units by 2015
For more details about this market research report, please visit -
http://www.strategyr.com/Air_Conditioning_Systems_Market_Report.asp
SOURCE: PRWEB, 15 June 2010, http://www.prweb.com/releases/2010/packaged_AC_systems/prweb4131994.htm


SOUTH EAST ASIA AND PACIFIC

5- Ozone Depletion at 'Alarming' Levels (Indonesia)
SOURCE: The Jakarta Post, 14 June 2010, Adianto P. Simamora, http://www.thejakartapost.com/news/2010/06/14/ri-ozone-depletion-%E2%80%98alarming%E2%80%99-levels.html

EUROPE

6- Fluorinated fire-fighting foams protect - not the environment though (Germany)
SOURCE: Umweltbundesamt Dessau-Roßlau, 10 June 2010, http://bit.ly/btvMXJ


___________
FEATURED
>> Latest from OzonAction

High Level Roundtable Dialogue on HPMPs HCFC in Male, Maldives, 9-11 June 2010
Click Here
to View Related Videos
Read/Download Related Article: Maldives is Walking the Talk: Deriving Climate Benefits from Ozone layer Protection

Blog
Stone Age and Age of HCFCs, By Rajendra Shende, 29 June 2010, http://www.unep.fr/ozonaction/blog.htm

>> Ozone Secretariat - Highlights
30th OEWG: Draft decision on the endorsement of a new co-chair of the Environmental Effects Assessment Panel - Submission by the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland -
UNEP/OzL.Pro.WG.1/30/CRP.2 (E) - Advance Copy
SOURCE: UNEP Ozone Secretariat http://ozone.unep.org/highlights.shtml

>> EVENTs
ATMOsphere 2010 - International Workshop on Natural Refrigerants
http://www.atmosphere2010.com/article.view.php?Id=36

>>PUBLICATIONs - READING

How the UN Can Contribute to International Cooperation on Climate Change

Maria Otero, Under Secretary for Democracy and Global Affairs, U.S. Department of State
Speaking at the Ny-Alesund Symposium, Svalbard, Norway, June 23, 2010.

Among other topics addressed in her speech, the following is a quote related to the Montreal Protocol:
… "The UN has also played a strong role in addressing climate change through the Montreal Protocol. Under the Montreal Protocol, every country in the world, both developed and developing, is working together to preserve the ozone layer.
But the Montreal Protocol has not only put the ozone layer on a path to recovery, it has also achieved impressive climate benefits. Many of the ozone depleting substances it has helped phase out also have very high global warming potentials.
We have also joined Mexico and Canada to propose a phase down of HFC use significantly over the next decades, and thereby avoid large growth in their use as other ozone depleting substances are phased out. While the UNFCCC (triple C) retains jurisdiction over HFCs, we believe the Montreal Protocol is the best forum to promote practical action on this issue. The cumulative benefits of phasing down the use of HFCs under the Protocol could produce a savings of 88,000 million metric tons of carbon dioxide by 2050…"
Read the full text @ http://www.state.gov/g/143563.htm
SOURCE: The United States Department of State, June 2010


Small Island Nation Leads Push for Biggest Climate Opportunity of 2010
Goal is up to 209 billion tonnes of CO2-equivalent- Nearly 10% of total mitigation needed to stay below 2°C tipping point.Read the full text @ http://igsd.org/documents/PR_GenevaOEWG_21June2010_000.pdf
SOURCE: Institute for Governance & Sustainable Development, Press Release, 21 June 2010, http://igsd.org


ASHRAE Handbook: A Reliable Resource for Refrigeration,
Learn more @ http://www.ashrae.org/bookstore


Chemicals Classification: Indicators for Implementing the UN's Globally Harmonised System (GHS)

The United Nation's Globally Harmonised System of Classification and Labelling of Chemicals (GHS)1 is an international initiative to standardise how chemicals are managed across the world. A recent study has proposed a suite of indicators which measure progress in implementing the GHS.
Over the years, a variety of systems have been used in different countries to classify chemicals according to their hazardous properties and to provide information about these hazards to chemical users. A single classification and labelling system, such as the GHS, can harmonise national systems. The GHS provides a standard approach to classifying chemicals according to their environmental, health and physical hazards and to communicating these hazards via labels and safety data sheets.
In the EU the new Regulation on the Classification, Labelling and Packaging of Chemical Substances and Mixtures2 incorporates the classification and labelling standards of the GHS. The Regulation also takes over certain provisions of Registration, Evaluation, Authorisation and Restriction of Chemical substances (REACH)3 regarding the notification of classifications, the establishment of a list of harmonised classifications and the creation of a classification and labelling inventory. The GHS is a voluntary initiative and whilst the 2008 target date for adoption has passed, many countries have made significant progress towards this target. However, no country has fully implemented the whole system.
This study outlines a collection of suitable indicators that can be used to measure progress in implementing the GHS at country-level. It used an approach whereby the implementation process consists of two parts: policies and actions.
Individual countries need to develop national policies for addressing the GHS according to their own circumstances, for instance, the extent of their industrial development. Priorities should be identified for particular GHS topics, including legislation issues and awareness-raising. Sector-specific plans for the industrial workplace, agriculture, transport and consumer products should be co-ordinated under a policy framework for managing chemicals. These plans should be developed with input from relevant stakeholders, including government, industry and civil society, where possible.
A range of actions are needed when planning implementation of GHS at the national level: for example, regulations for the management of chemicals in all sectors or support for companies adopting the GHS which would increase opportunities for international trade.
Indicators and indices (aggregate indicators) can help decision makers monitor the effectiveness of the policies and actions taken in implementing the GHS. Global surveys can be taken using simple questionnaires based on the indicators, which provide information to develop country scores that measure capabillity to implement the GHS.
Indicators can be considered 'key success factors' for GHS implementation. One group of proposed indicators determine whether a country has the management capabilities to implement the GHS. These indicators relate to policies (governance structures and the multi-stakeholder approach) and actions (capacity building, information management and training) that are being undertaken or planned.
A second set of indicators can be used to determine the progress a country has made towards implementing the GHS. These performance indicators compare the current situation with defined objectives and goals. In addition, indicator scores could be used to help countries highlight specific areas that need strengthening.

1. See: http://www.unece.org/trans/danger/publi/ghs/ghs_welcome_e.html
2. See: http://ec.europa.eu/environment/chemicals/ghs/index_en.htm
3. See: http://ec.europa.eu/environment/chemicals/reach/reach_intro.htm

Source: Peterson, P.J., bin Mokhtar, M., Chang, C., Krueger, J. (2010). Indicators as a tool for the evaluation of effective national implementation of the Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labelling of Chemicals (GHS). Journal of Environmental Management. 91:1202-1208. Contact: peter.peterson@unitar.org

Excerpt related to Ozone Layer:
… [The third revised edition of the GHS (published in July 2009) takes into account all these amendments which concern, inter alia: new provisions for the allocation of hazard statements and for the labeling of small packagings; two new sub-categories for respiratory and skin sensitization; the revision of the classification criteria for long-term hazards (chronic toxicity) to the aquatic environment; and a new hazard class for substances and mixtures hazardous to the ozone layer….]

SOURCE: UN Economic Commission for Europe, http://www.unece.org/trans/danger/publi/ghs/ghs_welcome_e.html


15 June 2010

In this issue:

1- Holes Discovered in Ozone Layer
2- Ban on Old Fridges Starts Biting as NEMA Swoops in (Uganda)
3- US projects 4 percent emissions rise by 2012 to UN
4- Your Car's A/C System and the Environment
5- Maldives is Walking the Talk: Deriving Climate Benefits from Ozone Layer Protection
6- MAC Workshops Under UNEP's Jumpstart Project Discuss Technology, Policy Options for China, India
7- China Regulates Ozone Depleting Substances
8- Cooling sector HFC emissions growth in the EU to exceed 50% by 2030

GLOBAL

1- Holes Discovered in Ozone Layer
SOURCE: EuroWeekly, 08 June 2010, http://www.euroweeklynews.com/2010060880213/news/costa-blanca/holes-discovered-in-ozone-layer.html


AFRICA

2- Ban on Old Fridges Starts Biting as NEMA Swoops in. (Uganda)
SOURCE: New Vision, 2 June, 2010, By Gerald Tenywa, journalist, http://www.newvision.co.ug/D/8/20/721539

NORTH AMERICA

3- US Projects 4 Percent Emissions Rise by 2012 to UN
Read/Download the US Climate Action Report:
http://www.state.gov/g/oes/rls/rpts/car5/index.htm
SOURCE: The Associated Press, 1 June 2010, By JOHN HEILPRIN http://www.google.com/hostednews/ap/article/ALeqM5hzCCtJ0IP6GsZTHlOKnFl5i7spqgD9G2LH180
-----------------------------------------------------

See also other related resources from the Institute for Governance & Sustainable Development (IGSD):
- Press Release http://igsd.org/documents/PR_USclimateactionreport_1June10_000.pdf
- HFCs and the Montreal Protocol: http://igsd.org/montreal/index.php and
http://www.youtube.com/user/igsdinece#p/a/u/1/kUnb27tuzcY
- Reducing abrupt climate change risk using the Montreal Protocol and other regulatory actions to complement cuts in CO2 emissions, by Mario Molina, Durwood Zaelke, K. Madhava Sarma, Stephen O. Andersen, Veerabhadran Ramanathan, and Donald Kaniaru.
- Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 2009.
http://www.pnas.org/content/early/2009/10/09/0902568106.full.pdf+html
- Micronesia proposal: http://ozone.unep.org/Meeting_Documents/oewg/30oewg/OEWG-30-4E.pdf
- North American proposal: http://ozone.unep.org/Meeting_Documents/oewg/30oewg/OEWG-30-5E.pdf

4- Your Car's A/C System and the Environment
Learn more about your vehicle's air conditioning system, visit the Mobile Air Conditioning Society (MACS) Worldwide website at www.macsw.org and www.epa.gov/ozone/title6/609
Contact: Marion Posen marion@macsw.org
SOURCE: The Mobile Air Conditioning Society (MACS), www.macsw.org


SOUTH ASIA

5-Maldives is Walking the Talk: Deriving Climate Benefits from Ozone Layer Protection
Male, 11 June 2010- Today, President Mohamed Nasheed, the Vice President and a number of ministers from the Maldives announced an important Joint Declaration for the Implementation of the HCFC Phase out Management Plan (HPMP) during the inauguration of the High-Level Roundtable Dialogue on HPMP and its contribution on Carbon Neutrality.
HCFCs have been utilized as substitutes for chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs) for use in refrigeration, including air-conditioning units, refrigerators and various types of manufacturing processes. HCFCs not only destroy the stratospheric ozone layer which is essential to life on Earth but they are also greenhouse gases. In 2007, international community took an important step for accelerated phase-out of HCFCs.
Early this year, the Maldives has made a historic decision to phase out HCFCs by 2020, in line with its carbon neutrality policy, 10 years ahead of the Montreal Protocol phase out schedule.
"The Maldives has become the first country in the world to receive the funding from the Multilateral Fund for the Implementation of the Montreal Protocol for the country's HPMP. This demonstrates to the world that Small Island States can also be at the frontline in the battle against climate change and the protection of the ozone layer" said Ms. Maria Nolan, Chief Officer of the Multilateral Fund for the Implementation of the Montreal Protocol.
The Maldives has committed to phase out the consumption of HCFCs, mainly used in the air conditioning in its nearly 100 tourist resorts spread in its more than 1200 islands.
In this process, relevant Ministries in the country, including the Ministry of Trade, Customs, Tourism, Attorney General and Fisheries, as well as various national stakeholders have agreed to commit and collaborate in the implementation of the plan.
"We believe that going green isn't just ecologically sound but also economically beneficial. The Maldives is famed for its luxury resorts, whose refrigeration systems are the source of most of the country's HCFC emissions. Moving early to phase out the use of HCFCs over the next decade, not only helps protect the beautiful tropical environment tourists come to see but also positions Maldives as a strong eco-destination" said President Nasheed.
Yesterday, high-level officials from the Maldives and the United Nations, along with high commissioners from India and various national stakeholders discussed about the mechanism and the way forward in expediting the implementation of the HCFC phase out plan.
"This dialogue gave us the opportunity to brainstorm about the implementation mechanism, including the policy and legislations, private sector's involvement, energy efficiency benefit, as well as how to put HCFC phase-out at an appropriate place in the Carbon neutrality policy of the Maldives" said Mr. Javier Camago, Chairman of the Executive Committee of the Multilateral Fund.
The Maldives' HPMP is the world's first national phase out plan which specifically targets this group of chemicals. With its overarching structure, it covers different sectors and stakeholders in the country, including the media. As part of the plan, the Maldives also organized a media workshop to raise media's awareness on HCFC phase out issues on 9 June 2010.
"The Montreal Protocol's success has shown that we now know that together we can address climate challenges through technology support and capacity building efforts. What we need now is leadership to get further climate benefits from the ozone layer protection. I am pleased that Maldives is demonstrating that leadership role" said Mr. Achim Steiner, UN Under-Secretary General and Executive Director of UNEP.
Contact:
Mr. Atul Bagai, atul.bagai@unep.org
Ms. Miruza Mohamed, miruza.mohamed@mhte.gov.mv; miruza@gmail.com
Photos Album available on OzonAction Facebook: http://bit.ly/d6gJu3 or http://www.facebook.com/ozonaction
See also other resources available from the Maldives President's website: http://bit.ly/dp9Ilx
SOURCE: UNEP OzonAction, http://www.unep.fr/ozonaction/information/mmcfiles/6356-e-PR_Maldives_walking_talk.pdf


6- MAC Workshops Under UNEP's Jumpstart Project Discuss Technology, Policy Options for China, India
On 3-4 June in Nanjing (China) and 7-8 June in Delhi (India), stakeholders in the Mobile Air Conditioning sector discussed the current status of policies and technology options, with consideration for the potential environmental impacts. The International Workshop on Next-generation Technologies for Mobile Air Conditioning in Nanjing drew 125 participants from China's mobile air conditioning sector, including MAC components manufacturers, automobile manufacturers and other affiliated industries and was co-organised by UNEP and the China Automobile Air-Conditioner Special Association (CAASA). Keynote speakers included Yu Yuan Jun, Secretary General, and Xiaodong Geng, General Director, of CAASA, Ning Zhan, Vice General Secretary of the Society of Automotive Engineers of China, Guoqiang Lu of China's Ministry of Environmental Protection/FECO, Philip Owen of the European Commission (EC), and James Curlin of UNEP. The current MAC policy framework in different countries and regions were presented by the EC, China MEP/FECO, US Environmental Protection Agency, and California Air Regulation Board (CARB). The workshop discussed vehicle manufacturers' perspective on new refrigerants, reducing emissions from MAC systems, fuel efficiency advancement in compressor designs including those specifically designed for electric and hybrid vehicles, and other topics.
In Delhi, the India Policy Workshop on the Status of MAC Replacement Technologies was co-organised by UNEP and The Energy and Resources Institute (TERI). It was opened by the inspiring video message of Dr. Rajendra K. Pachauri, Director General of TERI and Chairman of the IPCC, as well as by the detailed presentation of India's industry situation, by Mr. I.V. Rao, Managing Executive Officer, Maruti Suzuki Ltd and Chairman, Frontier Technologies Committee, Society of Indian Automobile Manufacturers (SIAM). The opening ceremony was also addressed by Mr. Rajendra Shende, Head, OzonAction Branch, UNEP; Dr Prodipto Ghosh, Distinguished Fellow, TERI; and Dr A. Duraisamy, Director, Ozone Cell, Ministry of Environment and Forests, Government of India. The themes were similar to the ones discussed in China, with a particular focus on the ongoing work in India's MAC servicing sector. Stakeholders committed to continue the exchanges and cooperative work to follow the developments in the MAC sector in order to minimise the impact on the environment in the rapidly-growing sector of automobiles.
Contact: Etienne Gonin, etienne.gonin@unep.org
See related Videos available on: http://www.youtube.com/user/ozonaction#p/c/92F0DD587538E14A
http://www.unep.fr/ozonaction/topics/hcfc_jumpstart.htm

7- China Regulates Ozone Depleting Substances
Bangkok/ Beijing, 1 June 2010- After having closed down all its production plants for CFCs much ahead of the schedule of the Montreal Protocol, , the world's largest producer of Ozone Depleting Substances ( ODS) , China, has enacted today the Regulations on the Administration that include controls over consumption, trade, import, export and production of remaining ODS.
China's ODS regulation enacts strong control measures across all sectors using ODS. Annual quota limits are now required for ODS producers and consumers. ODS servicing firms and recovery and recycling businesses must register with their local or Provincial Environmental Protection Bureau. The regulation also increases the transparency of cross-border trade by strengthening the ODS import/export license system.
"This ODS Regulation further demonstrates the strong political commitment of the Government of China to the protection of the global environment. It will guide Chinese industry to ODS-free technology while minimizing other environmental impacts", said Mr. Wen Wurui, Director General, Foreign Economic Cooperation Office (FECO), Ministry for Environmental Protection (MEP), China.
These regulations will also involve high penalties. For example, facilities and systems that illegally produce ODS will be dismantled and demolished and subject to fines of approximately USD 150,000.
As many ODS are also powerful greenhouse gases, China's ODS Regulation will further contribute to climate protection effects by reducing the emissions of thousands of millions of tons of CO2 equivalent. "With these regulations, China is promoting industry and research institutes to research and develop ODS alternatives which are ozone and climate friendly" said Mr. Rajendra Shende, Head, UNEP DTIE OzonAction Programme that has provided policy assistance to China.
China has been Party to the Montreal Protocol since 1991. With a joint effort of industry, government and consumers, China terminated the production and imports of two main kinds of ODS in 2007, two and a half years before the Protocol deadline. By 2008 China had phased out 100,000 tons of ODS production and 110,000 tons of ODS consumption, accounting for 50% of the total ODS phase-out in developing countries. In addition, China ratified the Montreal and Beijing Amendments to the Montreal Protocol on 19 May 2010, a reaffirmation of its commitment to the phaseout of HCFCs, the ozone depleting and high GWP interim alternatives to CFCs.
In order to fulfill this latter commitment, China and other developing countries are building roadmaps, known as "HCFC Phase-out Management Plans (HPMPs)", for an HCFC phase out across 8 sectors.
This is in response to the accelerated phase-out schedule for HCFCs, agreed to by the Parties to the Montreal Protocol in 2007. HCFCs are mostly used in the same sectors that consumed CFCs, and their global CO2-weighted emissions having increased by 30% during the period 2004-2007 (Montzka et al. (2008) GRL). The dual threat that HCFCs pose to the ozone and climate systems mean that the world needs to act urgently to control them.
Contact:
Mr. Atul Bagai, atul.bagai@unep.org
Mr. Wen Wurui, ozone@mepfeco.org.cn
SOURCE: UNEP OzonAction CAP/ROAP, 1 June 2010, http://www.unep.fr/ozonaction/information/mmcfiles/6355-e-ChinaRegulations_PR2010.pdf


EUROPE

8- Cooling Sector HFC Emissions Growth in the EU to Exceed 50% by 2030
To view the IIASA study click here.
SOURCE: SHECCO, 10 June 2010, http://www.beyondhfcs.org/article.view.php?Id=194
___________
FEATURED
>> June 2010 Highlights- Ozone Secretariat
- 30OEWG: Draft decision on the endorsement of a new co-chair of the Environmental Effects Assessment Panel - Submission by the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland - UNEP/OzL.Pro.WG.1/30/CRP.2 (E) - Advance Copy
- 30OEWG/Seminar: List of documents - UNEP/OzL.Pro.WG.1/30/INF/4- UNEP/OzL.Pro/Seminar.1/INF/1 (E)
- 30OEWG/44IMPCOM: Status of ratification, accession, acceptance or approval of the agreements on the protection of the stratospheric ozone layer - Note by the Secretariat - UNEP/OzL.Pro.WG.1/30/INF/2- UNEP/OzL.Pro/ImpCom/44/INF/2 (E)
- 30OEWG/Seminar: List of Side Events
- TEAP 2010 Progress Report - Volume 2 - May 2010 - Corrigendum
- 30OEWG: Issues for discussion by and information for the attention of the Open-ended Working Group of the Parties to the Montreal Protocol at its thirtieth meeting - Note by the Secretariat - Addendum 1 - UNEP/OzL.Pro.WG.1/30/2/Add.1 (A C E F R S)
- 30OEWG: Issues for discussion by and information for the attention of the Open-ended Working Group of the Parties to the Montreal Protocol at its thirtieth meeting - Note by the Secretariat - Addendum 2- UNEP/OzL.Pro.WG.1/30/2/Add.2 (A C E F R S)
SOURCE: UNEP Ozone Secretariat, http://ozone.unep.org/highlights.shtml

EVENTs
>> ATMOsphere 2010 - International Workshop on Natural Refrigerants
http://www.atmosphere2010.com/article.view.php?Id=36
Call for papers: market innovations for natural refrigerants
http://www.atmosphere2010.com/article.view.php?Id=37


PUBLICATIONs - READING
>> U.S. Climate Action Report 2010.
…[In its first major Climate Action Report to the United Nations, the US projects that national greenhouse gases will grow by 4% by 2020. A large portion of the growth is driven by HFCs, which are projected to more than double. Action to tap emissions of HFCs - among the most potent greenhouse gases - will be vital if the US is to achieve an emission reduction rather than an increase]…
Read/Download a PDF @ http://www.state.gov/g/oes/rls/rpts/car/index.htm
SOURCE: The United States Department of State, Washington: Global Publishing Services, June 2010

>> HFCs: Case Study in Interconnections of Ozone Depletion and Climate Change
By Bill Dawson , February, 2010,
http://www.yaleclimatemediaforum.org/2010/02/interconnections-of-ozone-depletion-and-climate-change/

>> Session on Climate Change in Beijing Now, Focus on HCFCs Phaseout. China to Develop Roadmap Soon, By: Umesh Raghuvanshi, http://www.hindustantimes.com/
Read/Download a PDF


30 May 2010

 

In this issue:
1- Summary of the 60th Meeting of the Executive Committee
2- HFCs: Is This the Year to Curb these Super Greenhouse Gases?
3- U.S. EPA Informational Webinar on New California Mobile A/C Rules
4- Belize Refrigeration Technicians (Licensing) Act 2010 - Passed
5- Pakistan to Phase out Ozone Depleting Substances
6- German Car Makers: Rather Protect Business Buddies than the Environment


Latest News on
MP Status of Ratification!

China ratified the Montreal and Beijing Amendments to
the Montreal Protocol on Wednesday, 19 May 2010.


GLOBAL

1- Summary of the 60th Meeting of the Executive Committee
Introduction
The 60th Meeting of the Executive Committee, which took place in Montreal, Canada from 12 to 15 April 2010, was attended by the representatives of 13 of the Executive Committee member Parties and by participants co-opted from 21 other countries (see attached list). Mr. Javier Camargo of Colombia presided over the meeting as Chair of the Executive Committee in 2010. The Executive Secretary and Deputy Executive Secretary of the Ozone Secretariat, the President of the Bureau, representatives of the implementing agencies, the Treasurer, the Co-Chair of the Technical and Economic Assessment Panel (TEAP), the President of the Implementation Committee, and representatives from the Alliance for Responsible Atmospheric Policy, Greenpeace and Institute for Governance and Sustainable Development also attended the meeting.

The 60th Meeting was the first meeting in 2010, the year in which the Committee would turn its attention fully to the phase-out of HCFCs and other remaining ODS. Members considered the finalization of guidelines for the phase-out of HCFC consumption and a number of issues regarding the phase-out of HCFC production and pharmaceutical grade CFCs for metered dose inhalers (MDIs). In addition to these and other policy items the Executive Committee followed its customary programme of work for the first meeting of the year including financial planning and consideration of the three-year business plans of the bilateral and implementing agencies, and agencies’ work programmes.

The Committee approved investment projects and work programme activities with a value of just over US $31 million, plus US $2.45 million in support costs for bilateral / implementing agencies, and took a total of 51 decisions including the approval of the first tranches of two HCFC phase-out management plans (HPMPs). The most significant decisions and discussions are summarized and are available from the Secretariat of the Multilateral Fund for the Implementation of the Montreal Protocol website at: http://www.multilateralfund.org/summaries_of_executive_committ.htm

2- HFCs: Is This the Year to Curb these Super Greenhouse Gases?
SOURCE: Switchboard - Natural Resources Defense Council, 9 May 2010, http://bit.ly/aL3Mhy


NORTH AMERICA

3- U.S. EPA Informational Webinar on New California Mobile A/C Rules
May 13, 2010 (Lansdale, PA)-The Climate Protection Partnership division of the U.S. EPA will partner with the Mobile Air Conditioning Society (MACS) Worldwide for monthly informational webinars throughout 2010 focused on informing the mobile A/C community on environmental best practices for servicing mobile A/C systems and demystifying current and proposed regulations. Webinars that have already taken place are archived on the MACS website at this link: http://bit.ly/cSvn2A
The next free webinar is Thursday, June 10 at 1pm EDT and will cover New California Mobile A/C Service Rules. Tao Zhan, Ph.d, Air Resources Engineer, Climate Change Mitigation and Emissions Research Section Research Division will be the guest speaker.
This webinar will introduce the relevant parts of California's upcoming new Low-Emission Vehicle standards and a current rule on small cans of HFC-134a. The potential impact of these regulations on the mobile A/C service industry will also be discussed. It is important to be aware of environmental regulations proposed in the state of California because California often leads environmental regulation for the rest of the country.
EPA field enforcement is the topic of the free July webinar being held TBA. More details soon and EPA field enforcement personnel will be the guest speakers. You can register now for the free June and July webinars. Visit this link to register directly for the webinars, https://macsw.ilinc.com/perl/ilinc/lms/event.pl?div_view=reg&event_user_id or e-mail Pam Smith at pam@macsw.org
SOURCE: The Mobile Air Conditioning Society (MACS), www.macsw.org

LATIN AMERICA AND CARIBBEAN

4- Belize Refrigeration Technicians (Licensing) Act 2010 - Passed
The Refrigeration Technician (Licensing) Act (No.1 of 2010) was recently endorsed by the Governor General of Belize. The Act provides for mandatory registration and licensing of refrigeration and air conditioning technicians in Belize and will regulate the practice of refrigeration and air conditioning services.

The Act will legally establish the Association of Refrigeration and Air-Conditioning Technicians (ARACT) of Belize and let them manage their own business collectively and collaboratively, including the Certification and Licensing of Technicians through a transparent process.

For more information and for a copy of the Refrigeration Technicians (Licensing) Act, 2010, visit the Belize National Ozone Unit website at www.noubelize.gov.bz


SOUTH ASIA

5- Pakistan to Phase out Ozone Depleting Substances
SOURCE: Daily Times, staff report, 22 May 2010, http://www.dailytimes.com.pk/default.asp?page=2010%5C05%5C22%5Cstory_22-5-2010_pg7_43


EUROPE

6- German Car Makers: Rather Protect Business Buddies Than the Environment
SOURCE: BeyondHFCs, 28 May, 2010, http://www.beyondhfcs.org/press.view.php?Id=24



___________
FEATURED


LATEST FROM OzonAction

This section provides links to recent updates, services and more http://www.unep.fr/ozonaction/events/whats%20_new_2010.htm

BLOGs

"Sense of Direction: Columbus Way"
… In the workshop titled 'cooling without warming' [Bogota, Colombia, April 2010] participants from 12 countries discussed cooling technologies without use of HCFCs. In the conclusion, I said that there was no one technology that would fit all the needs; there is no 'silver bullet'. One has to view the technologies with the sense of direction and as per one's needs. We have to look at the technologies through our own perspective….
From a height of about 10,000 feet [Bogota's Monserrate hill] I saw below the valley covered by a carpet of lights. Thought came to my mind that it is a sense of direction that matters. Columbus missed and reached the destination that he never planned.
A blog written by Rajendra Shende, Head of the OzonAction Branch, in his personal capacity.
Available at:
http://www.unep.fr/ozonaction/blog.htm


EVENTs

>> Thirtieth Open-ended Working Group Meeting of the Parties to the Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer and preceding Seminar on Environmentally Sound Management of Banks of Ozone Depleting Substances, Geneva, Switzerland, 14 to 18 June 2010
Geneva International Conference Centre (CICG)
Rue de Varembé 17
1211 Genève 20 - Switzerland
E-mail: info@cicg.ch
Web: http://www.cicg.ch

> 30th OEWG: Annotations to the provisional agenda - UNEP/OzL.Pro.WG.1/30/1/Rev.1/Add.1 ( A C E F R S)

> Seminar on sound management of banks of ODS: Annotated provisional agenda - UNEP/OzL.Pro/Seminar.1/Rev.1/Add.1 (A C E F R S)


>> Indicative list of UNEP Ozone Secretariat meetings for 2010 http://ozone.unep.org/Events/meetings2010.shtml
>> Indicative list of TEAP/Technical Options Committee meetings for 2010
http://ozone.unep.org/Events/Indicative_List_TEAP_TOCs_Meetings-2010.shtml


PUBLICATIONs / READING

>> Geophysical Research Letters: Recent increases in global HFC-23 emissions, by S. A. Montzka, L. Kuijpers, M. O. Battle, M. Aydin, K. R. Verhulst, E. S. Saltzman, and D. W. Fahey.
Ozone Secretariat: http://ozone.unep.org/Publications/HFC-23_article_2009GL041195.pdf

VIDEOs-WEBSITEs

> Videos from the Asia Pacific Media Seminar on Ozone Protection and Climate Benefit
, 24th May 2010 - Beijing. http://www.aibd.org.my/ozone/index.php?d=31&m=05&y=10&category=12

> Solarchill production in Swaziland http://www.dw-world.de/dw/0,,13279,00.html


15 May 2010

 

In this issue:
1- Two alternative proposals submitted on HFC phase-down under UN Montreal Protocol
2- The chance discovery that averted ecological disaster
3- The Arctic ozone layer response to climate change
4- Senate Climate Bill: "Achieving Fast Mitigation" Through Non-CO2 Strategies (US)
5- Qtel Replaces Halon With 'Green' Gas (Qatar)
6- European Commission vs. Automotive Industry regarding the MAC Directive
7- HCFC Phase-out Management Plan (HPMP) Policy Dialogue Workshop (Belize)
8- Fiji - Protecting the Ozone
9- Picton holds protests against methyl bromide (NZ)


GLOBAL

1- Two Alternative Proposals Submitted on HFC Phase-Down Under UN Montreal Protocol
SOURCE:
Chemical Watch, 4 May 2010, http://chemicalwatch.com/3709

2- The Chance Discovery that Averted Ecological Disaster
SOURCE:
Independent (UK): 6th May 2010, http://www.independent.co.uk/news/science/the-chance-discovery-that-averted-ecological-disaster-1964500.html

3- The Arctic Ozone Layer Response to Climate Change
You can view the report by clicking here.
SOURCE: Beyond HFCs http://www.beyondhfcs.org/article.view.php?Id=187

NORTH AMERICA

4- Senate Climate Bill: "Achieving Fast Mitigation" Through Non-CO2 Strategies (US)
SOURCE:
IGSD, 12 May 2010, http://igsd.org/documents/PR_ClimateBill_12May10_130pm.pdf

WEST ASIA

5- Qtel Replaces Halon With 'Green' Gas (Qatar)
SOURCE:
Doha Time, 11 May 2010, http://bit.ly/dkNIs3

EUROPE

6- European Commission vs. Automotive Industry Regarding the MAC Directive
SOURCE:
BeyondHFCs, 12 May, 2010
http://www.beyondhfcs.org/files/press/PR%20Parliamentary%20Question%2012%20May.pdf

LATIN AMERICA AND CARIBBEAN

7- HCFC Phase-out Management Plan (HPMP) Policy Dialogue Workshop (Belize)
SOURCE:
Belize City, 29th April, 2010, http://www.noubelize.gov.bz/sites/nou-belize/default.asp?site=nou-belize&page_id=4EE11B7D-70FB-4C6A-9629-3D51FC01EA36
Additional Related Information:
The Refrigeration Technician (Licensing) Act (No.1 of 2010) was recently endorsed by the Governor General of Belize. The Act provides for mandatory registration and licensing of refrigeration and air conditioning technicians in Belize and will regulate the practice of refrigeration and air conditioning services. The Act will legally establish the Association of Refrigeration and Air-Conditioning Technicians (ARACT) of Belize and let them manage their own business collectively and collaboratively, including the Certification and Licensing of Technicians through a transparent process. For more information and for a copy of the Refrigeration Technicians (Licensing) Act, 2010, visit the Belize NOU website: www.noubelize.gov.bz

PACIFIC ISLAND COUNTRIES

8- Fiji - Protecting the Ozone
SOURCE:
Fiji Ministry of Information, 10 May 2010, http://www.isria.com/pages/10_May_2010_109.php

9- Picton Holds Protests AgainstMethyl Bromide
SOURCE:
23 April 2010, By Charlotte Tonkin, http://www.3news.co.nz/Picton-holds-protests-against-methyl-bromide/tabid/423/articleID/152521/Default.aspx
Watch related video @ http://www.3news.co.nz/Picton-holds-protests-against-methyl-bromide/tabid/309/articleID/152521/Default.aspx

___________
FEATURED

Latest from OzonAction

The Antarctic Ozone Hole: Then and Now - 25 years since the discovery of Antarctic ozone depletion
A quarter of a century has now passed since ozone depletion in Antarctica was first discovered by scientists from the British Antarctic Survey and reported in the internationally renowned journal Nature in May 1985.On the 7th May 2010 a symposium was held in the Department of Chemistry at the University of Cambridge, UK, to celebrate the publication of this paper. The United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) OzonAction Branch was invited to this prestigious event and attended in its Information Clearinghouse role under the Montreal Protocol's Multilateral Fund. The speakers at the Symposium included: Joe Farman and Jonathan Shanklin, two of the British Antarctic Survey scientists who were authors of the original paper; Paul Crutzen, winner of the Nobel Prize for Chemistry in 1995 for his work with Mario Molina and Sherwood Rowland on ozone depletion; Susan Solomon, NOAA and the former chair IPCC WG1; David Fahey, NOAA; John Pyle, UNEP/WMO co-chair & University of Cambridge; Michael McIntyre, University of Cambridge, Jean-Pierre Pommereau, CNRS; and Keith Shine, University of Reading.OzonAction made a contribution to the seminar, at the request of the organisers, disseminating Climate Benefit from Ozone Layer Protection: "Low Hanging Fruits" a new booklet which will be of interest to anyone involved in cross-cutting issues between the ozone protection and climate protection communities, produced by the Outreach Division of the United Nations Department of Public Information (UN DPI) and the special issue of OzonAction newsletter, 2010 and Then? Building on the Montreal Protocol's Success and Facing the Challenges Ahead. OzonAction filmed short interviews with several of key scientists participating, which it is now pleased to share with the wider Montreal Protocol community.
The videos can be viewed on the
OzonAction website http://www.unep.fr/ozonaction/archive_features.htm
And on
OzonAction YouTube at: http://www.youtube.com/ozonaction

Asia Meets Europe
Joint Meeting of the Regional Ozone Networks for Europe and Central Asia (ECA) and South Asia (SA), Istanbul, Turkey, 26-30 April 2010. For first time, the Regional Ozone Networks for South Asia and for Europe & Central Asia met jointly to promote inter-regional cooperation between South-Asian, Central Asian, Caucasus and Balkan countries. The venue could not have been in any other place, since Istanbul is the only city in the world situated on 2 continents - Asia and Europe. The meeting allowed Ozone Officers from more than 30 countries to exchange their experience in phasing-out the use of ozone-depleting substances (ODS) such as CFCs and HCFCs widely use in refrigeration, air-conditioning and foam production. Read more ...

EVENTs

>> Thirtieth Meeting of the Open-ended Working Group of the Parties to the Montreal Protocol and preceding Seminar on Environmentally Sound Management of Banks of Ozone Depleting Substances (Decision XXI/2) in Geneva, Switzerland.

>> Asia Pacific Media Seminar on Ozone Protection and Climate Benefit 24th May 2010 - Beijing, China. Join international ozone, climate and media experts in a lively discussion about the role of the Asian media in covering "Ozone Protection and Climate Benefit." Get the scoop on the "hot" stories as the region prepares for the phase out of HCFCs. And debate how the Montreal Protocol is now a new climate treaty where developed and developing country agreed to legally binding commitments, and where additional funds are on the table to mitigate climate change, ahead of the next climate change conference in Mexico later this year. Learn more at: http://www.aibd.org.my/ozone/index.php

>> Indicative list of UNEP Ozone Secretariat meetings for 2010 http://ozone.unep.org/Events/meetings2010.shtml
>> Indicative list of TEAP/Technical Options Committee meetings for 2010
http://ozone.unep.org/Events/Indicative_List_TEAP_TOCs_Meetings-2010.shtml

PUBLICATIONs - READING

>> TEAP 2010 Progress Report - Volume 2 - May 2010

>> TEAP 2010 Progress Report - Volume 1 (Decision XXI/9 Task Force Report and "Final" Decision XIX/8 Task Force Report) – May 2010

>> The Ozone Secretariat posted new documents for the 30th Open-Ended Working Group meeting of the Parties to be held in Geneva, Switzerland. The documents are available from the Ozone Secretariat website at: http://ozone.unep.org/highlights.shtml
http://ozone.unep.org/Meeting_Documents/oewg/30oewg/index.shtml

>> Egypt MoE Signed a Cooperation Protocol with the General Authority for the Control of Exports and Imports and the Customs Department
(Text in Arabic only) http://www.eeaa.gov.eg/arabic/main/allnews.asp?Article_Id=1609
Contact: Dr. Ezzat Lewis, ozone_unit@hotmail.com
SOURCE: Egypt, Ministry of Environment, 29 April 2010

>> What Ever Happened to the Ozone Hole?
Brian Handwerk, for National Geographic News, Published May 5, 2010
http://news.nationalgeographic.com/news/2010/05/100505-science-environment-ozone-hole-25-years/

>> HFCs: Case Study in Interconnections of Ozone Depletion and Climate Change
By Bill Dawson , February, 2010,
http://www.yaleclimatemediaforum.org/2010/02/interconnections-of-ozone-depletion-and-climate-change


30 April 2010

 

In this issue:
1- NASA Study Sheds Light on Ozone Hole Chemistry
2- EPA Boosts Capacities of John F Kennedy Hospital in Sinkor (Liberia)
3- Take the Climate Protection Pledge (US)
4- Tougher Control of Ozone Layer Depleting Substances (China)
5- Settlers Museum's New Pest Remedy Leaves Bugs Gasping (New
Zealand)
6- Cricket Bat Industry Hit for Six (EU)


---------------------------------

Special Announcement: Developing Country Journalists Honoured by UNEP for Best Ozone and Climate Reporting - Paris, 22 April 2010, Earth Day - As the curtain is now fully raised on the world stage in which ozone depleting chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs) and halons are no longer produced, three journalists have received top honours from the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) for their reporting on ozone depletion and climate issues. Read more ...

---------------------------------

GLOBAL

1- NASA Study Sheds Light on Ozone Hole Chemistry
SOURCE: Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Pasadena, Calif. http://www.jpl.nasa.gov/news/news.cfm?release=2010-141


AFRICA

2- EPA Boosts Capacities of John F Kennedy Hospital in Sinkor (Liberia)
SOURCE: the Liberian Observer, 22 April 2010, http://www.liberianobserver.com/node/5906


NORTH AMERICA

3- Take the Climate Protection Pledge - Get Recognition for What You are Already Doing Right! Click Here to take the Climate Protection Pledge! Honor Earth Day Everyday! Click Here to find out more.
Do you have questions about this program? E-mail elvis@macsw.org
SOURCE: Mobile Air Conditioning Society (MACS) Worldwide, www.macsw.org

SOUTH ASIA

4- Tougher Control of Ozone Layer Depleting Substances
SOURCE: (Xinhua), China Daily, 17 April 2010, http://www.chinadaily.com.cn/china/2010-04/17/content_9742084.htm


PACIFIC ISLAND COUNTRIES

5- Settlers Museum's New Pest Remedy Leaves Bugs Gasping (New Zealand)
SOURCE: Otago Daily Times Online News, 29 April 2010, By John Gibb, http://www.odt.co.nz/news/dunedin/101426/settlers-museum039s-new-pest-remedy-leaves-bugs-gasping


EUROPE

6- Cricket Bat Industry Hit for Six (EU)
SOURCE: EADT 24, 22 April 2010, By Craig Robinson
http://www.eadt.co.uk/news/cricket_bat_industry_hit_for_six_1_216395

___________
FEATURED

LATEST FROM OZONACTION

>> The "What's New" section on OzonAction website provides links to recent updates, services and more ... http://www.unep.fr/ozonaction/events/whats%20_new_2010.htm

EVENTS

>> The thirtieth meeting of the Open-ended Working Group of the Parties to the Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer 14 - 18 June 2010 in Geneva, Switzerland.
** NEW VENUE - Thirtieth Open-ended Working Group Meeting of the Parties to the Montreal Protocol and preceding Seminar on Environmentally Sound Management of Banks of Ozone Depleting Substances is the Geneva International Conference Centre, Geneva, Switzerland. Learn more @ http://www.unep.ch/ozone/highlights.shtml


PUBLICATIONS - READING

>> Summary report by the co-chairs of the workshop on methyl bromide use for quarantine and pre-shipment purposes (A - C - E - F - R - S)
Source: UNEP Ozone Secretariat, http://www.unep.ch/ozone/

>> Air-Conditioning Industry Chain Development Trend of Global
http://www.articlealley.com/article_1423736_15.html

>> 2010 U.S. Greenhouse Gas Inventory Report - INVENTORY OF U.S. GREENHOUSE GAS EMISSIONS AND SINKS: 1990-2008 - (April 2010) - U.S. EPA # 430-R-10-006
http://www.epa.gov/climatechange/emissions/usinventoryreport.html

>> Climate change: The greenhouse effect
Cowra Community News, 21 April 2010, By Terry Metcalfe
http://cowracommunitynews.com/viewnews.php?newsid=4641&id=137

VIDEOs - WEBSITEs
>> Inhaler 'How To' a video for kids
The video, can be viewed at www.nationalasthma.org.au/content/view/686/1091/
Learn more @ The National Asthma Council Australia http://www.nationalasthma.org.au/content/view/670/1085/


15 April 2010

In this issue:
1- A Giant Leap Forward Towards HCFC Phase-out Goal
2- UV Radiation Exposure Levels Stabilizing - New studies confirm previous investigations
3- WMO Celebrates 60 Year of Service to Human Safety
4- NASA's Unmanned Global Hawk Aircraft Makes First Science Flight
5- Aquastar Applies for U.S. Patent to Safeguard Ground-Breaking AC Refrigerant Technology
6- Four Asian Countries Pull Together to Combat Cross-Border Illegal Trade in Ozone Depleting Chemicals
7- Decision on Import Quotas for Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer - 2010/209/EU

---------------------------------

GLOBAL

1- A Giant Leap Forward Towards HCFC Phase-out Goal
Policies to enable developing countries to freeze, reduce and eventually eliminate their consumption of hydrochlorofluorocarbons (HCFCs), a group of chemicals that not only damage the ozone layer damage but also significantly contribute to climate change, were agreed this week in Montreal. In developing the HCFC project guidelines that set out the eligibility and criteria for funding to enable countries to comply with the Montreal Protocol's HCFC phase-out timetable, all members of the Multilateral Fund's Executive Committee demonstrated their continuing determination and commitment to finding solutions. Despite the complexity and technical nature of the protracted negotiations that took place over a number of its meetings, the Executive Committee once more proved that governments can come together and work out concrete means to address global environmental issues.

The criteria for funding projects to phase-out HCFCs in the consumption sector were developed in direct response to the accelerated HCFC phase-out schedule set by the Parties to the Montreal Protocol on 21 September 2007. Manufacturing capacity in developing countries will be eligible for funding to convert to non-HCFC technology provided that it was installed before 21 September 2007. In addition facilities previously financed through the Multilateral Fund to move away from CFCs would also qualify for funding to convert from HCFCs if essential for a country's compliance with the Montreal Protocol HCFC freeze in 2013 and the 10% and 35% reduction targets in 2015 and 2020. Guidelines were also agreed to address the phase out of HCFC consumption in the refrigeration servicing sector of low-volume-consuming countries to enable them to meet compliance targets.

The guidelines set out the principles that will be used in regard to the level of funding and how countries can set their starting point for aggregate HCFC reductions. They also include consideration of funding for the introduction of low global warming potential (GWP) alternatives to HCFCs.

The text of the HCFC guidelines can be found in the "Report of the Sixtieth Meeting of the Executive Committee" (document UNEP/OzL.Pro/ExCom/60/54) that will be available from the Multilateral Fund's website in the near future (www.multilaterlafund.org)
----
The US $2.6 billion Multilateral Fund is managed by an Executive Committee chaired in 2010 by Javier Carmago of Colombia with Philippe Chemouny of Canada the Vice Chair. The Committee is assisted by the Fund Secretariat which is based in Montreal, Canada. Activities are implemented by four international agencies (UNDP, UNEP, UNIDO, World Bank) and a number of bilateral government agencies. Responsibility for overseeing the operation of the Fund rests with the Executive Committee comprising seven members each from developed (Belgium, Canada, France, Japan, Switzerland, Ukraine, United States of America) and developing countries (Colombia, Grenada, India, Morocco, Namibia, Saudi Arabia, Senegal). Since 1991, the Multilateral Fund has approved activities including industrial conversion, technical assistance, training and capacity building worth over US $2.5 billion that will result in the phase out of over 450,000 ODP tonnes of consumption and production of ozone-depleting substances in developing countries
.
For further information, please contact: Julia Anne Dearing, Information Management Officer,
secretariat@unmfs.org
Secretariat of the Multilateral Fund for the Implementation of the Montreal Protocol http://www.multilateralfund.org

2- UV Radiation Exposure Levels Stabilizing - New studies confirm previous investigations
SOURCE: Softpedia, 17 March 2010, By Tudor Vieru, Science Editor
http://news.softpedia.com/news/UV-Radiation-Exposure-Levels-Stabilizing-137709.shtml
Other related link w/video: http://www.physorg.com/news187966732.html

3- WMO Celebrates 60 Year of Service to Human Safety
April 8, 2010 - On World Meteorological Day, March 23, 2010, World Meteorological Organization (WMO) celebrated theme, WMO - 60 Years of Service for Your Safety and Well-Being. Event was celebrated by National Meteorological and Hydrological Services in 189 member states/territories. Achievements of WMO include alerts on thinning ozone layer/climate change and work on early weather warning systems. The Organization held ceremony at Geneva headquarters on this occasion.
Learn more @ The World Meteorological Organization http://www.wmo.int/worldmetday/message_10_en.html#top
Read Related Brochure: http://www.wmo.int/worldmetday/documents/WMD2009_brochure_EN.pdf


NORTH AMERICA

4- NASA's Unmanned Global Hawk Aircraft Makes First Science Flight
SOURCE: SPACE.com, 9 April 2010, By SPACE.com Staff, http://www.space.com/missionlaunches/global-hawk-first-science-flight-100408.html

5- Aquastar Applies for U.S. Patent to Safeguard Ground-Breaking AC Refrigerant Technology- Learn more @ http://www.aquastarcooling.com/technology.html
SOURCE: AZoCleantech, http://www.aquastarcooling.com


SOUTH ASIA

6- Four Asian Countries Pull Together to Combat Cross-Border Illegal Trade in Ozone Depleting Chemicals
Chalsa/ Bangkok, 7 April 2010- Thirty representatives from the National Ozone Offices and Customs administrations from Bangladesh, Bhutan, India and Nepal came together today to forge an alliance to tackle illegal trade in chemicals which destroy the earth's protective ozone layer and contribute to climate change. The cooperation was initiated at The Border Dialogue on Monitoring and Controlling Trade in Ozone Depleting Substances (ODS) taking place over the next two days in Chalsa, West Bengal, India.
All countries have committed to reduce consumption and production of ODS under the Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer, notably chlorofluorocarbons (CFC) and halons, the production of which was terminated globally on the 1st January this year. However, these chemicals exist in the region because significant amounts of CFC-dependent refrigerators, air conditioners and other equipments are still in service. Although alternatives are available to service such equipment, the cost and incompatibility of some replacements can lead some users to seek out illicit supplies of the CFCs. The smuggling of these chemicals to satisfy this demand has posed significant challenges to border enforcement personnel.
"Due to the 2010 CFC phase-out, unscrupulous traders may try to challenge ban in the coming months recognising the potentially huge profit and often low risk from this illegal trade. To address these issues, UNEP has been actively promoting border dialogues among neighbouring countries and assisted in raising awareness, enhancing enforcement capacity and optimizing mechanisms for coordination at border crossings" said Mr. Atul Bagai, of UNEP's OzonAction Programme.
"Unified international efforts will be the key to the prevention of the environmental crime related to ODS smuggling" said Mr. Anil Bhatnagar, Director General, National Academy of Customs, Excise and Narcotics, Ministry of Finance, Government of India.
Following the one-day regional dialogue, a capacity building training will be held for the participating customs and enforcement officers in order to enhance their knowledge and skills in identifying and handling ODS.
"Solving the crisis of illegal ODS trade and minimizing its negative economic and industrial consequences require close cooperation among nations as well as collaborative industry partnership" said Mr. B.P Nilaratna, Joint Secretary of Ministry of Environment and Forests, India.
Dr. Sita Ram Joshi, Director General, Nepal Bureau of Standards and Metrology said "This dialogue will increase cross-border cooperation among Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Nepal, as well as encourage the development and the adoption of sub-regional solutions to monitor ODS traffic. It will certainly support the ODS phase-out programmes in this sub-region".
Representatives from the World Customs Organization's Regional Intelligence Office for Asia and the Pacific (RILO A/P); the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC); India's National Academy of Customs, Excise and Narcotics (NACEN); Department of Border Management of the Ministry of Home Affairs, India; INTERPOL India; Border Security Force and SSB India will share their expertise and experiences in environmental crime at this important meeting.
SOURCE: UNEP DTIE OzonAction, http://www.unep.fr/ozonaction/information/mmcfiles/6340-e-chalsa_PR2010.pdf


EUROPE

7- Decision on Import Quotas for Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer - 2010/209/EU
Commission Decision 2010/209/EU of 26 March 2010 on the allocation of import quotas for controlled substances for the period 1 January to 31 December 2010 under Regulation (EC) No 1005/2009 of the European Parliament and of the Council (notified under document C(2010) 1907)
The release for free circulation in the Union of imported controlled substances that deplete the ozone layer is subject to quantitative limits as set out in Art. 16 of Regulation (EC) No 1005/2009. Following the receipt of information from companies intending to import or export such controlled substances in 2010, the European Commission has allocated import quotas for the substances and companies concerned. The controlled substances are: group I (chlorofluorocarbons 11, 12, 113, 114 and 115); group II (other fully halogenated chlorofluorocarbons); group III (halons); group IV (carbon tetrachloride); group V (1,1,1- trichloroethane); group VI (methyl bromide); group VII (hydrobromofluorocarbons); group VIII (hydrochlorofluorocarbons); group IX (bromochloromethane). This Decision applies from 1 January 2010 and expires on 31 December 2010.
SOURCE: Justis, The Law Online, 9 April 2010, http://www.justis.com/data-coverage/eu-bulletins.aspx?date=20100409
Read/Download the EU Decision from the Official Journal of the European Union
http://eur-lex.europa.eu/LexUriServ/LexUriServ.do?uri=OJ:L:2010:089:0013:0019:EN:PDF

___________
FEATURED

LATEST FROM OZONACTION

>> The "What's New" section on OzonAction website provides links to recent updates, services and more ... http://www.unep.fr/ozonaction/events/whats%20_new_2010.htm
---

EVENTS

>> The Antarctic Ozone Hole: A Symposium on the 25th Anniversary of the publication of the Farman, Gardiner & Shanklin paper
The Centre for Atmospheric Science, University of Cambridge, is hosting a symposium on:
"The Antarctic Ozone Hole: Then and Now" 10.30am - 6pm, Friday 7th May, 2010
Department of Chemistry, University of Cambridge, Lensfield Road, Cambridge, CB2 1EW
The discovery of the Antarctic Ozone Hole led to intensive research to find out why such large ozone losses were occurring in a region which was previously thought to be chemically inactive. This research involved both atmospheric chemistry and meteorology and so it is entirely fitting that the royal societies of the two disciplines are supporting this workshop. The finding also led to the Montreal Protocol which limited ozone-depleting gases and so to close involvement of atmospheric scientists with the chemical industry and the political process. Thus, while the focus is on the atmospheric science, talks will cover the industrial and political developments. The presentations will be given by leading international speakers and will cover the scientific and political importance of the discovery of the Antarctic Ozone Hole, as well as the latest developments. Speakers include:
Paul Crutzen, Nobel Prize winner
David Fahey, NOAA
Michael McIntyre, University of Cambridge
Jean-Pierre Pommereau, CNRS
John Pyle, UNEP/WMO co-chair & University of Cambridge
Jonathan Shanklin, BAS
Keith Shine, University of Reading
Susan Solomon, NOAA, former chair IPCC WG1
Space will be limited, so if you wish to attend this symposium please register at
http://www.ozone-sec.ch.cam.ac.uk/o3_anniversary/o3_form.html
Registration is also necessary to receive more detailed information.
Click here to download the Ozone Symposium flyer
Learn more @ http://www.atm.ch.cam.ac.uk/community/pg/blog/news/read/572/the-antarctic-ozone-hole-a-symposium-on-the-25th-anniversary-of-the-publication-of-the-farman-gardiner-amp-shanklin-paper

>> Indicative list of UNEP Ozone Secretariat meetings for 2010 http://ozone.unep.org/Events/meetings2010.shtml
>> Indicative list of
TEAP/Technical Options Committee meetings for 2010
http://ozone.unep.org/Events/Indicative_List_TEAP_TOCs_Meetings-2010.shtml


PUBLICATIONS - READING

>> The Arctic Ozone Layer
How the Arctic Ozone Layer is Responding to Ozone-Depleting Chemicals and Climate Change, by Angus Fergusson, Environment Canada. The report Arctic Ozone: The Sensitivity of the Ozone Layer to Chemical Depletion and Climate Change was published in 1998, based on research carried out from the 1960s to the mid-1990s. Over the last 10 years, significant advances have been made in ozone depletion science, namely in monitoring and observation, analysis and computer modelling. This report updates the science, looking into how the Arctic ozone layer has evolved since 1998...
Read/Download the Report >> http://www.unep.fr/ozonaction/information/mmcfiles/6342-e-EC2010ArcticOzoneClimate.pdf

>> The Science of Climate Change - The Clouds of Unknowing
SOURCE: The Economist - print edition, 18 March 2010, http://www.economist.com/displayStory.cfm?story_id=15719298


30 March 2010

 

In this issue:
1- Boundaries for Healthy Planet
2- Pallet Stamp ID Theft: Are Your Pallets Really ISPM-15 Compliant?
3- Toxic Gas Cited as Factor in Woman's Death
4- Afghanistan and UNEP Form Partnership against Smuggling of Ozone Depleting Chemicals
5- Saudi Arabia to Return to Compliance
6- French New Decree on Ammonia Use and Transport

---------------------------------

GLOBAL

1- Boundaries for Healthy Planet
Scientists have set thresholds for key environmental processes that, if crossed, could threaten Earth's habitability. Ominously, three have already been exceeded
By Jonathan Foley, Gretchen C. Daily, Robert Howarth, David A. Vaccari, Adele C. Morris, Eric F. Lambin, Scott C. Doney, Peter H. Gleick and David W. Fahey

---
"Ozone Depletion,
By David W. Fahey, physicist, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration
The Montreal Protocol under the Vienna Convention for the Protection of the Ozone Layer has reduced use of ozone-depleting substances-primarily chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs) and halons-by 95 percent over two decades. As of January 1, no more production is to occur in the 195 nations that signed the protocol. As a result, stratospheric ozone depletion will largely reverse by 2100. The gain has relied, in part, on intermediate substitutes, notably hydrochlorofluorocarbons (HCFCs), and the growing use of compounds that cause no depletion, such as hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs).
Ongoing success depends on several steps:
- Continue observing the ozone layer to promptly reveal unexpected changes. Ensure that nations adhere to regulations; for example, the HCFC phaseout will not be complete until 2030.
- Maintain the Scientific Assessment Panel under the protocol. It attributes causes of changes in the ozone layer and evaluates new chemicals for their potential to destroy ozone and contribute to climate change.
- Maintain the Technology and Economic Assessment Panel. It provides information on technologies and substitute compounds that helps nations assess how the demand for applications such as refrigeration, air-conditioning and foam insulation can be met while protecting the ozone layer.
The two panels will also have to evaluate climate change and ozone recovery together. Climate change affects ozone abundance by altering the chemical composition and dynamics of the stratosphere, and compounds such as HCFCs and HFCs are greenhouse gases. For example, the large projected demand for HFCs could significantly contribute to climate change. ".
SOURCE: Scientific American, April 2010 Issue, http://www.scientificamerican.com/article.cfm?id=boundaries-for-a-healthy-planet


NORTH AMERICA

2- Pallet Stamp ID Theft: Are Your Pallets Really ISPM-15 Compliant?
SOURCE: Materials Handling, 26 March 2010, By Chaille Brindley,
http://www.materialshandling.net/articledatabase/view.asp?articleID=3063


PACIFIC ISLAND COUNTRIES

3- Toxic Gas Cited as Factor in Woman's Death
SOURCE: New Zealand Hearld, 28 March 2010, http://www.nzherald.co.nz/nz/news/article.cfm?c_id=1&objectid=10634898


SOUTH ASIA

4- Afghanistan and UNEP Form Partnership against Smuggling of Ozone Depleting Chemicals
23 March 2010 - Today an important partnership was forged to combat the illegal trade in chemicals which destroy the earth's protective ozone layer and contribute to climate change.
The partnership was cemented through the signing of a memorandum of understanding (MOU) between the United Nations Environment Programme, Division of Technology, Industry and Economics (UNEP DTIE) OzonAction Programme, Afghanistan's National Environment Protection Agency (NEPA) and Afghanistan's Customs Department of the Ministry of Finance (ACD) at a ceremony held today at the United Nations Conference Centre (UNCC) in Bangkok, Thailand.
Afghanistan is facing an unprecedented challenge in relation to illegal trade and security. The smuggling of environmentally sensitive commodities such as ozone depleting chemicals can undermine the efforts of a country to protect the environment. Today's agreement establishes a framework for collaboration on customs training and capacity building initiatives for customs officers in Afghanistan. The partnership will contribute to strengthening environmental security in the country and enable ozone issues to be mainstreamed in Afghanistan's capacity building efforts.
"Despite the difficult and challenging situation in the country, Afghanistan has so far succeeded in achieving compliance with the Montreal Protocol that Deplete the Ozone Layer through its determined efforts to phase out ozone depleting substances (ODS). Monitoring the cross border trade in ODS has been the key success factor in accomplishing this" said Rajendra Shende, Head of UNEP DTIE OzonAction Programme. "Today Afghanistan has demonstrated to the world its determination to protect the ozone layer and has stepped up its efforts to prevent the illegal trade in ODS. UNEP will stand shoulder to shoulder and support Afghanistan in all these efforts", Mr Shende continued.
"ACD launched a Customs Academy in Kabul in January 2010. With the objective of improving and modernising the customs service, we are proud and ready to be part of this ozone capacity building initiative by developing a relevant training curriculum and monitoring the training courses, as well as collecting information on ODS seizures and illegal ODS trends" said Mr. Said Mobin Shah, Deputy Minister of Customs and Revenue, ACD.
"NEPA is expected to play a major role in environmental protection, especially in ozone layer protection. One of our key roles is to provide training to customs officers, including providing training materials tailored for Afghanistan, as well as information on the latest developments of the Montreal Protocol and other technical support related to ozone issues" said Mr. Mostapha Zaher, Director General of NEPA.
Porous land borders with neighbouring countries provide the major routes for the illegal ODS trade. In an effort to promote actions to curb illegal trade in these chemicals, UNEP DTIE OzonAction Programme has been facilitating border dialogue consultations between Afghanistan and neighbouring countries to discuss mechanisms to jointly address illegal trade issues. Following the ceremony today UNEP DTIE OzonAction Programme have organised a meeting between Afghanistan's National Ozone Officer, NEPA, ACD, and experts from India, Iran and UNEP to discuss the challenges of control and monitoring of ODS, and relevant issues common to Afghanistan and its neighbouring countries.
SOURCE: UNEP CAP ROAP, 23 March 2010,
http://unama.unmissions.org/Default.aspx?tabid=1760&ctl=Details&mid=2002&ItemID=8309
Listen to related Interview Radio Australia @ http://www.radioaustralia.net.au/connectasia/stories/201003/s2856847.htm


WEST ASIA

5- Saudi Arabia to Return to Compliance
UNEP and UNIDO recently embarked on a joint high level mission to Jeddah, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia where they had extensive discussions with His Royal Highness Prince (HRH) Turki bin Nasser bin Abdul Aziz, the President of Presidency of Meteorology and Environment (PME) on Saudi Arabia's non-compliance with the Montreal Protocol.
The Action Plan to return to compliance, the need to strengthen the National Ozone Unit (NOU), ratification of Beijing and Montreal amendments and challenges of HCFC phase out, considering that Saudi Arabia is among the 10 largest HCFC consuming countries in the world, were the highlights of the discussions.
HRH Prince Turki assured UNEP-UNIDO representatives of his country's commitment to return to compliance.
SOURCE: UNEP OzonAction, 26 March 2010, http://www.unep.fr/ozonaction/archive_features.htm


EUROPE

6- French New Decree on Ammonia Use and Transport
French authorities have modified the 1998 decree ("arrêté") setting general prescriptions for ammonia use and storage.
In order to facilitate the introduction of ammonia as substitute in the replacement of phased-out HCFC systems, minimum safety distances have been reduced, but additional protection devices have been defined and will become mandatory.
Compared with the 1998 decree, a number of issues have been addressed, such as - Fire resistance of the buildings and fire fighting material;
SOURCE: Bulletin Officiel Développement Durable, Ministère de l'Ecologie, de l'Energie, du Développement Durable et de la Mer, en Charge des Technologies Vertes et des Négociations sur le Climat,
http://www.bulletinofficiel.developpement-durable.gouv.fr/fiches/BO20101/met_20100001_0100_0015.pdf

___________
FEATURED

LATEST FROM OZONACTION

>> The "What's New" section on OzonAction website provides links to recent updates, services and more ... http://www.unep.fr/ozonaction/events/whats%20_new_2010.htm
---
Visit the HCFC Help Centre @ http://www.unep.fr/ozonAction/topics/hcfc.asp
Read/Download JumpStart, Vol. 1, no. 1, http://www.unep.fr/ozonaction/topics/Newsletter1.pdf
If you wish to subscribe, submit articles, invite new subscribers, please send an email to: samira.degobert@unep.org

EVENTs

>> 60th Meeting of the Executive Committee
The 60th Meeting of the Executive Committee will be held in Montreal (Canada) from 12-15 April 2010. Participants may wish to consult the information note regarding details of meeting logistics. UNEP/OzL.Pro/ExCom/60/1, Provisional agenda, Ar | En | Fr | Sp

>> Indicative list of UNEP Ozone Secretariat meetings for 2010 http://ozone.unep.org/Events/meetings2010.shtml
>> Indicative list of
TEAP/Technical Options Committee meetings for 2010
http://ozone.unep.org/Events/Indicative_List_TEAP_TOCs_Meetings-2010.shtml

 


15 March 2010


Special Announcement / "Road to Climate Friendly Chillers: Moving Beyond CFCs and HCFCs"
UNEP and ASHRAE are sponsoring a conference titled "Road to Climate Friendly Chillers: Moving Beyond CFCs and HCFCs" September 30-October 1, 2010 in Cairo, Egypt. The main objective of the conference is to enhance the practical knowledge on state-of-the-art alternative refrigerants and communicate achieved results, successes and lessons learned. Read more...

---------------------------------
In this issue:
1- Four Fast-action Strategies to Tackle Abrupt Climate Change
2- Reaching to the Skies for Earth Science
3- Environmental Specialists Discuss O-Zone Depletion
4- Stakeholders Receive $20M Refrigeration Equipment Boost from Agriculture Ministry - in keeping with Terminal Phase Out Management Plan (Guyana)
5- Canadian Development Funds Finance Conversion to Ammonia
6- Make Sure Car Aircon is CFC-12 (Freon) Free
7- Middle East - DuPont Expresses Anger over Counterfeit R22 and R134a Refrigerants
8- Climatisation Automobile (France)
9- British Energy Successfully Replaces R22 with RS-45 (R434A) in Flooded Chiller

---------------------------------
GLOBAL
1- Four Fast-action Strategies to Tackle Abrupt Climate Change
SOURCE:
The Washington Post, 9 March 2010,
http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2010/03/09/AR2010030901113.html

LATIN AMERICA AND CARIBBEAN
3- Environmental Specialists Discuss O-Zone Depletion
SOURCE:
7 News, By Jim McFadzean, Reporting for Seven News, Belize, 2 March 2010, http://www.7newsbelize.com/sstory.php?nid=16370

4- Stakeholders Receive $20M Refrigeration Equipment Boost from Agriculture Ministry - in keeping with Terminal Phase Out Management Plan (Guyana)
SOURCE:
Ministry of Agriculture, Guyana, March 2010 Bulletin,
http://www.agriculture.gov.gy/Bulletins/March%202010/Stakeholders%20receive%2020M%20refrigeration%
20equipment%20boost%20from%20Agri.%20Ministry.html

NORTH AMERICA
5- Canadian Development Funds Finance Conversion to Ammonia
SOURCE:
ammonia21.com, 23 February 2010,
http://www.ammonia21.com/content/articles/2010-02-23-canadian-development-funds-finance-conversion-to-ammonia-.php

SOUTH ASIA
6- Make Sure Car Aircon is CFC-12 (Freon) Free
SOURCE:
Philippine Daily Inquirer, 23 February 2010, By: Alvin Uy,
http://business.inquirer.net/money/features/view/20100223-255004/Make-sure-car-aircon-is-CFC-12-Freon-free

WEST ASIA
7- Middle East - DuPont Expresses Anger over Counterfeit R22 and R134a Refrigerants.
SOURCE:
IIR/IIF https://www.iifiir.org/en/news.php?rub=5&nl=40&id=2019#5
Quoting http://www.ACR-news.com

EUROPE
8- Climatisation Automobile (France)

Réglementation sur les fluides frigorigènes : lancement d'une campagne de contrôles
Le ministère de l'Environnement a récemment publié une circulaire pour fixer les cibles principales de sa très prochaine campagne de contrôles de la règlementation.
SOURCE : l'Alliance Froid Climatisation Environnement (AFCE), Press Release, 1 March 2010, www.afce.asso.fr

9- British Energy Successfully Replaces R22 with RS-45 (R434A) in Flooded Chiller
SOURCE:
A-Gas (UK) Limited, 08 February 2010, http://praguemonitor.com/2010/02/01/czech-scientists-measure-ozone-antarctica
___________
FEATURED

LATEST FROM OZONACTION

>> "JumpStart HCFC Phase-Out for Ozone and Climate Benefit" a New Information Update Provided by UNEP DTIE OzonAction.
--- The Montreal Protocol has, in the past, already bought the world the equivalent of decades-worth of CO2 emissions. In the future, the world has a convenient opportunity to address an inconvenient truth. Dramatically cutting HCFCs emissions -nearly 2000 times more potent Greenhouse Gases (GHGs) than CO2,-and improving the energy efficiency of air-conditioning and refrigeration appliances that use them is "... the key to catalyzing a transition to a low carbon, resource efficient Green Economy" according to Achim Steiner, United Nations under Secretary General and Executive Director of UNEP.
While the opportunity to achieve climate benefit appears to be a "low hanging fruit", the "JumpStart" to pick those fruits poses a significant challenge as most HFCs, which are popular alternatives for HCFCs are also potent GHGs. The EU has adopted a regulatory framework aimed at reducing emissions of HFCs. "This policy is widely acknowledged as a global model that leads to more responsible management of the substances..." according to Marianne Wenning, Head of Unit ENV C.4 of the European Commission.
This information and knowledge-exchange is just one of the tools of responsible management of Ozone Depleting Substances with the objective to achieve "low hanging" climate benefit.
Rajendra Shende, Head, OzonAction, UNEP DTIE
---
Visit the HCFC Help Centre @ http://www.unep.fr/ozonAction/topics/hcfc.asp
Read/Download JumpStart, Vol. 1, no. 1, http://www.unep.fr/ozonaction/topics/Newsletter1.pdf
If you wish to subscribe, submit articles, invite new subscribers, please send an email to: samira.degobert@unep.org

EVENTs
>> 60th Meeting of the Executive Committee

The 60th Meeting of the Executive Committee will be held in Montreal (Canada) from 12-15 April 2010. Participants may wish to consult the information note regarding details of meeting logistics. UNEP/OzL.Pro/ExCom/60/1, Provisional agenda, Ar | Ch | En | Fr | Sp

>> Indicative list of UNEP Ozone Secretariat meetings for 2010 http://ozone.unep.org/Events/meetings2010.shtml
>> Indicative list of TEAP/Technical Options Committee meetings for 2010
http://ozone.unep.org/Events/Indicative_List_TEAP_TOCs_Meetings-2010.shtml

PUBLICATIONs/READING
>> Utilisation de HCFC pour la marine // HCFC for ship servicing and export to ships as of 2010 - Frequently asked questions

La commission Européenne a publié récemment un FAQ sur les possibilités des opérateurs de faire de la maintenance d'équipements frigorifiques fonctionnant aux HCFC sur des bateaux de pavillon Européen ou non Européen. Cette FAQ fait suite au nouveau règlement 1005-2009 CE sur les substances qui détruisent la couche d'ozone. La FAQ a été établie en langue anglaise par la commission et l'AFCE la reproduit tel quel, partant du principe que les sociétés de maintenance de bateaux utilisent cette langue couramment. (http://www.afce.asso.fr/images/stories/pdf/faq_ships_servicing.pdf)
SOURCE : AFCE, 24 Février 2010, http://www.afce.asso.fr/images/stories/pdf/faq_ships_servicing.pdf


26 February 2010

 

Vacancy Announcement / Senior Environmental Affairs Officer - P5, Paris:
Under the overall supervision of the Director, UNEP DTIE and the functional supervision of the Head, OzonAction Branch in the Paris duty station, the incumbent will: supervise, coordinate and support in substance the operation of the regional activities; establish strategic linkages with networking activities, institutional strengthening, training and implementation of national compliance plans; identify linkages between the Montreal and Kyoto Protocols and facilitate the transfer of environmentally friendly technologies and policies among network members...
Click here for detailed Vacancy Announcement

Deadline for Applications: 19 April 2010
----------------------------------------

In this issue:
1-"Right on Target - Montreal Protocol" Highlighted in UNEP's Annual Report
2- Cuba Produces Ozone-Friendly Medicines
3- Kroy Corporation and James Garrido Sentenced for Illegal Ozone Depleting Substance Smuggling Operation; Associate Pleads Guilty to False Customs Declarations
4- Alliance Commends US Government for Successful Prosecution and Sentencing of HCFC-22 Smugglers
5- Toxicologists Say Methyl Iodide Poses Health Risks
---------------------------------

GLOBAL

1- "Right on Target - Montreal Protocol" Highlighted in UNEP's Annual Report
The ozone treaties have in 2009 achieved a series of extraordinary landmarks which will stand the international community in good stead as it works towards a low-carbon, resource efficient green economy.
With the accession of the world's youngest democracy - Timor Leste - the Montreal Protocol has achieved the unique goal of universal participation - a feat achieved by no other multilateral environmental treaty.
The Protocol is well on target to meet the 2010 deadline for developing countries' full and final phase-out of chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs) and halons. Their next challenge, by 2013, is to freeze the consumption and production of the CFC-replacement substances known as hydrochlorofluorocarbons (HCFCs), which are potent global warming gases.
Through its OzonAction programme and with funding from Multilateral Fund and the GEF, UNEP works with developing countries and those with economies in transition to help them comply with this deadline, with a view to phasing out HCFCs globally by 2030. The Montreal Protocol's contribution to climate change was further discussed at the twenty-first Meeting of the Parties in 2009;
however, countries deferred consideration of the proposed action to phase-out hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs) to the UNFCCC.
Excerpt from UNEP Annual report 2009, page 62.
Read/Download the full report: http://www.unep.org/pdf/UNEP_2009_ANNUAL_REPORT.pdf


LATIN AMERICA AND CARIBBEAN

2- Cuba Produces Ozone-Friendly Medicines
SOURCE : Cuba News, 17 February 2010, http://www.cubanews.ain.cu/2010/0217cubaproduce.htm


NORTH AMERICA

3- Kroy Corporation and James Garrido Sentenced for Illegal Ozone Depleting Substance Smuggling Operation; Associate Pleads Guilty to False Customs Declarations
SOURCE: The United States Attorney's Office, Southern District of Florida, Press Release, 11 February 2010, http://epa.gov/compliance/resources/cases/criminal/highlights/2010/garrido-james-02-11-10.pdf

4- Alliance Commends US Government for Successful Prosecution and Sentencing of HCFC-22 Smugglers
WASHINGTON, D.C. - The Alliance for Responsible Atmospheric Policy (Alliance), an industry coalition, today commended the sentencing of a Florida man and a Florida corporation on charges related to smuggling 418,654 kilograms of hydrochlorofluorocarbon-22 (HCFC) refrigerants with a market value of over $3.9 million. James Garrido was sentenced to 30 months imprisonment and Kroy Corporation was sentenced to five years of probation. They must jointly pay $40,000 in fines and forfeit over $1.3 million to the US.
"The US government has done an excellent job of prosecuting and sentencing these defendants for smuggling HCFC-22, and they are ready to prosecute and fine anyone devising schemes to illegally import HCFCs," stated Dave Stirpe, Executive Director of the Alliance.
The Alliance cautions industry and the public to be certain that their HCFC-22 refrigerant purchases are legal, and to refuse to buy illegally imported refrigerants. The warning came as reports are beginning to surface that illegal HCFC imports are on the rise.
HCFC-22 refrigerant may be legally produced domestically and imported into the US provided that U.S. EPA-issued quota allowances are expended. Anyone importing HCFCs without legal allowances is in violation of federal law. HCFC-22 is generally used to service and maintain existing commercial air conditioning and refrigeration equipment. Newly produced equipment generally relies on HFCs and other refrigerants.
"Purchasers of the illegal refrigerant are at risk. The government may confiscate any illegally imported refrigerant, even if it has been passed down through the marketplace, and prosecute purchasers who knowingly buy illegal material," Stirpe said.
"Consumers should also be wary of the refrigerant since some of the imported material has been found to be of poor quality," Stirpe noted.
Purchasers of imported HCFCs should verify that their importer is authorized to import HCFCs. Such importers would have been listed as having a baseline consumption allowance in the EPA HCFC Allocation Rule, or involved in a subsequent legal trade of consumption allowances. The recipient of a trade can show a letter from EPA acknowledging the approval of the trade. Purchasers who question the legitimacy of an HCFC importer should request a copy of the EPA approval letter from the seller. Importers of used HCFCs must obtain prior written approval from EPA and the government representing the country of origin. The provisions for the "petition" approval are also available from EPA.
Any questions regarding legal allowance holders or tips on illegal trades may be made to EPA at 1-800-296-1996.
The Alliance is an industry coalition that was organized in 1980 to address the issue of stratospheric ozone depletion. It is presently composed of manufacturers and businesses that rely on fluorocarbons. Today, the Alliance is a leading industry voice that coordinates industry participation in the development of reasonable international and U.S. government policies regarding ozone protection and climate change.
Contact: Dave Stirpe, Executive Director, phone: (703) 243-0344
SOURCE: Alliance for Responsible Atmospheric Policy, Press Release, 22 February 2010, http://www.arap.org

5- Toxicologists Say Methyl Iodide Poses Health Risks
SOURCE:
Ventura County Star, 11 February 2010, By Christopher Stolz Correspondent, http://www.vcstar.com/news/2010/feb/11/toxicologists-say-methyl-iodide-poses-health/

___________
FEATURED

>> ECA Ozone Protection Award 2010 for Customs & Enforcement Officers
Click here to learn more/nominate

>> United Nations Development Group Invites OzonAction to Present Linkages Between Ozone and Climate Change
United Nations Development Group (UNDG) Asia Pacific invited Rajendra Shende, Head of OzonAction, to give a presentation on "Linkages between ozone and climate issues and its implications for the Region". The meeting, which took place in Vanuatu, Port-Vila, on 8 - 9 February 2010, discussed the coordinated work of various UN agencies in the Asia Pacific Region and in particular, in Pacific Island countries.
UNDG unites the 32 UN funds, programmes, agencies, departments, and offices that play a role in development. The group's common objective is to deliver more coherent, effective and efficient support to countries seeking to attain internationally agreed development goals, including the Millennium Development Goals. The meeting was attended by AP representatives of UNDP, FAO, ILO, ESCAP, UNEP, UNESCO, UNFPA, UN Habitat, UNHCR, UNICEF, UN ODC, UNOPS, WHO, WFP, UNAIDS.
In his presentation Mr Shende highlighted the multitudes of benefits that resulted from the implementation of the Montreal Protocol, particularly related to climate and energy efficiency in refrigeration and air conditioning appliances.

>> The US Environmental Protection Agency 2010 Ozone Layer Protection Awards
Call for nominations extended until 1st March 2010
Click here to learn more/nominate ...

EVENTs - CONFERENCEs- MEETINGs - WORKSHOPs
>> Indicative list of UNEP Ozone Secretariat meetings for 2010 http://ozone.unep.org/Events/meetings2010.shtml

>>
Indicative list of TEAP/Technical Options Committee meetings for 2010
http://ozone.unep.org/Events/Indicative_List_TEAP_TOCs_Meetings-2010.shtml

WEBSITE
>> OzonAction What's New

>> "Words Unify to Protect the Ozone Layer" a compilation of unique and inspiring quotations from individuals all around the world ranging from world dignitaries, nobel laureates, environmental enthusiasts and even children, who are all concerned about the damage caused to the ozone layer, and who have conviction in the success of the Montreal Protocol treaty. SOURCE: UNEP OzonAction, http://www.unep.fr/ozonaction/information/quotes/tagcloud/quotes.html


We invite you to visit the "Montreal Protocol Who's Who", to learn more /
nominate an ozone layer protection champion from your country/region >>
http://www.unep.fr/ozonaction/information/MontrealProtocolWhosWho.htm
Feel free to include a link on your website


15 February 2010

Special Announcement /
Europe & Central Asia (ECA) Ozone Protection Award 2010 for Customs & Enforcement Officers
Click here to learn more/nominate

---------------------------------

In this issue:
1- Climate Action Reserve Releases Standards for Destruction of Ozone Depleting Substances
2- New Carbon Market Rules for Destroying Ozone-Depleting Chemicals Open the Door for Major Climate Benefits
3- Possible Approval of HFO-1234yf in USA Worries Automotive Recyclers
4- The Maldives, the First Winner in Carbon Neutral and Ozone-Friendly Race
5- China Imposes Additional Requirements on the Import and Export of 154 Chemicals and 16 Ozone Depleting Substances
6- DENR Launches Info Drive on CFC Phase-out (Philippines)
7- UN Agency Assisting Vanuatu to Move out of Blacklist
8- Czech Scientists to Measure Ozone in Antarctica

---------------------------------
GLOBAL
1- Climate Action Reserve Releases Standards for Destruction of Ozone Depleting Substances
Two New Offset Project Protocols Renew Awareness of Ozone Protection and Create Possibility for Significant Boost in Carbon Market Volume
SOURCE:
Business Wire, 5 February 2010, http://www.businesswire.com/news/home/
20100205005155/en/Climate-Action-Reserve-Releases-Standards-Destruction-Ozone

2- New Carbon Market Rules for Destroying Ozone-Depleting Chemicals Open the Door for Major Climate Benefits
SOURCE: eGov monitor, 11 February, 2010, http://www.egovmonitor.com/node/33559

NORTH AMERICA
3- Possible approval of HFO-1234yf in USA worries Automotive Recyclers
SOURCE: BeyondHFCs, 10 February 2010, http://www.beyondhfcs.org/article.view.php?Id=169

SOUTH ASIA
4- The Maldives, the First Winner in Carbon Neutral and Ozone-Friendly Race
Malé, 16 February 2010 - On 4 February 2010, the Maldives pledged to phase out Hydrochlorofluorocarbons (HCFCs), a group of chemicals which are ozone-depleting and powerful greenhouse gases by 2020, 20 years ahead of the Montreal Protocol phase out schedule. This decision is in line with the country's pledge to go carbon neutral by 2020 as its contribution to tackling climate change.
The Maldives is in the front line of the global environmental issues. It is perhaps the most vulnerable country in the world as a number of scientists have warned that if nothing was done to reduce global carbon emissions, the country would soon sink beneath the rising seas.
"You cannot cut a deal with Mother Nature. And we don't intend to try. This is why, in March (2009), the Maldives announced plans to become the first carbon neutral country in the world." stated President of the Maldives, Mohamed Nasheed.
"I believe in mankind's infinite capacity for innovation and change. New technologies allow us to both develop and maintain a healthy environment. Countries, and companies, that choose to lead this change, will be the winners of this Century. We are not part of the problem, but we would like to part of the solution by deploying innovative technologies and policies." added President Nasheed.
HCFCs and their cousins, HFCs were created in the 1980s as substitutes for chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs) for use in refrigeration, including air-conditioning units, refrigerators and a wide variety of manufacturing processes. HCFCs not only destroy the stratospheric ozone layer which is essential to life on Earth but also contributes to climate change. In 2007, international community took an important step for accelerated phase-out of HCFCs.
UNEP Division of Technology, Industry and Economics (DTIE) OzonAction Programme is currently assisting developing countries, including the Maldives designing the HCFC phase out management plan in their country. The plan includes phase out of consumption of HCFCs, mainly used in the air conditioning in its nearly 100 tourist resorts spread in its more than 1000 islands. The strategy would also include policy and legislations, training and capacity building activities and information outreach for HCFC phase-out. UNEP DTIE OzonAction would assist the Maldives in reaching their ambitious target by cutting its carbon footprints and benefiting from low hanging fruits, catalyzing energy efficiency and green economy.
Maldives' decision to stop the consumption of this group of chemical earlier than the phase out deadline is considered the first major concrete step to make the carbon neutral declaration a reality. This is a contribution to show case that there are low hanging fruits that countries can pick from the Montreal Protocol- the most successful environmental treaty that exists so far -to reduce the impacts of climate change.
"Our decision to phase out HCFCs and our declaration to go carbon neutral by 2020 will demonstrate to the world our determination to save the planet for humanity. Small Island States can also be at the frontline in the battle to save the planet" said Minister of Housing, Transport and Environment, Maldives, Mohamed Aslam.
When the plan succeeds, the Maldives will turn into the world's first most eco-friendly and ozone-friendly country. The Maldives being a small island nation with limited resources and capacity, these ambitious targets will become an example to all, including developed countries to step up to save the planet and join the Maldives in becoming the winners of the climate neutral and ozone-friendly race.
SOURCE: UNEP ROAP, 16 February 2010, http://www.unep.fr/ozonaction/information/mmcfiles/6328-e-Maldives_17Feb10_PR.pdf

5- China Imposes Additional Requirements on the Import and Export of 154 Chemicals and 16 Ozone Depleting Substances
SOURCE: Lexology, 5 February 2010, By: Amanda Tao and David Wagner
http://www.lexology.com/library/detail.aspx?g=64f31a11-681d-420a-a3e4-bddd795aaab0

6- DENR Launches Info Drive on CFC Phase-out (Philippines)
SOURCE: Manilla Bulletin, By Nel B. Andrade, 11 February 2010,
http://www.mb.com.ph/articles/243025/denr-launches-info-drive-cfc-phaseout


PACIFIC ISLAND COUNTRIES
7- UN Agency Assisting Vanuatu to Move out of Blacklist
Vanuatu is one of the countries in the world that has signed and ratified the protocol to phase out ozone depleting substances in the country such as Chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs) but has not complied with the international agreement it signed.
This non-compliance to this international agreement means the minister responsible for Environment will now have to explain before the Meeting of the Parties that are signatory to the protocol why Vanuatu has not complied.
Already the Vanuatu Government is working together with United Nations Environment Program (UNEP) officials that are in the country to assist in the return to compliance to the protection of the stratospheric ozone layer protocol.
The return to compliance will be beneficial not only for Vanuatu but also to the global environment, especially when Vanuatu has been vocal on the issue of climate change that is also affecting the country as a result of the destruction of the environment's natural protection by dangerous chemicals used by humans for luxury purposes.
Vanuatu ratified the Montreal Protocol on ozone depleting substances in 1994, which meant that as of 1995 until now it will not import items containing CFC as a chemical. Such items include fridges and air conditions.
Newly appointed Director of the Environment Unit, Mr Albert William, said between 1995 up to 2007 Vanuatu has reported, as part of its obligation under the international treaty, that it has a phase-line of zero for CFCs.
This means that it is no longer importing materials that contain or use CFC.
"In 2007 or 2008 when we were providing the reporting for 2006 and 2007 we saw that it was not true that we have a phase-line of zero.
"That was when UNEP indicated that it will put Vanuatu on the non-compliance list.
"The setback that we faced in the past, that we are now working on addressing it, is Vanuatu does not have a mechanism in place to restrict import of items containing such dangerous chemicals.
"Such mechanisms include a legislation that will regulate the industry or a licensing system," he said.
Mr William who officially took up office yesterday as the new Director for Environment said his office is looking at drawing a base-line for the use of such dangerous chemicals based on the 2009-2010 consumption.
He said phasing out the use of items that use CFC means that alternative chemicals have to be sought.
And the alternative chemicals must be protective of the environment as well as energy efficient.
Although costs of alternative chemicals are not yet known, one that has been identified to have worked by a big Japanese manufacturing company is carbon dioxide.
Carbon dioxide as an alternative has been demonstrated to have worked on fridges and air conditions, Mr William said.
However, he said one of the reasons the country is falling short on meeting obligations under such international agreements is that there was no prior cost-benefit analysis within the country before Vanuatu ratified the protocol now is to work on a cost-benefit analysis.
"Some countries have phased out CFCs and used Hydrochlorofluorocarbons (HCFCs) but HCFCs have properties that are more damaging to the environment than CFCs
"The Montreal amendment (to the protocol) is the only convention that has positively reduced stocks of dangerous chemicals globally," William said.
He said one of the first tasks he is looking at achieving is to recruit an ozone officer to sit in the National Ozone Unit, which other countries also have.
He said there is funding that can be sourced to set up such office.
William said all importers have been invited to attend a half day workshop on Wednesday at the Melanesian Hotel from 8.30 to 12pm, lunch provided, to discuss the issue that will affect them as well as the country.
"The invitation is already out but those who have not received invites are welcome to attend the meeting. The Environment Office can be contacted on 25302 or 22227."

The UNEP representatives who will be attending the meeting include Mr Rajendra Shende who is Head of Department of OzoneAction in the UNEP office in France, Paris, under the Department of Trade Industries and Environment; Shaofeng Hu who is Program Officer for OzoneAction in the UNEP regional office for Asia and the Pacific based in Bankok, Thailand; and Dr Young-woo Park who is the Regional Director for UNEP in the Asia Pacific office based in Thailand.
The Director of Environment Mr Albert William, who attended a meeting with his UNEP colleagues at Iririki yesterday said they have already met with the Head of State, Iolu Abbil, and yesterday they met with the Minister for Environment MP Paul Telukluk, who assured that the government will assist in the return to compliance as well as introduction of regulatory measures.
Mr William is a graduate with a diploma in Environmental Health, Degree in Environmental Health, Certificate in Health Research and a Post Graduate qualification in Applied Epidemiology.
SOURCE: Vanuatu Daily Post, Issue no. 2853, 9 February 2010, By Royson Willie,
http://www.dailypost.vu/ArticleArchives/tabid/56/articleType/ArticleView/articleId/5702/
UN-agency-assisting-Vanuatu-to-move-out-of-blacklist.aspx

EUROPE
8- Czech Scientists to Measure Ozone in Antarctica
SOURCE:
CTK, 1 February 2010, http://praguemonitor.com/2010/02/01/czech-scientists-measure-ozone-antarctica
___________
FEATURED

EVENTs - MEETINGs - CONFERENCEs
>> Indicative list of UNEP Ozone Secretariat meetings for 2010 http://ozone.unep.org/Events/meetings2010.shtml
>> Indicative list of TEAP/Technical Options Committee meetings for 2010
http://ozone.unep.org/Events/Indicative_List_TEAP_TOCs_Meetings-2010.shtml

PUBLICATIONS

>> US EPA Publishes the 2008 Responsible Appliance Disposal Program Annual Report
EPA's Responsible Appliance Disposal (RAD) Program is a voluntary partnership program that helps to protect the ozone layer and reduce the emissions of greenhouse gases. In 2008, the RAD Program's 16 partners collected and processed over 500,000 refrigerant-containing appliances, resulting in over 2.7 million metric tons of carbon dioxide equivalent (MMTCO2e) greenhouse gas emission reductions. Read/ download the full 2008 RAD Program Annual Report: http://www.epa.gov/ozone/partnerships/rad/downloads/RAD_2008_Annual_Report.pdf
>> Chilling Facts II Report Exposes Damage Caused by Supermarket Refrigeration in the UK.
- Read/ download the full Report: http://www.unep.fr/ozonaction/information/mmcfiles/6330-e-EIA_ChillingFacts_Report.pdf
- Related Video and article on "Sky News"
http://news.sky.com/skynews/Home/UK-News/Supermarket-Fridges-Leak-Greenhouse-
Gas-EIA-Criticises-Hydrofluorocarbon-HFC-Use-In Stores/Article/201002115539404?lpos=UK_
News_Carousel_Region_3&lid=ARTICLE_15539404_
Supermarket_Fridges_Leak_Greenhouse_Gas%3A


READING
>> Information on CFC stocks submitted in accordance with Decision XXI/4, paragraph 1
>> Report of the Twenty-First Meeting of the Parties to the Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer - available in (A)(C)(E)(F)(R)(S), from UNEP Ozone Secretariat http://www.unep.ch/ozone/highlights.shtml
>> Summary of the Report of the 59th Meeting of the Executive Committee, available on the Multilateral Fund website - http://www.multilateralfund.org/summaries_of_executive_committ.htm
>> A Bright Future for the Montreal Protocol
Environmental policy of the 1980s could provide direction and solutions for 21st century debates. Article in Environmental Science & Technology, Environ. Sci. Technol. XXXX, xxx, 000-000, By: Amanda Leigh Mascarelli
http://www.unep.fr/ozonaction/information/mmcfiles/6331-e-EnvSciTech_MP_11Feb2010.pdf
>>Dans l'ombre du CO2, le danger O3 - Compte rendu -
SOURCE : LE MONDE, 21 January 2010, http://www.lemonde.fr/planete/article/
2010/01/21/dans-l-ombre-du-co2-le-danger-o3_1294829_3244.html#ens_id=1271095


WEBSITE
>> "Words Unify to Protect the Ozone Layer" a compilation of unique and inspiring quotations from individuals all around the world ranging from world dignitaries, nobel laureates, environmental enthusiasts and even children, who are all concerned about the damage caused to the ozone layer, and who have conviction in the success of the Montreal Protocol treaty. SOURCE: UNEP OzonAction, http://www.unep.fr/ozonaction/information/quotes/tagcloud/quotes.html

30 January 2010

 

Special Announcement /

US EPA 2010 Ozone Layer Protection AwardsThe US Environmental Protection Agency
2010 Ozone Layer Protection Awards

Call for nominations for extended until 1st March
See item number 6 below for further details, or visit
http://epa.gov/ozone/awards/

----------------------------------------

In this issue:
1- Emissions of Potent Greenhouse Gas Increase Despite Reduction Efforts
2- Now Climate-Change Scientists Say Ozone Hole Stops Global Warming
3- Tougher E-waste Policies Coming (South Africa)
4- EPA Announces Ban on Importation of Substances that Deplete Ozone Layer (Ghana)
5- VCS Extends Scope to Include Ozone-Depleting Substances
6- Call for Nominations for U.S. EPA Montreal Protocol Awards
7- NEC Develops Environmentally Friendly Flame Retardant Bioplastic
---------------------------------

GLOBAL

1- Emissions of Potent Greenhouse Gas Increase Despite Reduction Efforts
SOURCE: 7thSpace Interactive, 28 January 2010 http://7thspace.com/headlines/332867/emissions_of_potent_greenhouse_gas_increase_despite_reduction_efforts.html

2- Now Climate-Change Scientists Say Ozone Hole Stops Global Warming
SOURCE: The Scotsman, 26 January 2010, By Jenny Fyall, http://thescotsman.scotsman.com/science/Now-climatechange-scientists-say-ozone.6012558.jp

AFRICA

3- Tougher E-waste Policies Coming (South Africa)
SOURCE: ITWeb, January 18, 2010. By Lezette Engelbrecht (South Africa), http://www.itweb.co.za/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=29328:tougher-ewastepolicies-coming&catid=69:business&Itemid=58

4- EPA Announces Ban on Importation of Substances that Deplete Ozone Layer (Ghana).
SOURCE: Business Ghana, 25 January 2010,
http://www.businessghana.com/portal/news/index.php?op=getNews&news_cat_id=1&id=121379

NORTH AMERICA

5- VCS Extends Scope to Include Ozone-Depleting Substances
For technical details of the VCS visit: www.v-c-s.org or email secretariat@v-c-s.org
For media contact David Antonioli: dantonioli@v-c-s.org
SOURCE: The Voluntary Carbon Standard Association (VCSA), Press Release, 26 January 2010, http://www.v-c-s.org/docs/VCS-News-Release_Ozone-Depleting-Substances.pdf

6- Call for Nominations for U.S. EPA Montreal Protocol Awards
WASHINGTON - The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) is soliciting award nominations by March 1, 2010, for individuals, teams and organizations that have made significant contributions to ozone layer protection.
The stratospheric ozone layer prevents excessive harmful ultraviolet radiation from reaching people, plants and animals. The Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer is phasing out ozone-depleting substances and has also helped to mitigate the effects of climate change. The protocol is widely accepted to be the most successful multilateral environmental treaty in history.
Nominees must demonstrate one or more of the following criteria: originality and public purpose; leadership and corporate responsibility; global perspective and implication; success in eliminating substances that deplete the ozone layer or in transitioning to alternatives with reduced environmental impact; or leadership in improving awareness of the harmful health effects of overexposure to UV radiation.
EPA will present the awards in the fall of 2010.
EPA created the awards in 1990 to recognize outstanding contributions to the protection of the Earth's stratospheric ozone layer. Since then, 554 individuals, companies, organizations, and teams from 54 countries have earned this honor. More information on the awards: http://epa.gov/ozone/awards/
Contact: Cathy Milbourn, Milbourn.Cathy@epa.gov
SOURCE: US EPA, Press Release 25 January 2010

SOUTH ASIA

7- NEC Develops Environmentally Friendly Flame Retardant Bioplastic

SOURCE: NEC, 13 January 2010, http://www.nec.co.jp/press/en/0911/0402.html

___________
FEATURED

EVENTs - MEETINGs - CONFERENCEs
>> Indicative list of UNEP Ozone Secretariat meetings for 2010 http://ozone.unep.org/Events/meetings2010.shtml
>> Indicative list of
TEAP/Technical Options Committee meetings for 2010
http://ozone.unep.org/Events/Indicative_List_TEAP_TOCs_Meetings-2010.shtml

PUBLICATIONS
>> Ozone Protection and National Security - A military Perspective Toolkit for Defence Forces
http://www.unep.fr/ozonaction/information/mmc/lib_detail.asp?r=5325
>>
Patterns of Achievement - Africa and the Montreal Protocol 2009 http://www.unep.fr/ozonaction/information/mmcfiles/6324-e-patterns_of_achievement_africa.pdf

READING
>> Report of the 21st Meeting of the Parties to the Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer
-
(A) (C) (E) (F) (R) (S)
>> Haiti requests the application of Decision IX/9 of the Montreal Protocol as a measure to avoid obsolete ODS technologies being imported into Haiti
>> Handbook for the Vienna Convention for the Protection of the Ozone Layer (1985) - Eighth edition (2009)
>> Handbook for the Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer - Eighth edition (2009)

SOURCE: UNEP Ozone Secretariat http://www.unep.ch/ozone/highlights.shtml

>> Summary of the Report of the 59th Meeting of the Executive Committee, available on the Multilateral Fund Secretariat's website @ http://www.multilateralfund.org/summaries_of_executive_committ.htm

>> Strategic Action Plan for Information, Education and Communication (IEC) activities for Asia and the Pacific region http://www.unep.fr/ozonaction/information/mmc/lib_detail.asp?r=5324

>> Q&A: Federal Rules Related to R-22/R-410A: On January 1, two important new federal rules took effect. The first, "Adjustments to the Allowance System for Controlling HCFC Production, Import, and Export," reduces the amount of virgin R-22 and other HCFCs that are now available. The R-22 that will be produced may be used only to service equipment that is in use by the end of 2009.
The second, complementary rule, "Ban on Sale or Distribution of Pre-Charged Appliances," prohibits the sale and distribution (including import) of any appliances and appliance components that are "pre-charged" with R-22 or R-142b - if they are manufactured or imported after Jan. 1, 2010. This rulemaking further protects stratospheric ozone by decreasing demand for newly-produced HCFC equipment in the United States. While many have heard about these changes, there are still questions about how the rules will affect business. In response, the rule authors from the Stratospheric Protection Division of the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency offer the following Q&A discussion. Read the full text at:
http://www.hvacrbusiness.com/news/article/1302/qa_federal_rules_related_to_r22r410a.aspx
SOURCE: HVACR Business, 26 January 2010


15 JANUARY 2009

 

Special Announcement /

2010: Welcome to a new reality of CFC-Free World -As the first day of 2010 dawns, the world is waking up to a new reality, one springing from an unparalleled confidence in human ingenuity and a collective belief that "we can".2010: Welcome to a new reality of CFC-Free World
This reality liberates us from the shackles a group of man-made chemicals that have threatened life on Earth: chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs) and halons among others. These substances deplete our planet's protective shield, the stratospheric ozone layer, which prevents excessive harmful ultraviolet radiation from reaching humans, plants and animals. From 2010 on, subsequent generations will know about CFCs and halons only from the pages of history books, since no new production is allowed from 1st January 2010. This date is a defining moment in the history of multilateral environmental agreements and a beacon of hope that success on seemingly insurmountable and challenging global environmental problems is achievable. This hope is echoed all over the world by the ministers, key officials, industries, academia and civil society. Listen to these echoes, their resounding messages and images.
CLICK HERE TO ENTER INTO THE REALITY

----------------------------------------

US Environmental Protection AgencyThe US Environmental Protection Agency
Call for nominations for 2010 Ozone Layer Protection Awards
extended until end of January
Learn more / Nominate @
http://www.epa.gov/Ozone/awards/index.html

----------------------------------------

In this issue:
1- Why Antarctica Isn't Melting Much -- Yet
2- No More Import Licences for Ozone Depleting Substances (Nigeria)
3- Corporate Sector in Camagüey Contributes to the Protection of the Environment (Cuba)
4- Customs Stops Import of Ozone Depleting Substances
5- Korea Will Ban Making of Ozone-Harming Gas
6- Ozone Exhausting Materials Eradicated in Two Sectors (Yemen)
7- Nitrous Oxide is Now Top Ozone-Layer Damaging Emission
8- Swiss Supermarket Chain COOP Chooses CO2
---------------------------------

GLOBAL

1- Why Antarctica Isn't Melting Much -- Yet
SOURCE: ABC News (US), 9 January 2010, http://abcnews.go.com/Technology/global-warming-antarctica-melting/story?id=9516415

Excerpt from the Antarctic Climate Change and the Environment (ACCE) report
Read/download the full report: http://www.scar.org/publications/occasionals/ACCE_25_Nov_2009.pdf
State of the Antarctic a new report from the Scientific Committee on Antarctic Research (SCAR), Antarctic Climate Change and the Environment (ACCE), pulls together the latest research from 100 scientists from eight countries.
Ozone Hole Drives Changes...
SOURCE: The Antarctic Sun, part of the U.S. Antarctic Program, By Peter Rejcek, Antarctic Sun Editor, 18 December 2009, http://antarcticsun.usap.gov/science/contenthandler.cfm?id=1991

AFRICA

2- No More Import Licences for Ozone Depleting Substances (Nigeria)
SOURCE: Next.com, 6 January 2010, http://234next.com/csp/cms/sites/Next/Money/5507903-147/story.csp
The information is available in French language at: http://afriquinfos.centerblog.net/3615-limportation-des-substances-reduisant-la-couche-ozone

LATIN AMERICA AND CARIBBEAN

3- Corporate Sector in Camagüey Contributes to the Protection of the Environment (Cuba)
SOURCE: Cadenagramonte, Camaguey, Cuba, 7January 2010, http://www.cadenagramonte.cubaweb.cu/english/index.php?option=com_
content&view=article&id=1378:corporate-sector-in-camagueey-contributes-to-the-protection-of-the-environment&catid=1:camaguey&Itemid=14

SOUTH ASIA

4- Customs Stops Import of Ozone Depleting Substances
SOURCE: Manila Bulletin, 30 December 2009, By Raymund Antonio,
http://www.mb.com.ph/articles/236321/customs-stops-import-ozonedepleting-substances

5- Korea Will Ban Making of Ozone-Harming Gas
SOURCE: JoongAng daily, 24 December 2009, http://joongangdaily.joins.com/article/view.asp?aid=2914429

WEST ASIA

6- Ozone Exhausting Materials Eradicated in Two Sectors (Yemen)
SOURCE: Saba News Agency, 1 January 2010, http://www.sabanews.net/en/news202058.htm

EUROPE

7- Nitrous Oxide is Now Top Ozone-Layer Damaging Emission
1. See http://ec.europa.eu/environment/ozone/international_action.htm
2. See http://ec.europa.eu/environment/ozone/community_action.htm

Source: Ravishankara, A.R., Daniel, J.S. & Portmann, R.W. (2009). Nitrous Oxide (N2O): The Dominant Ozone-Depleting Substance Emitted in the 21st Century. Science. 326:123-125. Contact: A.R.Ravishankara@noaa.gov
SOURCE: "Science for Environment Policy": European Commission DG Environment News Alert Issue 178,
December 2009, http://ec.europa.eu/environment/integration/research/newsalert/pdf/178na2.pdf

8- Swiss Supermarket Chain COOP Chooses CO2
SOURCE: www.r744.com

___________
FEATURED

EVENTs - MEETINGs - CONFERENCEs

>>
Indicative list of UNEP Ozone Secretariat meetings for 2010 http://ozone.unep.org/Events/meetings2010.shtml

>> Indicative list of TEAP/Technical Options Committee meetings for 2010
http://ozone.unep.org/Events/Indicative_List_TEAP_TOCs_Meetings-2010.shtml

READING
>>
Report of the Twenty-First Meeting of the Parties to the Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer - (A) (C) (E) (F) (R) (S)
Ozone Secretariat Highlights http://www.unep.ch/ozone/highlights.shtml

>> New Substitute in the Motor Vehicle Air Conditioning Sector under the SNAP Program
US EPA has reopened the public comment period for the proposed rule, "Protection of Stratospheric Ozone: New Substitute in the Motor Vehicle Air Conditioning Sector under the Significant New Alternatives Policy (SNAP) Program" through February 1, 2010. The proposed rule, the notice reopening the public comment period, and other documents are available in the docket EPA-HQ-OAR-2008-0664 at http://www.regulations.gov/search/Regs/home.html#docketDetail?R=EPA-HQ-OAR-2008-0664
You may also submit your comments on the proposed rule in docket EPA-HQ-OAR-2008-0664 via http://www.regulations.gov
For further information, also see the SNAP program's website at http://www.epa.gov/ozone/snap
SOURCE: US EPA, http://www.regulations.gov/search/Regs/home.html#documentDetail?R=0900006480a44c7a

>> Fundamental Refrigerant Management: Which Refrigerant has the Least GWP? Expert Advice by: Sarah Gudeman, LEED AP, EIT, Morrissey Engineering, Inc.
Green Buildings: http://www.green-buildings.com/content/781194-fundamental-refrigerant-management-which-refrigerant-has-least-gwp

>> Ozone Protection, Climate Change, Energy Efficiency, Centro Studi Galileo / UNEP, 2006 is now available in Russian language thanks to the National Ozone Unit Kyrgyzstan.
Russian version: http://fr1.estis.net/includes/file.asp?site=ecanetwork&file=8C136A2D-2975-45D2-BF37-5676FF6667FB
English version: http://www.unep.fr/ozonaction/information/mmcfiles/4824-e-ozoneclimenerg.pdf

WEBSITEs
>>
Best of 2009 - The most popular news on R744.com
http://www.r744.com/articles/2009-12-28-best-of-2009-the-most-popular-news-on-r744com.php


The Montreal Protocol Who's Who

Have you visited the "Montreal Protocol Who's Who'' Learn more/nominate an ozone layer champion from your country/region @ http://www.unep.fr/ozonaction/montrealprotocolwhoswho/index.htm

Watch the MP Who's Who introductory video >>>
Access the MP Who's Who, learn more about the "ozone champions"
and nominate ozone protection champions from your country or region.>>>

Feel free to create a link to the "Montreal Protocol Who's Who" from your website


 
Related

Archives of OzoNews previous issues

 

Subscribe to OzoNews

 
2009 OzoNews Readers Survey - Report
OzonAction would like to thank you for taking the time to respond to our recent
OzoNews Readers Survey.We greatly appreciated receiving your thoughts and opinions!

We are keen to share with you the survey results; therefore, we compiled the feedback in a short report, enclosed in this edition.The assessment shows that 96% of readers are satisfied or very satisfied by OzoNews and three-quarters share OzoNews with colleagues or friends, thus increasing the number of OzoNews readers to several tens of thousands around the world. Your invaluable support and feedback will help us serve you better. We always welcome your feedback to continue spreading news about the importance of ozone layer protection and the implementation of the Montreal Protocol.
Read/Download the Report >>
 
© UNEP DTIE 2007 | updated 15-dec-10