OzonAction Multi Media Collection (MMC) e-Library

[OzonAction Publications][Refrigeration]
 
 


2013
36 pp.
Mettre Un Visage sur la Protection de la Couche d'Ozone en Afrique - La mise en œuvre du plan de gestion d'élimination des HCFC en Afrique: cas spécial du Sénégal
En mettant un visage à la protection de la couche d'ozone, l'Afrique finit de démontrer son implication totale pour se conformer au Prtotocle de Montréal. L'Afrique, dont le crédo auhourd'hui est «maîtrise, action est responsablilité», reste très alerte surla prise en compte de ses spécificités et l'accès aux financements alternatifs, en dévoilant le visage sur la synergie «Climat-Ozone.»

Language: French
Type of publication: Case study
Online version: French (7663-f-Mettre_un_visage.pdf - 7,134 Kb)


2013
1 pp.
ARAMENA - An association comes in response to the growing need for a representative body to be the voice of the HVACR industry in the West Asia region
The Air Conditioning, Heating, and Refrigeration Institute (AHRI) in cooperation with the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) were proud to announce the launch of an association for the manufacturers of the air conditioning, heating, and refrigeration products and components (HVACR) in the Middle East and North Africa. The association will be based in Dubai, UAE…

Language: English-Arabic
Type of publication: Conference proceedings
Online version: Arabic (7649-a-ARAMINAscoop.pdf - 469 Kb )
English (7649-e-ARAMINAscoop.pdf - 305 Kb)


2012
16 pp.
Customs and enforcement officers - Monitoring trade in HCFCs - Information note
The information provided at training courses which cover ozone layer depletion, Montreal Protocol provisions, ODS identification and illegal trade in ODS will therefore be updated and revised. This new information concerns: new observations demonstrating the links between ozone layer depletion and climate change; the new approach taken by the Parties to the Montreal Protocol with regard to HCFC phase-out schedules; the forthcoming phase-out date for Methyl Bromide; new possibilities for ODS identification; and new methods of ODS smuggling.

Language: English-Russian
Type of publication: Report
Online version: English (7559-e-Monitoring_trade_in_HCFCs.pdf - 7,111 Kb)
Russian (7559-r-Monitoring_trade_in_HCFCs.pdf - 7,263 Kb)


2011
0 pp.
HCFCs in the Refrigeration and Air Conditioning Sector: How to prepare for the phase down
UNEP DTIE OzonAction has come out with two new flyers to provide stakelholders with a general overview and basic information on HCFC phaseout. This flyer addresses HCFCs in the refrigeration and air conditioning sector. The flyers are available in English, French, Spanish, Russian and Chinese.

Language: English-Chinese-French-Spanish-Russian
Type of publication: Flyer
Online version: Chinese (7639-c-Flyer_HCFC_RAC.pdf - 872 Kb)
English (7639-e-Flyer_HCFC_RAC.pdf - 710 Kb)
French (7639-f-Flyer_HCFC_RAC.pdf - 677 Kb)
Russian (7639-r-Flyer_HCFC_RAC.pdf - 357 Kb)
Spanish (7639-s-Flyer_HCFC_RAC.pdf - 673 Kb)


2010
82 pp.
DTI/1282/PA
Alternatives to HCFCs in the refrigeration and air conditioning sector - Practical Guidelines and Case Studies for Equipment Retrofit and Replacement
Hydrochlorofluorocarbons (HCFCs) are chemicals controlled by the Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer, which are widely used in refrigeration and air conditioning around the world. Developing countries must freeze their HCFC consumption and production by 2013 then make step-wise reductions in 2015, 2020, and 2025 until HCFCs are totally phased out in 2030. Early action to reduce HCFCs is important since these chemicals have an impact on both ozone depletion and climate change. UNEP OzonAction in cooperation with the Swedish Environmental Protection Agency has produced this publication to provide decision makers, end-users and servicing technicians in developing countries with information on alternative technologies that can be adopted to phase out HCFCs in refrigeration and air conditioning. The report provides information on technical information on the technologies, details about their current market situation in developed and developing countries, and industry case studies that exemplify state-of-the-art solutions using different technologies in different market segments.

Language: English
Type of publication: Booklet
Online version: English (7436-e-hcfc-alternatives__.pdf - 44,361 Kb)


2010
68 pp.
Suppl 1 al No 300 (No 6-2006)
COOLING WITHOUT WARMING, GREEN NEW DEAL IN REFRIGERATION AND AIR CONDITIONING, Official journal of Centro Studi Galileo (CSG) and European Energy Centre (EEC), 2012
FOREWORDS International efforts to protect the ozone layer - the shield that protects life on Earth from harmful levels of ultraviolet rays - are a success and have stopped additional ozone losses and contributed to combating climate change. Given that many substances that deplete the ozone layer are also potent greenhouse gases, the report says that the Montreal Protocol has “provided substantial co-benefits by reducing climate change.” In 2010, the reduction of ozone depleting substances as a result of the Montreal Protocol, expressed in CO2 -equivalent emissions (about 10 Gigatonnes per year), were five times larger than those targeted by the first commitment period (2008-2012) of the Kyoto Protocol, the greenhouse emissions reduction treaty. Many ozone depleting chemicals, such as CFCs (chlorofluorocarbons), once present in products such as refrigerators and spray cans, have been phased out. Demand for replacement substances called HCFCs (hydrochlorofluorocarbons) and HFCs (hydrofluorocarbons) has increased. Many of these are powerful greenhouse gases. This represents a further potential area for action within the overall climate change challenge and one that has the potential to deliver quick wins alongside reductions of other non-CO2 pollutants such as black carbon, methane and tropospheric ozone. These wins are certainly needed. An international group of modellers working with UNEP recently concluded that current commitments and pledges linked with the Copenhagen Accord are unlikely to keep a global temperature rise to under 2 °C by 2050.The gap between scientific reality and ambition is estimated to average around 4.7 Gigatonnes of CO2 equivalent per yeara gap that needs to be urgently bridged over the next decade or so if the 2 °C target is to be met. Action to protect the ozone layer has not only been a success, but continues to deliver multiple benefits to economies including on efforts to meet the Millennium Development Goals. The contribution to combating climate change is one, but so are the direct benefits to public health. For without the Montreal Protocol and its associated Vienna Convention atmospheric levels of ozone-depleting substances could have increased tenfold by 2050. This in turn could have led to up to 20 million more cases of skin cancer and 130 million more cases of eye cataracts, not to speak of damage to human immune systems, wildlife and agriculture. Achim Steiner - UN Under-Secretary General and UNEP Executive Director The Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer is the world’s most effective multilateral environmental agreement, successfully phasing out 95% of production of ozone-depleting substances since its adoption 23 years ago in 1987, placing the ozone layer on a path to recovery.The Protocol has also delivered substantial climate benefits. From 1990 to 2010 the phase-out of chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs) has already reduced emissions by 135 billion tons of carbon dioxide equivalent (GtCO2-eq.) and delaying climate change by up to 12 years. Strengthening the Montreal Protocol will result in additional emissions reductions and further delay climate change. The positive results achieved to date surely depend from the combination of different aspects such as the global participation and cooperation among countries, the wide involvement of developing countries through a well functioning Multilateral Financial Mechanism, flexibility in implementation, a robust compliance regime. Among those aspects, I believe that a crucial one has been the involvement of industries, and their acceptance of the challenges to evolve and innovate. Although the Montreal Protocol established targets that were initially beyond the reach of existing best-available technologies, at the end, thanks to the dynamic role of industries appropriately “stimulated”, the goals became in fact achievable. It is indeed thanks to their development of technology alternatives to ozone-depleting chemicals for uses such as refrigeration, foams, solvents that it was possible to achieve the remarkable results we are experiencing today. An excellent work has already been done, but some opportunities to synergize and maximize climate and ozone benefits still remain. For instance, the energy efficiency of refrigeration and air conditioning applications also has improved dramatically.This provides significant climate benefits, because improving energy efficiency decreases the climate emissions from fossil fuel use, which provides greater climate benefits than reducing direct refrigerant emissions over the life of the equipment or switching to low GWP substitutes.This approach was also recognized by the G8 Summit Declaration that states that “improving energy efficiency is the fastest, the most sustainable and the cheapest” way to reduce climate emissions. Keep on building on the development of more energy efficient equipments and that can work with substances that have a low or zero global warming potential is the right way to go forward.To this end the innovative work carried on by the Centro Studi Galileo in partnership with UNEP is unique and will surely contribute in the future to boost the “technological revolution” in the refrigeration sector that the Montreal Protocol has initiated trough its work. Stefania Prestigiacomo - Italian Minister of the Environment

Language: English, Italian
Type of publication: Report
Online version: English (7566-e-ISI2010.pdf - 10,349 Kb)


2008
50 pp.
Ozone protection, Climate change, Energy efficiency: Montreal - Kyoto
The second in a series of special international issues of the magazine "Industria & Formazione" featuring articles on the interlinkages between ozone protection, climate change and energy efficiency written by internationally-renown experts in industry, government, NGOs and science. This magazine was produced by the Centro Studi Galileo in cooperation with UNEP's OzonAction Programme, the International Institute of Refrigeration, and the Associazione dei Tecnici del Freddo, under the auspices of the Italian Ministry of the Environment. The magazine was released at the 20th Meeting of the Parties to the Montreal Protocol (Doha, Qatar, 16-20 November 2008). The articles include: * Working together with the major experts towards “the future of refrigeration”: XIII European Conference (Marco Buoni - Secretary Associazione dei Tecnici Italiani del Freddo - ATF, Didier Coulomb - Director International Institute of Refrigeration - IIR, Rajendra Shende - Head, OzonAction, UNEP DTIE, Paris) * Convenient Opportunity to Address an Inconvenient Truth (Rajendra Shende) * Refrigeration for Sustainable Development. History and Challenges (Didier Coulomb) * Trends in Commercial Refrigeration (Pietro Asinari, Marco Masoero, Michele Calì - Department of Energetics DENER - Politecnico di Torino - Italy) * Heat pumps using natural working fluids: an environmental friendly solution (Alberto Cavallini, Davide Del Col, Claudio Zilio Dipartimento di Fisica Tecnica - University of Padova) * Ground-source heat pumps (Hermann Halozan - Institute of Thermal Engineering, Graz University of technology) * Phase-out of HCFCs: impact on air-conditioning and refrigeration systems operating on R22 (Patrick Antoine - President Association Française du Froid AFF, Guy-Noel Dupré - Uniclima) * Refrigerant Use and Emission Reduction in the U.S.: 2008 (Mark Menzer, Xudong Wang - AHRI Air-Conditioning, Heating and Refrigeration Institute) * Development Trends of Ammonia Refrigeration Technology (Yang Yifan, Hu Wangyang - Chinese Association of Refrigeration) * Solar cooling with small-size absorption chillers: different solutions for summer air conditioning (Francesco Asdrubali, Giorgio Baldinelli, Andrea Presciutti - University of Perugia - Department of Industrial Engineering Section of Applied Physics - Italy) * Solar Cooling in the Unit for Development of Solar Equipments (A. Chikouche, S. El Metnani, A. Benhabiles, B. Abbad - Bou-Ismail, Wilaya de Tipaza -Algeria) * Sustainable Refrigeration (Paul Homsy - Nestlé) * Magnetic Refrigeration at Room Temperature (Peter Egolf - University of Applied Sciences of Western Switzerland)

Language: English
Type of publication: Report
Online version: English (6241-e-industria_formazione_special_issue_2.pdf - 3,047 Kb)


2008
4 pp.
"Refrigeration Drives Sustainable Development Part 2" in RACA Journal, Vol. 24, No 04, June 2008, pgs. 35-41
Part 2 of an article about the refrigeration and air conditioning industries and sustainable development.

Language: English
Type of publication: Newsletter article
Online version: not available


2008
9 pp.
"Refrigeration Drives Sustainable Development Part 1" in RACA Journal, Vol. 24, No 03, June 2008, pgs. 82-90, 91
"…As part of the contribution to the World Summit on Sustainable Development, the Division of Technology, Industry, and Economics (DTIE) of the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) and the IIR jointly produced a sectoral report called "Industry as a Partner for Sustainable Development - Refrigeration" in 2002. In the report, various industrial organizations took stock of progress towards sustainable development in the refrigeration and air-conditioning sector and outlined future challenges and actions to be taken - a sort of industry "report card". The present report is a brief update of that report card, produced on the occasion of the 20th Anniversary of the Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer.

Language: English
Type of publication: Journal article
Online version: not available


2007
9 pp.
From Montreal to Kyoto via Beijing: The Refrigeration Industry's Journey towards Sustainability
A paper about the successes of the Montreal Protocol, espcecially those initiated by the refrigeration and air conditioning industry.

Language: English
Type of publication: Conference paper
Online version: English (6209-e-MDG2008pdf.pdf - 3,417 Kb)


2006
60 pp.
Suppl 1 al No 300 (No 6-2006)
Ozone protection, Climate change, Energy efficiency
A special international issue of the magazine "Industria & Formazione" featuring articles on the interlinkages between ozone protection, climate change and energy efficiency written by internationally-renown experts in industry, government, NGOs and science. This magazine was produced by the Centro Studi Galileo in cooperation with UNEP's OzonAction Programme and the Associazione dei Tecnici del Freddo, under the auspices of the Italian Ministry of the Environment. The magazine was released at the 18th Meeting of the Parties to the Montreal Protocol (New Delhi, India, 30 October - 3 November 2006).

Language: English
Type of publication: Report
Online version: English (4824-e-ozoneclimenerg.pdf - 4,255 Kb)


2005
4 pp.
N/A
Price: N/A
Code: N/A
Clever cooling vs global warming - An alliance for the food and drink industry and their suppliers who require point-of-sale cooling technology
Refrigerants, Naturally! Promotes a shift in the point-of-sale cooling technology in the food and drink, food service and retail sectors sectors towards alternative refrigeration technology that protect the Earth's climate and ozone layer

Language: English
Type of publication: Flyer
Online version: English (4762-e-refnatflyer.pdf - 363 Kb)
Order hardcopy


2005
114 pp.
ISBN 91 975238-7-9
Interlinked ODS Phase-out Activities: A Handbook for Improved Effectiveness of ODS Phase-out Activites in the Refrigeration Servicing Sector
The aim of this Handbook is to provide guidance for government officers on how to improve the effectiveness of their national plans addressing the remaining demand for ozone-depleting refrigerants in the servicing sector. Interlinked activities in cooperation with the stakeholders are needed in order to achieve the necessary decrease in emissions. Experiences show that changes in practices within the refrigeration servicing sector not only leads to phase-out of ozone depleting substances. The changes also lead to benefits for all stakeholders; the community, the equipment owners and the servicing companies, as the life-time of expensive equipment is increased and the energy consumption reduced. The Montreal Protocol on Substances that deplete the Ozone Layer is part of the international management of chemicals. By sharing experiences on how necessary reductions are achieved though a market-driven transition and coordinated activities, this handbook could also be relevant to government officers working with other multilateral environmental agreements (e.g. the fluorinated gases under the Kyoto Protocol). This publication has been developed by the Stockholm Environment Institute (SEI) as a project approved by the Executive Committee of the Multilateral Fund for the implementation of the Montreal Protocol. Its purpose is to complement the assistance provided by the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) within the Regional Networks of ODS officers and the Compliance Assistance Programme and also by the other multilateral agencies.

Language: English
Type of publication: Report
Online version: English (4589-e-interlinked.pdf - 1,458 Kb)
Russian (4589-r-interlinked.pdf - 2,357 Kb)


2005
0 pp.
N/A
Price: N/A
Train the Trainers Workshop on Good Practices in Refrigeration, Phnom Penh City, Cambodia, 9-13 May, 2005
Refrigeration Workshop Report, Cambodia, May 2005

Language: English
Type of publication: Conference proceedings
Online version: English (4615-e-kamref2005.pdf - 799 Kb)
Order hardcopy


2005
16 pp.
Price: N/A
Code: OZ-34
SolarChill - the vaccine cooler powered by nature
SolarChill, an innovative global initiative that is developing a climate- and ozone-friendly vaccine cooler that is powered by solar energy and which will directly help improve the health of children in developing countries. Produced by a partnership of the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP), the World Health Organisation (WHO), UNICEF, GTZ, Greenpeace, Program for Appropriate Technologies in Health (PATH) and the Danish Technological Institute (DTI).

Language: English
Type of publication: Booklet
Online version: English (4489-e-SolarChill.pdf - 735 Kb)
Order hardcopy


2005
105 pp.
ISBN 92-807-2602-1
Training Resource Kit: Preparing Small Businesses for the Transition Away from CFCs in Refrigeration and Air Conditioning / A support guide for National Ozone Units (NOUs) and their Local Partners in Developing Countries
This kit is designed to facilitate the National Ozone Unit’s (NOU) efforts to reach Small and Medium-sized Enterprises (SMEs) often missed through formal training methods/courses and deliver key messages and guidance to help avoid phase-out difficulties. The guidance and materials in this kit are a hybrid between outreach and basic training materials. This kit instructs the NOU to utilize local partners, such as local chemical and equipment suppliers, to reach SMEs.

Language: English
Type of publication: Training material
Online version: English (4482-e-smekit.pdf - 2,881 Kb)
French (4482-f-smekit.pdf - 2,954 Kb)
Russian (4482-r-smekit.pdf - 2,319 Kb)
Spanish (4482-s-smekit.pdf - 3,290 Kb)


2005
0 pp.
N/A
Price: N/A
Code: N/A
National Train-the-Trainers Workshop on Good Practices in Refrigeration, Paramaribo, Suriname, 11-14 July 2005
Refrigeration Workshop Report, Surinam, July 2005

Language: English
Type of publication: Conference proceedings
Online version: English (4616-e-surref2005.pdf - 361 Kb)
Order hardcopy


2005
15 pp.
N/A
Price: FOC
Training Programme in Good Practices in Refrigeration - Training of Trainers, Tbilisi, Georgia 11-13 April 2005
Refrigeration workshop report, Tbilisi, Georgia

Language: English
Type of publication: Conference proceedings
Online version: English (4358-e-georef2005.pdf - 442 Kb)
Order hardcopy


2004
34 pp.
N/A
Price: N/A
Code: N/A
Round-Table Meeting on Recovery & Recycling under RMP, West Asia Network (Beirut, Lebanon, 31 May - 1 June 2004)
Refrigerant Management Plan, Lebanon 2004

Language: English
Type of publication: Report
Online version: English (4761-e-lebrmp2004.pdf - 664 Kb)
Order hardcopy


2004
27 pp.
N/A
Price: N/A
Code: N/A
Train-the-Trainers Workshop on good Practices in Refrigeration, Kyrgyz Republic, May 2004
Refrigeration Workshop Report, Kyrgyz Republic 2004

Language: English
Type of publication: Conference proceedings
Online version: English (4606-e-kyrref2004.pdf - 508 Kb)
Order hardcopy


2004
31 pp.
N/A
Price: N/A
Code: N/A
Train the Trainers Workshop on Good Practices in Refrigeration Tirana, Albania, 9-12 March 2004
Workshop Report, Refrigeration, Albania

Language: English
Type of publication: Conference proceedings
Online version: English (4775-e-albref2004.pdf - 127 Kb)
Order hardcopy


2003
20 pp.
N/A
Price: N/A
Code: N/A
Report of the Train-the-Trainers Workshop on Good Practices in Refrigeration Honiara, Solomon Islands 10 - 16 October 2003
Workshop Report, Refrigeration, Solomon Islands, 2003

Language: English
Type of publication: Conference proceedings
Online version: English (4786-e-solref2003.pdf - 290 Kb)
Order hardcopy


2003
22 pp.
N/A
Price: N/A
Code: N/A
Report on the Train-the-Trainers Workshop on Good Practices in Refrigeration Nuku’alofa, Kingdom of Tonga 22 - 26 September 2003
Workshop Report, Refrigeration, Kingdom of Tonga, 2003

Language: English
Type of publication: Conference proceedings
Online version: English (4792-e-tonref2003.pdf - 242 Kb)
Order hardcopy


2003
17 pp.
Good Practices in Refrigeration and Air Conditioning for Paraguay - Organized by SAM , CAPAREV in conjunction with UNEP (Asuncion, Paraguay, September 23-25 2003)
Training program final report

Language: English-Spanish
Type of publication: Country programme
Online version: English (4107-e-parref2003.pdf - 187 Kb)


2003
17 pp.
Final Report: Training Program Good Practices in Refrigeration and Air Conditioning Organized by MINSA INAFORP in conjunction with UNEP (Panama City, Panama, September 16-19 2003)

Language: English
Type of publication: Conference proceedings
Online version: English (4634-e-panref2003.pdf - 223 Kb)


2003
23 pp.
N/A
Price: N/A
Code: N/A
Workshop Report of the Train-the-Trainers Workshop on good Practices in Refrigeration, Pohnpei, Federated States of Micronesia 19-25 August 2003
Workshop Report Refrigeration, Micronesia 2003

Language: English
Type of publication: Conference proceedings
Online version: not available
Order hardcopy


2003
22 pp.
N/A
Price: N/A
Code: N/A
Report of the Train-the-Trainers Workshop on Good Practices in Refrigeration, Koror, Republic of Palau, 12 - 16 August 2003
Workshop Report, Refrigeration,Palau 2003

Language: English
Type of publication: Conference proceedings
Online version: English (4783-e-ttrref2003.pdf - 261 Kb)
Order hardcopy


2003
18 pp.
N/A
Price: N/A
Code: N/A
Report of the Train-the-Trainers Workshop on Good Practices in Refrigeration Majuro, Republic of the Marshall Islands 14 - 19 July 2003
Workshop Report, Refrigeration, Marshall Islands

Language: English
Type of publication: Conference proceedings
Online version: English (4776-e-masref2003.pdf - 175 Kb)
Order hardcopy


2003
0 pp.
N/A
Price: N/A
Code: N/A
Train-the-Trainers Workshop on Good Practices in Refrigeration (Tarawa, Kiribati, 2 – 8 July 2003)
Workshop Report, Refrigeration, Kirbati 2003

Language: English
Type of publication: Conference proceedings
Online version: English (4760-e-kirref2003.pdf - 297 Kb)
Order hardcopy


2003
27 pp.
Workshop Report National Train the Trainers Workshop on Good Practices in Refrigeration, 15-19 June 2003, Dhaka, Bangladesh
The main obejective of the training programme is to reduce the CFC consumption in the refrigeration and airconditioning sercice sector in Bangladesh and to assist the country to comply with the phaseout schedule for CFCsunder the Montreal Protocol. The Programme consists of two phases, the train the trainers phase and the train the tecnicians phase. The trained trainers are expected to train the remaining technicians in the refrigeration and airconditing sectors in Bangladesh.

Language: English
Type of publication: Report
Online version: English (4037-e.pdf - 543 Kb)


2003
35 pp.
Report Small Group Meeting of SA and SEAP Network of Ozone Officers on RMP Review and Update, 13-14 June 2003, Dhaka, Bangladesh
The Small Group Meeting of SA and SEAP Network of Ozone Officers on RMP Review and Update was held in Dhaka, Bangladesh, 13-14 June 2003. Bangladesh, Cambodia, Lao PDR, Mongolia, Myanmar, Nepal and Sri Lanka were invited and all participated in this meeting. Japan and Sweden in their capacity as the Bilateral Agency/developed country partners in the region, and UNDP, in its capacity as the Implementing Agency responsible for the implementation and development of the RMPs in partnership with UNEP in the target countries attended this meetings.

Language: English
Type of publication: Report
Online version: English (4038-e.pdf - 673 Kb)


2003
31 pp.
N/A
Price: N/A
Code: N/A
National Train the Trainers Workshop on Good Practices in Refrigeration, HoChiMinh City, Vietnam, 17-21 March 2003
Workshop Report, Refrigeration, 2003, Vietnam

Language: English
Type of publication: Conference proceedings
Online version: English (4807-e-vieref2003.pdf - 781 Kb)
Order hardcopy


2003
31 pp.
Workshop Report, National Train the Trainers Workshop on Good Practices in Refrigeration, 17-21 March 2003, HoChiMinh City, Vietnam
The Train the Trainers Programme on Good Practices in Refrigeration is part of a comprehensive approach to reduce the ODS consumption in the refrigeration servicing sector in Vietnam, which has been approved by the Executive Committee of the Multilateral Fund.

Language: English
Type of publication: Conference proceedings
Online version: English (4004-e.pdf - 781 Kb)


2003
10 pp.
Getting There: The UNEP Mobility Forum

Language: English
Type of publication: Flyer
Online version: not available


2003
63 pp.
953-6793-10-5
Price: US$ 45
Code: GB-6
Kako Hotelska I Turisticka Industrija Mogu Zastititi Ozonski Omotac=How the Hotel and Tourism Industry Can Protect the Ozone Layer
Vacation ... ozone friendly. Hotels and the tourism industry use CFCs, halons and other ODS in various applications such as air conditioning in guest rooms, public areas, vehicles, refrigerators and freezers in kitchens, aerosol spray cans in cleaning products, fire protection equipment, etc. This guide provides information about how to reduce or avoid the use of ODS in these various applications. It also includes examples of good practices from hotel and tourism facilities around the world, contributed by the International Hotel and Restaurant Association and hotel companies, which detail how those businesses have successfully adopted alternatives and chemicals to replace ODS.

Language: Croatian
Type of publication: Report
Online version: not available


2002
ISBN: N/A
Price: Free
Code: W-18
RMP: Training-the-Trainers Workshop in Refrigeration Sector, Tallinn, Estonia, 07-11 October 2002

Language: English
Type of publication: Conference proceedings
Online version: English (4068-e.pdf - 116 Kb)
Order hardcopy


Enlarge image

2002
10 pp.
EPA 430 F 02 026
Building Owners Save Money, Save the Earth, Replace Your CFC Air Conditioning Chiller
A brochure explaining the environmental and financial reasons to replace CFC chillers with new, energy-efficient equipment. A partnership of internatinal organisations (inlcuding UNEP, UNDP and the World Bank), governments, manufacturers, NGOs and others have endorsed the brochure to eliminate uncertainty and underscore the wisdom of replacing CFC chillers.

Language: English-Russian
Type of publication: Booklet
Online version: English (3973-e-buildingowners.pdf - 1,290 Kb)
Russian (3973-r-buildingowners.pdf - 518 Kb)


2002
26 pp.
N/A
Price: N/A
Code: N/A
Training Workshop on Good Practices in Refrigeration and Recovery and Recycling, Almaty, Taraz, Shimkent, Kazakhstan, 26 August -19 September 2002
Workshop Report, Refrigeration, Kazakhstan 2002

Language: English
Type of publication: Conference proceedings
Online version: English (4759-e-kazref2002.pdf - 569 Kb)
Order hardcopy


2002
39 pp.
Workshop Report, Train the Trainers and Train the Technicians Workshop on Good Practices in Refrigeration, 12-23 August 2002, Colombo, Sri Lanka
The Train the Trainers Programme on Good Practices in Refrigeration is part of a comprehensive approach to reduce the ODS consumption in the refrigeration servicing sector in Sri Lanka, which has been approved by the Executive Committee of the Multilateral Fund.

Language: English
Type of publication: Conference proceedings
Online version: English (4003-e.pdf - 971 Kb)


2002
23 pp.
ISBN: N/A
Price: Free
Code: W-11
RMP Phase 1: Training the Trainers Workshop in Refrigeration Sector, Dushanbe, Tajikistan, 24-28 June 2002
The Train the Trainers Programme on Good Practices in Refrigeration is part of a comprehensive approach to reduce the ODS consumption in the refrigeration servicing sector in Tajikistan, jointly implemented by UNDP and UNEP.

Language: English-Russian
Type of publication: Conference proceedings
Online version: English (4002-e.pdf - 843 Kb)
Russian (4002-r.pdf - 1,025 Kb)
Order hardcopy


2002
9 pp.
N/A
Price: N/A
Code: N/A
Le Plan de Gestion des Fluides Frigorigènes, Rapport Final sur la législation, Senegal Mai 2002,
Rapport Final sur la législation, Senegal Mai 2002

Language: French
Type of publication: Conference proceedings
Online version: French (4808-f-senref2002.pdf - 174 Kb)
Order hardcopy


2002
27 pp.
Workshop Report, Train the Trainers Workshop on Good Practices in Refrigeration, 8-11 April 2002, Katmandu, Nepal
The Train the Trainers Programme on Good Practices in Refrigeration is part of a comprehensive approach to reduce the ODS consumption in the refrigeration servicing sector in Nepal, which has been approved by the Executive Committee of the Multilateral Fund.

Language: English
Type of publication: Conference proceedings
Online version: English (4005-e.pdf - 99 Kb)


2002
21 pp.
N/A
Price: N/A
Code: N/A
Good Practices in Refrigeration and Recovery & Recycling, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, 11-15 March 2002
Workshop Report, Refrigeration, Ethiopia, 2002

Language: English
Type of publication: Conference proceedings
Online version: English (4752-e-ethref2002.pdf - 75 Kb)
Order hardcopy


2002
17 pp.
ISBN: N/A
Price: Free
Code: W-2
RMP: National Recovery and Recycling Seminar, St Lucia, 23-24 January 2002

Language: English
Type of publication: Conference proceedings
Online version: English (3642-e.pdf - 137 Kb)
Order hardcopy


2002
30 pp.
ISBN: N/A
Code: W-1
RMP Phase: Training the Trainers in the Refrigeration Sector, Cotonou, Bénin, 14-18 January 2002

Language: French
Type of publication: Conference proceedings
Online version: French (4011-f.pdf - 103 Kb)
Order hardcopy


2001
26 pp.
N/A
Price: N/A
Code: N/A
Atelier de Formation des Formateurs sur les Bonnes Pratiques dans le Secteur du Froid Bujumbura, Burundi, 19 – 23 novembre 2001
Workshop Report, Refrigeration, Bujumbura, Burundi, novembre 2001

Language: French
Type of publication: Conference proceedings
Online version: French (4748-f-burref2001.pdf - 173 Kb)
Order hardcopy


2001
42 pp.
N/A
Price: N/A
Code: N/A
TRAIN-THE-TRAINERS WORKSHOP ON GOOD PRACTICES IN REFRIGERATION MONGOLIA
Workshop Report, Refrigeration, Mongolia, 2001

Language: English
Type of publication: Conference proceedings
Online version: not available
Order hardcopy


2001
30 pp.
Workshop Report, Train the Trainers Workshop on Good Practices in Refrigeration, Georgetown, Guyana, 14-18 September 1998
The train-the-trainers programme on good practices in refrigeration is part of a comprehensive approach to reduce the ODS consumption in the refrigeration servicing sector in Guyana.

Language: English
Type of publication: Conference proceedings
Online version: English (4139-e-guyanarefriggp.pdf - 109 Kb)


2001
Workshop Report: Train-the-Trainers Workshop on Good Practices in Refrigeration (Saint George’s Grenada, 4-10 August 2001)
Organized by: The Government of Grenada and the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP), Division of Technology, Industry & Economics (DTIE) OzonAction Programme in co-operation with Environment Canada, funded by the Multilateral Fund for the Implementation of the Montreal Protocol

Language: English
Type of publication: Conference proceedings
Online version: English (4637-e-grenadarefgp.pdf - 78 Kb)


2001
58 pp.
ISBN: 92-807-1976-3
Price: US$ 30
Code: REF-8
Making a Good Catch: Non-CFC Technologies in the Fishery Cold Chain
Plot a smooth course towards CFC-free operations for this vital economic sector. A booklet that informs NOUs and persons involved in the fishery industry about existing technologies to replace CFCs in the fishery cold chain, by way of case studies from France, Greenland, Jamaica, Micronesia, the Philippines, the UK and USA. The applications include a fish processing plant, a conditioning facility, ice plants, harbour cold stores, transport refrigeration and retail display cases. Includes overviews of refrigeration equipment, alternative refrigerants, and sources of information.

Language: English
Type of publication: Report
Online version: not available
Order hardcopy


2001
26 pp.
Rapport, Atelier de Formation des Formateurs sur les Bonnes Pratiques dans le Secteur du Froid, Bamako, Mali, 23-27 juillet 2001

Language: French
Type of publication: Conference proceedings
Online version: French (3480-f.pdf - 175 Kb)


2001
0 pp.
N/A
Price: N/A
Code: N/A
Train-the-Trainers Workshop on Good Practices in Refrigeration Sri Lanka Colombo, Sri Lanka 25-29 June 2001
Workshop Report, Refirgeration, Sri Lanka

Language: English
Type of publication: Conference proceedings
Online version: English (4787-e-srlref2001.pdf - 150 Kb)
Order hardcopy


2001
27 pp.
Atelier de Formation des Formateurs sur les Bonnes Pratiques dans le Secteur du Froid, 26-30 juin 2001, Conakry, Guinée
Organized by: Gouvernement de la Guinée Ministère de l'Environnement et de l'Eau.

Language: French
Type of publication: Conference proceedings
Online version: French (4010-f.pdf - 101 Kb)


2001
27 pp.
Rapport, Atelier de Formation des Formateurs sur les Bonnes Pratiques dans le Secteur du Froid, Libreville, Gabon, 5-9 juin 2001

Language: French
Type of publication: Conference proceedings
Online version: French (3479-f.pdf - 183 Kb)


2001
24 pp.
Train the Trainers Workshop on Good Practices in Refrigeration, Ashgabat, Turkmenistan, 28 May-1 June 2001

Language: English
Type of publication: Conference proceedings
Online version: English (4074-e.pdf - 424 Kb)


2001
22 pp.
Workshop Report: Train-the-Trainers Workshop on Good Practices in Refrigeration (Belize, 23-27 April 2001)
Organized by: The Government of Belize and the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP), Division of Technology, Industry & Economics (DTIE) OzonAction Programme in co-operation with Environment Canada funded by the Multilateral Fund for the Implementation of the Montreal Protocol

Language: English
Type of publication: Conference proceedings
Online version: English (4639-e-belizeref.pdf - 107 Kb)


2001
31 pp.
N/A
Price: N/A
Code: N/A
Workshop Report Train-the-Trainers Workshop on Good Practices in Refrigeration Suva, Fiji, 5-9 March 2001
Workshop Report Refrigeration, Fiji

Language: English
Type of publication: Conference proceedings
Online version: English (4754-e-fijref2001.pdf - 436 Kb)
Order hardcopy


2001
23 pp.
N/A
Price: N/A
Code: N/A
Train-the-Trainers Workshop on Good Practices in Refrigeration Syria Damascus, Syria 18 - 22 February 2001
Workshop Report, Refrigeration, Syria 2001

Language: English
Type of publication: Conference proceedings
Online version: English (4788-e-syrref2001.pdf - 202 Kb)
Order hardcopy


2001
40 pp.
ISBN: 92-807-2159-3
Price: US$ 30
Code: TB-1
Protecting the Ozone Layer Volume 1: Refrigerants
Knowing the technology options: refrigerants. Summarises the current uses of ODS in the various domestic and industrial refrigeration sectors, the availability of substitutes and the technological and economic implications of converting to ODS-free technology. The report, first published in 1992, has been updated based on the 1998 reports from UNEP’s Technical Options Committees (TOCs) and includes further information from the TOCs until 2000 to keep abreast of technological progress and to better reflect the present situation.

Language: English
Type of publication: Report
Online version: English (2333-e.pdf - 496 Kb)
Order hardcopy


2001
225 pp.
ISBN: 92-807-2123-2
Price: US$ 100
Code: REF-9
Sourcebook of Technologies for Protecting the Ozone Layer: Refrigeration, Air Conditioning and Heat Pumps
Where to source the Technologies... Refrigerants. A guide to sources of technologies, equipment and products that reduce or eliminate ODS in the refrigeration sector. This is part of a 6-volume Sourcebook series designed to help Article 5 countries with identifying and selecting appropriate technical options.

Language: English
Type of publication: Report
Online version: not available
Order hardcopy


2001
208 pp.
92-807-2020-1
National Training on Good Practices in Refrigeration, a Support Guide for NOUs, Phasing out ODS in Developing Countries
This guide assists national ozone officers in organising the training refrigeration technicians in the country as part of the implementation of their national Refrigerant Management Plans (RMPs). Timely and high quality training is required to prepare the refrigeration and air-conditioning technicians for the changes which will take place in the near future, enable them actively to shape the future development of the sector and to avoid unnecessary emissions of ODS refrigerants through the application of good practice in refrigeration. OzonAction Programme, 2001

Language: Chinese
Type of publication: Training material
Online version: not available


2000
Workshop Report: Recovery & Recycling Seminar (Georgetown, Guyana, 7-8 December 2000)

Language: English
Type of publication: Conference proceedings
Online version: English (4630-e-guyanarr2000.pdf - 68 Kb)


2000
16 pp.
Workshop Report: Recovery & Recycling Seminar (St John's, Antigua & Barbuda, 5 December 2000)
Organized by: Government of Antigua & Barbuda, United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP), Division of Technology, Industry & Economics (DTIE), Environment Canada

Language: English
Type of publication: Conference proceedings
Online version: English (4641-e-antiguarefrr.pdf - 74 Kb)


2000
22 pp.
Workshop Report, Train the Trainers Workshop on Good Practices in Refrigeration, 24-28 October 2000, Chisinau, Moldova
The Train the Trainers Programme on Good Practices in Refrigeration is part of a comprehensive approach to reduce the ODS consumption in the refrigeration sector in Moldova, which has been approved by the Executive Committee of the Multilateral Fund.

Language: English
Type of publication: Conference proceedings
Online version: English (4007-e.pdf - 151 Kb)


2000
31 pp.
Workshop Report, Train the Trainers Workshop on Good Practices in Refrigeration, 27-31 May 2000, Manama, Bahrain
The Train the Trainers Programme on Good Practices in Refrigeration is part of a comprehensive approach to reduce the ODS consumption in the refrigeration sector in Bahrain, which has been approved by the Executive Committee of the Multilateral Fund.

Language: English
Type of publication: Conference proceedings
Online version: English (4008-e.pdf - 563 Kb)


2000
20 pp.
Train the Trainers Workshop on Good Practices in Refrigeration, Baku, Azerbaijan, 28 February-3 March 2000

Language: English
Type of publication: Conference proceedings
Online version: English (4073-e.pdf - 103 Kb)


2000
20 pp.
Workshop Report, Train the Trainers Workshop on Good Practices in Refrigeration and Recovery and Recycling, 14-18 February 2000, Tiblisi, Georgia
The Train the Trainers Programme on Good Practices in Refrigeration and Recovery and Recycling is part of a comprehensive approach to reduce the ODS consumption in the refrigeration sector in Georgia, which has been approved by the Executive Committee of the Multilateral Fund.

Language: English
Type of publication: Conference proceedings
Online version: English (4006-e.pdf - 338 Kb)


2000
104 pp.
ISBN: 92-807-2020-1
Price: US$ 20
Code: GB-14
National Training on Good Practices in Refrigeration
Smart technicians’ guide to saving the ozone layer. Applying good practices in the refrigeration servicing sector can significantly reduce the emission of ozone-depleting refrigerants. As part of Refrigerant Management Plans, such training programmes target service technicians who install, commission, service, maintain, repair, retrofit or decommission refrigeration and air-conditioning systems. This training module provides the information needed by the technicians in order to ensure good practices efficiently.

Language: English-Arabic-Chinese-French-Russian-Spanish
Type of publication: Training material
Online version: English (3467-e-goodpracticesref.pdf.pdf - 1,303 Kb)
French (3467-f-goodpracticesref.pdf.pdf - 1,821 Kb)
Russian (3467-r-goodpracticesref.pdf - 1,093 Kb)
Order hardcopy


1999
21 pp.
N/A
Price: N/A
Code: N/A
Rapport Atelier de Formation des Formateurs sur les Bonnes Pratiques dans le Secteur du Froid Abidjan, Côte d'Ivoire, 5-8 octobre 1999
Workshop Report, Refrigeration, Côte d'Ivoire, 1999

Language: French
Type of publication: Conference proceedings
Online version: French (4750-f-ivcref1999.pdf - 70 Kb)
Order hardcopy


1999
16 pp.
Risk Assessment of HFC-134a, Specification of ODS and Substitutes

Language: English
Type of publication: Correspondence
Online version: not available


1999
26 pp.
Workshop Report, Train the Trainers Workshop on Good Practices in Refrigeration, Kingstown, St Vincent, 14-18 June 1999.
The train-the-trainers programme on good practices in refrigeration is part of a comprehensive approach to reduce the CFC consumption in the refrigeration servicing sector in St Vincent and the Grenadines.

Language: English
Type of publication: Conference proceedings
Online version: not available


1999
28 pp.
Workshop Report: Train-the-Trainers Workshop on Good Practices in Refrigeration (Kingstown, St Vincent, 14-18 June 1999)

Language: English
Type of publication: Conference proceedings
Online version: English (4633-e-stvincentrefgp.pdf - 95 Kb)


1999
30 pp.
Workshop Report, Train the Trainers Workshop on Good Practices in Refrigeration, Kingston, Jamaica, 7-11 June 1999
The train-the-trainers programme on good practices in refrigeration is part of a comprehensive approach to reduce the ODS consumption in the refrigeration servicing sector in Jamaica.

Language: English
Type of publication: Conference proceedings
Online version: English (4140-e-jamaicarefgp.pdf - 95 Kb)


1999
Workshop Report: Train-the-Trainers Workshop on Good Practices in Refrigeration (Antigua & Barbuda and Dominica, 31 May - 4 June 1999)
Organized by: United Nations Environment Programme and the Ministry of Commerce, Industry and Business Development of Antigua & Barbuda and the Ministry of Agriculture and the Environment of Dominica in co-operation with Environment Canada. Funded under the Multilateral Fund for the Implementation of the Montreal Protocol.

Language: English
Type of publication: Conference proceedings
Online version: English (4640-e-antiguaref1999.pdf - 93 Kb)


1999
27 pp.
Workshop Report, Train the Trainers Workshop on Good Practices in Refrigeration, Saint Kitts and Nevis, 24-28 May 1999
The train-the-trainers programme on good practices in refrigeration is part of a comprehensive approach to reduce the CFC consumption in the refrigeration servicing sector in St Kitts & Nevis.

Language: English
Type of publication: Conference proceedings
Online version: English (4142-e-stkittttrefgp.pdf - 93 Kb)


1999
60 pp.
CFC/HCFC/HFC Control in the Refrigeration and Air Conditioning Industry, Trainers Presentation Guide for Good Practices in Refrigeration Manual, (Various Caribbean Countries)

Language: English
Type of publication: Training material
Online version: not available


1999
54 pp.
ISBN: 92-807-1767-7
Price: US$ 30
Code: REF-5
Avoiding a Double Phase-out: Alternative Technologies to HCFCs in Refrigeration and Air Conditioning
Leap frogging... over pit-falls. A case study booklet that informs developing countries about how companies and organisations in other countries have successfully identified, evaluated and adopted refrigerants that do not rely on ozone-depleting HCFCs. Eight case studies address retail refrigeration, domestic refrigeration, fishery product conditioning, and chiller applications. They demonstrate the successful use of propane, R-124a, R-404A, 407 series, and R-502 refrigerants. Each case study includes background about the company, a description of the alternative technology, observations about the applicability to developing countries, and contacts for more information.

Language: English
Type of publication: Report
Online version: English (3030-e.pdf - 2,801 Kb)
Order hardcopy


1999
50 pp.
Protecting the Ozone Layer, Volume I, Refrigerants

Language: Russian
Type of publication: Report
Online version: not available


1999
92 pp.
ISBN: 92-807-1691-3
Price: US$ 25
Code: GB-8
Recovery and Recycling Systems: Guidelines , Phasing out ODS in Developing Countries, Refrigeration Sector = Directrices para los sistemas de recuperacion y reciclaje La eliminacion de las SAO en los paises en desarollo Sector de la refrigeracion
Conservation ... first step awards long march. This publication provides guidance for National Ozone Units and industry on how to design, establish and operate recovery and recycling systems for ozone depleting refrigerants and explain the roles of the relevant stakeholders. Recovery and recycling prevents venting of the refrigerant during servicing and makes recycled refrigerants available for re-use. The information in these guidelines aims to reduce the need for virgin refrigerants and allows running existing CFC-based refrigeration systems until the end of their economic life with recycled ODS. The feasibility and management of recovery and recycling systems described.

Language: English-Arabic-Chinese-French-Russian-Spanish
Type of publication: Report
Online version: Chinese (3245-c-recovery_recycling_guidelines.pdf - 42,816 Kb)
English (3245-e-recovery_recycling_guidelines.pdf - 324 Kb)
French (3245-f-recovery_recycling_guidelines.pdf - 4,747 Kb)
Russian (3245-r-recovery_recycling_guidelines.pdf - 912 Kb)
Order hardcopy


1999
368 pp.
ISBN: 92-807-1765-0
Price: US$ 45
Code: REF-4
Study on the Potential for Hydrocarbon Replacements in Existing Domestic and Small Commercial Refrigeration Appliances
A new look at an alternative refrigerant. Developing countries face an important and unique challenge under the Montreal Protocol: what should be done with the millions of existing domestic and commercial refrigerators and freezers that use ozone-depleting CFC refrigerants? Can appliance owners in developing countries continue to use their existing refrigerators and freezers but at the same time protect the ozone layer by retrofitting the equipment to use non-CFC refrigerants? By way of a desk survey, technical research, country field experiences, and workshop results, this Study helps decision-makers in developing countries weigh the positive and negative aspects of this retrofitting option. The report was developed as part of UNEP’s Work Programme under the Multilateral Fund, with the collaboration and support of six bilateral agencies and three countries.

Language: English
Type of publication: Report
Online version: English (2715-e-casestudy.pdf - 945 Kb)
English (2715-e-desksurvey.pdf - 363 Kb)
English (2715-e-entiredocument.pdf - 2,080 Kb)
English (2715-e-synthesisreport.pdf - 374 Kb)
English (2715-e-workshopreport.pdf - 1,113 Kb)
Order hardcopy


1999
89 pp.
92-807-1975-0
Systèmes de Récupération et de Recyclage. Directives. Elimination des SAO dans les pays en développement. Secteur du Froid

Language: French
Type of publication: Report
Online version: not available


1998
1 pp.
ISSN: 1036-2401
"New Guide for Codes of Good Practice in Refrigeration" article in AIRAH Journal, December 1998, Vol. 52, No.12, Page 41

Language: English
Type of publication: Journal article
Online version: not available


1998
26 pp.
Workshop Report, Train the Trainers Workshop on Good Practices in Refrigeration, Port of Spain, Trinidad and Tobago, 16-20 November 1998
The train-the-trainers programme on good practices in refrigeration is part of a comprehensive approach to reduce the ODS consumption in the refrigeration servicing sector in Trinidad and Tobago.

Language: English
Type of publication: Conference proceedings
Online version: English (4143-e-trinidadrefgps.pdf - 121 Kb)


1998
12 pp.
Report: RMP Review Meeting (14 November 1998, Cairo, Egypt)
The Guidelines for the preparation of Refrigerant Management Plans were approved by the Executive Committee at its 23rd Meeting in 1997. Since then total funds of US$ 1.6 million have been approved for the formulation of 44 RMPs. Up to November 1998, 25 RMPs have been completed and approved for implementation, 11 of which were prepared without special funding provisions (within a CP or R&R project preparation). None of these RMPs has been fully implemented yet. Following the recommendations of the Sub-Committee on Project Review, the Executive Committee at its 25th Meeting, July 1998, in Montreal requested UNEP to organize, in association with the Tenth Meeting of the Parties, a workshop involving bilateral donors, implementing agencies and the Secretariat to review experiences to date with Refrigerant Management Plans (RMPs), in order to improve the quality of preparation and implementation of RMP projects (UNEP/Oz.L.Pro/ExCom/25/25, Paragraph 54b). The objectives of the Meeting were to review the lessons learned during preparation and implementation of RMPs, to identify the issues affecting the effectiveness of the RMPs and to explore the ways to resolve the issues.

Language: English
Type of publication: Conference proceedings
Online version: English (4654-e-rmpmtg.pdf - 28 Kb)


1998
12 pp.
N/A
Price: N/A
Code: N/A
RMP Meeting, 14 November 1998, Cairo, Egypt
Report RMP 1998, Egypt

Language: English
Type of publication: Conference proceedings
Online version: English (4809-e-egyref1998.pdf - 35 Kb)
Order hardcopy


1998
24 pp.
Workshop Report, Train the Trainers Workshop on Good Practices in Refrigeration, Nassau, the Bahamas, 9-13 November 1998
The train-the-trainers programme on good practices in refrigeration is part of a comprehensive approach to reduce the ODS consumption in the refrigeration servicing sector in the Bahamas.

Language: English
Type of publication: Conference proceedings
Online version: not available


1998
19 pp.
N/A
Price: N/A
Code: N/A
Training Programme on Recovery and Recycling of Refrigerants in Namibia Windhoek, Namibia, 5-14 May 1998
Workshop Report, Refrigeration, Namibia 1998

Language: English
Type of publication: Conference proceedings
Online version: English (4780-e-namref1998.pdf - 72 Kb)
Order hardcopy


1998
21 pp.
Training Programme on Recovery and Recycling of Refrigerants, Windhoek, Nambia, 5-14 May 1998
The aim of this Training Programme is to implement a comprehensive training programme for good servicing practices and recovery and recycling of refrigerants in the refrigeration and air-conditioning sectors.

Language: English
Type of publication: Conference proceedings
Online version: not available


1998
28 pp.
Reporte del Taller: Programa Nacional de Capacitacion de Capacitadores y Plan de Gestion de Refrigerantes, Ciudad de Guatemala, Guatemala, 23-27 de febrero de 1998
Se concibio este proyecto para corregir las malas practicas y concienciar a las personas sobre los efectos de una manipulacion y un uso inadecuados de los refrigerantes sobre la Capa de Ozono.

Language: Spanish
Type of publication: Conference proceedings
Online version: Spanish (4146-s-guatemala.pdf - 117 Kb)


1998
78 pp.
ISBN: 92-807-1688-3
Price: US$ 75
Code: GB-7
Guidebook for Implementation of Codes of Good Practice
Codes motivate conduct. Part of a series of publications to help developing country Governments phase out the use of ozone-depleting substances, this guidebook provides guidance to the National Ozone Unit and industry on how to design and implement codes of good practice for the refrigeration-servicing sector and explains the roles of the relevant stakeholders. Good servicing practices prevent unnecessary refrigerant emissions through proper design, installation, operation, decommissioning and disposal of refrigeration systems as well as the application of recovery and recycling, retrofitting, safe handling, transport and storage of refrigerants. Codes of good practice are an important part of the regulatory framework and support all other phase-out efforts for ozone-depleting refrigerants within the country’s Refrigerant Management Plan. Codes of good practice may be mandatory or voluntary and require training and certification of the refrigeration technicians.

Language: English-Arabic-Chinese-French-Spanish
Type of publication: Code of practice
Online version: English (2174-e.pdf - 285 Kb)
French (2174-f.pdf - 485 Kb)
Spanish (2174-s.pdf - 2,163 Kb)
Order hardcopy


1998
1 pp.
"Preaching, Yes! But Practising?", Article in OzonAction Newsletter, Number 25, January 1998, Page 1

Language: English
Type of publication: Journal article
Online version: not available


1997
14 pp.
Training Guidelines for Identification of Needs and Coordination of Activities
Guidelines for the development of "non-investment" training projects, plus training related to the implementation of Refrigerant Management Plans. These guidelines were approved by the Executive Committee at it 23rd meeting. November 1997

Language: English-French-Spanish
Type of publication: Regulation
Online version: English (4186-e.pdf - 391 Kb)
French (4186-f.pdf - 40 Kb)
Spanish (4186-s.pdf - 52 Kb)


1997
13 pp.
ISBN: N/A
Price: Free
Code: GB-9
Guidelines for Development of Refrigerant Management Plans
Hot plan ... for cold management. RMPs are comprehensive phase-out plans and strategies for the refrigeration and air-conditioning sectors that are prepared and implemented at the national level. RMPs are particularly well-suited for Low-Volume ODS-consuming countries (LVCs). These guidelines were approved by the Executive Committee at its 23rd meeting in October 1997.

Language: English-French-Spanish
Type of publication: Report
Online version: English (3916-e.pdf - 143 Kb)
Order hardcopy


1997
62 pp.
Draft: Study on the Potential for Hydrocarbon Replacements in Domestic and Small Commercial Refrigeration Appliances, Part I - Desk Survey.

Language: English
Type of publication: Report
Online version: not available


1997
36 pp.
ISBN: 92-807-1673-5
Price: US$ 20
Code: REF-6
Government Strategies to Phase Out Ozone-Depleting Refrigerants: Four Case Studies from the Nordic Countries
Most Northern Experience ... closest to the arctic. This publication shares the experience of government and industry in four Nordic countries (Denmark, Finland, Norway, Sweden) to phase out ODS. These case studies provide examples of how these four countries have approached refrigerant management through a combination of voluntary and regulatory measures. Each case study provides background about the country’s refrigeration sector, a description of the government’s strategies and regulations, an overview of how industry and government have cooperated on this issue, key features of the national strategy, and a summary of the country’s experience with management of ozone depleting refrigerants.

Language: English
Type of publication: Case study
Online version: not available
Order hardcopy


1996
74 pp.
Safety Aspects of Hydrocarbon Refrigerators
An information paper that examines safety issues related to manufacture of domestic refrigerators using hydrocarbons, i.e. propane and/or isobutane in the refrigerant circuit as an alternative refrigerant to CFC-12 and using cyclopentane as an alternative blowing agent to CFC-11 in the polyurethane foam (PUF) insulation. June 1996, OzonAction Programme

Language: English
Type of publication: Report
Online version: English (4185-e.pdf - 1,662 Kb)


1996
44 pp.
Atelier sur les transferts de technologie dans le cadre du Protocole de Montréal pour les pays africains d'expression française, Douala, Cameroun, 27-29 février 1996

Language: French
Type of publication: Conference proceedings
Online version: not available


1995
37 pp.
Operation Manual on Recovery, Recycling and Reclaiming Processes and Procedures, December 1995, Ghana

Language: English
Type of publication: Report
Online version: not available


1995
36 pp.
Atelier de formation sur les bonnes pratiques en matière de réfrigération maintenance et récupération, Dakar, Sénégal, 14-17 novembre 1995

Language: French
Type of publication: Conference proceedings
Online version: not available


1995
31 pp.
Atelier de formation sur les bonnes pratiques en matière de réfrigération, maintenance et récupération, Abidjan, Côte d'Ivoire, 10-12 octobre 1995

Language: French
Type of publication: Conference proceedings
Online version: not available


1995
19 pp.
ISBN: N/A
Price: Free
Code: REF-1
Successful Conversion to Non-ODS Refrigeration: The New Zealand Experience
Most southern experience... closest to Antarctic. Two technical case studies from New Zealand describing conversions to CFC alternatives in the refrigeration cold chain (a cold store and farm vat refrigerant). Also includes summaries and contact information for conversions undertaken in New Zealand.

Language: English
Type of publication: Case study
Online version: English (1861-e.pdf - 294 Kb)
Order hardcopy


1995
30 pp.
Training Course on Chillers and Refrigerant Management, Bangkok, Thailand, 18-19 July 1995

Language: English
Type of publication: Conference proceedings
Online version: not available


1995
60 pp.
Workshop Report and Draft Report on the Regional Workshop on Non-CFC Technologies for Domestic Refrigerator Manufacturing Industries in the Latin America South (LAS) Region, 18-19 May 1995, Sao Paulo, Brazil

Language: English
Type of publication: Conference proceedings
Online version: not available


1995
63 pp.
ISBN: N/A
Price: Free
Code: REF-2
Refrigerant Recovery and Recycling
How others did it ... conserving practices. A collection of 9 case studies on recovering refrigerants from existing systems for reuse in the same and other system in domestic, commercial, industry, transportation and MAC sub-sectors. The following points are addressed: when a recovery process should take place, what are the steps and critical elements, how to compare different methods of recovery and what needs to be measured and recorded.

Language: English-French-Spanish
Type of publication: Case study
Online version: not available
Order hardcopy


1995
10 pp.
ISBN: N/A
Price: Free
Code: REF-3
Blends as Refrigerants to Replace CFCs and HCFCs
Mixed success. This information paper provides a basic overview of refrigerant blends, lists commercially-available refrigerant blends, provides basic technical information, identifies which blends can be used to replace specific ODS refrigerants, and sources of additional information.

Language: English
Type of publication: Report
Online version: not available
Order hardcopy


1994
39 pp.
Training Course on Chillers and Refrigerant Management, Final Report, 6-8 December 1994, Manama, Bahrain

Language: English
Type of publication: Conference proceedings
Online version: not available


1994
38 pp.
Workshop Report: Training Course on Chillers and Refrigerant Management, Manama, Bahrain, 6-8 December 1994

Language: English
Type of publication: Conference proceedings
Online version: not available


1994
362 pp.
ISBN: 92-807-1469-4
Price: US$ 85
Code: TM-1
Chillers and Refrigerant Management Training Manual
Chilling practices for climate protection. This manual describes the various steps necessary in order to develop a strategic plan to slowly and costeffectively move away from using CFCs in chillers. It also provides basic information on ozone depletion, and how refrigerants contribute to this phenomenon, describes what is a refrigerant management plan and its importance in the chiller sector, and defines containment and service practice, including retrofit and replacement.

Language: English-Chinese-French-Spanish
Type of publication: Training material
Online version: not available
Order hardcopy


1994
435 pp.
ISBN: 92-807-1459-7
Price: US$ 80
Code: TM-2
Good Practices in Refrigeration Training Manual
Stop emission first step to stop depletion. This training manual follows closely the "train the trainer" approach and is intended for use by technical managers and instructors from technical training institutes in developing countries who will provide training to unitary and mobile air conditioning and refrigeration practitioners. Through this approach, refrigeration service technicians especially in developing countries will be equipped with the technical knowledge needed for them to assist in the phase-out of ozone depleting substances used in most refrigeration equipment.

Language: English-French-Spanish
Type of publication: Training material
Online version: not available
Order hardcopy


1994
32 pp.
ISSN 1020-1602
Price: Free
Code: OZ-7
Non-Fluorocarbon Alternatives : Refrigeration Special Supplement No. 2
Back to nature. The refrigeration sector consumes the largest amount of CFCs both for developed and developing countries. While alternatives are being developed for this sector, there are efforts to ensure that the alternatives being used continue to be environmentally friendly. This special supplement discusses the different non-fluorocarbon alternatives, their advantages and disadvantages for both industry and users.

Language: English-French-Spanish
Type of publication: Newsletter
Online version: not available
Order hardcopy


1994
21 pp.
Information Paper, Elimination of CFC Refrigetants from Domestic Refrigeration Manufacture

Language: English
Type of publication: Report
Online version: English (3144-e.pdf - 2,289 Kb)


1994
55 pp.
Information Paper, Retrofitting With Non-CFC Substitutes

Language: English
Type of publication: Case study
Online version: English (3143-e.pdf - 217 Kb)
Order hardcopy


1994
65 pp.
Case Studies, Recovery and Recycling

Language: English
Type of publication: Case study
Online version: not available


1994
6 pp.
Information Paper, HCFCs and Air-Conditioning Montreal Protocol Controls and Options

Language: English
Type of publication: Report
Online version: English (3145-e.pdf - 27 Kb)


1994
32 pp.
UNEP Regional Workshop on Refrigeration and Air Conditioning Training Programmes, 12 - 15 April 1994, Jakarta, Indonesia

Language: English
Type of publication: Conference proceedings
Online version: not available


1994
300 pp.
Conference and Workshop on the Protection of the Ozone Layer, Jakarta, 11-15 April 1994

Language: English
Type of publication: Conference proceedings
Online version: not available


1993
32 pp.
"Train the Trainer", Training Course on Good Practices in Refrigeration, Final Report, 11-16 October 1993, Accra, Ghana

Language: English
Type of publication: Conference proceedings
Online version: not available


1993
19 pp.
Preliminary Considerations on Retrofitting a Refrigeration Cold Storey Cycle Working with R12 to a non - CFC Refrigerant

Language: English
Type of publication: Report
Online version: not available



0 pp.
Chiller conference Cairo: Opening Remarks by Rajendra Shende

Language: English
Type of publication: Conference paper
Online version: English (7505-e- Raj Shende Opening Remarks.pdf - 871 Kb)



Workshop Report: Train-the Trainer Programme on Good Practices in Refrigeration (Nassau, the Bahamas, 9-13 November 1998)

Language: English
Type of publication: Conference proceedings
Online version: English (4631-e-bahamasrefgp.pdf - 125 Kb)