1 January 2010, the phase out target of the consumption and production
of CFCs and halons was achieved under the Montreal Protocol on Substance
that Deplete the Ozone Layer thanks to the commitment and action
of governments, industry and civil society in both developed and
developing countries. However, with this milestone achievement,
Article 5 countries (i.e. developing countries) must remain vigilant
and avoid a situation of non-compliance with the 2010 control measures
by ensuring that the phase out already achieved is sustained permanently
after 2010. To do this, they require an efficient means for monitoring
their compliance situation.
Additionally, at the 20th Anniversary of the Montreal Protocol in
September 2007, the Parties reached an historic agreement to accelerate
the phase out schedule for one of the most important remaining ozone
depleting substances (ODS): hydrofluorocarbons (HCFCs). Countries
operating under Article 5 of the Montreal Protocol (developing countries)
are must freeze their HCFC production and consumption by 2013 and
then phase it out in a step-wise fashion until the complete phase
out in 2030. This too requires close watching, as does the progress
made by Article 5 countries in meeting the complete phase-out of
methyl bromide by 2015.
This Trends Analysis provides a quick, visual tool to help decision
makers in developing countries monitor where they stand in relation
to these different targets.
By means of the consumption and production data officially reported
by their governments under Article 7 of the Montreal Protocol, countries
must demonstrate that they fully meet the specific legal obligations
(control measures) of the Protocol as per the agreed timetables.
During the Protocol's compliance phase, the phase-out process is
country-driven both in terms of responsibilities and needs. Government
commitment and ownership of the process continues to be crucial
for success. Nevertheless, as the implementation of the Montreal
Protocol is not performed in isolation, partnership and co-operation
continues to be essential in this period. The Multilateral Fund
and its Implementing Agencies, bilateral agencies, NGOs and other
countries continue to help National Ozone Units in Article 5 countries
identify and overcome their countries' compliance challenges. A
clear understanding of where a country stands in relation to its
compliance targets is essential for this work to go forward. OzonAction's
Trends Analysis service provides such information.
This improved version of the Trends Analysis is based on an interactive
Flash module using a map-based interface, and it provides more precise
year-wise data to the user. Based on official data reported by Governments
to the Ozone Secretariat under Article 7 of the Montreal Protocol,
the module presents country-wise analyses for the main substances
controlled under the Protocol, i.e. chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs),
hydrofluorocarbons (HCFCs), halons, methyl bromide, carbon tetrachloride
(CTC), methyl chloroform (MCF). The graphics can be exported by
the user for use in publications and presentations.
The graphs include some or all of the following lines or data points:
Consumption level: This appears for all countries.
Production level: This appears only if the country is or
was a producer of the specific ODS.
Montreal Protocol reduction targets: The respective freeze
or reduction target dates are included on the graph for reference.
Note that for HCFCs, since Article 5 countries have not yet established
their baselines, no freeze level can be shown. Only their consumption
and production trends are indicated. However, underneath the graphic
is a chart that reminds the user of the percentage phase out schedule
for HCFCs according to the Montreal Protocol targets. In the future,
the freeze level and subsequent reduction levels will be added once
the baseline data are officially reported by the country.
The OzonAction Compliance Assistance Programme team uses the Trends
Analysis to monitor and analyse the compliance status of developing
countries for which UNEP provides Institutional Strengthening services
under its mandate as an Implementing Agency of the Protocol's Multilateral
Fund. UNEP uses the Trends Analysis as a key benchmarking document
in meetings of the UNEP's
Regional Networks of Ozone Officers, and the graphics are particularly
useful for discussions with National Ozone Units in charge of their
country's national programme to comply with the Montreal Protocol.
This web version of the Trends Analysis is updated once a year,
following the schedule of the data reports related to compliance
that are produced by the Ozone Secretariat. Additional information
Reporting and Access' is available on the Ozone
The information contained in the Trends Analysis is up-to-date and
reflects the data as it is recorded in the data sources indicated
on each country report. However, if there are any discrepancies
in the data, NOUs are requested to inform us.
For any other questions or comments:
Mr. Rajendra Shende, Head, OzonAction Branch
UNEP Division of Technology, Industry and Economics
15 rue de Milan
75441 Paris Cedex 09
Tel: (33.1) 22.214.171.124
Fax: (33.1) 126.96.36.199
June 30, 2010