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Methyl bromide

Tomato seedlingsMethyl bromide is widely used as a fumigant in agriculture, for pest control in structures and stored commodities, and for quarantine treatments. Fumigation is a technique that allows the gas to reach pests which are in soil, in durables, in perishables, and in structures and vehicles. This chemical controls a wide range of pests, including pathogens (fungi, bacteria and soilborne viruses), insects, mites, nematodes and rodents.

Methyl bromide is an ozone depleting substance that is controlled under the Montreal Protocol. With support from the Protocol's Multilateral Fund and the Global Environment Facility, developing countries and countries with economies in transition are reducing and ultimately phasing out their consumption of this chemical.

Use of methyl bromide can be reduced and eliminated by adopting alternatives, which have been identified for more than 90 percent of applications. These include chemicals, non-chemical measures - - including Integrated Pest Management (IPM) - or a combination of both.

Information about this topic

Publications produced by UNEP
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Publications produced by other organisations
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Reports of the Methyl Bromide Technical Option Committee, Critical Use Nominations   Ozone Secretariat
Projects in this sector implemented by UNEP
OzonAction Newsletter

Looking for help with Methyl Bromide?

Need help?UNEP helps developing countries and countries with economies in transition (CEITs) to comply with their methyl bromide-related commitments under the Montreal Protocol. We provide National Ozone Units (NOUs) and other stakeholders, such as farmers and NGOs, with the following assistance:

  • Information clearinghouse services, including videos, publications, newsletters, e-news
  • Training and capacity building activities
  • Direct assistance for specific technical, policy and data reporting needs related to methyl bromide

For developing countries, this assistance is provided through three Methyl Bromide Officers in UNEP's Compliance Assistance Programme (CAP). Regional Network Coordinators and Information Clearinghouse staff also provide support. For countries with economies in transition, it is delivered by the staff of the GEF/Ozone unit.

If you are an Ozone Officer or other stakeholder and you need help with the phase out of methyl bromide, please contact the CAP Regional Network Coordinator in your region or the staff of the other Multilateral Fund Implementing Agencies (see contacts at right).

Phase out schedule
Trade names of chemical products containing ozone depleting substances and their alternatives
Partnership with FAO
Partnership with UNDP
UNEP Compliance Assistance Programme
UNDP Montreal Protocol Unit External link
World Bank Montreal Protocol Operations External link
Multilateral Fund Secretariat External link
Ozone Secretariat External link
Proceedings of the 2007 International Research Conference on Methyl Bromide Alternatives and Emissions Reductions 
Food and Agriculture Organisation Plant Production and Protection Division 
International Plant Protection Convention (IPPC)
USDA Methyl Bromide
Alternatives Newsletter
© UNEP DTIE 2007 | updated 16-jan-09