bromide is widely used as a fumigant in agriculture, for pest control
in structures and stored commodities, and for quarantine treatments.
Fumigation is a technique that allows the gas to reach pests which
are in soil, in durables, in perishables, and in structures and
vehicles. This chemical controls a wide range of pests, including
pathogens (fungi, bacteria and soilborne viruses), insects, mites,
nematodes and rodents.
Methyl bromide is an ozone depleting substance
that is controlled under the Montreal Protocol. With support from
the Protocol's Multilateral
Fund and the Global
Environment Facility, developing countries and countries with
economies in transition are reducing and ultimately phasing out
their consumption of this chemical.
Use of methyl bromide can be reduced and
eliminated by adopting alternatives, which have been identified
for more than 90 percent of applications. These include chemicals,
non-chemical measures - - including Integrated Pest Management (IPM)
- or a combination of both.
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of the Methyl Bromide Technical Option Committee, Critical Use Nominations
in this sector implemented by UNEP
Looking for help
with Methyl Bromide?
helps developing countries and countries with economies in
transition (CEITs) to comply with their methyl bromide-related
commitments under the Montreal Protocol. We provide National
Ozone Units (NOUs) and other stakeholders, such as farmers
and NGOs, with the following assistance:
- Information clearinghouse services,
including videos, publications, newsletters, e-news
- Training and capacity building
- Direct assistance for specific
technical, policy and data reporting needs related to methyl
For developing countries, this assistance
is provided through three Methyl Bromide Officers in UNEP's
Compliance Assistance Programme (CAP). Regional Network Coordinators
and Information Clearinghouse staff also provide support.
For countries with economies in transition, it is delivered
by the staff of the GEF/Ozone unit.
If you are an Ozone Officer or other
stakeholder and you need help with the phase out of methyl
bromide, please contact the CAP
Regional Network Coordinator in your region or the staff
of the other Multilateral Fund Implementing Agencies (see
contacts at right).