are used in numerous refrigeration and air conditioning applications
worldwide, for example in domestic and commercial refrigeration,
cold storage, food processing, transport and industrial refrigeration,
air conditioning and heat pumps, chillers, and mobile air conditioning.
HCFCs have been used as as CFC alternatives in refrigeration but
are considered "transitional substances" and they too
will be phased out.
CFCs and HCFCs are ozone depleting substances whose production
and consumption is controlled under the Montreal Protocol. With
support from the Protocol's Multilateral
Fund delivered by UNEP, UNDP, UNIDO, the World Bank and bilateral
agencies, developing countries are phasing out these ozone depleting
chemicals in this sector.
The main global refrigerant options for the long term are HFCs
and HFC-blends, ammonia, hydrocarbons and blends, carbon dioxide,
and water. All have advantages and disadvantages that should be
closely considered, e.g. performance, toxity, flammability, global
warming potential, energy efficiency, cost.
Refrigerant management encompasses replacement of CFCs and HCFCs
by other refrigerants, recovery and recycling, and retrofitting
of existing equipment. Refrigerant Management Plans are important
tools for developing countries to develop and implement integrated,
cost-effective strategies for ODS phase out in this sector.
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of the Refrigeration & Air Conditioning Technical Option Committee
in this sector implemented by UNEP
Need help with
UNEP helps developing countries to
comply with their refrigeration-related commitments under
the Montreal Protocol. We provide National Ozone Units (NOUs)
and other stakeholders, e.g. refrigeration servicing technicians,
refrigeration associations and training institutes, with the
- Information clearinghouse services,
including videos, publications, newsletters, e-news
- Training and capacity building
- Direct assistance for specific
technical, policy and data reporting needs related to refrigeration
and air conditioning
This assistance is provided through
the three Refrigerant Management Plan Officers in UNEP's Compliance
Assistance Programme (CAP). Regional Network Coordinators
and Information Clearinghouse staff also provide support.
If you are an Ozone Officer or other
stakeholder and you need help with refrigerant management,
please contact the CAP
Regional Network Coordinator in your region or the staff
of the other Multilateral Fund Implementing Agencies (see
contacts at right).