About UNEP
UNEP DTIE OzonAction BranchOzonAction Programme
  UNEP > DTIE > OzonAction Branch Search

Solvents, Coatings & Adhesives

SolventsIn the past, CFC-113 use was essential in many industrial applications: in electronic assembly production processes, precision cleaning and general metal degreasing during manufacture, as well as in dry cleaning and other industrial applications. CFC-113 began to be used in the 1970s in metal degreasing and other areas owing to concern over the toxicity of the chlorinated solvents used previously.

For many years 1,1,1-trichloroethane was the solvent of choice to replace other more toxic chlorinated solvents for general metal cleaning. Carbon tetrachloride is no longer used as a solvent in most countries because of its toxicity, but it is still used in some parts of the world.

CFC-113, 1,1,1-trichloroethane, CTC, and bromochloromethane are ozone depleting substances whose production and consumption is controlled under the Montreal Protocol. With support from the Protocol's Multilateral Fund delivered by UNEP, UNDP, UNIDO, the World Bank and bilateral agencies, developing countries are phasing out these ozone depleting chemicals in this sector.

Information about this topic

Publications produced by UNEP
    | Arabic | Chinese | English | Español | Français | Russian | Other languages |
Publications produced by other organisations
     | Arabic | Chinese | English | Español | Français | Russian | Other languages |
Reports of the Solvents Technical Option Committee 
Projects in this sector implemented by UNEP
OzonAction Newsletter

Phase out schedule
Trade names of chemical products containing ozone depleting substances and their alternatives
UNEP Compliance Assistance Programme
UNDP Montreal Protocol Unit External link
UNIDO Montreal Protocol Unit External link
World Bank Montreal Protocol Operations External link
Integrated Solvent Substitution Data System  
National Center for Manufacturing Sciences SOLV-DB 
Solvent Alternative Guide (SAGE) 
© UNEP DTIE 2007 | updated 16-jan-09