Resource Efficient and Cleaner Production
The Joint UNEP-UNIDO Programme
The Rio Declaration and Agenda 21 that were adopted by the United Nations Conference on Environment and Development (UNCED) held in 1992 called on the international community to support developing countries and economies in transition with capacity building and implementation of preventive environmental approaches. In response to this call, UNEP together with the United Nations Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO) launched the International Project on establishment of National Cleaner Production Centers (NCPCs). This has led to the establishment of NCPCs in more than 40 developing countries and economies in transition. to provide core Resource Efficient and Cleaner Production services. The independent evaluation that was carried out in 2008 had shown that these Centers have made significant contribution on demonstrating the benefits of applying Cleaner Production in industries. The evaluation also underlined the need to further strengthen the support provided through a programmatic approach in order to upscale the application of resource efficient and cleaner production. This led to the development of the Joint UNIDO-UNEP Programme on Resource Efficient and Cleaner Production (RECP) in Developing and Transition Economies.
After 14 years of experience, the NCPC Programme was reviewed
and in 2009 UNEP and UNIDO launched the new Joint Resource Efficient
and Cleaner Production (RECP) Programme which provides the framework
for collaboration with and support to NCPCs/NCPPs. The RECP programme
is based on achievements and lessons learned and its scope has
been extended to cover Cleaner and Resource Efficient Production
to link RECP more profoundly with today’s most pressing environmental
concerns at local, regional and global levels and to emphasize
the triple bottom line relevance of the contribution of RECP to
production efficiency, environmental conservation and human development.
The objective of the Joint Programme is to contribute to sustainable industrial development and sustainable consumption and production in the participating developing and transitional economies, through the greater uptake of RECP by businesses, governments, financial institutions and other stakeholders. The Programme provides a strategic and coherent framework for the up-scaling and mainstreaming of RECP activities in national development frameworks and facilitates regional and global cooperation through knowledge management and experience sharing network.