Welcome to the latest issue of UNEP’s Sustainable Public Procurement (SPP) newsletter.
Since 2009, UNEP has been running a project aimed at supporting the development and the implementation of SPP policies in 7 pilot countries through the testing of the Marrakech Task Force (MTF) Approach to SPP. Because public procurement accounts for such a large share of GDP, SPP is considered to be a key instrument in the delivery of the sustainable development agenda and has therefore been included in UNEP’s programme of work.
In 2009, the project focused its activities on the building of human and institutional capacities. 120 experts from 48 countries (including pilot project managers) were trained on SPP and on the MTF Approach to SPP during 5 training sessions held in Asia, Europe, South America and Africa. Meanwhile, National focal points (usually the Public procurement authorities or Ministries of Environment) and multi-stakeholders steering committees were set up in the 7 pilot countries (Chile, Colombia , Costa Rica, Lebanon, Mauritius, Tunisia, Uruguay).
Pilot countries are now busy laying the foundations for their SPP policies and action plans. Most of them have performed an initial assessment of their public procurement sector in relation to sustainability. They are also analyzing their legal framework’s compatibility with SPP and whether their market will be ready to provide the required sustainable products and services once SPP starts to be implemented.
Costa Rica and Mauritius have already defined the broad lines of their future SPP policies and are about to start pilot SPP activities (described hereunder).
Chile, the most advanced pilot, is using the SPP project to clarify its policy objectives and to further the work it has started in the field of SPP implementation (see special focus on Chile in this issue).
In recent months, UNEP’s SPP team has also been active preparing the future of the SPP project. This new phase will take the form of an international SPP initiative that will be launched in New York in May 2011 during the 19th session of the Commission for Sustainable Development (CSD-19). A project proposal is currently being drafted and consultations are ongoing to define modalities of collaboration with key SPP players and with UNEP related projects (Life Cycle Initiative, Ecolabelling, Sustainable Buildings and Construction, Cleaner production, Sustainable UN, Green Economy Initiative, etc.).
The SPP team has also collaborated with the Secretariat of the Marrakech Task Force on SPP in the drafting of an overarching SPP programme which is being proposed for inclusion in the 10 Year Framework of Programmes on Sustainable Consumption and Production, to be discussed at CSD 19.
We hope that you will enjoy reading this issue of the SPP Newsletter. Please don’t hesitate to send in comments and inputs for our future issues.
Programme Officer – SPP Project
United Nations Environment Programme
Division of Technology, Industry and Economics
Carlos Andres ENMANUEL
Consultant – SPP Project
United Nations Environment Programme
Division of Technology, Industry and Economics
Click here for more information about the SPP project. For more information on the MTF on SPP click here.
News from Pilot Countries
The Colombian and Uruguayan pilots take off
With the recent appointment of their project managers Colombia and Uruguay are now ready for project implementation. Both project managers were trained during a recent training session on the MTF Approach to SPP organized by the Colombian Ministry of Environment and UNEP in October 2010. The first activities have even started in Colombia where a consultancy is already undertaking the SPP status assessment.
Ms. Diana Moreno has been appointed as the project manager of the Colombian pilot, placed under the responsibility of the Ministry of Environment Housing and Development (Ministerio de Ambiente, Vivienda y Desarrollo Territorial - MAVDT). Ms. Moreno has worked for eight years in the field of sustainability and environment, specifically in conservation projects, natural resource management, prevention and control of environmental pollution, planning and developing strategies for sustainable production and consumption, and the development of environmental training programs.
Some of her professional accomplishments include: support to the development of environmental guidelines for the agro-industrial sector, leadership and development opportunities for consultation with the tanning industry for environmental improvement of the activity. She has also provided technical support in the formulation of the Sustainable Consumption and Production policy.
Diana Moreno believes that SPP is "a strategy that seeks to strengthen the market of sustainable goods and services, through the definition and inclusion of social, environment, and economic criteria in government procurement. SPP will, in turn, contribute to the decrease in pollution, increase in competitiveness and the improvement of quality of life”.
Ms. Moreno has a Degree in Environmental and Sanitary Engineering, and a Master in Environmental Management for Sustainable Development.
The Planning and Budgeting Bureau (Oficina de Planeamiento y Presupuesto - OPP) from Uruguay, which serves as the National Focal Point, has recently appointed Ms. Carla Tuimil as the project manager.
Ms. Tuimil is a professor of general management, business administration and accounting in various private universities as well as a trainer for entrepreneurs. She has also worked as a consultant for the creation and management of entrepreneurships and cooperative ventures for the Cooperative Incubator of the Extension University and the Federation of Production Cooperatives of Uruguay.
Since 2001, her experience has been in the fields of education, research and development for various public sector programs. Carla Tuimil describes SPP as “a powerful tool which allows for bureaucratic processes to acquire a strategic dimension, serving as an instrument for the implementation and strengthening of development of economic, social, and innovation policies”
Ms. Tuimil is a graduate in business administration and in accounting from the University of the Republic.
Training in Bogota, Colombia – October 2010
SPP Training Session in Bogota, Colombia – October 2010
In October 2010, 23 participants attended a training session on the MTF Approach to SPP organized in Bogota by the Colombian Ministry of Environment and UNEP. Among the trainees were the newly appointed project managers of the Colombian and Uruguayan pilots, as well as members of the Colombian Steering Committee of the SPP pilot project, staff members of the Medellin based Colombian National Cleaner Production Centre, representatives from the city of Bogota and members of the consultancy selected for the execution of the Status Assessment and the Market Readiness Analysis.
The training allowed participants to become acquainted with
the milestones of the MTF Approach to SPP as well as to discuss
and agree on the planning and concrete execution of the first
outputs of the Colombian pilot project. The training was also
a good opportunity to enhance the coordination between UNEP,
the Steering Committee and the stakeholders in charge of project
Colombia has a national policy on Sustainable Consumption
and Production, which includes a component on Sustainable
Public Procurement. Ensuring maximum collaboration and synergies
between the SCP project and the other SCP activities is a
key objective of the Colombian Ministry of Environment.
SPP Policy Workshop in Mauritius - November 2010
SPP Policy workshop in Mauritius
An SPP policy and action plan workshop, facilitated by UNEP and Ms. Barbara Morton, took place on November 23-24 in Mauritius. 25 participants representing a number of SPP stakeholders attended the meeting and discussed the draft SPP policy statements, strategy and action plan that will be submitted to the Council of Ministers in the coming months. The workshop allowed Mauritius Public Procurement Office to identify potential sustainable products to be included in the country’s public procurement system such as IT equipment, recycled or FSC certified paper or energy efficient vehicles. The area of Building and construction was also identified as very promising for future SPP activities.
Tunisia launched the call for proposal for both the Legal Review and the Market Readiness Analysis on September 24th 2010 and have selected the consultants for the mentioned tasks.
Steering Committee meeting in Lebanon - December 2010
Lebanon joined UNEP’s SPP programme last October. The Lebanese pilot project is carried out by the Basil Fuleihan Institute of the Ministry of Finance in cooperation with the local office of the United Nations Development Programme. The following activities were carried out over the last two months:
- Ms Rana Rizkallah was appointed Project Manager.
- The project’s Steering Committee was formed in November and had its first meeting on December 14th.
- The National focal point selected the consultants that will undertake the Market Readiness Analysis (SOFRES Liban) and the Legal Review (Judge Elie Maaouf).
To access the project outputs from the SPP project pilot countries, click here (eg. Status assessments, Legal Review, Market Readiness Analysis, etc).
Chile: gradually embedding sustainability in public procurement
270,000 business opportunities and more than 4,300 million dollars: this is what has been traded in the Chilean public procurement market during the first 9 months of 2010. These figures provide evidence of the maturity of the Chilean procurement system
that enhances the transparency of public administrations and allows the delivery of policy objectives. In this regard, public procurement which accounts for 3.5% of GDP can make a decisive contribution to the transformation of the Chilean economy with respect to sustainability.
Article written by Mr. Claudio Loyola, Chief of Public Markets at ChileCompra. M.A. in Managament and Public Policy. National Focal Point for the Capacity Building for Sustainable Public Procurement Project. November 2010
ChileCompra is the public agency responsible for administering the Public Procurement System of the Chilean government, and has taken up the challenge of coordinating efforts to move towards a more sustainable public market. ChileCompra aims to procure 15% of its goods and services sustainably by 2012.
How have we moved forward?
To date, 5.2% of purchases made through the Chilean public market have sustainability criteria; this is four times more than a year ago (1.3%). And the figure is even higher for the ChileCompra Express store, where currently 12.5% of the purchases have sustainability criteria.
In developing its SPP policy, ChileCompra is trying to meet two main challenges: the first one is linked to the need to modify and adjust the legislation to enable Sustainable Public Procurement (SPP) and the second one relates to the necessity to provide the necessary tools for public purchasers to fully implement SPP.
The following progress was made in relation to these two challenges:
• In October 2009, the amendments to the Public Procurement Law made it possible for public purchasers to consider sustainability criteria in the evaluation of their tenders.
• In 2010, ChileCompra began an eco-labelling programme for a number of its ChileCompra Express products representing a total of 20% of the procurement value of this e-catalogue. This programme will allow purchasers to be directly informed of the sustainability characteristics of requested products and to take these into account in their procurement process.
• The latest accreditation test taken by over 9000 Chilean public purchasers included elements of SPP.
The activities listed above are the result of a planned and coordinated approach for the implementation of SPP, which takes into account various aspects and related issues. For example, in 2008 ChileCompra published a Directive on Energy Efficiency, which helps government organizations incorporate energy efficiency criteria in their tenders. Additionally, in conjunction with the National Energy Efficiency Program, an Energy Efficient Purchasing Manual and a Practical guide were published. Also, since 2008, ChileCompra began rewarding companies engaged in framework agreements that incorporate sustainability aspects in their processes and products.
ChileCompra is the institution that manages the Public Procurement system of Chile (www.chilecompra.cl), through which public organizations autonomously purchase their goods and services.
In 2009, through a committee
involving government agencies, private sector representatives
and research organizations, a proposal
for a sustainable public procurement policy was prepared
that laid the foundations for the work to be developed by
Chile. Thanks to the inclusion of Chile as a pilot country
for the Sustainable
Public Procurement project coordinated by UNEP, the objectives
and the content of this SPP policy have been clarified which
will facilitate its implementation.
This year a market readiness analysis will establish the proper depth and speed of SPP implementation in our public market, which will depend on the level of readiness of the supplying companies. It is widely agreed that the incorporation of sustainability concepts in public procurement should be gradual and adapted to the level of market readiness. The results of this analysis will be translated to the online store through new labels on products, inclusion of evaluation criteria and specific clauses in the tender forms.
Lessons learned and future expectations
The implementation of SPP began with a limited outlook, focused only on environmental issues. However, over time, significant advances have been achieved in the other pillars, thereby allowing ChileCompra to extend the initial project scope and to set new targets for SPP. In turn, this helped to intensify the level of discussions and involve additional strategic partners around the project. While striving to be efficient in our analysis, it is important for ChileCompra to properly understand the context and consider all relevant actors for success.
This cross-cutting view has facilitated the adoption of general concepts. However, a change in standards and procedures is required; hence ChileCompra has the challenge of inviting and involving all relevant stakeholders to this discussion, so as to define new criteria and standards for doing business with the state.
This, coupled with effective training of our public procurers and proper change management that considers the level of readiness of the industry, will allow ChileCompra to achieve the goal of 15% of sustainable purchases by 2012 and promote a more sustainable public market.
News from other MTF on SPP pilot countries
Ghana has launched its sustainable public procurement project
on December 1st 2010 with the support of the Swiss
Secretariat for Economic Affairs (SECO). An Awareness
Seminar for the Ghana Task Force will take place in February
2011. The SPP project is under the responsibility of the Ghana's
Regulation Authority. The project has the support of Nadia
Balgobin, consultant and expert in monitoring and support,
for matters related to International coordination, as well
as the support of the International Institute for Sustainable
Development (IISD) and the Marrakech Task Force.
MTF on SPP approach is being rolled out in UK
In the UK, the Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs (Defra) is supporting the roll-out of the MTF approach through the National Sustainable Public Procurement Programme. This is being administered through the Waste and Resources Action Programme (WRAP). Barbara Morton, Director of Sustainable Procurement Ltd, Technical Advisor to the MTF on SPP and consultant to UNEP has developed and delivered a ‘train the trainer’ package based on the MTF on SPP approach.
The first round of ‘train the trainers’ was successfully delivered in October 2010. Training is now being delivered to local authorities in England, to the further and higher education sector and to the health sector. 100 training workshops are being delivered between November 2010 and February 2011. A high level briefing session module has also been developed for local authority elected members and senior officers. Further rounds of training of trainers will be delivered in the spring of 2011 to expand the pool of people capable of disseminating training to all three parts of the UK public sector.
On the road to the 19th Session of the Commission on Sustainable Development
The 19th Session of the Commission on Sustainable Development (CSD-19) will take place in New York on May 2-13, 2011. Member States will be discussing, inter alia, the 10 Year Framework of Programmes (10YFP) on Sustainable Consumption and Production (SCP), mandated by the Johannesburg Plan of Implementation.
Member States delegations suggested that they would welcome the opportunity to further discuss the proposed elements of the 10YFP as well as its potential governance structure at an Intersessional Meeting, which will be hosted by Panama, as co-chair of CSD 19 on 13-14 January, prior to the Intergovernmental Preparatory Meeting, which will take place in New York from February 28 to March 4, 2011.
At the last session of the CSD, Member States pointed to some potential programmes, tools and approaches that could be included in the 10 YFP, and these included sustainable public procurement. As a result, the MTF on SPP developed a draft SPP programme which has been submitted at the beginning of November 2010 to the Secretariat of the Marrakech Process.
The outcome of UNEP’s SPP Project will also be presented at CSD-19 as part of the Marrakech Task Force report on SPP. This report will include policy recommendations, as well as a proposal of revised version of the MTF Approach to SPP, which is currently being tested in the MTF pilot countries.
Building an International Sustainable Public Procurement Initiative
During CSD-19, UNEP plans to launch its International Sustainable Public Procurement Initiative which will build on the work carried out by the Marrakech Task Force on Sustainable Public Procurement as well as on the activities and results of the 2009-2011 SPP project. Furthermore, this initiative will seek to capitalize on the benefits of improved collaboration between various players and initiatives linked to sustainable public procurement.
In the spirit of encouraging and promoting collaboration from the early development of the Initiative, various SPP and GPP stakeholders (ICLEI, European Commission, Swiss Federal Office for the Environment, International Institute for Sustainable Development and the Francophone Organization) met in Paris on 17 September 2010. The meeting participants elaborated a SWOT (strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and threats) model for SPP and started to discuss possible objectives and collaboration for the UNEP-led International Sustainable Public Procurement Initiative.
UNEP is presently consulting with key SPP and GPP players including International Governmental Organizations, Non Governmental Organizations, Multilateral Development Banks and countries to frame the SPP Initiative and better define possibilities of involvement of these players in the Initiative. Moreover, UNEP will strive to enhance coordination and synergies opportunities with various related projects active in areas such as ecolabelling, life cycle analysis, sustainable buildings, cleaner production, sustainable UN, etc.
IV Annual Conference on Public Procurement of the Americas – Lima
The “4th Annual Conference on Public Procurement of the Americas” took place on 13-14 October in Lima, Peru. Farid Yaker and Elisa Tonda from UNEP attended the meeting and delivered speeches on the SPP project and its current state of implementation in Latin America.
For more information and outcomes click here
International Greentech & Eco Products Exhibition and Conference Malaysia 2010 – Kuala Lumpur
The Malaysian Ministry of Energy, Green Technology and the Green Purchasing Network Malaysia organized on 15-17 October the first International Green Technology and Purchasing Conference. Farid Yaker from UNEP attended the SPP/GPP workshop and presented the SPP experience of UNEP as well as the outline of UNEP’s future SPP initiative.
On the occasion of IGEM 2010, Farid Yaker also attended on 15 October the board meeting of the International Green Procurement Network.
To read more about IGEM 2010 visit this site.
SPP in the Mediterranean Region, EcoMeda Meeting – Barcelona
The Regional Activity Center for Cleaner Production (CP/RAC) organized a meeting on sustainable public procurement in Mediterranean countries at the Casa Llotja de Mar, Barcelona, Spain on 25-26 November 2010 in the framework of the EcoMeda Green Forum meeting.
The objective of the SPP meeting was to foster SPP in the Mediterranean countries by encouraging networking between different stakeholders as well as the promotion of exchanges between Mediterranean countries. This will allow for the creation of strategies in a participative and inclusive manner and to establish steps to implement SPP in Mediterranean countries.
Ms Eveline Venanzoni, Chair of the MTF on SPP and Mr. Farid Yaker, in charge of the SPP Project at UNEP attended the meeting and presented the MTF Approach to SPP and its current implementation in 7 pilot countries.
For more information on the EcoMeda Green Forum, visit this site
Buying Social: A Guide to taking account of Social Considerations in Public Procurement
The much awaited publication from the European Commission "Buying Social: A Guide to taking account of Social Considerations in Public Procurement" is out.
This non binding EC document gives guidance on how to include social considerations into public procurement decisions and tendering in the EU legal framework. It counts with a chapter on “social labels and the implication for ethical trade”, which confirms that it is possible to give preference to Fair Trade in tenders covered by the EU Public Procurement Directives and gives the interpretation of the EC on how to do it, technically.
The EC advises not to refer to specific labels in tenders, other than a way of proof. It also advises contracting authorities to introduce Fair Trade criteria either in the technical specifications or contract performance clauses of tenders (depending on the nature of the criteria).
To access the document, click
News from UNEP Project Partners
Sustainable Procurement in the United Nations
UNEP’s Sustainable United Nations Team has developed tools to encourage and enable the transition towards a sustainable procurement policy within all UN agencies. UNEP has produced a series of guidance materials in the form of product criteria, training and information for UN procurers and requisitioners interested in sustainable procurement. Some of these tools include guidelines on IT equipment, cleaning, stationery and furniture which are produced for UN Duty Stations but they can also provide guidance for other actors. In the comings weeks, two new guidelines will be launched: catering and vehicles. To access these guidelines click here.
© Broad Group
UNEP-Sustainable Buildings and Climate Initiative: Promoting sustainable building policies and practices worldwide
The buildings sector is at the centre of our economies, representing from 10 to 40% of national GDP and employing about 10% of the global workforce. However, buildings are also responsible for 40% of global energy use and about 1/3 of total greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions.
The good news is that the buildings sector shows the greatest potential of all sectors to deliver significant cuts in GHG emissions at low or no-cost, or even net savings to economies. These reductions can be achieved with proven and commercially-available technologies, in both developed and developing economies.
In 2006, UNEP launched the Sustainable Buildings and Climate Initiative (UNEP-SBCI) to provide the information and tools for decision-makers worldwide to unlock the potential of buildings to contribute to sustainable development. The Initiative is a partnership between the United Nations and stakeholders from the buildings sector worldwide.
UNEP-SBCI Members and Partners first of all provide input and advice to policy-makers at local, national and international level. UNEP-SBCI has been heavily involved in the UNFCCC process, through official submissions to working groups, consultations with delegates, and participation in the Climate Change talks.
© Marcelo Takaoka
UNEP-SBCI also develops the tools for decision-makers in policy and business, through a platform of globally renowned experts and collaboration with leading international organizations. UNEP-SBCI develops research on the most appropriate policy tools, financial mechanisms, and technologies for promotion of sustainable buildings. One of the highlights of current work is the development of the Common Carbon Metric, the first internationally recognized method to consistently measure and report buildings’ climate performance, providing the basis for establishing baselines for emissions and better integrating buildings in national and international reduction schemes, as well as financial mechanisms.
In 2009, Rick Fedrizzi, from UNEP-SBCI Member the US Green Building Council, stated that “In just a few short years, UNEP-SBCI has emerged as a leading voice and a critical locus for strategy and collaboration in addressing the impact that buildings have on climate change. By convening leading international stakeholders both in industrialized and developing nations alike, UNEP-SBCI is bridging emerging technologies and scientific research to the diverse needs of governments and industries throughout the world.”
Pictures Caption: UNEP-SBCI Symposium on Sustainable Buildings Policies and Practices for Developing Countries, Shanghai, 29 Oct. 2010
Jua Kali, shoemaker in Kenya, using the facilities of the Training and Production Centre for Shoe Industries, established by UNIDO. Jua Kali (’hot sun’) refers to the informal sector of microscale enterpreneurs in Kenya.’
Eco-labelling and Sustainable Procurement: creating synergy between the two key SCP policy approaches
UNEP, through its project ‘Enabling developing countries to seize eco-labelling opportunities - capacity building and technical assistance’ promotes the production of goods and services that are compliant with internationally recognized voluntary environmental standards. Such compliance increases their competitiveness in the international market, while also improving the environmental efficiency. Environmental and sustainability credentials add value to the production process contributing to industrial development and ‘climbing along the ladder’ through sustainable natural resource management. The project also seeks to promote greater cooperation and mutual recognition among eco-labelling programmes with the objective of simplifying the eco-labelling universe for consumers and producers.
In 2010, 14 national and regional training workshops were conducted in 7 selected countries (India, China, South Africa, Kenya and Ethiopia, Brazil and Mexico) attended by private sector and government. They received the training on eco-labelling, its theory and strategic importance as a tool for business management and policy objectives. The EU eco-label was used as a case study with the purpose of encouraging companies, especially SMEs, to apply for the certification with the label for eventual export of eco-labelled products to the European market. Currently a total of 12 companies from the selected countries expressed interest in applying for the EU Eco-label. The companies receive the technical support from the national experts who became eco-labelling consultants as a result of training organized by UNEP in 2009. With help of the European Commission, UNEP also will provide financial support to cover some of the cost for compliance.
The experience of countries performing well in implementing environmental practices in public procurement demonstrates that their success is based on linking procurement practices with eco-labelling. The correlation between the use of eco-labels and the development of SPP lies in the application of eco-labelling requirements as criteria in tendering process and then eco-label as means of verification of compliance. Together these two tools complement each other by creating demand for sustainable certified products and local supply of such products. The stronger policy synergy and integration between the two approaches reinforces institutional capacity and public investment channeled effectively towards the same objective. UNEP is looking into launching a pilot project next year in a selected developing country which has a national eco-labelling programme in place.
Mainstreaming Sustainable Consumption and Production in Mauritius
UNEP started a collaboration with Mauritius on mainstreaming SCP in 2007, when Mauritius was a chosen as a pilot country for the “Planning for Change 10-step” methodology to develop a national SCP programme. The National Programme on Sustainable Consumption and Production “Achieving more with less” was approved by the Cabinet in August 2008. This programme encompasses 44 projects in 7 priority areas and is being implemented by 14 leading agencies within a period of 5 years (2008-2013). The overall objectives are to: (i) change energy consumption patterns, technological shifts and behavioral change, (ii) increase resource efficiency, change consumption patterns and (iii) increase demand and supply of sustainable products and services in the market and (iv) promote/adopt more sustainable lifestyles, consumption choices.
The implementation of “Achieving more with less” has started and 22 out of the 44 projects that are presently being implemented. Besides the development and implementation of “Achieving more with less”, UNEP has provided assistance to Mauritius in establishing an SCP coordination mechanism, launching an SCP newsletter, developing a national SCP indicator booklet and conducting several awareness raising and capacity building trainings and workshops aimed at different stakeholders. The SPP project in Mauritius is in line with “Achieving more with less” and is part of its implementation.
In-depth SPP Training of Public Procurement senior experts on the Marrakech Task Force Approach to Sustainable Public Procurement.
UNEP, with the support of the Swiss Federal Office for the Environment (MTF on SPP secretariat), and in collaboration with ICLEI – International Council of Local Governments for Sustainability, is organizing an In-depth Training of Experts on the Marrakech Task Force Approach to Sustainable Public Procurement. The enrollment procedure will take place in January 2011, and the actual training will take place in two sessions: the distance learning part will take place in February 2011 and the 5 days face-to-face session will occur in April 2011 in Freiburg, Germany.
Eco products international Fair
High-level government officials, business leaders, and executives of leading pro-environment companies from around the world will gather in New Delhi, India, for the EPIF 2011. The Eco-products International Fair (EPIF) is the largest international environmental fair in Asia.
For more information visit this site.