|| After the Tsunami: Sustainable building guidelines for South-East Asia
The Tsunami disaster of 26 December 2004 affected most severely the coastal areas of Sri Lanka, the Indonesian province of Aceh, Southern India, the Maldives, Thailand, Malaysia, and Myanmar with a death toll reportedly exceeding 250,000, and millions of people who became homeless. Survivors found shelter in temporary barracks and tents. Since then there is both high pressure and commitment to provide survivors with adequate permanent housing. In Aceh alone, it was estimated that 92,000 new houses need to be rebuilt and 151,000 damaged houses rehabilitated.
So far numerous agencies have responded to this need by starting to reconstruct houses and infrastructure. However, project managers are often overwhelmed not only by the magnitude of required activities but also by the extent of challenges related to reconstruction. One of the main challenges is to ensure conceptually sound, robust and practical reconstruction solutions in order to minimise environmental impacts.
This manual takes that challenge on and is designed to give guidance to project managers in ‘sustainable reconstruction’. The main focus is on the planning, implementation, and maintenance phases. The manual concentrates on protecting natural resources, reducing energy consumption and pollution by selecting an adequate building design. It describes how less energy consumption, pollution and proper use of local resources can be secured through the use of sustainable building materials and technologies. Locally available material, minimising long-distance transports, and ensuring certified legally sourced raw materials or products are important criteria.
Disaster Prevention and Response