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Strategy and Policy

 

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United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) - Governmental Strategies and Policies in Cleaner Production
This site is hosted by UNEP and goes on to explain how the role of enabling policy framework is of paramount importance to any new concept to get institutionalised and incorporated into routine business. A cleaner production policy framework does not refer to simply making a few provisions (tax rebates, permitting provisions, etc.) in the existing system. Nor does it mean enacting a brand new, stand alone Cleaner Production Act. It requires interweaving the concept of preventive strategies in all facets of the governmental policy framework to make it uniformly supportive and favorable to the cleaner production concept. It further goes on to provide a list and examples of cleaner production policy instruments, such as regulatory instruments, market-based instruments, and information-based strategies.
Original source:http://www.uneptie.org/cp

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United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) - Initiation of Activities to Implement the Basel Declaration on Environmentally Sound Management
This site presents the note Initiation of Activities to Implement the Basel Declaration on Environmentally Sound Management
by the Legal Working Group of the Basel Convention. The Basel Declaration contains 9 fields for which environmentally sound management should be achieved, namely "prevention, minimization, recycling, recovery and disposal of hazardous and other wastes subject to the Basel Convention", the "active promotion and use of cleaner technologies and production" etc. The framework of action includes certain base-line actions, one of them being the development of policy tools

United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP), Industry and Environment: 6th International High-Level Seminar on Cleaner Production - Presented papers
This site is hosted by UNEP and presents paper numbers 9, 11 and 12 on Cleaner Production Perspectives 2: Integrating CP into Sustainability Strategies by Ken Geiser, Cleaner Production: Government Policies and Strategies by Thomas Lindhqvist, and Policy and Planning: A Holistic Approach to Promoting Cleaner Production by Warren Evans and Richard Stevenson. The papers may be downloaded in the PDF format as part of the online edition of the Industry and Environment magazine

United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) - Egyptian National Strategy for Cleaner Production
This site is hosted by UNEP and presents the Outline of a National Strategy for Cleaner Production - The Case of Egypt by Maged M. Hamed, Ph.D., P.E., Associate Professor of Environmental and Sanitary Engineering, Department of Public Works, Faculty of Engineering, Cairo University, Egypt and Yehia El Mahgary, Dr. Tech, International Senior Adviser, Finnish Environment Institute, Egyptian Pollution Abatement Project, Egyptian Environment Affairs Agency, Cairo, Egypt

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United Nations Earth Summit +5 - Special Session of the General Assembly to Review and Appraise the Implementation of Agenda 21
This site presents the example of Cleaner Production in China: A Story of Successful Cooperation. This particular project consists of cleaner production case studies, policy study and dissemination. The issues addressed include building local sustainable capacity for cleaner production through case studies and policy implementation.
Original source: http://www.un.org

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United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) - A note on a "New Business Model"
This site presents the note “A New Business Model”, a contribution made by the United Nations Economic Commission for Europe (UNECE) industry stakeholders in the context of the World Summit on Sustainable Development, in the PDF format

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Environmental Management Centre (EMC) - Country Policy Profiles
This site is hosted by EMC of India and presents Country Policy Profiles for 18 countries around the world, as part of the International Cleaner Production Information Clearinghouse (ICPIC) of the United Nations Environment Programme.
Original source: http://www.emcentre.com

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United States Asia Environmental Partnership (USAEP) - A paper on A Policy Menu for Cleaner Production
This site is hosted by USAEP, a programme of the United States Agency for International Development, and presents the paper A Policy Menu for Cleaner Production by Michael Rock, Senior Economist at Winrock International. It attempts to answer the question What Might Governments Do to Promote Cost Effective Reductions in the Pollution, Energy and Materials Use Intensity of Industrial Production? Evidence abounds that sustainable industrial growth in the developing market economies (DMEs) of Asia requires lowering the pollution, energy, and materials use intensity of industrial production. But how is this to be accomplished? A simple analytical model is developed to answer this question. The model demonstrates that getting environmental, economy-wide, industrial, and technology policies right is critical to cost effective pollution, energy, and materials intensity reduction.
Original source: http://www.usaep.org

 

Incentives for Eco-efficiency and Lessons from an Evaluation of Policy Alternatives: A Case Study of the Steel Sector in India
This site presents the paper Incentives for Eco-efficiency and Lessons from An Evaluation of Policy Alternatives: a Case Study of the Steel Sector in India by Ritu Kumar (Research Officer, United Nations Industrial Development Organization), Nick Robins (Coordinator, European Programme at the International Institute for Environment and Development), A.K. Chaturvedi (Counsellor, Environment Management Division, Confederation of Indian Industry), R.Srinivasan (Executive Officer, Environment Management Division, Confederation of Indian Industry) and J.Gupta (Consultant Economist, Confederation of Indian Industry). This paper is based on the results of a case study on market based instruments (MBIs) for pollution prevention for the steel sector in India

 

United States Environmental Protection Agency (USEPA) - Pollution Prevention (P2) Policy
This site is hosted by the USEPA and provides an understanding of the history of the pollution prevention movement through the United States, starting from waste minimization activities 20 years ago, the passage of the National Legislation - the Pollution Prevention Act - the P2 Policy Statement and the framework and programmes for this policy.
Original source: http://www.epa.gov

 

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Europa, European Commission - Integrated Product Policy (IPP)
This site provides the Integrated Product Policy of the European Commission, which has adopted a Green Paper on it. Its central objective is to improve the environmental performance of a broad range of products throughout their life cycle. The Green Paper proposes a strategy to strengthen and refocus product-related environmental policies, to promote the development of a market for greener products. The products of the future should use less resources, have lower impacts and risks to the environment and prevent waste generation already at the conception stage. Integrated Product Policy has equally been announced as one of the major innovative elements of the 6th Environmental Action Programme and is one of the environmental priorities for the Swedish Presidency of the Council. The Green Paper is intended to launch a broad debate on how to achieve a new growth paradigm and a higher quality of life through wealth creation and competitiveness on the basis of greener products

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Australian Centre for Environmental Law (ACEL) Report: Barriers and Motivators to the Adoption of Cleaner Production Practices, and the subsequent recommendation of a cleaner production policy strategy for Australia
This site provides ACEL's report on Barriers and Motivators to the Adoption of Cleaner Production Practices by Neil Gunningham and Darren Sinclair, with the assistance of Patricia Burritt. This report was commissioned by Environment Australia to identify barriers, motivators and drivers to the adoption of cleaner production by industry, and subsequently, to recommend a cleaner production policy strategy. In particular, the report makes specific references to the needs of small businesses, the potential for sector-specific approaches, and the role of regulation

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Greenpeace on strategies for clean(er) production - An article
This site is hosted by Greenpeace and presents an article on Clean Production: A Strategy for a Toxics Free Asia, with one of the sub-topics being Government Strategies for Clean Production

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Doctoral dissertation by Thomas Lindhqvist
This site is hosted by The International Institute for Industrial Environmental Economics at the Lund University (Sweden) and presents the dissertation Extended Producer Responsibility in Cleaner Production - Policy Principle to Promote Environmental Improvements of Product Systems by Thomas Lindhqvist

 
The World Bank - A working paper on Environmental Performance Rating and Disclosure: China's Green-Watch Programme
This site is hosted by the World Bank Group and presents a paper on Environmental Performance Rating and Disclosure: China's Green-Watch Programme. This paper describes a new incentive-based pollution control program in China in which the environmental performance of firms is rated and reported to the public. Firms are rated from best to worst using five colors—green, blue, yellow, red, and black—and the ratings are disseminated to the public through the media. The impact has been substantial, suggesting that public disclosure provides a significant incentive for firms to improve their environmental performance
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Original source: http://econ.worldbank.org

 

 
The World Bank - A working paper on Controlling Industrial Pollution: A New Paradigm
This site is hosted by the World Bank Group and presents a paper on Controlling Industrial Pollution: A New Paradigm. Conventional discussions of pollution regulation in developing countries have been too shallow - devoting inordinate attention to the choice of instrument while ignoring the preconditions for applying any instrument effectively. They have also been too narrow - focusing only on the interaction of state and factory, and ignoring the role of the market and the community.
Original source: http://econ.worldbank.org

 

 
The World Bank - A working paper on Product Quality, Productive Efficiency, and International Technology Diffusion: Evidence from Plant-level Panel Data
This site is hosted by the World Bank Group and presents a paper on Product Quality, Productive Efficiency, and International Technology Diffusion: Evidence from Plant-Level Panel Data. In Colombia, Mexico, and Morocco, firms’ past exposure to foreign knowledge through exports, imported inputs, and foreign direct investment does not help to predict current product quality or productive efficiency. What mechanisms most frequently transmit foreign technologies to developing country firms? Do these foreign technologies affect both productive efficiency and product quality in the recipient firms? Under what circumstances do firms pursue activities that give them access to foreign knowledge? This paper aims to address these questions.
Original source: http://econ.worldbank.org

 
The World Bank - A working paper on What Improves Environmental Performance? Evidence from Mexican Industry
This site is hosted by the World Bank Group and presents a paper on What Improves Environmental Performance? Evidence from Mexican Industry. Using new survey evidence, the authors analyze the effects of regulation, plant-level management policies, and plant and firm characteristics on environmental performance in Mexican factories. They focus especially on management policies: the degree of effort to improve environmental performance and the type of management strategy adopted,
Original source: http://econ.worldbank.org

 

 
The World Bank - A working paper on Why Paper Mills Clean Up: Determinants of Pollution Abatement in Four Asian Countries
This site is hosted by the World Bank Group and presents a paper on Why Paper Mills Clean Up: Determinants of Pollution Abatement in Four Asian Countries. Clean production is not uncommon even in very poor countries such as Bangladesh. Even when there is no formal regulation of pollution, large, efficient, domestically owned plants operating near relatively affluent communities have demonstrated excellent environmental performance. The same cannot be said for manufacturing facilities near poor communities. Yet, the authors find strong evidence that despite weak or nonexistent formal regulation and enforcement of environmental standards, many plants in South and Southeast Asia are clean. Of course, many plants are also among the world's worst polluters. To account for the extreme variation among plants, the authors review evidence from a survey of pollution abatement by 26 pulp and paper plants in four countries: Bangladesh, India, Indonesia, and Thailand.
Original source: http://econ.worldbank.org

 

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Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) - Towards Sustainable Household Consumption: A policy brief
This site is hosted by OECD and provides the policy brief on Towards Sustainable Household Consumption? Trends and Policies in OECD Countries. Changing unsustainable household consumption patterns is crucial for achieving the goal of sustainable development in OECD countries. Households affect the environment through their energy and water consumption, waste generation, transport patterns and food choices. For many years, environmental policies were focused on the production side, mainly through pollution control and eco-efficiency. Household consumption patterns, and the drivers behind them, were poorly understood. This has made it difficult in the past to identify the appropriate role of governments in promoting more sustainable consumption patterns, and for the choice and implementation of different policy instruments. This paper attempts to highlight and address these issues